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Active and passive biomonitoring suggest metabolic adaptation in blue mussels (Mytilus spp.) chronically exposed to a moderate contamination in Brest harbor (France) ArchiMer
Lacroix, Camille; Richard, Gaelle; Seguineau, Catherine; Guyomarch, Julien; Moraga, Dario; Auffret, Michel.
Brest harbor (Bay of Brest, Brittany, France) has a severe past of anthropogenic chemical contamination, but inputs tended to decrease, indicating a reassessment of its ecotoxicological status should be carried out. Here, native and caged mussels (Mytilus spp.) were used in combination to evaluate biological effects of chronic chemical contamination in Brest harbor. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination was measured in mussel tissues as a proxy of harbor and urban pollution. Biochemical biomarkers of xenobiotic biotransformation, antioxidant defenses, generation of reducing equivalents, energy metabolism and oxidative damage were studied in both gills and digestive glands of native and caged mussels. In particular, activities of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine biomonitoring; Chronic pollution; Blue mussel Mytilus spp.; Caging; Oxidative stress; Energetic metabolism; Bay of Brest.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00255/36654/35795.pdf
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Immune responses of phenoloxidase and superoxide dismutase in the manila clam Venerupis philippinarum challenged with Vibrio tapetis – Part I: Spatio-temporal evolution of enzymes’ activities post-infection ArchiMer
Le Bris, Cedric; Richard, Gaelle; Paillard, Christine; Lambert, Christophe; Seguineau, Catherine; Gauthier, Olivier; Pernet, Fabrice; Guerard, Fabienne.
Manila clams, Venerupis philippinarum (Adams and Reeve, 1850), were experimentally challenged with two Vibrio tapetis strains: CECT4600T, the causative agent of Brown Ring Disease (BRD); and LP2 supposedly non-pathogenic in V. philippinarum. Changes in phenoloxidase (PO) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), two major enzymes involved in immunity, were studied in two tissues, the mantle and hemolymph for 30 days after infection in the extrapallial cavity. Bacterial infection in V. philippinarum resulted in modulation of PO and SOD activities that was both tissue- and time-dependent. A response at early times was detected in the mantle and was associated with significant increases in PO and SOD activities in LP2- and CECT4600T-challenged clams 36h post injection....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Venerupis philippinarum; Vibrio tapetis; Immunity; Phenoloxidase; Superoxide dismutase.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00221/33257/31733.pdf
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Metabolic responses of clam Ruditapes philippinarum exposed to its pathogen Vibrio tapetis in relation to diet ArchiMer
Richard, Gaelle; Guerard, Fabienne; Corporeau, Charlotte; Lambert, Christophe; Paillard, Christine; Pernet, Fabrice.
We investigated the effect of brown ring disease (BRD)1 development and algal diet on energy reserves and activity of enzymes related to energy metabolism, antioxidant system and immunity in Manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum. We found that algal diet did not impact the metabolic response of clams exposed to Vibrio tapetis. At two days post-injection (dpi), activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) decreased whereas activities of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and catalase increased in infected clams, although no clinical signs were visible (BRD-). At 7 dpi, activities of several antioxidant and immune-related enzymes were markedly increased in BRD-likely indicating an efficient reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging compared to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Antioxidant enzymes; Immunity; Energetic metabolism; Ruditapes philippinarum; Vibrio tapetis.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00316/42684/42057.pdf
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Physiological responses of Manila clams Venerupis (=Ruditapes) philippinarum with varying parasite Perkinsus olseni burden to toxic algal Alexandrium ostenfeldii exposure ArchiMer
Lassudrie, Malwenn; Soudant, Philippe; Richard, Gaelle; Henry, N.; Medhioub, Walid; Da Silva, P.m.; Donval, Anne; Bunel, M.; Le Goïc, Nelly; Lambert, Christophe; De Montaudoin, X.; Fabioux, Caroline; Hegaret, Helene.
Manila clam stock from Arcachon Bay, France, is declining, as is commercial harvest. To understand the role of environmental biotic interactions in this decrease, effects of a toxic dinoflagellate, Alexandrium ostenfeldii, which blooms regularly in Arcachon bay, and the interaction with perkinsosis on clam physiology were investigated. Manila clams from Arcachon Bay, with variable natural levels of perkinsosis, were exposed for seven days to a mix of the nutritious microalga T-Iso and the toxic dinoflagellate A. ostenfeldii, a producer of spirolides, followed by seven days of depuration fed only T-Iso. Following sacrifice and quantification of protozoan parasite Perkinsus olseni burden, clams were divided into two groups according to intensity of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalve; Harmful algal bloom; Oxidative stress; Venerupis philippinarum; Alexandrium ostenfeldii; Perkinsus olseni..
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00189/30022/28507.pdf
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