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Fucoidan prevents concanavalin A-induced liver injury through induction of endogenous IL-10 in mice OAK
Saito, Ako; Yoneda, Masashi; Yokohama, Shiro; Okada, Mitsuyoshi; Haneda, Masakazu; Nakamura, Kimihide; 中村, 公英.
Fucoidan is a complex of sulfated polysaccharides derived from non-mammalian origin such as marine brown algae and induces cytokine expression. We investigated the effect of fucoidan on concanavalin A (Con A)-induced liver injury in mice. Liver injury was induced by an intravenous injection of Con A (18.5 mg/kg). Various doses of fucoidan (1-30 mg/kg) were intravenously administered 30 min before Con A injection. The plasma alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and several cytokines levels were determined, and hepatic histological changes were also assessed. The effect of fucoidan administration by itself on induction of interleukin (IL)-10 in plasma and liver tissue was investigated. Con A administration induced an elevation of plasma ALT level, and fucoidan...
Palavras-chave: Concanavalin A; Fucoidan; Liver injury; Cytokine; Kupffer cell; Scavenger receptor.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/66
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Repeated administrations of concanavalin A induce Th1 to Th2 cytokine shift and tolerance against liver injury in mice OAK
Tamaki, Yosui; Yoneda, Masashi; Sato, Keisuke; Yokohama, Shiro; Haneda, Masakazu; Nakamura, Kimihide; 中村, 公英.
The intravenous injection of concanavalin A (Con A) activates T cells and induces cytokine dependent liver injury in mice. However, the effect of repeated administrations of Con A has not been fully investigated. Female BALB/c mice were intravenously injected with Con A (20 mg/kg) or saline once a week for six times. Mice were rechallenged with Con A 17 days after repeated administrations of Con A. Repeated Con A administrations elicited a sustained inhibition of rechallenged-Con A-induced liver injury. Plasma TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma levels after rechallenge of Con A were decreased compared with that of repeated saline treatments. By contrast, plasma IL-4 and IL-10 levels after rechallenge of Con A were increased. In spleen cells prepared from repeated Con...
Palavras-chave: Concanavalin A; Tolerance; Cytokine; Liver injury; T cell.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/61
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