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Registros recuperados: 65
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A long term study of bonamiosis in Quiberon bay, France ArchiMer
Arzul, Isabelle; Miossec, Laurence; Blanchet, Estelle; Garcia, Celine; Joly, Jean-pierre; Francois, Cyrille; Berthe, Franck.
Bonamiosis was first reported in association with mass mortality of flat oysters, Ostrea edulis, in June 1979 in L'Ile Tudy, Brittany. The disease rapidly spread to all of the oyster farming areas in France but also in other European countries. The French flat oyster production, which already suffered from another protozoan disease, marteiliosis, decreased from 5500 mt in 1979 to less than 2000 mt after 1980. In 2001, about 350 French farms sell 1650 mt of flat oysters. This production mainly relies on natural spat collection which specially occurs in Quiberon bay. One third of this spat is transferred from South to North Brittany for further growth. Quiberon bay constitutes an interesting site regarding the surveillance of bonamiosis because of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Detection; Bonamia ostreae; Protozoan; Diseases; Pathology; Ostrea edulis; Oysters.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/acte-3314.pdf
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A preliminary evaluation of the European Non-native Species in Aquaculture Risk Assessment Scheme applied to species listed on Annex IV of the EU Alien Species Regulation ArchiMer
Copp, G. H.; Godard, M. J.; Russell, I. C.; Peeler, E. J.; Gherardi, F.; Tricarico, E.; Miossec, Laurence; Goulletquer, Philippe; Almeida, D.; Britton, J. R.; Vilizzi, L.; Mumford, J.; Williams, C.; Reading, A.; Rees, E. M. A.; Merino-aguirre, R..
Developed for carrying out risk assessments under the European Commission (EC) Council Regulation No 708/2007 concerning the use of alien and locally absent species in aquaculture (ASR), the European Non-native Species in Aquaculture Risk Assessment Scheme (ENSARS) is briefly summarised, and the ‘Organism’ module is applied to the 24 species listed in ASR's Annex IV. Four other ENSARS modules (Infectious Agent, Facility, Pathway, and Socio-economic) were used to assess two case study species (European catfish Silurus glanis L. and red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii Girard). No Annex IV species was categorised as low risk, 10 as moderately low risk, 12 as medium risk, two as moderately high risk and none as high risk. The results are discussed and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Biological invasions; Decision support; ENSARS; EU legislation; Risk analysis.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00189/30032/29433.pdf
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Agrégation des sous-éléments de qualité de l’élément de qualité « Flore autre que phytoplancton » ArchiMer
Miossec, Laurence.
The Water Framework Directive uses the “One-out, all-out” (OAOO) principle in assessing water bodies (i.e. the worst status of the elements used in the assessment determines the final status of the water body). Combination of multiple parameters within a biological quality element (BQEs) can be done in different ways. This study analysed several aggregation conditions within the BQE "Flora other than phytoplankton" (intertidal macroalgae, subtidal macroalgae, eelgrass beds and opportunistic blooms) using monitoring data collected along the Channel and Atlantic coastline. Four aggregation criteria were tested on two sets of data collected between 2004 and 2014: OOAO, average, intermediate method between OOAO and average and a method taking into account an...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Macroalgues; Blooms opportunistes; Herbiers; Manche Atlantique; Méthodes d’agrégation; Macroalgae; Eelgrass beds; Opportunistic blooms; Channel and Atlantic coastline; Aggregation rules.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00348/45869/45568.pdf
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Alien species alert: Crassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) ArchiMer
Miossec, Laurence; Le Deuff, Rose-marie; Goulletquer, Philippe.
The Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas, Thunberg, 1793) is one of 20 species in the genus Crassostrea. Although native to the Japan/Korea region, C. gigas is a hardy species that has been introduced to a number of countries worldwide, including the US, Canada, the UK, France, Korea, China, New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, and South America, mainly for aquaculture purposes (Mann et al., 1991; Orensanz et al., 2002). As a result, C. gigas has become the leading species in world shellfish culture, with an estimated production of 4.6 million t in 2006 (FAO, 2008). Because C. gigas does not require additional food to sustain its growth, this species is relatively inexpensive and easy to produce. Its capacity to adapt to various environmental conditions and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Transfer; Alien species; Distribution; Introduction; Bivalvia; Crassostrea gigas; Pacific oyster.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/rapport-6945.pdf
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Alteration de l'ovogenese des plies Pleuronectes platessa L. capturees dans les abers Wrac'h et Benoit, depuis la pollution de l'Amoco Cadiz. ArchiMer
Miossec, Laurence.
