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Spatial Networks, Labor Supply and Income Dynamics: Evidence from Indonesian Villages 31
Yamauchi, Futoshi; Muto, Megumi; Chowdhury, Shyamal K.; Dewina, Reno; Sumaryanto, Sony.
This paper examines the impact of spatial connectivity development on household income growth and non-agriculture labor supply, combining household panel data and village census in Indonesia. Empirical results show that the impacts of the improvement of local road quality in the area (positively correlated with transportation speed) on income growth and the transition to non-agricultural labor markets depends on the distance to economic centers and household education. In particular, post-primary education significantly increases the benefit from the local spatial connectivity improvement in remote areas and labor transition to non-agricultural sectors. Education and local road quality are complementary, mutually increasing income growth and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Income growth; Spatial Connectivity; Rural economy; Education; Indonesia; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital; O12; R40.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51571
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The impacts of mobile phone coverage expansion and personal networks on migration: evidence from Uganda 31
Muto, Megumi.
Personal networks can help rural workers find urban jobs. Moreover, when the information flow increases due to the mobile phone coverage expansion, the new information flow may strengthen the existing personal networks or bypass them, helping those who were previously outside the networks in the latter case. We examine the combined impact of mobile phone coverage expansion and personal networks by using panel data of 856 households in 94 communities in rural Uganda, where the number of communities covered by mobile phone coverage increased from 41 to 87 communities over a two-year period between first and second surveys in 2003 and 2005, respectively. We first find that, when the household head’s ethnicity belongs to a larger ethnic group in Kampala, an...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Africa; Networks; Information; Migrants; Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; J21; J61; O15.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51898
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