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Registros recuperados: 15
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ACCEPTABILITY OF IRRADIATION TECHNOLOGY TO FOOD SERVICE PROVIDERS AgEcon
Mulik, Kranti; Fox, John A.; Boland, Michael A..
Restaurant managers in Kansas were surveyed to investigate attitudes toward food irradiation and willingness to buy and serve irradiated hamburger patties. Results indicate that 54% of restaurants are willing to purchase irradiated ground beef. Median willingness-to-pay for irradiation for females was estimated at 6.25c/lb and for males at 3.94c/lb.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35029
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EMPIRICALLY ANALYZING THE IMPACT OF U.S. EXPORT CREDIT PROGRAMS ON U.S. AGRICULTURAL TRADE AgEcon
Rienstra-Munnicha, Paul; Mulik, Kranti; Koo, Won W..
The use of officially supported export credit programs for agricultural products has been a widely debated issue at the World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations in recent years. The European Union (EU) has agreed to reduce their direct export subsidies if the United States reduces its export credits. Specifically, the main issue of contention is whether to limit the length of repayment of the U.S. export credit programs to a period not exceeding 180 days. However, the impacts of such a reduction on the importing countries and the United States are not clear. In light of this debate, we analyze the impact of a reduction in the repayment period to 180 days on importing countries and examine the subsequent effects on U.S. exports supported through...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Export credit programs; Agricultural trade; World Trade Organization; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23644
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Empirically Analyzing the Impacts of U.S. Export Credit Programs on U.S. Agricultural Export Competitiveness AgEcon
Mulik, Kranti; Rienstra-Munnicha, Paul; Koo, Won W..
This paper looked at the on the ongoing debate on the use of public export credit programs and their impact on US exports. Our results indicate that cost saving is significant beneficial to the importing countries as a result of the export credit programs. There is also an increase in US exports as a result of the US export credit programs. However, there is a reduction in cost savings to the importing countries when the length of repayment of export credit is 180 days. Thus, the more restrictive terms and conditions of officially supported export credits which the WTO is trying to discipline based on their implicitly subsidized components will have some adverse impact on the importing countries.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21224
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ESTIMATING EFFICIENCY MEASURES IN NORTH DAKOTA FARMS AgEcon
Mulik, Kranti; Taylor, Richard D.; Koo, Won W..
A normalized Quadratic Cost function is estimated using data from 1998-2003 to analyze the cost structure of North Dakota farms. Results indicate that there is overall evidence of increasing returns to scale. However, we do not find differences in efficiency across the different farm sizes. Marginal costs scale economies do not differ significantly across the different size categories, indicating that small and medium farms are just as efficient as the larger farms.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Normalized quadratic cost function; Economies of scale; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23489
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Exchange Rate Dynamics and the Bilateral Trade Balance: The Case of U.S. Agriculture AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Koo, Won W.; Mulik, Kranti.
This study examines the dynamic effects of changes in exchange rates on bilateral trade of agricultural products between the United States and its 15 major trading partners. Special attention is paid to investigate whether or not the J-curve hypothesis holds for U.S. agricultural trade. For this purpose, an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) approach to cointegration is applied to quarterly time-series data from 1989 and 2007. Results show that the exchange rate plays a crucial role in determining the short- and long-run behavior of U.S. agricultural trade. However, we find little evidence of the J-curve phenomenon for U.S. agricultural products with the United States’ major trading partners.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade; Autoregressive distributed lag approach to cointegration; Bilateral trade; J-curve effect; International Relations/Trade; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55546
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Geographical Indications and the Trade Related Property Rights Agreement: A Case Study of Basmati Rice Exports AgEcon
Mulik, Kranti; Crespi, John M..
The recent controversy over the granting of patenting rights to three new strains of Basmati rice by the US Patent and Trademark Office is used as a case study to analyze the impact of incomplete protection of intellectual property. Results suggest that there is evidence that the introduction of a competing product that may infringe on India's geographical indicator has harmed Indian producers in key export markets.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20365
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Greenhouse Gas and Nitrogen Fertilizer Scenarios for U.S. Agriculture and Global Biofuels AgEcon
Elobeid, Amani E.; Carriquiry, Miguel A.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Mulik, Kranti; Hayes, Dermot J.; Babcock, Bruce A.; Dumortier, Jerome; Rosas, Francisco.
This analysis uses the 2011 FAPRI-CARD (Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute–Center for Agricultural and Rural Development) baseline to evaluate the impact of four alternative scenarios on U.S. and world agricultural markets, as well as on world fertilizer use and world agricultural greenhouse gas emissions. A key assumption in the 2011 baseline is that ethanol support policies disappear in 2012. The baseline also assumes that existing biofuel mandates remain in place and are binding. Two of the scenarios are adverse supply shocks, the first being a 10% increase in the price of nitrogen fertilizer in the United States, and the second, a reversion of cropland into forestland. The third scenario examines how lower energy prices would impact world...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Afforestation; Energy price; Ethanol tax credit; Fertilizer; Partial equilibrium model; Policy analysis; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/107043
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IMPOSING CURVATURE RESTRICTIONS ON A TRANSLOG COST FUNCTION USING A MARKOV CHAIN MONTE CARLO SIMULATION APPROACH AgEcon
Mulik, Kranti; Featherstone, Allen M.; Marsh, Thomas L..