From November 1978 to January 1982, the author has studied the effects of Amoco Cadiz oil spill on plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) reproduction, main species of flat fish of the aber Wrac'h and aber Benoit. Serious alterations of the function were observed in females. Examining the gonado-somatic ratio has revealed some anomalies in the reproductive process. Study of ovary histology has shown large cytologic modifications. Some hypothesis have been retained: oil action in situ, use of lipidic reserves for another aim than reproduction, and hormonal perturbations.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aber Benoit Estuary Brittany ANE; France Pleuronectes platessa; Pleuronectidae Pisces Oogenesis Histopathology Marine pollution Ovaries Oil spills Pollution effects.
Ano: 1982 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1982/publication-1846.pdf
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Bilan 2003 du réseau REPAMO - Réseau national de surveillance zoosanitaire des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Arzul, Isabelle; Garcia, Celine; Joly, Jean-pierre; Miossec, Laurence; Chollet, Bruno; Robert, Maeva; Cuvelier, Nicolas; Lefebvre, Alain; Le Gagneur, Eric; Kopp, Joel; Mouillard, Gilbert; Gerla, Daniel; Le Saux, Jean-claude; Raguenes, Pierre; Le Gal, Dominique; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Nourry, Max; Martin, Jean-louis; Fillon, Alain.
The REPAMO network (network ofmollusc pathology), created in 1986, ensures the survey of shellfish health status along French coasts according? to European Directives 91/67/EEC and 95/70/EEC. The aims of the network are 1 - to prevent the introduction and spread of exotic pathogens, 2-to study the means to decrease the impact of pathogens already present and to survey their evolution. In 2003, the REPAMO network focused on the survey oflisted diseases (bonamiosis and marteiliosis) in two areas under agreement process (Banc de Granville and zone X) and on the study of abnormal morlalities. Number of reported abnormal morlalities has increased in 2003. This rise can be partly explained by the recent network restructuring, but also by the summer heatwave and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Etat de santé; Network; Surveillance; Pathology; Molluscs; Shellfish; Health status.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00086/19699/17340.pdf
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Bilan 2004 du réseau REPAMO - Réseau national de surveillance zoosanitaire des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Garcia, Celine; Arzul, Isabelle; Chollet, Bruno; Francois, Cyrille; Goubet, Anne; Joly, Jean-pierre; Miossec, Laurence; Robert, Maeva; Cuvelier, Nicolas; Lefebvre, Alain; Le Gagneur, Eric; Ropert, Michel; Mouillard, Gilbert; Gerla, Daniel; Le Gal, Dominique; Rocher, Gregory; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Nourry, Max; Martin, Jean-louis; Costantini, Louis; Masson, Jean-claude; Martin, Anne-genevieve.
Created in 1986, the REPAMO network (Network of mollusc pathology), is a national zoosanitary surveillance network of shellfish health status along the French coasts. Its activities are in keeping with two European Directives, 91 /67/EEC and 95/70/EC and are a patt of the institutional tasks ofIfremer. The aims of the network are to prevent the introduction and spread of exotic pathogens and to survey the evolution of notifiable pathogens already present in France. The network focused on the survey of listed diseases (bonamiosis and marteiliosis of flat oyster) in two areas under agreement process (Banc de Granville and zone X). In 2004, no sample couId be analysed to these two areas because of the difficulty to obtain flat oysters (sparse oyster beds,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Etat de santé; Network; Surveillance; Pathology; Molluscs; Shellfish; Health status.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00086/19702/17343.pdf
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Bilan 2005 du réseau REPAMO - Réseau national de surveillance zoosanitaire des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Garcia, Celine; Arzul, Isabelle; Chollet, Bruno; Ferrand, Sylvie; Francois, Cyrille; Joly, Jean-pierre; Miossec, Laurence; Robert, Maeva; Cuvelier, Nicolas; Lefebvre, Alain; Le Gagneur, Eric; Ropert, Michel; Mouillard, Gilbert; Gerla, Daniel; Le Gal, Dominique; Rocher, Gregory; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Nourry, Max; Martin, Jean-louis; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Fillon, Alain; Robert, Stephane; Courtois, Olivier; D'Amico, Florence; Rumebe, Myriam; Pichot, Yves; Le Gall, Patrik.
