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Registros recuperados: 22
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A Spatial Analysis of Conservation Reserve Program Participants: The Impact of Absenteeism on Participation Decisions AgEcon
Brady, Michael P.; Nickerson, Cynthia J..
Given that approximately half of all U.S. farmland is leased, absentee (non-operator) landowners have a significant role in agriculture. Because decisions about how to use farmland can be affected by ownership status, tenure can have far reaching implications for the production of food and fiber, as well as the extent to which environmentally sensitive farmland is cropped or is put into a conservation use. In order to better understand whether conservation participation decisions, and potential responses to factors such as commodity prices, may vary by tenure status, we exploit a unique dataset that identifies where participants associated with Conservation Reserve Program contracts live relative to the land enrolled. These data provide improved spatial...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49369
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An Empirical Examination of Real Options and the Timing of Land Conversions AgEcon
Towe, Charles A.; Nickerson, Cynthia J.; Bockstael, Nancy E..
Many studies have examined the effects of land use regulations on land prices and urban spatial form. Increasingly, jurisdictions have adopted incentive based mechanisms, such as purchase of development rights (PDR) programs, to manage the pace and pattern of urban growth and the conversion of agricultural land. PDR programs provide a third option to landowners in urbanizing areas: in addition to deciding whether to develop or not, landowners can decide whether to preserve their land. To our knowledge no studies have explored how the existence of an option to participate in a PDR program affects landowners' development decisions. This research provides empirical evidence of a previously untested prediction of real options theory: that additional...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural preservation programs; Real options; Land conversion; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19125
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Balancing the Multiple Objectives of Conservation Programs AgEcon
Cattaneo, Andrea; Hellerstein, Daniel; Nickerson, Cynthia J.; Myers, Christina.
Many of the Nation’s conservation programs seek to achieve multiple environmental objectives. Implementing a multi-objective program efficiently requires program managers to balance different environmental and cost objectives. A number of conservation programs use an index approach to prioritize objectives and rank program applications. This approach keeps program objectives distinct and enables program managers to use weights to determine the relative importance of each objective. This report provides empirical evidence on the environmental and cost tradeoffs of different index weighting schemes in USDA’s Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). The analyses take into account both land characteristics and how changes to an index affect producer decisions to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Conservation Reserve Program; Environmental Benefits Index; Environmental benefits; Conservation program participation; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7257
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CAPITALIZATION OF FARMLAND PRESERVATION PROGRAMS INTO FARMLAND PRICES AgEcon
Nickerson, Cynthia J.; Lynch, Lori.
This paper examines whether permanent farmland preservation programs are capitalized into farmland prices. We consider the landowner's decision to voluntarily participate and correct for sample selection bias in our estimation of sales prices. Initial results suggest development restrictions resulting from participation in these programs are fully capitalized into farmland prices.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20877
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Conservation Program Provision May Have Limited Impact on Underserved Farmer Participation; Will Benefits Also Fall? AgEcon
Hand, Michael S.; Nickerson, Cynthia J..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122822
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Farm Act’s Regional Equity Provision May Entail Conservation Tradeoffs AgEcon
Nickerson, Cynthia J..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121438
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FARMLAND PROTECTION: THE ROLE OF PUBLIC PREFERENCES FOR RURAL AMENITIES AgEcon
Hellerstein, Daniel; Nickerson, Cynthia J.; Cooper, Joseph C.; Feather, Peter; Gadsby, Dwight M.; Mullarkey, Daniel J.; Tegene, Abebayehu; Barnard, Charles H..
Public amenities provided by a rural agricultural landscape, arising from open space and farm activity, are important to many citizens and policymakers. Widespread development of farmland in some parts of the country has spawned an expanding array of farmland protection programs by county, State, and Federal governments, as well as by nonprofit organizations. To investigate the relative importance of preserving different amenities, this report examines the enabling legislation of these programs across the 48 contiguous States, and the implementation of these programs in five Northeastern States (Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Vermont). The report also assesses how farmland protection programs fit into the broader array of rural land...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33963
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IMPACT OF FARMLAND PRESERVATION PROGRAMS ON THE RATE OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT AgEcon
Miller, Douglas J.; Nickerson, Cynthia J..
