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Registros recuperados: 48
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A Comparison of Conventional and Organic Milk Production Systems in the U.S. AgEcon
McBride, William D.; Greene, Catherine R..
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/23/07.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9680
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ADOPTION OF BIOENGINEERED CROPS AgEcon
Fernandez-Cornejo, Jorge; McBride, William D..
Use of crop biotechnology products, such as genetically engineered (GE) crops with input traits for pest management, has risen dramatically since commercial approval in the mid-1990s. This report addresses several of the economic dimensions regarding farmer adoption of bioengineered crops, including herbicidetolerant and insect-resistant varieties. In particular, the report examines: (1) the extent of adoption of bioengineered crops, their diffusion path, and expected adoption rates over the next few years; (2) factors affecting the adoption of bioengineered crops; and (3) farm-level impacts of the adoption of bioengineered crops. Data used in the analysis are mostly from USDA surveys.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Biotechnology; Technology adoption; Genetic engineering; Pest management; Financial effects; Tillage; Herbicide-tolerant crops; Bt crops; Corn; Soybeans; Cotton; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33957
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America’s Organic Farmers Face Issues and Opportunities AgEcon
Greene, Catherine R.; Slattery, Edward; McBride, William D..
Organic agriculture has established a foothold in many U.S. farm sectors, particularly among horticultural specialties, but the overall use of organic practices lags behind that of many other countries. Recent data from several producer surveys illustrate notable differences and similarities between organic and conventional farmers. Emerging issues in the organic sector include dampened consumer demand resulting from the weaker U.S. economy and potential competition from new labels like the “locally grown” label.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121962
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APPROACHES TO MANAGEMENT AND FARM BUSINESS SUCCESS AgEcon
McBride, William D.; Johnson, James D..
Exploratory factor analysis was used to analyze responses to management questions asked a sample of U.S. cash grain farmers. Results indicate that 3 factors described farm management approaches, price negotiation, long-term cost control, and input adjustment. Price negotiation was positively associated with farm business success, but the input adjustment approach had a negative impact on farm performance.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20131
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Beef Cow-Calf Producer Participation in the National Animal Identification System AgEcon
McBride, William D.; Mathews, Kenneth H., Jr..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60977
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Beef Cow-Calf Production a Lifestyle Choice Among Many Farmers AgEcon
McBride, William D.; Mathews, Kenneth H., Jr..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121232
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Changes in Manure Management in the Hog Sector AgEcon
Key, Nigel D.; McBride, William D.; Ribaudo, Marc.
In recent years, structural changes in the hog sector, including increasing farm size and regional shifts in production, have altered manure management practices. Over the same period, changes to the Clean Water Act, new state regulations, and increasing local conflicts over odor have influenced manure management decisions. This study uses data from two national surveys of hog farmers to examine how hog manure management practices vary with the scale of production and how these practices evolved between 1998 and 2004. The findings provide insights into the effects of structural changes and recent policies on manure management technologies and practices, the use of nutrient management plans, and manure application rates.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Hog production; Manure management; Structural change; Environmental regulation; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6071
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Characteristics and Production Costs of U.S. Hog Farms, 2004 AgEcon
McBride, William D.; Key, Nigel D..
Hog production in 2004 was characterized by wide variation in the types, sizes, and economic performance of operations. Operations specializing in a single production phase generated more than three times the product value, on average, of those using the traditional farrow-to-finish approach. Low-cost operations tended to be larger, located in the Heartland, and operated by farmers whose primary occupation was farming. Small and medium operations far outnumbered large and very large operations, but large and very large operations accounted for most of the production. Average production costs declined as the size of the hog operation increased, a result of reduced capital costs and more efficient input use. Hog production was highly concentrated in the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Swine; Hogs; Hog production; Hog operations; Agricultural Resource Management Survey; Production costs; Economies of size; Industrial Organization; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6385
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Characteristics, Costs, and Issues for Organic Dairy Farming AgEcon
McBride, William D.; Greene, Catherine R..