Created in 1992, the REPAMO network (Network of mollusc pathology), is a national zoosanitary surveillance network of shellfish health status along the French coasts. Ils activities are in keeping with two European Directives, 91167/EEC and 95170/EC and are a part of the institutional tasks of Ifremer. The aims of the network are to prevent the introduction and spread of exotic pathogens and to sm'vey the evolution of notifiable pathogens already present in France. The network focused on the survey of listed diseases (bonamiosis and marteiliosis of flat oyster) in two areas under agreement process (Granville bed and zone X). In 2005, only samples of the Granville bed could be analysed due to the difflculty to obtain flat oysters (sparse oyster beds, beds...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Etat de santé; Network; Surveillance; Pathology; Molluscs; Shellfish; Health status.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00086/19704/17346.pdf
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Bilan 2006 du réseau Repamo. Réseau national de surveillance zoosanitaire des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Francois, Cyrille; Garcia, Celine; Labrut, Sophie; Miossec, Laurence; Arzul, Isabelle; Joly, Jean-pierre; Chollet, Bruno; Robert, Maeva; Ferrand, Sylvie.
Created in 1992, the REPAMO network (Network of mollusc pathology), is a national zoosanitary surveillance network of shellfish health status along the French coasts. Its activities are in keeping with two European Directives, 91/67/EEC and 95/70/EC and are a part of the institutional tasks of Ifremer. The aims of the network are to prevent the introduction and spread of exotic pathogens and to survey the evolution ofnotifiable pathogens already present in France. The network focused on the survey of listed diseases (bonamiosis and marteiliosis of flat oyster) in two areas under agreement process (zone X and Granville bed in zone IX). In 2006, only samples of the Granville bed could be analysed due to the difficulty to obtain flat oysters (sparse oyster...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Health status; Shellfish; Molluscs; Pathology; Surveillance; Network; État de santé; Coquillages; Mollusques; Pathologie; Surveillance; Réseau.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/rapport-3812.pdf
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Bilan 2007 du réseau REPAMO - Réseau national de surveillace de la santé des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Francois, Cyrille; Garcia, Celine; Arzul, Isabelle; Chollet, Bruno; Ferrand, Sylvie; Joly, Jean-pierre; Miossec, Laurence; Robert, Maeva; Cuvelier, Nicolas; Le Gagneur, Eric; Ropert, Michel; Mouillard, Gilbert; Gerla, Daniel; Annezo, Jean-pierre; Le Gal, Dominique; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Nourry, Max; Martin, Jean-louis; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Fillon, Alain; Robert, Stephane; Courtois, Olivier; D'Amico, Florence; Rumebe, Myriam; Pichot, Yves; Le Gall, Patrik; Bouchoucha, Marc; Baldi, Yoann; Ravel, Christophe.
Créé en 1992, le réseau REPAMO (REseau de PAthologie des MOllusques) est un réseau de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins du littoral français. Son activité s'inscrit dans le cadre de deux Directives Européennes, les Directives 91 /67/CEE et 95/70/CE. Les objectifs du réseau sont de prévenir l'introduction et la propagation d'organismes pathogènes, en particulier ceux à déclaration obligatoire et de surveiller l'évolution de ceux déjà présents sur le territoire national. Ces activités font parties des missions institutionnelles de l'IFREMER. La surveillance assurée par le réseau vise en premier lieu les infections à déclaration obligatoire présentes en France, la bonamiose à Bonamia ostreae et la Marteiliose à Marteilia refringens chez l'huître...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Mollusques; Coquillages; Santé.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00086/19708/17349.pdf
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Bilan 2008 du réseau REPAMO - Réseau national de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Francois, Cyrille; Garcia, Celine; Arzul, Isabelle; Joly, Jean-pierre; Miossec, Laurence; Chollet, Bruno; Ferrand, Sylvie; Robert, Maeva; Tourbiez, Delphine; Omnes, Emmanuelle; Cobret, Laetitia; Faury, Nicole; Haffner, Philippe; Saulnier, Denis; Pepin, Jean-francois; Renault, Tristan; Antajan, Elvire; Rauflet, Fabienne; Ropert, Michel; Mouillard, Gilbert; Gerla, Daniel; Annezo, Jean-pierre; Le Gal, Dominique; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Nourry, Max; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Fillon, Alain; Robert, Stephane; Courtois, Olivier.