This paper examines whether purchase of development right (PDR) programs slow the rate of farmland conversion or shift land and amenity losses to adjacent areas. We use county-level data from several Northeastern states with existing PDR programs to estimate the probability that farmland is converted to urban use from 1982 to 1997. We then use the fitted model to test for the significance of the PDR programs in reducing the rate of urban development.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22170
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Impact of Farmland Preservation Programs on the Rate of Urban Development AgEcon
Brinkman, Blondel A.; Miller, Douglas J.; Nickerson, Cynthia J..
Due to high losses of agricultural land in urbanizing areas over the past several years, state and local governments have adopted zoning regulations, right-to-farm ordinances, preferential property tax programs, and other means to protect agricultural land resources. Critics of the farmland preservation efforts note that these programs may only delay the ultimate conversion of farmland to urban uses and may simply shift urban development to neighboring areas (positive spillover effects). An alternative means of permanently protecting farmland is provided by purchase of development rights (PDR) programs, which enroll acreage from landowners who voluntarily sell the development rights to their farmland. Although ownership and all other property rights are...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19384
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Integrating Commodity and Conservation Programs: Design Options and Outcomes AgEcon
Claassen, Roger; Aillery, Marcel P.; Nickerson, Cynthia J..
Can a single program support farm income and encourage producers to adopt environmentally sound farming practices? While simple in concept, attempting to roll the farm income support features of existing commodity programs and conservation payments into a single program raises questions. Exactly how would farm commodity and conservation payments be combined? What difference would it make for environmental gain and farm income support? This report approaches the questions in two ways. First, spending patterns in existing commodity and conservation programs are analyzed to determine the extent to which producers who are currently receiving commodity payments also receive conservation payments. Then, a number of hypothetical program scenarios are devised and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Conservation; Commodity programs; Income support; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6703
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Participation in Conservation Programs by Targeted Farmers: Beginning, Limited-Resource, and Socially Disadvantaged Operators' Enrollment Trends AgEcon
Nickerson, Cynthia J.; Hand, Michael S..
Beginning, limited-resource, and socially disadvantaged farmers make up as much as 40 percent of all U.S. farms. Some Federal conservation programs contain provisions that encourage participation by such “targeted” farmers and the 2008 Farm Act furthered these efforts. This report compares the natural resource characteristics, resource issues, and conservation treatment costs on farms operated by targeted farmers with those of other participants in the largest U.S. working-lands and land retirement conservation programs. Some evidence shows that targeted farmers tend to operate more environmentally sensitive land than other farmers, have different conservation priorities, and receive different levels of payments. Data limitations preclude a definitive...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Conservation programs; Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP); Conservation Reserve Program (CRP); Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP); Beginning farmers; Limited-resource producers; Socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55641
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PRESERVATION OR DEVELOPMENT: COMPETING USES OVER THE FUTURE OF FARMLAND IN URBANIZING AREAS AgEcon
Nickerson, Cynthia J.; Bockstael, Nancy E..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land use; Farmland preservation; Competing risks models; Multinomial logit models; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20703
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Protecting Rural Amenities Through Farmland Preservation Programs AgEcon
Nickerson, Cynthia J.; Hellerstein, Daniel.
We investigate what farmland preservation programs reveal about the importance of protecting different rural amenities. An extensive content analysis of the enabling legislation of various farmland protection programs suggests wide variation exists in the protection of amenities. An analysis of 27 individual Purchase of Development Rights (PDR) programs' selection criteria suggests these programs favor preserving amenities that are jointly provided by cropland and livestock operations. These PDR selection criteria also reveal unique preferences regarding the spatial patterns of preserved agricultural lands. Variation in relative weights given to protecting most parcel characteristics in PDR programs is not easily explained by factors that characterize...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31347
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Targeted Farmers in EQIP Operate More Environmentally Sensitive Land, but Address Different Environmental Needs AgEcon
Hand, Michael S.; Nickerson, Cynthia J..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121902
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THE CRP BALANCING ACT: TRADING OFF COSTS AND MULTIPLE ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS AgEcon
Cattaneo, Andrea; Bucholtz, Shawn; Dewbre, Joe; Nickerson, Cynthia J..
