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Registros recuperados: 11
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A LATENT VARIABLE MIMIC APPROACH TO INFERRING THE QUALITY OF LIFE 31
Rahman, Tauhidur; Mittelhammer, Ronald C.; Wandschneider, Philip R..
This paper makes three principal contributions. First, we propose a new estimator for the unobservable variable models with endogenous causes. We show that under factor analysis type of assumptions, Robinson and Ferrara (1977)'’s procedure is not fully efficient, and a more efficient procedure can be obtained by merging Robinson and Ferrara'’ procedure with that in Joreskog and Goldberger (1975) procedure. The asymptotic properties of the new estimator are compared with these two estimators and results indicate that, with our mixture approach, significant efficiency gains can be achieved. Second, we model the Quality of life (QOL) as an unobservable or latent link variable between observable causes and observable effects, which mitigates problem of bias,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20351
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A New Look at the Agricultural Community as Extension Clientele in the West 31
Tranel, Jeffrey E.; Hewlett, John P.; Weigel, Randolph R.; Rahman, Tauhidur; Teegerstrom, Trent; Ehmke, Cole.
This report presents the preliminary results of a statistically valid 2006 survey of small agricultural producers (sales of less than $50,000) in three Western states (Wyoming, Colorado and Arizona). The West has undergone significant change, and the composition of farm managers has changed with it. This report provides information from farm operators in the rural West on their perceived threats as well as characteristics of themselves and their operations. Topics of interest were demographics, reasons for involvement in agriculture, income, resource management (crops and livestock), and preferences for information delivery. The project was supported by the Western Center for Risk Management Education.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Small farm; Extension; West; Arizona; Colorado; Wyoming; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37721
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A SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS OF QUALITY OF LIFE INDICES ACROSS COUNTRIES 31
Rahman, Tauhidur; Mittelhammer, Ronald C.; Wandschneider, Philip R..
This paper attempts to provide a comprehensive analysis of interrelationships among the determinants of the Quality of Life (QOL). We show that various measures of well-being are highly sensitive to domains of QOL that are considered in the construction of comparative indices, and how measurable inputs into the well-being indicators are aggregated and weighted to arrive at composite measures of QOL. We present a picture of conditions among the 43 countries of the world with respect to such interrelated domains of QOL as the relationship with family and friends, emotional well-being, health, work and productivity, material well-being, feeling part of one's community, personal safety, and the quality of environment. On the basis of Borda Rule and the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Quality of life; Domains; Borda rule; Principal components; And rankings; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; I31; D60; D63.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22045
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DECOMPOSING WELL-BEING INDICATORS USING DISTRIBUTIONAL DATA 31
Rahman, Tauhidur; Mittelhammer, Ronald C..
This paper makes two principal contributions: first, we propose a method for representing well-being aggregates and estimating population subgroup decompositions when data is available on population distributions across subgroups; second, we analyze the Quality of Life (QOL) of 'poor' and 'non-poor' population segments of 86 countries for the years 1980s and 1990s. The three major findings of this paper are as follows: First, nearly every well-being indicator declines as poor's population share increases; second, evidence of a significant difference in the QOL-poor's population share relationship between Asian and nonAsian countries is present for only few QOL indicators. In other words, the tendency for QOL to decline with increasing poor's population...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20232
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Determinants of Dietary Quality: Evidence from Bangladesh 31
Rashid, Dewan Arif; Smith, Lisa C.; Rahman, Tauhidur.
Whereas a large number of empirical studies have been devoted to analyzing consumer demand for dietary energy (or dietary quantity), much less attention has been paid to the demand for dietary quality, an equally important aspect of food security. To address this gap in the literature, this paper uses data from a nationally representative household expenditure survey conducted in Bangladesh in 2000 on the food acquisition behavior of 7,440 households over a two week period. Two indicators of dietary quality are employed: household protein availability and household diet diversity. Using two-stage least squares regression to correct for the endogeneity of income, we find significant roles of income, education, gender of household head, and prices of key...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21326
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DISTRIBUTION OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, CHILD LABOR AND POVERTY IN INDIA 31
Rahman, Tauhidur; Mittelhammer, Ronald C..
