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Agri-Environmental Policy at the Crossroads: Guideposts on a Changing Landscape 31
Claassen, Roger; Hansen, LeRoy T.; Peters, Mark; Breneman, Vincent E.; Weinberg, Marca; Cattaneo, Andrea; Feather, Peter; Gadsby, Dwight M.; Hellerstein, Daniel; Hopkins, Jeffrey W.; Johnston, Paul V.; Morehart, Mitchell J.; Smith, Mark.
Agri-environmental policy is at a crossroads. Over the past 20 years, a wide range of policies addressing the environmental implications of agricultural production have been implemented at the Federal level. Those policies have played an important role in reducing soil erosion, protecting and restoring wetlands, and creating wildlife habitat. However, emerging agri-environmental issues, evolution of farm income support policies, and limits imposed by trade agreements may point toward a rethinking of agri-environmental policy. This report identifies the types of policy tools available and the design features that have improved the effectiveness of current programs. It provides an indepth analysis of one policy tool that may be an important component of a...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Conservation programs; Environmental policy; Agricultural policy; Policy instruments; Agricultural program design; Soil erosion; Nitrogen runoff; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33983
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ECONOMICS OF SEQUESTERING CARBON IN THE U.S. AGRICULTURAL SECTOR 31
Lewandrowski, Jan; Peters, Mark; Jones, Carol Adaire; House, Robert M.; Sperow, Mark; Eve, Marlen; Paustian, Keith H..
Atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases can be reduced by withdrawing carbon from the atmosphere and sequestering it in soils and biomass. This report analyzes the performance of alternative incentive designs and payment levels if farmers were paid to adopt land uses and management practices that raise soil carbon levels. At payment levels below $10 per metric ton for permanently sequestered carbon, analysis suggests landowners would find it more cost effective to adopt changes in rotations and tillage practices. At higher payment levels, afforestation dominates sequestration activities, mostly through conversion of pastureland. Across payment levels, the economic potential to sequester carbon is much lower than the technical potential reported in...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Carbon sequestration; Greenhouse gas mitigation; Afforestation; Conservation tillage; No-till; Incentive design; Leakage; Carbon stock; Permanence; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33569
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EFFECTS OF AGRI-ENVIRONMENTAL PAYMENT POLICIES ON AGRICULTURAL TRADE 31
Cooper, Joseph C.; Peters, Mark; Claassen, Roger.
In many OECD countries, including the U.S., interest in developing agri-environmental payment programs is currently strong. In the future, the inclusion of an agri-environmental payment program into the WTO's "green box" could be more easily challenged by WTO member countries on the basis that it has more than "minimal" trade-distorting impacts on production. The goal of this paper is to conduct an ex ante analysis of the trade impacts of stylized examples of agri-environmental payment programs that have been proposed for implementation in the near future. To simulate the production and trade impacts of these programs, we use a partial equilibrium model of the U.S. agricultural sector in a sensitivity analysis across a range of design options for...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22240
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MANURE MANAGEMENT FOR WATER QUALITY COSTS TO ANIMAL FEEDING OPERATIONS OF APPLYING MANURE NUTRIENTS TO LAND 31
Ribaudo, Marc; Kaplan, Jonathan D.; Christensen, Lee A.; Gollehon, Noel R.; Johansson, Robert C.; Breneman, Vincent E.; Aillery, Marcel P.; Agapoff, Jean; Peters, Mark.
Nutrients from livestock and poultry manure are key sources of water pollution. Ever-growing numbers of animals per farm and per acre have increased the risk of water pollution. New Clean Water Act regulations compel the largest confined animal producers to meet nutrient application standards when applying manure to the land, and USDA encourages all animal feeding operations to do the same. The additional costs for managing manure (such as hauling manure off the farm) have implications for feedgrain producers and consumers as well. This report's farm-level analysis examines on-farm technical choice and producer costs across major U.S. production areas for hauling manure to the minimum amount of land needed to assimilate manure nutrients. A regional...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Manure management costs; Price and quantity adjustments; Water quality; Animal waste; Manure nutrients; Excess nutrients; Confined animals; CAFO; Manure nitrogen; Manure phosphorus; Manure use; Assimilative capacity; Nutrient management plan; Environmental Economics and Policy; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33911
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NEW CONSERVATION INITIATIVES IN THE 2002 FARM BILL 31
Johansson, Robert C.; Claassen, Roger; Peters, Mark.
The role of agri-environmental programs has taken on increased importance in the current Farm Bill debate with an eighty percent increase in Title II funding. However, little empirical evidence exists on the tradeoffs between economic costs and environmental benefits of new agri-environmental programs to assist policymakers in their designs. This paper illustrates some of the budgetary and environmental issues inherent in these initiatives. Several policy options are explored using an environmental simulation model and an economic spatial-equilibrium model for U.S. agriculture. Results indicate abatement levels of nitrogen and pesticides are higher under performance-based policies and those for wind erosion and soil productivity are higher under...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19760
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NITROGEN SOURCES AND GULF HYPOXIA: POTENTIAL FOR POINT-NONPOINT TRADING 31
Ribaudo, Marc; Heimlich, Ralph E.; Peters, Mark.
Nutrients from municipal and agricultural sources are probable causes of a zone of hypoxic waters in the Gulf of Mexico. Costs of control between the two sources vary widely. We examine cost saving that could be obtained by allowing point sources to purchase nitrogen loss reductions from agriculture.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20796
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