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Registros recuperados: 10
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Ambient Returns: Creative Capital's Contribution to Local Manufacturing Competitiveness AgEcon
Wojan, Timothy R.; McGranahan, David A..
This paper addresses the possibility that competitive rural manufacturing is increasingly driven by quality-of-life factors required to attract highly skilled and creative workers. Recent findings that highly creative workers are drawn to amenity-rich rural areas provide the empirical leverage for testing anecdotal claims that these areas tend to contain small manufacturing bases that are more reliant on innovation. This contrasts with the cost advantage rationale of traditional rural manufacturing, an advantage that is eroding with increased globalization. The analysis provides the first empirical evidence that the start of entrepreneurial manufacturing plants and the adoption of advanced technologies and management practices are strongly associated with...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Amenities; Competitiveness; Entrepreneurship; Product cycle; Rural manufacturing; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10162
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ASSESSING THE RESEARCH FRAMEWORK AND INSTITUTIONAL CONTEXT FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY AgEcon
McGranahan, David A..
The economic context for rural development has changed markedly since the 1970s. While natural resource industries have continued to decline in importance as rural employers, the internationalization of markets, reorganization of industries, new production technologies, and the rapid development of new information technologies have eroded the competitive position of many rural areas with respect to other industries. In the South, as well as in the rest of the country, the critical rural issue for the 1990s is whether rural areas will be able to find niches to replace those they lost in the 1980s. Thus far, the new economy has been primarily an urban economy, and most rural areas have been left out. This has serious implications for rural development policy.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30368
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Local Problems Facing Manufacturers: Results of the ERS Rural Manufacturing Survey AgEcon
McGranahan, David A..
The economic health of many rural towns and regions depends on their ability to maintain a competitive manufacturing sector. In a recent ERS survey, rural manufacturers reported that, more than any other factor, the quality of local labor hindered their competitiveness. Other frequently cited local problems included State and local taxes, environmental regulations, the attractiveness of the area to managers and professionals, and the quality of local schools. The extent of these problems varies by region more than along a rural-urban dimension. Labor quality problems were more likely to be reported by manufacturers who paid below average wages, hired less-educated workers, and used advanced technologies. Advanced technology users in counties that...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33765
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NATURAL AMENITIES DRIVE RURAL POPULATION CHANGE AgEcon
McGranahan, David A..
Climate, topography, and water area are highly related to rural county population change over the past 25 years. A natural amenities index, derived and discussed here, captures much of this relationship. Average 1970-96 population change in nonmetropolitan counties was I percent among counties low on the natural amenities index and 120 percent among counties high on the index. Most retirement counties and recreation counties score in the top quarter of the amenities index. Employment change is also highly related to natural amenities, although more so over the past 25 years than in the current decade. The importance of particular amentities varies by region. In the Midwest, for example, people are drawn to lakes for recreation and retirement, while...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Natural amenities; Population change; Retirement; Recreation; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33955
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Nonmetropolitan Outmigration Counties: Some Are Poor, Many Are Prosperous AgEcon
McGranahan, David A.; Cromartie, John; Wojan, Timothy R..
Population loss through net outmigration is endemic to many rural areas. Over a third of nonmetro counties lost at least 10 percent of their population through net outmigration over 1988-2008. Some of these counties have had very high poverty rates, substantial loss in manufacturing jobs, and high unemployment. Lack of economic opportunity was likely a major factor in their high outmigration. Most high net outmigration counties, however, are relatively prosperous, with low unemployment rates, low high school dropout rates, and average household incomes. For these counties, low population density and less appealing landscapes distinguish them from other nonmetro counties. Both types of outmigration counties stand out on two measures, indicating that...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Migration; Net migration; Rural development; Life-cycle migration; Population growth; Nonmetropolitan; Nonmetro; Rural economy; Metro; Rural America; Census data; Population growth; Demographics; ERS; USDA; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96769
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Rural Competitiveness: Results of the 1996 Rural Manufacturing Survey AgEcon
Gale, H. Frederick, Jr.; McGranahan, David A.; Teixeira, Ruy; Greenberg, Elizabeth.
Establishments in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan locations are surprisingly similar in their adoption of new technologies, worker skill requirements, use of government programs and technical assistance, exports, and sources of financing, according to the results of a nationwide survey of 3,909 manufacturing businesses. The most widespread concern of both metro and nonmetro businesses appears to be with quality of labor. Survey respondents report rapidly increasing skill requirements, and many report problems finding qualified workers. Quality of local labor is the most frequently cited problem associated with nonmetro business locations. Access to credit, transportation, and telecommunications infrastructure is a problem of secondary importance for both...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Rural manufacturing; Sample survey; Worker skills; Manufacturing location; Credit availability; Technology adoption; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34077
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Scenic Landscapes Enhance Rural Growth AgEcon
McGranahan, David A..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124181
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The Conservation Reserve Program: Economic Implications for Rural America AgEcon
Sullivan, Patrick; Hellerstein, Daniel; Hansen, LeRoy T.; Johansson, Robert C.; Koenig, Steven R.; Lubowski, Ruben N.; McBride, William D.; McGranahan, David A.; Roberts, Michael J.; Vogel, Stephen J.; Bucholtz, Shawn.
This report estimates the impact that high levels of enrollment in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) have had on economic trends in rural counties since the program's inception in 1985 until today. The results of a growth model and quasi-experimental control group analysis indicate no discernible impact by the CRP on aggregate county population trends. Aggregate employment growth may have slowed in some high-CRP counties, but only temporarily. High levels of CRP enrollment appear to have affected farm-related businesses over the long run, but growth in the number of other nonfarm businesses moderated CRP's impact on total employment. If CRP contracts had ended in 2001, simulation models suggest that roughly 51 percent of CRP land would have returned...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33987
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The Emergence of Rural Artistic Havens: A First Look AgEcon
Wojan, Timothy R.; Lambert, Dayton M.; McGranahan, David A..
Nearly all applied research on arts activity has examined phenomena in metropolitan areas. Findings from this past research confirm an arts specialization in a limited number of cities. This paper finds a similar pattern in nonmetropolitan areas, where a limited number of counties maintain or develop a distinct specialization in the arts. We document the emergence of these "rural artistic havens" and identify county characteristics associated with the attraction of performing, fine, and applied artists. The implications of these findings for rural development strategies focusing on the arts are discussed.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Arts activity; Built amenities; Creative class; Logistic regression; Natural amenities; Tourism development; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10158
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The Two Faces of Rural Population Loss Through Outmigration AgEcon
McGranahan, David A.; Cromartie, John; Wojan, Timothy R..
Over a third of nonmetropolitan counties lost more than 10 percent of their population over the past 20 years through net outmigration. Poverty and low education account for the high net outmigration in some of these counties, but most are relatively prosperous. Their outmigration is related to low population density, geographic isolation, and a lack of scenic amenities. Programs that reduce the disadvantages of geographic isolation and that enhance residents' access to scenic amenities could help slow or reverse net outmigration in many nonmetro counties.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121431
Registros recuperados: 10
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