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Registros recuperados: 5
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Distribution of Benefits and Adoption of Bt Cotton in Pakistan: Ex-ante Analysis AgEcon
Nazli, Hina; Sarker, Rakhal; Meilke, Karl D.; Orden, David.
This poster presents the potential impact of Bt cotton adoption in Pakistan. The size and distribution of economic benefits from the commercial adoption of Bt cotton in Pakistan are examined under four hypothetical scenarios. The adjusted economic surplus model is used to measure total benefits and their distribution between producers, consumers and technology innovators. To account for uncertainty in key parameters, the stochastic simulation techniques is applied. The results show that the total net benefits of adopting Bt cotton in Pakistan are large. As a result of increase in production, farmers get considerable benefits despite a decline in price. The share of benefits to innovators is small. The results indicate that the total cost of adopting latest...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bt cotton; Economic surplus model; Pakistan; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61180
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Economic Performance of Bt Cotton Varieties in Pakistan AgEcon
Nazli, Hina; Sarker, Rakhal; Meilke, Karl D.; Orden, David.
Farmers in Pakistan have been growing cotton that contains the first generation of Bt gene since 2002. The cultivation of these varieties, although formally unapproved and unregulated, increased rapidly after 2005. In 2007, nearly 60 percent of the cotton area was under BT varieties. This paper examines the economic performance of Bt cotton in Pakistan based on data collected through a structured questionnaire survey in January-February 2009 in two districts (Bahawalpur and Mirpur Khas). The extent of the impact of Bt cotton on costs of production and yield gains are different across the two districts with their diverse agro-climatic conditions and pest pressures. Seed expenditures increase in both districts, but a decline in the number of bollworm sprays...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bt cotton; Economic performance; Pakistan; Bahawalpur; Mirpur Khas; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61181
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The Impact of Global Cotton Markets on Rural Poverty in Pakistan AgEcon
Orden, David; Salam, Abdul; Dewina, Reno; Nazli, Hina; Minot, Nicholas.
The incidence of rural poverty in Pakistan increased during the late 1990s after having declined during the 1980s and early 1990s. A number of structural factors have been identified as contributing to rural poverty in Pakistan. Among them are low levels of health and education spending and the unequal of farmland distribution. These structural factors help explain the levels of poverty in Pakistan, but not the increase in poverty in the late 1990s. One hypothesis is that the increase in rural poverty is the result of an adverse trend in world commodity prices, particularly cotton, a major commercial crop, and other agricultural commodities such as wheat, rice, and sugar. The overall objective of this paper is to measure the impact of changes in world...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21381
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The Influence of Market Barriers and Farm Income Risk on Non-Farm Income Diversification AgEcon
Olale, Edward; Nazli, Hina.
Empirical evidence shows that non-farm income diversification is associated with higher welfare among farm households. However, most studies have ignored market barriers and farm income risk in explaining income diversification behaviour. This study develops an analytical framework that includes both market barriers and farm income risk, in addition to other factors, in explaining income diversification behaviour. The analytical framework is used to test the hypotheses that: market barriers reduce the intensity of non-farm income diversification; and farm income risk increases the intensity of non-farm income diversification. The results confirm the hypotheses, suggesting that market barriers and farm income risk are key factors in explaining income...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Market barriers; Farm income risk; Income diversification; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60915
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The North American Agrifood Market Integration Consortium: A Guide to its Activities AgEcon
Meilke, Karl D.; Nazli, Hina.
This document provides an index and a guide to the activities of the North American Agrifood Market Integration Consortium (NAAMIC) and its predecessor organization the Policy Disputes Information Consortium (PDIC). The first meeting of the group took place in Rio Rico, Arizona in March 1995 and the most recent in Cancun, Mexico in June 2007. Since 1995 the group has held an annual workshop where issues of importance to the three member nations of the NAFTA can be discussed in an open and frank forum. It is one of the few trinational activities where academics, government employees and private sector agents can meet to discuss common problems. The activities of the group are predicated on the belief that unbiased information presented to public and private...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Market; Integration; NAFTA; NAAMIC; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43456
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