Organic milk production has been one of the fastest growing segments of organic agriculture in the United States in recent years. Despite the growing number of organic dairy operations, the characteristics of organic dairy operations and the relative costs of organic and conventional milk production have been difficult to analyze. This study, using 2005 ARMS data for U.S. dairy operations, which include a targeted sample of organic milk producers, examines the structure, costs, and challenges of organic milk production. The analysis addresses economies of size, regional differences, and pasture use in organic milk production and compares organic and conventional milk production costs. The findings suggest that economic forces have made organic operations...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Dairy; Organic; Milk production; Costs of production; Pasture; Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS); Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Production Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55952
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CORN PRODUCERS´ RESPONSE TO THE 2001 NITROGEN FERTILIZER PRICE INCREASE AgEcon
Daberkow, Stan G.; McBride, William D..
During the past few years, nitrogen fertilizer prices and price volatility have increased. Producers of nitrogen-intensive crops, such as corn, who are faced with increased nitrogen prices or price volatility, can adopt either cost-reducing or price variability-reducing strategies. Using a behavioral model in the logit specification and data from a 2001 national survey of U.S. corn producers, we found that the probability of forward pricing nitrogen fertilizer and the probability of using nitrogen more efficiently were linked to operator occupation, farm size, yield goal, and farm location.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20271
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DECOMPOSING THE SIZE EFFECT ON THE ADOPTION OF INNOVATIONS: AGROBIOTECHNOLOGY AND PRECISION FARMING AgEcon
Fernandez-Cornejo, Jorge; Daberkow, Stan G.; McBride, William D..
This study contrasts the relationship between farm-size and adoption for two types of innovations, genetically engineered crops and precision farming, controlling for other factors. The analysis uses an extension of the McDonald and Moffit decomposition for the two-limit Tobit model.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20527
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Decomposition of Total Factor Productivity Change in the U.S. Hog Industry AgEcon
Key, Nigel D.; McBride, William D.; Mosheim, Roberto.
The U.S. hog industry has experienced dramatic structural changes and rapid increases in farm productivity. A stochastic frontier analysis is used to measure hog enterprise total factor productivity (TFP) growth between 1992 and 2004 and to decompose this growth into technical change and changes in technical efficiency, scale efficiency, and allocative efficiency. Productivity gains over the 12-year period are found to be explained almost entirely by technical progress and by improvements in scale efficiency. Differences in TFP growth rates in the Southeast and Heartland regions were found to be explained primarily by differences in farm size growth rates.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Hog production; Scale efficiency; Stochastic frontier; Technical change; Total factor productivity growth; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; D24; Q12.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45512
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Decomposition of Total Factor Productivity Change in the U.S. Hog Industry, 1992-2004 AgEcon
Key, Nigel D.; McBride, William D.; Mosheim, Roberto.
There have been dramatic structural changes in the U.S. hog industry in the last two decades that have coincided with substantial increases in farm productivity. This study used a stochastic frontier analysis to measure TFP growth between 1992 and 2004 and to decompose the TFP growth into four components: technical change and changes in technical efficiency, scale efficiency, and allocative efficiency. The study finds that productivity gains in the twelve year study period are explained almost entirely by technical progress and by improvements in scale efficiency. The study also disaggregates TFP growth in the Southeast and Heartland to better understand the implications of large spatial shifts in production. Results indicate that regional differences...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21323
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Defining and Characterizing Approaches to Farm Management AgEcon
McBride, William D.; Johnson, James D..
Exploratory factor analysis was used to identify approaches to farm management based on a list of management questions posed to a sample of U.S. cash-grain farmers. Three approaches were identified by the factor analysis: price negotiation, long-term cost control, and input adjustment. Estimated factor scores regressed against farm and operator characteristics indicate a profile of producers using each approach that is closely related to stage-of-life of the farm operator and farm business. In addition to operator age and planning horizon, operator risk preference and farm organization and location were other important determinants of the approach to management.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cash-grain farms; Factor analysis; Farm management; Latent variables; Management approach; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Labor and Human Capital; Q12; Q10; D21; C40.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43755
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Do Production Contracts Raise Farm Productivity? An Instrumental Variables Approach AgEcon
Key, Nigel D.; McBride, William D..
