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Registros recuperados: 6
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A PROBIT ANALYSIS OF WOMEN FARMERS’ ACCESS TO FARM LAND AND CREDIT IN THE NORTHERN PROVINCE 31
Mokoena, M.R.; Mekuria, Mulugetta; Ngqaleni, M..
Northern Province is predominantly a rural region where agriculture is the dominant sector and plays an important role in the provincial economy. Women are the majority of the poor living in these rural areas and depend heavily on farming. But their agricultural productivity is below potential as they don’t have access to productive assets such as land and credit. This study based on a farm survey undertaken in the seven districts in the former Lebowa homeland in the Northern Province, attempts to identify factors which determine women farmers’s access to more farming land and credit facilities. The results show that most of the women are not satisfied with the size of the land which they own and they have never used farming credit. The probit analysis...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54979
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A Unified Approach to the Estimation of Demand for Improved Seed in Developing Agriculture 31
Langyintuo, Augustine S.; Hamazakaza, Petan; Nawale, Edah; Mekuria, Mulugetta.
This paper proposes a new approach for estimating the demand for seed within a developing country context where only improved seeds are sold but adoption rates for improved varieties low. A farmer views an improved seed firstly as a derived input embodying production attributes and secondly, as a technology embodying consumption characteristics. He therefore jointly decides on its adoption and the quantity of seed required to plant a predetermined area. Drawing on the theory of demand for consumption goods characteristics and production input attributes, this paper specified and estimated non-separable household demand and consumption models using data collected from 300 farm households in Zambia during the 2003/04 crop season. The estimated results...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural household model; Consumer goods characteristics; Production inputs; Technology attributes; Non-separability; Censored equations; Zambia; Crop Production/Industries; C21; D1; O3; Q12; Q16.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25332
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Accounting for Neighborhood Influence in Estimating Factors Determining the Adoption of Improved Agricultural Technologies 31
Langyintuo, Augustine S.; Mekuria, Mulugetta.
Researchers have traditionally applied censored regression models to estimate factors influencing farmers'’ decisions to adopt improved technologies for the design of appropriate intervention strategies. The standard Tobit model, commonly used, assumes spatial homogeneity implicitly but the potential for the presence of spatial heterogeneity (spatial autocorrelation or dependence) is high due to neighborhood influence among farmers. Ignoring spatial autocorrelation (if it exists) would result in biased estimates and all inferences based on the model will be incorrect. On the other hand, if spatial dependence is ignored the regression estimates would be inefficient and inferences based on t and F statistics misleading. To account for neighborhood influence,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19521
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Assessing the influence of neighborhood effects on the adoption of improved agricultural technologies in developing agriculture 31
Langyintuo, Augustine S.; Mekuria, Mulugetta.
Researchers generally assume spatial homogeneity when assessing the factors that influence farmers to adopt improved agricultural technologies. However, the potential for spatial heterogeneity is high due to, for example, neighborhood effects such as farmers sharing information about new technology. Ignoring spatial heterogeneity can result in biased or inefficient regression estimates and make inferences based on t and F statistics misleading. Using data collected from 300 randomly selected farmers in three districts of Mozambique during the 2003/04 crop season, a spatial Tobit model was specified to estimate which factors determined the adoption of improved maize varieties, after an initial diagnostic test rejected the null hypothesis of spatial...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Spatial Tobit model; Spatial heterogeneity; Spatial autocorrelation; Neighborhood effects; Maize farmers; Mozambique; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56960
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Breaking the "Fertilizer Poverty" and Food Insecurity Traps in Smallholder Maize Based Farming System in Southern Africa: Experiences and Lessons from Soil Fertility Network/Economics and Policy Working Group (EPWG) 31
Mekuria, Mulugetta; Waddington, Stephen R.; Siziba, Shephard.
Smallholder farmers in southern Africa face acute food insecurity because the productive capacity of their soils has declined. These resource-poor farmers increasingly cannot afford mineral fertilizers Farmers mentioned the lack of fertilizers for their depleted soils as the most important constraint- "Empty Soils, stomachs and pockets." In response to this challenge, Soil Fert Net researchers in southern Africa have developed and promoted a range of "best-bet" soil fertility management technological (SFMT) options for farmers. This paper presents a review of financial, adoption, institutional and policy analysis undertaken by EPWG members on the use of SFMT by smallholders. Financial and risk analysis tools, selected econometric models and policy analysis...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Policy briefs; Policy analysis matrix; Markets; Cropping systems; Legumes; N fertilizer; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9515
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MAIZE BREEDING RESEARCH IN EASTERN AND SOUTHERN AFRICA: CURRENT STATUS AND IMPACTS OF PAST INVESTMENTS MADE BY THE PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTORS, 1966-97 31
Hassan, Rashid M.; Mekuria, Mulugetta; Mwangi, Wilfred.
This report documents the impacts of international maize breeding research in eastern and southern Africa. It draws on information from a comprehensive 1998/99 survey of public and private maize breeding and seed production organizations active in the region. In many countries of eastern and southern Africa, policy reforms introduced in the 1980s and 1990s encouraged private sector participation in the maize seed industry. The private sector now supplies most of the maize seed in the region, spends more on research, and generates a larger number of maize releases than the public sector. Hybrids dominate varietal releases and seed sales, a trend that may negatively affect subsistence-oriented farmers who lack resources to buy fresh seed every season....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23723
Registros recuperados: 6
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