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Registros recuperados: 11
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Composition of freshwater in the spring of 2014 on the southern Labrador shelf and slope 5
Benetti, M.; Reverdin, G.; Lique, Camille; Yashayaev, I.; Holliday, N. P.; Tynan, E.; Torres-valdes, S.; Lherminier, Pascale; Treguer, P.; Sarthou, G..
The Labrador Current is an important conduit of freshwater from the Arctic to the interior North Atlantic subpolar gyre. Here, we investigate the spatial variability of the freshwater sources over the southern Labrador shelf and slope during May-June 2014. Using measurements of seawater properties such as temperature, salinity, nutrients and oxygen isotopic composition, we estimate the respective contributions of saline water of Atlantic and Pacific origins, of brines released during sea ice formation, and of freshwater from sea ice melt and meteoric water origins. On the southern Labrador shelf, we find a large brine signal and Pacific Water influence indicating a large contribution of water from the Canadian Arctic. The brine signal implies that more...
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Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00365/47667/47778.pdf
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Cruise MoMARDREAM-Naut and other MoMAR experiments at Rainbow and Lucky Strike in Summer 2007 5
Gaill, Françoise; Ballu, V.; Cannat, M.; Crawford, W.; Dyment, J.; Escartin, J.; Fouquet, Yves; Goslin, J.; Reverdin, G.; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Tarits, P.; Andreani, M.; Bonnivard, E.; Bucas, Karenn; Burgaud, G.; Cambon-bonavita, Marie-anne; Cueff, Valerie; Durand, C.; Gros, O.; Hamel, G.; Henriques, M.; Hois, E.; Ildefonse, B.; Konn, Cecile; Le Bris, Nadine; Le Guyader, H.; Ravaux, J.; Shilito, B.; Toullec, J.y.; Zbinden, M..
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Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00385/49650/50163.pdf
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Expanding Tara Oceans Protocols for Underway, Ecosystemic Sampling of the Ocean-Atmosphere Interface During Tara Pacific Expedition (2016-2018) 5
Gorsky, Gabriel; Bourdin, Guillaume; Lombard, Fabien; Pedrotti, Maria Luiza; Audrain, Samuel; Bin, Nicolas; Boss, Emmanuel; Bowler, Chris; Cassar, Nicolas; Caudan, Loic; Chabot, Genevieve; Cohen, Natalie R.; Cron, Daniel; De Vargas, Colomban; Dolan, John R.; Douville, Eric; Elineau, Amanda; Flores, J. Michel; Ghiglione, Jean Francois; Haentjens, Nils; Hertau, Martin; John, Seth G.; Kelly, Rachel L.; Koren, Ilan; Lin, Yajuan; Marie, Dominique; Moulin, Clementine; Moucherie, Yohann; Pesant, Stephane; Picheral, Marc; Poulain, Julie; Pujo-pay, Mireille; Reverdin, Gilles; Romac, Sarah; Sullivan, Mathew B.; Trainic, Miri; Tressol, Marc; Trouble, Romain; Vardi, Assaf; Voolstra, Christian R.; Wincker, Patrick; Agostini, Sylvain; Banaigs, Bernard; Boissin, Emilie; Forcioli, Didier; Furla, Paola; Galand, Pierre E.; Gilson, Eric; Reynaud, Stephanie; Sunagawa, Shinichi; Thomas, Olivier P.; Thurber, Rebecca Lisette Vega; Zoccola, Didier; Planes, Serge; Allemand, Denis; Karsenti, Eric; Planes, S.; Banaig, B.; Boissin, E.; Iwankow, G.; Allemand, D.; Zoccola, D.; Reynaud, S.; Beraud, E.; Djerbi, N.; Forcioli, D.; Furla, P.; Gilson, E.; Mcmind, R.; Ottaviani, A.; Rottinger, E.; Rouan, A.; Zamoum, T.; Flume, B. C. C.; Pogoreutz, C.; Voolstra, C. R.; Rothig, T.; Ziegler, M.; Paoli, L.; Ruscheweyh, H-j; Salazar, G.; Sunagawa, S.; Flores, J. M.; Koren, I; Trainic, M.; Lang-yona, N.; Vardi, A.; Conan, P.; Ghiglione, J-f; Pujo-pay, M.; Galand, P. E.; Hochart, C.; Audrain, S.; Bourgois, E.; Hertau, M.; Lancelot, J.; Monmarche, D.; Moulin, C.; Moucherie, Y.; Trouble, R.; Boss, E.; Bourdin, G.; Haentjens, N.; Karp-boss, L.; Douville, Eric; Agostini, S.; Mitsuhashi, G.; Kitano, Y.; Da Silva, O.; Dolan, J. R.; Gorsky, G.; Lemee, R.; Lombard, F.; Pedrotti, M-l; Cronin, D.; Sullivan, M.; Armstrong, E.; Aury, J-m; Barbe, V; Belser, C.; Carradec, Q.; Labadie, K.; Le-hoang, J.; Noel, B.; Poulain, J.; Wincker, P.; Klinges, G.; Vega-thunder, R.; Bonnival, E.; De Vargas, C.; Henry, N.; Marie, D.; Romac, S.; Pesant, S.; Miguel-gorda, M.; Thomas, O. P.; Bowler, C.; Friedrich, R.; Cassar, N.; Lin, Y.; John, S. G.; Kelly, R. L.; Cohen, N. R.; Reverdin, G.; Filee, J..
Interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere occur at the air-sea interface through the transfer of momentum, heat, gases and particulate matter, and through the impact of the upper-ocean biology on the composition and radiative properties of this boundary layer. The Tara Pacific expedition, launched in May 2016 aboard the schooner Tara, was a 29-month exploration with the dual goals to study the ecology of reef ecosystems along ecological gradients in the Pacific Ocean and to assess inter-island and open ocean surface plankton and neuston community structures. In addition, key atmospheric properties were measured to study links between the two boundary layer properties. A major challenge for the open ocean sampling was the lack of ship-time available...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Neuston/plankton genomics/taxonomy/imaging; Aerosols; NCP; IOP; Trace metals; Microplastic.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00599/71083/69390.pdf
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MoMAR-D: a technological challenge to monitor the dynamics of the Lucky Strike vent ecosystem 5
Colaco, Ana; Blandin, Jerome; Cannat, M.; Carval, Thierry; Chavagnac, V.; Connelly, D.; Fabian, M.; Ghiron, S.; Goslin, Jean; Miranda, J. M.; Reverdin, G.; Sarrazin, Jozee; Waldmann, C.; Sarradin, Pierre-marie.
The MoMAR (monitoring the Mid-Atlantic Ridge) project was initiated in 1998 by the InterRidge programme to promote and coordinate long-term multidisciplinary monitoring of hydrothermal vents at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR). The major objective of the project is to study vent ecosystem dynamics using a multidisciplinary approach from geophysics to microbiology over a period of a few decades. MoMAR-D is a demonstration project of MoMAR, partially funded by the European network of excellence ESONET (http://www.esonet-noe.org/). MoMAR-D aims to deploy and manage a multidisciplinary observing system at the Lucky Strike vent field for 1 year. This large hydrothermal field is located at the centre of one of the most volcanically active segments of the MAR. The...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hydrothermal vents; Long-term studies; Lucky Strike vent field; MoMAR; Monitoring experiments; Ocean observatories; Technical infrastructure.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00021/13246/13439.pdf
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Nd isotopic composition of water masses and dilution of the Mediterranean outflow along the southwest European margin 5
Copard, K.; Colin, C.; Frank, N.; Jeandel, C.; Montero-serrano, J-c; Reverdin, G.; Ferron, Bruno.
Nd isotopic compositions (epsilon Nd) of seawater profiles and deep-sea corals collected off the coast of Iberia and from the Bay of Biscay were measured (1) to constrain the Nd isotopic composition of water masses along the southwest European margin, (2) to track the Mediterranean Outflow Water (MOW) during its northward propagation, and (3) to establish hydrological changes during the last 1500 years. The Eastern North Atlantic Central Water (ENACW) is characterized by Nd isotopic composition of around -12.0. Mediterranean Sea Water (MSW) is collected from 800 and 1200 m depth and is characterized by epsilon Nd values ranging from -10.9, off the coast of Iberia, to -11.6 in the Bay of Biscay. These epsilon Nd results suggest a strong dilution of the pure...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: European margin; Nd isotopic composition; Deep‐sea corals; Water masses.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00040/15108/12571.pdf
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New SMOS Sea Surface Salinity with reduced systematic errors and improved variability 5
Boutin, J.; Vergely, J. L.; Marchand, S.; D'Amico, F; Hasson, A.; Kolodziejczyk, Nicolas; Reul, Nicolas; Reverdin, G.; Vialard, J..