Créé en 1992, le réseau REPAMO (REseau de PAthologie des MOllusques) est un réseau de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins du littoral français. Son activité s'inscrit dans le cadre de la Directive Européenne 2006/88/CE. Les objectifs du réseau sont de prévenir l'introduction et la propagation d'organismes pathogènes, en particulier ceux à déclaration obligatoire et de surveiller l'évolution de ceux déjà présents sur le territoire national. Ces activités font parties des missions institutionnelles de l'IFREMER. La surveillance assurée par le réseau vise en premier lieu les infections à déclaration obligatoire présentes en France, la bonamiose à Bonamia ostreae chez l'huître plate Ostrea edulis et la marteiliose à Marteilia refringens chez...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Etat de santé.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00086/19709/17351.pdf
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Bilan 2009 du réseau REPAMO - Réseau national de surveillace de la santé des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Francois, Cyrille; Joly, Jean-pierre; Garcia, Celine; Miossec, Laurence; Saulnier, Denis; Pepin, Jean-francois; Arzul, Isabelle; Omnes, Emmanuelle; Tourbiez, Delphine; Faury, Nicole; Haffner, Philippe; Chollet, Bruno; Robert, Maeva; Cobret, Laetitia; Renault, Tristan; Rauflet, Fabienne; Le Gagneur, Eric; Ropert, Michel; Mouillard, Gilbert; Gerla, Daniel; Annezo, Jean-pierre; Le Gal, Dominique; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Breerette, Stephane; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Grizon, James; Robert, Stephane; Courtois, Olivier; Rumebe, Myriam.
Créé en 1992, le réseau REPAMO (REseau de PAthologie des MOllusques) est un réseau de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins du littoral français. Son activité s'inscrit dans le cadre de la Directive Européenne 2006/88/CE. Les objectifs du réseau sont de prévenir l'introduction et la propagation d'organismes pathogènes, en particulier ceux à déclaration obligatoire et de surveiller l'évolution de ceux déjà présents sur le territoire national. Ces activités font parties des missions institutionnelles de l'IFREMER. La surveillance assurée par le réseau vise en premier lieu les infections à déclaration obligatoire présentes en France, la bonamiose à Banamia ostreae chez l'huître plate Ostrea edulis et la marteiliose à Marteilia refringens chez...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Etat de santé.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00086/19711/17352.pdf
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Bivalve aquaculture transfers in Atlantic Europe. Part B: Environmental impacts of transfer activities ArchiMer
Brenner, M.; Fraser, Duncan; Van Nieuwenhove, K.; O'Beirn, F.; Buck, B. H.; Mazurie, Joseph; Thorarinsdottir, G.; Dolmer, P.; Sanchez-mata, A.; Strand, O.; Flimlin, G.; Miossec, Laurence; Kamermans, P..
For centuries human populations have moved live shellfish around the world for consumption or aquaculture purposes; being relayed from their area of origin for growout or sale. This is in contrast to the inadvertent anthropogenic spreading of species via e.g. ballast waters. There are inherent risks associated with transfer of shellfish including introducing of alien species, diseases, pests, bacteria and viruses associated with the translocated species in addition to the potential impact on genetic integrity and biodiversity of local stocks. Many examples of severe ecological impacts have been documented worldwide owing to the intentional or unintentional translocation of animals. It is therefore important to develop risk reduction methods which have not...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00174/28573/26964.pdf
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Bonamia ostreae and Ostrea edulis : a stable host-parasite system in France? ArchiMer
Arzul, Isabelle; Miossec, Laurence; Blanchet, Estelle; Garcia, Celine; Francois, Cyrille; Joly, Jean-pierre.
Bonamiosis due to the intrahaemocytic protistan parasite Bonamia ostreae is a European endemic disease affecting flat oysters Ostrea edulis. After its first description in June 1979 in L'Ile Tudy, Brittany, the parasite rapidly spread to all French oyster farming areas and in other European countries through transfers of live molluscs. Bonamiosis and marteiliosis, another protozoan disease appeared in the seventies, drastically reduced the French flat oyster production from 20 000 tonnes in 1970 to less than 2000 tonnes after 1981. In 2001, about 1650 t of flat oysters were marketed in France. The production is restricted to several areas specialised in reproduction, growth and/or marketing, and depends on transfers of animals. Most important production...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bonamia ostreae; Parasitology; Pathology; Ostrea edulis; Oyster.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/acte-6381.pdf
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Contamination de l'environnement littoral par les rotavirus du groupe A ArchiMer
Dubois, Eric; Le Guyader, Francoise; Kopecka, Helena; Miossec, Laurence; Pommepuy, Monique.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 1996 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00116/22699/20439.pdf
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Contamination virale de coquillages responsables d'une épidémie de gastro-entérites à Poitiers, mars 1997 ArchiMer
Miossec, Laurence; Le Guyader, Francoise; Haeghebaert, S.; Gasnier, Ph.; Bellier, J.y.; Vaillant, V.; Camus, P.; Pommepuy, Monique; Abou-saleh, M.j.; Clavelin, Ph.; Bobo, J.p.; Masson, D.; Desenclos, J.c..