Using Kansas Farm data from 1973 to 1998, curvature restrictions are imposed on a translog cost function. Using uninformative priors with indicator functions representing distribution and inequality constraints, a Markov Chain Monte Carlo Simulation method is used to estimate parameters and check curvature at each point. Comparison is made to the Cholesky factorization method commonly used with the normalized quadratic functional form.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22038
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Modeling the Effects of Pasture Expansion on Emissions from Land-Use Change AgEcon
Dumortier, Jerome; Hayes, Dermot J.; Carriquiry, Miguel A.; Dong, Fengxia; Du, Xiaodong; Elobeid, Amani E.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Mulik, Kranti.
Replaced with revised version of paper 12/14/2010.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Pasture expansion; Greenhouse gas emissions; Land-use change; Pasture extensification; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q15; Q17; Q18; Q54.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57262
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MODELING THE EFFECTS OF PASTURE EXPANSION ON EMISSIONS FROM LAND-USE CHANGE AgEcon
Dumortier, Jerome; Hayes, Dermot J.; Carriquiry, Miguel A.; Dong, Fengxia; Du, Xiaodong; Elobeid, Amani E.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Mulik, Kranti.
We present a global agricultural greenhouse gas model that assesses emissions from land-use change. In addition to evaluating shifts in and out of crop production, we develop a pasture model to assess extensification and intensification of global livestock production based on herd size and stocking rate. We apply the model to a scenario that introduces a tax on me-thane emissions from cattle in the United States. The resulting expansion of pasture in the rest of the world leads to substantially higher emissions than without the tax. The yearly average emissions from the tax are 260 metric tons of CO2-equivalent.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land-use change; Greenhouse gas emissions; Pasture expansion; Pasture extensification; Land Economics/Use; Q15; Q17; Q18; Q54.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95944
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SUBSTITUTION BETWEEN U.S. AND CANADIAN WHEAT BY CLASS AgEcon
Mulik, Kranti; Koo, Won W..
The importation of hard red winter and durum wheat from Canada has been a source of contention among U.S. wheat growers, due to the likeness between domestic and imported Canadian wheat. It has also been investigated as a source of material injury to the U.S. market. We examine the relative substitution between U.S. and Canadian wheat, by class, by treating wheat as an input in flour production. We find that while U.S. hard red spring wheat and U.S. hard red winter wheat are economic substitutes, there is limited price substitution between U.S. and Canadian durum and U.S. and Canadian hard red spring wheat. Quality differences from the millers' perspective may be the reason driving the import demand for hard red spring and durum wheat from Canada.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23615
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The Impact of Brazil and Argentina's Currency Devaluation on U.S. Soybean Trade AgEcon
Andino, Jose; Mulik, Kranti; Koo, Won W..
We analyzed the effects of Brazil and Argentina's currency devaluation on the U.S. soybean import demand in major importing countries. Results indicate that nominal exchange rates between the United States and importers affect the U.S. soybean export market. Additionally, we found evidence that currency depreciations have favored soybean exports from Argentina and Brazil at the cost of reduced exports from the United States. Increased world soybean demand has promoted export sales from major producers, affecting export prices. Adoption of GM soybeans in the United States has been a determinant in decreased U.S. soybean import demand.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21450
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THE IMPACT OF BRAZIL AND ARGENTINA'S CURRENCY DEVALUATION ON U.S. SOYBEAN TRADE AgEcon
Andino, Jose; Mulik, Kranti; Koo, Won W..
We analyzed the effects of Brazil and Argentina’s currency devaluation on the U.S. soybean import demand in major importing countries. Results indicate that nominal exchange rates between the United States and importers affect the U.S. soybean export market. Additionally, we found evidence that currency depreciations have favored soybean exports from Argentina and Brazil at the cost of reduced exports from the United States. Increased world soybean demand has promoted export sales from major producers, affecting export prices. However, adoption of GM soybeans in the United States has been a determinant in decreased U.S. soybean exports.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Soybeans; Exchange rates; Third country effect; EC3SLS.; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23486
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The J-Curve Phenomenon: Myth or Reality? AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Mulik, Kranti; Koo, Won W..
This study examines the J-curve phenomenon for the U.S. agricultural trade and compares the effect on agricultural trade relative to the U.S. non-agricultural trade. For this purpose, the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model is adopted to estimate bilateral trade data between the U.S. and her three major trading partners ¦¡ Japan, Canada and Mexico. We find little evidence of the J-curve for the U.S. agricultural trade with Japan, Canada and Mexico. For the non-agricultural trade, on the other hand, the behavior of the U.S. trade with industrialized economies such as Japan and Canada follows the J-curve, but not with developing economies such as Mexico.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21382
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THE ROLE OF THE U.S. DOLLAR IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Mulik, Kranti; Koo, Won W..
This study examines the J-curve phenomenon for the U.S. agricultural trade and compares the effect on agricultural trade relative to U.S. non-agricultural trade. For this purpose, the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model is adopted to estimate bilateral trade data between the United States and her three major trading partners „Ÿ Japan, Canada, and Mexico. We find little evidence of the J-curve for U.S. agricultural trade with Japan, Canada, and Mexico. For non-agricultural trade, on the other hand, the behavior of U.S. trade with industrialized economies such as Japan and Canada follows the J-curve, but not with developing economies such as Mexico.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade; Autoregressive distributed lag model; J-curve effect; Non-agricultural trade; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23482
Registros recuperados: 15
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