This paper contributes to the growing debate on regional economic inequality and polarization in India. The specific objectives of this paper are to: (1) analyze regional development disparities amongst various states in India to determine if they are on a convergent course; (2) analyze the evolution of regional inequalities amongst states with respect to a number of socioeconomic indicators and factors that have been suggested to affect the incidence of child labor; (3) investigate and test empirically whether polarization is taking place in Indian states; and (4) investigate whether regional indices of human development and child labor incidence follow similar patterns. Using a consistent data series and applying a number of recently developed measures,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20333
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Impact of International Trade on Income and Income Inequality 31
Aradhyula, Satheesh V.; Rahman, Tauhidur; Seenivasan, Kumaran.
The impact of international trade on the level and distribution of income has been the field of focus in international economics. There have been empirical studies supporting and opposing trade openness but most of the studies drew the results from cross sectional data. In this study, we use panel data to investigate the trade’s impact on levels and distribution of income. Analysis of a balanced panel of country level data revealed that trade openness increases income. Results using an unbalanced panel data set revealed that trade openness increases income inequality in the overall sample but when we split the sample in to two groups, trade increases inequality in developing countries but it reduces inequality in developed countries though the coefficient...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9999
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Measuring the Impact of Globalization on the Well-being of the Poor: Methodology and an Application to Africa 31
Rahman, Tauhidur; Mittelhammer, Ronald C..
Whereas a large number of empirical studies have been devoted to analyzing the relationship between measures of income and globalization (defined by openness to international trade), much less attention has been paid to the analysis of well-being for the various subgroups of population and their causal associations with globalization. To address this gap in the literature, this paper first analyzes the quality of life (QOL) of 'poor' and 'non-poor' population segments of 40 African countries over a period of 1980-2000, and then examines their causal association with openness to trade. In order to understand the impact of openness to trade on the well-being of poor, we assume the causal chain Openness„_ Income„_ Poverty„_ Well-being of poor and empirically...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21100
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Moving Beyond Income: Neighborhood Structure, Household Behavior, and Children's Health in the United States 31
Rahman, Tauhidur; Aradhyula, Satheesh V..
Using insights from economics, pediatrics, psychology, and sociology, this paper examines the effects of income, income inequality, participation in religious services, maternal health, breastfeeding, household smoking, neighborhood characteristics, and racial/ethnic composition of population on child health. Using aggregate data on children's health and well-being for 50 U.S. states derived from the National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH, 2005), we document the following results: (1) neighborhood characteristics are a more powerful predictor of children's health than income; (2) there is a large effect of mother's health on children's health; (3) the independent effect of income inequality on children's health vary across domains of child health...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Children's health; Neighborhood characteristics; Socioeconomic status; Health Economics and Policy; I1.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9914
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Social Network Capital and Academic Careers 31
Medicamento, Umberto; Wilson, Paul N.; Rahman, Tauhidur; Thompson, Gary D..
Social Network Capital and Academic Careers: The Case of a College of Agriculture ABSTRACT The relationship between economic performance and various forms of capital anchors a significant portion of mainstream economic theory and applied economics. Human, physical and financial capital represent important factors in the production of goods and services. The label “capital” implies characteristics such as investment, accumulation, maintenance, depreciation, and transfer. Recently, social capital or social network capital (SNC) has received increased scholarly attention in the literature of sociology, business, and economics. Limited analysis, however, has been directed at the role of SNC in the academy. We hypothesize that academic success at the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Social capital; Academic networks; Human capital; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Labor and Human Capital; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61072
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Socioeconomic Status, Neighborhood, Household Behavior, and Children's Health in the United States: Evidence from Children's Health Survey Data 31
Aradhyula, Satheesh V.; Rahman, Tauhidur.
Using insights from economics, pediatrics, psychology, and sociology, this paper examines the effects of income, income inequality, neighborhood characteristics, maternal health, the participation in religious services, breastfeeding, household smoking, and racial/ethnic composition of population on child health. Using aggregate data on children's health and well-being for 50 U.S. states derived from the National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH, 2005), we document the following results: (1) the independent effects of income inequality on children's health vary across domains of child health outcomes, as some aspects of child health (mental health) are more responsive to the immediate environment of family and neighborhood than others; (2) neighborhood...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6244
Registros recuperados: 11
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