The Environmental Benefits Index (EBI) ranks Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) offers by weighing program costs for enrolling land in CRP against six environmental objectives. This paper uses Monte Carlo simulations to analyze the sensitivity of CRP enrollment outcome to the specification of the EBI. Results indicate that:(a)there is no major shift in average benefits throughout the U.S. when marginal changes in the weights occur, and (b) priority area weights, whether National or State, play a role in shifting CRP away from its traditional focus on highly erodible land, and (c) there is complementarity between the enduring benefits and the wildlife objectives and substitutability between the enduring benefits and the erosion reduction objectives;
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19810
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THE EFFECT OF A FOREST CONSERVATION REGULATION ON THE VALUE OF SUBDIVISIONS IN MARYLAND AgEcon
Hardie, Ian W.; Nickerson, Cynthia J..
Profit-maximizing land developers are hypothesized to configure subdivisions to minimize the effects of a conservation regulation on developed land values, subject to their expectations about the demand for developed building lots. This hypothesis allows development of a hedonic price model that takes account of production adjustments. The model is applied to the Maryland Forest Conservation Act, which requires developers to retain or plant trees on part of the developed land. Being exempt from the Act allows developers to gain more for the subdivisions they develop: the cost to regulated developers is about six percent of the per-acre price of developed land. The Act has significantly lowered per-acre developed land values in subdivisions with a...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28575
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The Ethanol Decade: An Expansion of U.S. Corn Production, 2000-09 AgEcon
Wallander, Steven; Claassen, Roger; Nickerson, Cynthia J..
The recent 9-billion-gallon increase in corn-based ethanol production, which resulted from a combination of rising gasoline prices and a suite of Federal bioenergy policies, provides evidence of how farmers altered their land-use decisions in response to increased demand for corn. As some forecasts had suggested, corn acreage increased mostly on farms that previously specialized in soybeans. Other farms, however, offset this shift by expanding soybean production. Farm-level data reveal that the simultaneous net expansion of corn and soybean acreage resulted from a reduction in cotton acreage, a shift from uncultivated hay to cropland, and the expansion of double cropping (consecutively producing two crops of either like or unlike commodities on the same...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS); Bioenergy; Ethanol; Indirect effects; Land use; Corn production; Environmental impacts; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117982
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The Farm Act's Regional Equity Provision: Impacts on Conservation Program Outcomes AgEcon
Nickerson, Cynthia J.; Ribaudo, Marc; Higgins, Nathaniel.
The 2002 and 2008 Farm Acts increased funding for conservation programs that provide financial assistance to farmers to implement conservation practices on working farmland. Along with seeking cost-effective environmental benefits, these programs have a goal of spreading conservation funding equitably across States. The 2002 and 2008 Farm Acts strengthened this allocative goal by setting a minimum threshold for conservation funding for each State—one that exceeds historical funding for some States—for enrolling agricultural producers in specified conservation programs. This study uses conservation program data to examine evidence of the impacts of the Regional Equity provision of the 2002 Farm Act, and explores the tradeoffs that can occur among...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Conservation program outcomes; Working-land; Land protection programs; State funding levels; Regional equity provision; Cost & benefits; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95452
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The Role of Cost-Share Rates and Prices on the Size of Conservation Investments in EQIP AgEcon
Hand, Michael S.; Nickerson, Cynthia J..
Per-unit costs for conservation investments in the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) are determined by market prices for conservation practices and payment cost-share rates. This study examines the relative importance of these factors in determining the size of the most common conservation investment in EQIP. Results suggest that per unit costs have a significant but inelastic impact on the size of conservation investment; as expected, higher per-unit costs are associated with smaller investments. This effect is largely due to variation in market prices of conservation practices for the majority of farmers. However, cost-share rates may play a role for some limited resource farmers.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: EQIP; Cost share; Beginning farmer; Limited resource producer; Conservation; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49257
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U.S. Farmland Tenure Patterns: Overview (PowerPoint) AgEcon
Nickerson, Cynthia J.; Borchers, Allison.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/107700
Registros recuperados: 22
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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