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Registros recuperados: 11
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Are Staple Food Markets in Africa Efficient? Spatial Price Analyses and Beyond 31
Rashid, Shahidur; Minot, Nicholas.
Paper to be presented at the Comesa policy seminar “Food price variability: Causes, consequences, and policy options" on 25-26 January 2010 in Maputo, Mozambique under the Comesa-MSU-IFPRI African Agricultural Markets Project (AAMP)
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Sub saharan Africa; Food security; Food prices; Markets; Efficiency; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Q11; Q13; Q18; Q17.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58562
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Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Ethiopia 31
Rashid, Shahidur; Assefa, Meron; Ayele, Gezahegn.
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Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Distorted incentives; Agricultural and trade policy reforms; National agricultural development; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; F13; F14; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48519
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DYNAMICS OF AGRICULTURAL WAGE AND RICE PRICE IN BANGLADESH: A RE-EXAMINATION 31
Rashid, Shahidur.
Like many other Asian countries, the causal relationship between agricultural productivity and the incidence of rural poverty has been a widely debated subject in Bangladesh. A number of studies argued that the real agricultural wage rate was declining during the period when the country had experienced overall agricultural growth. This paper contributes to this debate in two ways: i) it reexamines the methodological aspects of past studies and presents alternative estimates; and ii) analyzes dynamics of agricultural wage and rice price using the most recent data. Multivariate co-integration techniques are used to examine the long and short-run relationships among agricultural wage rate, rice price, urban wage rate, and other prices. The results show that...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16226
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Food aid distribution in Bangladesh: leakage and operational performance 31
Ahmed, Akhter U.; Rashid, Shahidur; Sharma, Manohar P.; Zohir, Sajjad.
Donors support a number of targeted food-based programs in Bangladesh that are widely credited with providing poor people access to food and improving their food security. However, inefficiency in the food distribution system may be hindering the realization of the full benefits of these programs. The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) conducted a comprehensive study of the efficiency of food distribution in food aid-supported programs in Bangladesh. The study has three components: (1) food discharge at harbors, (2) the public food distribution system, and (3) food distribution to program beneficiaries. The capacity and efficiency of the food distribution system was assessed from entry ports to targeted beneficiaries. The study identified...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food aid; Food distribution; Leakage; Bangladesh; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60392
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Grain marketing parastatals in Asia: Why do they have to change now? 31
Rashid, Shahidur; Cummings, Ralph, Jr.; Gulati, Ashok.
Using case studies from six Asian countries, this paper (a) assesses the relevance of underlying rationales for public intervention in foodgrain markets, (b) documents the existing policies and regulations that support operation of grain parastatals, (c) provides estimates of benefits and costs of parastatals, and (d) compares experiences of countries that liberalized (or reduced intervention) with the ones that continue to have significant presence of parastatals. Our results suggest that conditions in the region have improved significantly over the past thirty years; and none of the four commonly agreed rationales—that is, poorly integrated domestic markets, thin and volatile world market, promoting modern technology and the scarcity of foreign exchange...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food marketing parastatals; Agricultural price policy; Rice and wheat markets; Marketing.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59830
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Grain Markets and Large Social Transfers - An Analysis of Productive Safety Net Program in Ethiopia 31
Rashid, Shahidur; Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum.
In 2005, Ethiopia implemented a major new social transfer program, the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) that involves some form of work requirement in exchange for either cash or in‐kind transfers (or a mix of the two), with the composition of the transfers administratively set to be uniform throughout the administrative region (wareda). In this paper, we analyze monthly data on cereal prices over 12 years, comparing price movements for areas included in the PSNP with those outside the program. We find statistically significant convergence of prices between PSNP and non‐PSNP waredas over time, but that this convergence began well before the introduction of the PSNP program. This result suggests that the impact of cash transfers in non‐integrated PSNP...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Policy; Safety Nets; Co-integration; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51764
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GROUP-BASED FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FOR THE RURAL POOR IN BANGLADESH: AN INSTITUTIONAL- AND HOUSEHOLD-LEVEL ANALYSIS 31
Zeller, Manfred; Sharma, Manohar P.; Ahmed, Akhter U.; Rashid, Shahidur.
In the last two decades, nongovernmental organizations in Bangladesh have provided millions of poor rural people with savings and credit services at low cost. These services have reduced poverty and may have improved food security and nutrition and achieved positive social change as well. The relative success of these microfinance institutions merits an in-depth examination of their structure, conduct, and performance and the role they play in reducing poverty. This report analyzes the fit between the rural poor and three key NGOs that represent the variety of microfinance institutions in Bangladesh. The report evaluates the effects of microfinance credit programs on household resource allocation, income generation, food and non-food consumption, and the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Financial Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16522
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MICRO-LENDING FOR SMALL FARMERS IN BANGLADESH: DOES IT AFFECT FARM HOUSEHOLDS' LAND ALLOCATION DECISION? 31
Rashid, Shahidur; Sharma, Manohar P.; Zeller, Manfred.
It has long been hypothesized that lack of access to credit is the main reason why, despite higher profitability of High Yielding Varieties (HYVs), farmers in developing countries continue to allocate a portion of their land to traditional crop varieties. The empirical testing of this hypothesis has generated a large body of literature with differing conclusions. This paper re-examines the issue in the context of a specially designed group based lending programs for small farmers in Bangladesh, who neither have access to formal sources of credit nor do they qualify to become members of other micro-credit organizations. Two measures of access to credit, credit limit and amount borrowed at a given point in time, are used to analyze the determinants of farm...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16230
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SPATIAL INTEGRATION OF MAIZE MARKETS IN POST-LIBERALIZED UGANDA 31
Rashid, Shahidur.
Using weekly price data for two sub-periods, this paper analyzes how Ugandan maize market performed in the years following agricultural market liberalization in the early 1990’s. For each time period, the extent of integration, causality among spatial locations, and relative importance of spatial locations in price formation are examined. The extent of integration, defined as a set of markets that shares common long-run price information, and the causal relationships among markets have been tested within Johansen’s cointegration framework. The relative importance of each market locations is examined by estimating the common trend coefficients with a dynamic vector moving average model. Results indicate that, while there has been an overall improvement in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Uganda; Market integration; Causality; Common trend; Multivariate cointegration; Crop Production/Industries; C32; P11; O38.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16135
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Staple Food Prices in Ethiopia 31
Rashid, Shahidur.
Prepared for the COMESA policy seminar on “Variation in staple food prices: Causes, consequence, and policy options”, Maputo, Mozambique, 25‐26 January 2010 under the African Agricultural Marketing Project (AAMP)
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Ethiopia; Food security; Food prices; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Q11; Q18; Q17.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58552
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The Value of Accurate Crop Production Forecasts. 31
Jayne, Thomas S.; Rashid, Shahidur.
Crop production forecasts are widely recognized as an important input into food balance sheets and for anticipating production shortfalls. However, the role of accurate crop production forecasting systems in mitigating food price instability and transitory food insecurity is often under-appreciated. This paper explains how crop production forecasting systems affect price instability and risks, and how they can be improved to stabilize the food system.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Africa; Food security; Forecasts; Production; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Productivity Analysis; C10; Q11.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97032
Registros recuperados: 11
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