Salinity observing satellites have the potential to monitor river fresh-water plumes mesoscale spatio-temporal variations better than any other observing system. In the case of the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) satellite mission, this capacity was hampered due to the contamination of SMOS data processing by strong land-sea emissivity contrasts. Kolodziejczyk et al. (2016) (hereafter K2016) developed a methodology to mitigate SMOS systematic errors in the vicinity of continents, that greatly improved the quality of the SMOS Sea Surface Salinity (SSS). Here, we find that SSS variability, however, often remained underestimated, such as near major river mouths. We revise the K2016 methodology with: a) a less stringent filtering of measurements in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: SMOS; Sea Surface Salinity; SMAP.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00441/55254/56819.pdf
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Satellite and In Situ Salinity: Understanding Near-surface Stratification and Sub-footprint Variability 5
Boutin, J.; Chao, Y.; Asher, W. E.; Delcroix, T.; Drucker, R.; Drushka, K.; Kolodziejczyk, Nicolas; Lee, T.; Reul, Nicolas; Reverdin, G.; Schanze, J.; Soloviev, A.; Yu, L.; Anderson, J.; Brucker, L.; Dinnat, E.; Santos-garcia, A.; Jones, W. L.; Maes, C.; Meissner, T.; Tang, W.; Vinogradova, N.; Ward, B..
Remote sensing of salinity using satellite-mounted microwave radiometers provides new perspectives for studying ocean dynamics and the global hydrological cycle. Calibration and validation of these measurements is challenging because satellite and in situ methods measure salinity differently. Microwave radiometers measure the salinity in the top few centimeters of the ocean, whereas most in situ observations are reported below a depth of a few meters. Additionally, satellites measure salinity as a spatial average over an area of about 100x100 km2. In contrast, in situ sensors provide pointwise measurements at the location of the sensor. Thus, the presence of vertical gradients in, and horizontal variability of, sea surface salinity complicates comparing...
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Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00300/41095/40268.pdf
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Sources and distribution of fresh water around Cape Farewell in 2014 5
Benetti, M.; Reverdin, G.; Clarke, J.s.; Tynan, E.; Holliday, N.p.; Torres‐valdes, S.; Lherminier, Pascale; Yashayaev, I..
We investigate the origin of freshwater on the shelves near Cape Farewell (south Greenland) using sections of three hydrographic cruises in May (HUD2014007) and June 2014 (JR302 and Geovide) 2014. We partition the freshwater between meteoric water sources and sea ice melt or brine formation using the δ18O of sea water. The sections illustrate the presence of the East Greenland Coastal Current (EGCC) close to shore east of Cape Farewell. West of Cape Farewell, it partially joins the shelf break, with a weaker near‐surface remnant of the EGCC observed on the shelf southwest and west of Cape Farewell. The EGCC traps the freshest waters close to Greenland, and carries a brine signature below 50m depth. The cruises illustrate a strong increase in meteoric water...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fresh water; Water isotopes; South Greenland currents.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00591/70349/68413.pdf
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Temperature Measurements from Surface Drifters 5
Reverdin, G.; Boutin, J.; Martin, N.; Lourenco, A.; Bouruet-aubertot, P.; Lavin, A.; Mader, J.; Blouch, P.; Rolland,; Gaillard, Fabienne; Lazure, Pascal.
The accuracy of temperature measurements from drifters is first examined for 16 drifters (manufactured either by Metocean Data Systems or by Pacific Gyre) deployed with two temperature sensors in the tropical or North Atlantic Ocean. One of these sensors is the SST thermistor commonly used on Surface Velocity Program (SVP) drifters since the late 1980s; whereas the other sensor is a platinum temperature probe associated with a Seabird conductivity cell. The authors find (for 19 separate deployments) an average positive offset of the SST thermistor measurements in 17 out of 19 cases, exceeding 0.1 degrees C in five instances. Among the five drifters that were at sea for a year or more, two present a large trend in this offset (0.10 degrees and -0.10 degrees...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Temperature; Sea surface temperature; Instrumentation; Sensors.