Tipo: Text
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00001/11244/7780.pdf
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Contamination virale de l'environnement littoral ArchiMer
Miossec, Laurence; Besseau, Laetitia; Haugarreau, Larissa; Le Guyader, Francoise; Menard, Dominique; Pommepuy, Monique; Abadie, Eric; Comps, Marie-annick; Guillou, Jean-louis; Le Bec, Claude; Sauvagnargues, Jean-claude; Bon, Fabienne; Jamot, B.; Kohli E, Evelyne; Potier, P.; Daurat, G.; Guyonnet, J.p..
Les microorganismes, bactéries et virus d'origine entérique, sont abondants dans les rejets urbains. Si la charge bactériologique contenue dans les eaux usées est notablement réduite lors des traitements appliqués dans les stations d'épurations, de nombreux microorganismes persistent et sont rejetés avec les eaux épurées dans le milieu récepteur, en rivière ou directement en mer. Le développement de méthodes analytiques basées sur la biologie moléculaire a permis récemment la détection de virus entériques non cultivables dans les échantillons de l'environnement, tels que les entérovirus, le virus de l'hépatite A, les calicivirus, les astrovirus et les rotavirus. En France, les données publiées sur la présence de ces virus entériques, détectés par RTPCR,...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00044/15552/12941.pdf
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Cultural practices and risk of shellfish pathogen exchanges : the oyster aquaculture in France ArchiMer
Miossec, Laurence; Girard, Sophie; Czerwinski, N..
The first national census concerning shellfish culture in France was carried out in 2002. The main purpose was to provide accurate and comprehensive information on the number and structure of the companies using an in depth review of production factors (leases, plants, equipment's, labour and qualifications), and a survey of cultural practices up to the market level. Moreover, the census aimed to quantify the bivalve sales dedicated to consumption and to measure the livestock transfers among rearing shellfish production areas at different developmental stages: spat, intermediate products and fully grown marketable products. The French oyster production reached 109 000 metric tons in 2001. The main production was observed in Poitou-Charentes region...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Risk; Pathogens; Exotic species; Introduction; Cultural practices; Transfert; France; Oyster aquaculture.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/acte-3316.pdf
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Défi MOREST - Mortalités estivales de l'huître creuse Crassostrea gigas - Caractérisation des facteurs de risques associés aux mortalités estivales - Synthèse du thème 5 - Risque associé aux pathogènes. (La Rochelle 14-15 mars 2006) ArchiMer
Nicolas, Jean-louis; Renault, Tristan; Gagnaire, Beatrice; Garcia, Celine; Le Roux, F; Miossec, Laurence; Pepin, Jean-francois; Saulnier, Denis.
L'un des objectifs principaux des travaux en pathologie des mollusques est d'identifier et d'étudier des agents infectieux capables d'induire des maladies et des mortalités chez les coquillages, en particulier, chez I'huître creuse, Crassostrea gigas, espèce principalement exploitée en France. Ces travaux semblent d'autant plus indispensables qu'il n'existait pas, jusqu'à ces dernières années, de maladies identifiées chez I'huître creuse en Europe excepté le virus herpès suspecté dès 1995 de provoquer des mortalités de naissain (Renault et al, 1995). Les principales maladies des espèces proches sont dues à des parasites comme Haplosporidium nelsoni (Ford et Heskin, 1987) et Perkinsus marinus Olivier et al, 1 998) pour Crassostrea virginica, Marteilia...
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Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00304/41535/40743.pdf
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Development of a generic decision-support tool for identifying potentially invasive aquatic taxa: AS-ISK ArchiMer
Copp, Gordon H.; Vilizzi, Lorenzo; Tidbury, Hannah; Stebbing, Paul D.; Trakan, Ali Serham; Miossec, Laurence; Goulletquer, Philippe.
Electronic decision-support tools are now an essential component of government strate gies to battle non-native species, with taxon-specific, paper-based risk analysis schemes often being replaced by taxon-generic tools. This study reports on the development of a decision-support tool for aquatic species, the Aquatic Species Invasiveness Screening Kit (AS-ISK), which replaces five taxon-specific toolkits for amphibians, freshwater and marine fish and invertebrates (FISK, MFISK, FI-ISK, MI-ISK, Amph-ISK). Adapted from Pheloung et al.’s. Weed Risk Assessment (WRA), the “-ISK” toolkits were also “self-automated workbooks” in Excel® VisualBasic® architecture of the ’WRA. In creating AS-ISK, we incorporated the conceptual approach (questions and guidance) of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Risk analusis; Marine; Brackish; FISK; Ruditapes philippinarum.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00357/46770/46638.pdf
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