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Agonistic behaviour and feed efficiency in juvenile Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus ArchiMer
De Verdal, Hugues; O'Connell, Catherine Maeve; Mekkawy, Wagdy; Vandeputte, Marc; Chatain, Beatrice; Bégout, Marie-laure; Benzie, John A.h..
Given the strong effects of behavioural hierarchies on growth in many cultured species and the key role of feed efficiency in aquaculture economics, understanding the nature of the interaction of these variables is important for the sustainability of aquaculture. The relationship between agonistic behaviour, growth and feed efficiency in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, was studied by rearing 120 fish in eight aquaria. Fish were video-recorded to estimate the occurrence of agonistic behaviour during a fasting and a refeeding period. Growth, feed intake and feed conversion efficiency (FCE - calculated as the inverse of feed conversion ratio (FCR)) were subsequently measured individually for each fish. Fish showed 58% less agonistic traits during the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Agonstic behaviour; Feed efficiency; Nile tilapia; Performances; Correlation.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00483/59495/62363.pdf
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Measuring individual feed efficiency and its correlations with performance traits in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus ArchiMer
De Verdal, Hugues; Mekkawy, Wagdy; Lind, Curtis E.; Vandeputte, Marc; Chatain, Beatrice; Benzie, John A. H..
Estimating individual feed intake of fish held in groups has long been a challenge precluding precise knowledge of the individual variation of feed efficiency (FE) in fish. In this study, counts of the number of feed pellets (1.63 mg on average) eaten by individual tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) held in 8 mixed sex groups of 15 fish were measured from video recordings made over a period of 10 days where fish were fed twice daily to achieve compensatory growth after 10 days of fasting. The initial body weight of the fish was 9.77 ± 2.03 g. Accumulated measures of feed intake (FI) over 11 meals were found to achieve 95% repeatability and a high accuracy of estimation of FI. During the FI measurement period, the average fish growth was 12.0 ± 3.6 g, feed...
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Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00357/46832/46707.pdf
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Quantifying the genetic parameters of feed efficiency in juvenile Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus ArchiMer
De Verdal, Hugues; Vandeputte, Marc; Mekkawy, Wagdy; Chatain, Beatrice; Benzie, John A. H..
Background: Improving feed efficiency in fish is crucial at the economic, social and environmental levels with respect to developing a more sustainable aquaculture. The important contribution of genetic improvement to achieve this goal has been hampered by the lack of accurate basic information on the genetic parameters of feed efficiency in fish. We used video assessment of feed intake on individual fish reared in groups to estimate the genetic parameters of six growth traits, feed intake, feed conversion ratio (FCR) and residual feed intake in 40 pedigreed families of the GIFT strain of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Feed intake and growth were measured on juvenile fish (22.4g mean body weight) during 13 consecutive meals, representing 7days of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Feed conversion ratio; Tilapia; Heritability; Genetic estimations; Correlations.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00469/58115/60551.pdf
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