Estimating how the use of production contracts affects farm productivity is difficult when unobservable factors are correlated with both the decision to contract and productivity. To account for potential selection bias, this study uses the local availability of production contracts as an instrument for whether a farm uses a contract in order to estimate the impact of contract use on total factor productivity. Results indicate that use of a production contract is associated with a large increase in productivity for feeder-to-finish hog farms in the United States. The instrumental variable method makes it credible to assert that the observed association is a causal relationship rather than simply a correlation.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Productivity; Production contracts; Instrumental variables; Sample selection; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45659
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DOES CONTRACTING RAISE FARM PRODUCTIVITY? THE IMPACT OF PRODUCTION CONTRACTS ON HOG FARM PERFORMANCE AgEcon
Key, Nigel D.; McBride, William D..
The costs and benefits of policies designed to regulate the use of production contracts will depend in part on the impact of these contracts on farm productivity. In this paper we measure the impact of contracting on 1) partial and total factor productivity and 2) the production technology for 479 US hog operations. A sample selection model accounts for the fact that unobservable variables may be correlated with both the decision to contract and farm productivity. Results also identify determinants of farmers' decisions to contract and factors influencing farm productivity.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20721
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ECONOMIC AND STRUCTURAL RELATIONSHIPS IN U.S. HOG PRODUCTION AgEcon
McBride, William D.; Key, Nigel D..
Rapid change in the size and ownership structure of U.S. hog production has created new and varied challenges for the industry. This report describes an industry becoming increasingly concentrated among fewer and larger farms, and becoming more economically efficient. These changes have not come without problems. The increasing market control and power concentrated among packers and large hog operations, and the manure management problem posed by an increasing concentration of hog manure on fewer operations, are paramount concerns. Addressing these concerns through regulations would likely impose economic costs that could be passed on to consumers. In addition, the relative mobility of the hog industry means that regulations could result in significant...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Hog production; Industry structure; Structural change; Production costs; Contract production; Manure management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33971
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ECONOMIC ISSUES IN AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY AgEcon
Shoemaker, Robbin A.; Harwood, Joy L.; Day-Rubenstein, Kelly A.; Dunahay, Terry; Heisey, Paul W.; Hoffman, Linwood A.; Klotz-Ingram, Cassandra; Lin, William W.; Mitchell, Lorraine; McBride, William D.; Fernandez-Cornejo, Jorge.
Agricultural biotechnology has been advancing very rapidly, and while it presents many promises, it also poses as many questions. Many dimensions to agricultural biotechnology need to be considered to adequately inform public policy. Policy is made more difficult by the fact that agricultural biotechnology encompasses many policy issues addressed in very different ways. We have identified several key areas — agricultural research policy, industry structure, production and marketing, consumer issues, and future world food demand — where agricultural biotechnology is dramatically affecting the public policy agenda. This report focuses on the economic aspects of these issues and addresses some current and timely issues as well as longer term issues.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Biotechnology; Economics; Adoption; Patents; Research policy; Markets; Market segmentation; Identity preservation; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33735
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Emerging Issues in the U.S. Organic Industry AgEcon
Greene, Catherine R.; Dimitri, Carolyn; Lin, Biing-Hwan; McBride, William D.; Oberholtzer, Lydia; Smith, Travis A..
Consumer demand for organic products has widened over the last decade. While new producers have emerged to help meet demand, market participants report that a supply squeeze is constraining growth for both individual firms and the organic sector overall. Partly in response to shortages in organic supply, Congress in 2008 included provisions in the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act (2008 Farm Act) that, for the first time, provide financial support to farmers to convert to organic production. This report examines recent economic research on the adoption of organic farming systems, organic production costs and returns, and market conditions to gain a better understanding of the organic supply squeeze and other emerging issues in this rapidly changing...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Organic agriculture; Farmers; Handlers; Consumers; Organic production costs; Organic supply; Marketing organic products; Organic label; Organic price premiums; Local food; Organic food imports; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58617
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FACTORS AFFECTING CONTRACTOR AND GROWER SUCCESS IN HOG CONTRACTING AgEcon
McBride, William D.; Key, Nigel D..
This study analyzes a national survey of U.S. hog producers within a principal-agent framework in order to examine factors affecting contractor and grower success in hog contracting. Several factors had differential impacts on contractor and grower returns. Results suggest that there may be a role for public policy in ensuring that contract arrangements are conducted fairly.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20552
Registros recuperados: 48
Primeira ... 123 ... Última
 

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