Ano: 2010 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00012/12327/9112.pdf
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The Tara Pacific expedition-A pan-ecosystemic approach of the "-omics" complexity of coral reef holobionts across the Pacific Ocean 5
Planes, Serge; Allemand, Denis; Agostini, Sylvain; Banaigs, Bernard; Boissin, Emilie; Boss, Emmanuel; Bourdin, Guillaume; Bowler, Chris; Douville, Eric; Flores, J. Michel; Forcioli, Didier; Furla, Paola; Galand, Pierre E.; Ghiglione, Jean-francois; Gilson, Eric; Lombard, Fabien; Moulin, Clementine; Pesant, Stephane; Poulain, Julie; Reynaud, Stephanie; Romac, Sarah; Sullivan, Matthew B.; Sunagawa, Shinichi; Thomas, Olivier P.; Trouble, Romain; De Vargas, Colomban; Thurber, Rebecca Vega; Voolstra, Christian R.; Wincker, Patrick; Zoccola, Didier; Planes, S.; Allemand, D.; Agostini, S.; Armstrong, E.; Audrain, S.; Aury, J-m; Banaig, B.; Barbe, V; Belser, C.; Beraud, E.; Boissin, E.; Bonnival, E.; Boss, E.; Bourdin, G.; Bourgois, E.; Bowler, C.; Carradec, Q.; Cassar, N.; Cohen, N. R.; Conan, P.; Cronin, D. R.; Da Silva, O.; De Vargas, C.; Djerbi, N.; Dolan, J. R.; Herta, Dominguez G.; Douville, Eric; Du J,; Filee, J.; Flores, J. M.; Forcioli, D.; Friedrich, R.; Furla, P.; Galand, P. E.; Ghiglione, J-f; Gilson, E.; Gorsky, G.; Guinther, M.; Haentjens, N.; Henry, N.; Hertau, M.; Hochart, C.; Hume, B. C. C.; Iwankow, G.; John, S. G.; Karp-boss, L.; Kelly, R. L.; Kitano, Y.; Klinges, G.; Koren, I; Labadie, K.; Lancelot, J.; Lang-yona, N.; Le-hoang, J.; Lemee, R.; Lin, Y.; Lombard, F.; Marie, D.; Mcmind, R.; Miguel-gordo, M.; Trainic, M.; Monmarche, D.; Moulin, C.; Mucherie, Y.; Noel, B.; Ottaviani, A.; Paoli, L.; Pedrotti, M-l; Pesant, S.; Pogoreutz, C.; Poulain, J.; Pujo-pay, M.; Reverdin, G.; Reynaud, S.; Romac, S.; Rothig, T.; Rottinger, E.; Rouan, A.; Ruscheweyh, H-j; Salazar, G.; Sullivan, M. B.; Sunagawa, S.; Thomas, O. P.; Trouble, R.; Vardi, A.; Vega-thunder, R.; Voolstra, C. R.; Wincker, P.; Zahed, A.; Zamoum, T.; Ziegler, M.; Zoccola, D..
Coral reefs are the most diverse habitats in the marine realm. Their productivity, structural complexity, and biodiversity critically depend on ecosystem services provided by corals that are threatened because of climate change effects-in particular, ocean warming and acidification. The coral holobiont is composed of the coral animal host, endosymbiotic dinoflagellates, associated viruses, bacteria, and other microeukaryotes. In particular, the mandatory photosymbiosis with microalgae of the family Symbiodiniaceae and its consequences on the evolution, physiology, and stress resilience of the coral holobiont have yet to be fully elucidated. The functioning of the holobiont as a whole is largely unknown, although bacteria and viruses are presumed to play...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00593/70500/68650.pdf
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Variations of the tropical Atlantic and Pacific SSS minimum zones and their relations to the ITCZ and SPCZ rain bands (1979-2009) 5
Tchilibou, M.; Delcroix, T.; Alory, G.; Arnault, S.; Reverdin, G..
This study focuses on the time-space variability of the low Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) waters extending zonally within 2 degrees N-12 degrees N in the Atlantic and Pacific and within 6 degrees S-16 degrees S in the western third of the Pacific. The analysis is based on a combination of in situ SSS observations collected in the last three decades from voluntary observing ships, TAO/TRITON and PIRATA moorings, Argo floats, and (few) CTD profiles. The mean latitudes of the Atlantic and Pacific low SSS waters appear 18-38 further poleward than the Evaporation minus Precipitation (E-P) minima linked to the Inter Tropical Convergence Zones (ITCZ) and South Pacific Convergence Zone (SPCZ). At the seasonal time scale, the E-P minima migrate poleward in summer...
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00624/73562/73201.pdf
Registros recuperados: 11
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