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Registros recuperados: 4
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Benthic and fish aggregation inside an offshore wind farm: Which effects on the trophic web functioning? ArchiMer
Raoux, Aurore; Tecchio, Samuele; Pezy, Jean-philippe; Lassalle, Geraldine; Degraer, Steven; Wilhelmsson, Dan; Cachera, Marie; Ernande, Bruno; Le Guen, Camille; Haraldsson, Matilda; Grangere, Karine; Le Loc'H, Francois; Dauvin, Jean-claude; Niquil, Nathalie.
As part of the energy transition, the French government is planning the construction of three offshore wind farms in Normandy (Bay of Seine and eastern part of the English Channel, north-western France) in the next years. These offshore wind farms will be integrated into an ecosystem already facing multiple anthropogenic disturbances such as maritime transport, fisheries, oyster and mussel farming, and sediment dredging. Currently no integrated, ecosystem-based study on the effects of the construction and exploitation of offshore wind farms exists, where biological approaches generally focused on the conservation of some valuable species or groups of species. Complementary trophic web modelling tools were applied to the Bay of Seine ecosystem (to the 50...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine renewable energies; Reef effect; Wind farm; Ecopath with Ecosim; Ecosystem-based approach.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00347/45843/46723.pdf
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Calcein staining of calcified structures in pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera and the effect of food resource level on shell growth ArchiMer
Linard, Clementine; Gueguen, Yannick; Moriceau, Jacques; Soyez, Claude; Hui, Belinda; Raoux, Aurore; Cuif, Jean Pierre; Cochard, Jean-claude; Le Pennec, Marcel; Le Moullac, Gilles.
Marine mollusc shell growth has been widely measured using fluorochrome marking. In order to test the efficiency and reliability of calcein staining on P. margaritifera shells and pearls, the present study examined two administration methods, different concentrations and several immersion times.Immersion in a 150 mg.L-1 calcein solution for 12 h to 24 h appeared to be the best method for marking P. margaritifera shells. For pearl marking, injection of a 200 mg.L-1 calcein solution into the pearl pouch was the optimal method. Calcein marking was then used to measure the influence of food resource levels on the shell growth. Groups of 23-month-old P. margaritifera were fed at three trophic levels for two months. The two highest food levels tested (6 000...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalvia; Pearl; Shell; Growth; Scanning electron microscope.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00028/13907/11195.pdf
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Evaluating ecosystem-level anthropogenic impacts in a stressed transitional environment: The case of the Seine estuary ArchiMer
Tecchio, Samuele; Chaalali, Aurelie; Raoux, Aurore; Rius, Armonie Tous; Lequesne, Justine; Girardin, Valerie; Lassalle, Geraldine; Cachera, Marie; Riou, Philippe; Lobry, Jeremy; Dauvin, Jean-claude; Niquil, Nathalie.
During 2002–2005, a new container terminal in the commercial harbour of Le Havre, named “Port2000”, was built on the northern flank of the Seine estuary, northern France. This extension is already known to have modified the estuary current and sediment dynamics, as well as reducing biomass of the suprabenthos assemblage, for the whole downstream part of the system. However, studies on other biotic communities were largely inconclusive, and an ecosystem-wide analysis was still lacking. Here, we performed a before/after study of ecosystem dynamics of the different habitats of the Seine estuary, using a Linear Inverse Modelling technique (LIM-MCMC) to estimate all flows occurring in the food web. Ecological Network Analysis indices were calculated,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Linear inverse model; Estuarine ecosystem; Seine estuary; English Channel.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00288/39916/44274.pdf
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Recommandations pour une approche écosystémique des aires d’implantation d’énergies marines renouvelables. Cas d’étude du parc éolien offshore de Courseulles-sur-mer ArchiMer
Araignous, Emma; Beaugrand, Gregory; Ben Rais Lasram, Frida; Bourdaud, Pierre; Champagnat, Juliette; Dauvin, Jean-claude; Grangeré, Karine; Halouani, Ghassen; Haraldsson, Matilda; Hattab, Tarek; Le Loch, Francois; Leroy, Boris; Lejart, Morgane; Niquil, Nathalie; Nogues, Quintin; Pagot, J.-p.; Raoux, Aurore; Safi, Georges; Villanueva, Ching-maria.
Les études d’impact environnemental menées en amont des projets éoliens offshores considèrent chaque compartiment de manière individuelle, et non pas l’écosystème dans son ensemble. La compréhension des liens trophiques et l’appréhension de l’écosystème de manière holistique est pourtant un enjeu important rapporté par les politiques publiques telles que la Directive Cadre Stratégie pour le Milieu Marin (Directive 2008/56/EC). Le projet collaboratif TROPHIK (ANR-10-IEED-0006-12) pose les bases d’une approche écosystémique des Energies Marines Renouvelables (EMR) destinée à permettre une démarche holistique et intégrée avant installation de parcs éoliens en mer. Cette approche s’appuie sur un cas d’étude français, le site du futur parc éolien au large de...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00511/62273/66478.pdf
Registros recuperados: 4
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