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Registros recuperados: 17
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A Report on Socioeconomic Attributes and Gender Inequality in Kondh-Dominated Villages: A Comparative Analysis of Tribals and Non-Tribals in the Phulbani District, Orissa, India AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C.; Ghose, Ananda.
Reports on results of a survey, completed in 2000, of wives in three villages in the Phulbani district, Orissa, India. These villages are dominated by the Kondh scheduled tribe but some also contain members of the scheduled caste, called Dombs in Orissa. The article reports on the total responses and comparative responses of these groups to a structured questionnaire. The article provides background information for the villages surveyed, and reports information in relation to wives and their families about property rights, assets and incomes, economic conditions and survival strategies, aspects of credit, production and marketing, social dynamics and education. In addition, children’s affairs, including the treatment and entitlements of female and male...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender Inequality; Children; India; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100213
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Economic Theories of the Family and Discrimination in a Social Context: Entitlements of Kondh Tribal Females in India AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C.; Ghose, Ananda.
Economic theories of the family and gender discrimination within the family are examined in the context of Kondh dominated tribal villages in rural western Orissa, India, drawing on results from a survey of 106 wives. The survey involved direct interviews using a structured questionnaire. This article examines the relevance of economic unitary and bargaining theories of the family in this social context, drawing on background literature. Using the survey results, socioeconomic influences on the status of wives within their families are analysed and the entitlements of female and male children are compared and analysed. Because of cultural embedding, it is suggested that the relevance of economic theories of the family depend significantly on cultural...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economic theories of family; Gender inequality; Human capital; Poverty; Resource endowments; Consumer/Household Economics; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100214
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Energy-Use, the Environment and Development: Observations with Reference to China and India AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C..
None
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Kuznets Curve; China; India; Energy use; Pollution; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48953
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Female Participation in Decision-Making in Agricultural Households in Kenya: Empirical Findings AgEcon
Kiriti, Tabitha; Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C..
Survey data on which this paper is based were collected in a rural district in Kenya between December 2000 and January 2001. The main objective was to identify the factors that determine female participation in household decision-making. Our results suggest that bargaining models and resource theory cannot be applied in a society where customarily determined sex and social stratification systems place males higher than females and determines that only men make major decisions. Our results support the hypothesis that cultural theory is more significant than bargaining models or resource theories in determining women's participation in decision-making in Kenya.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Resource theory; Bargaining theory; Cultural theory; Unified household model; Decision-making; Empowerment and entitlement.; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100210
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Gender Inequality, Development and UNDP's Social Valuation Indices: HDI, GDI and GEM with Particular Reference to India AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: India; Gender Inequality; Rural and urban poverty.; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91376
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Gender Issues in Rural Eastern India Revealed by Field Interviews: Tribal and Non-Tribal Responses AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C..
Reports responses to interviews conducted in three rural villages in Eastern India in January 2000 as well as replies to questions asked at a forest meeting in West Bengal of groups/persons interested in rural women and development. The questions were designed to provide information on gender-bias and possible reasons for it, especially any economic reasons. These interviews supplemented detailed questionnaires directed to wives in these villages. Interviews were conducted with Kondhs in a village (Badala) west of Dashapalla in Orissa, with Santals in an all Santal village, (Bandhgora) in the Midnapore region of West Bengal and with Santals and scheduled caste Hindus in a mixed village, (Sadanandapur) in the same region. The results highlight significant...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Economic discrimination; Education; Female status; Gender; Health; Hinduism; India; Kondhs; Santals; Social discrimination; Theories of the family.; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; D1; J12; J15; J16; Z13..
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123549
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Globalisation, Institutions and Empowerment of Women in Africa: Kenya's Experience AgEcon
Kiriti, Tabitha; Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C..
In male dominated societies like Kenya, men's superior status leading to power over women and control of valued resources, is supported by laws and policies that spell out and legitimise men's privileged and dominant status and is justified by religious, traditional, moral, and/or pseudo-scientific ideologies and beliefs. Such mechanisms and beliefs help to perpetuate gender inequality even in the face of structural changes that ought to diminish, if not completely undermine the strength of its operation. Institutionalised gender inequality limits women's participation in institutions and this reinforces their lack of empowerment. Women are unable to take advantage of the opening up of new markets and competition because they lack property rights;...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender inequality; Kenya; Empowerment of women; Globalisation; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100209
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Good Governance in Sustainable Development: the Impact of Institutions AgEcon
Roy, Kartik C.; Tisdell, Clement A..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53595
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Governance, Property Rights and Sustainable Resource Use: Analysis with Indian Ocean Rim Example AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53593
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Institutional Impediments, Entitlement Exchange and Women's Empowerment in Rural India: The Case of Access to Education AgEcon
Roy, Kartik C.; Tisdell, Clement A.; Ghose, Ananda.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender empowerment; Education; India; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94399
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Property Rights in Women's Empowerment in Rural India: A Review AgEcon
Roy, Kartik C.; Tisdell, Clement A..
This paper examines the importance of property rights in women’s empowerment in rural India. Arguments justifying the need for granting property rights to women are presented and the distinction is made between legal (formal) and customary (informal) rights. The ineffectiveness of legal right in absence of customary rights has been discussed. Customary rights also become ineffective due to other institutional impediments. These impediments have been discussed. The results of extensive field work in rural West Bengal and Orissa have been presented to illustrate the pattern of development process that poor rural women want and in which the property right is only one component, not the only component.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender Inequality; Women's Empowerment; India; Property Rights; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100038
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Sen's Theory of Entitlement and the Deprivation of Females: An Assessment with Indian Illustrations AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C.; Ghose, Ananda.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Amartya Sen; Economic deprivation; Female; Poverty; Economic status of women; Tribal Santals; India.; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91375
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Socioeconomic Determinants of the Intra-family Status of Wives in Rural India: Analysis and Empirical Evidence AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C.; Regmi, Gopal.
Relying on a structured survey of 117 wives in four rural villages in the Midnapore District of West Bengal, this article investigates the influence on the intra-family status of wives of variables which may increase the bargaining power of wives in their family. Several indicators of status are considered and investigated using the ANOVA techniques and probit analysis. the main hypothesis considered is whether the results support bargaining theories of the intrahousehold status of wives or the view that gender status is primarily determined in Indian society by social customs and the patriarchal structure of society. given the overal patriarcgak structure of Indian Society, the results indicate that bargaining theories are at best only marginally...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bargaining theories of family; Economic theories of family; Gender Development Index (GDI); India; Patriarchy; Status of wives.; Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100206
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Imprime registro no formato completo
Socioeconomic Determinants of the Intra-family Status of Wives in Rural India: Analysis and Empirical Evidence AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C.; Regmi, Gopal.
Relying on a structured survey of 117 wives in four rural villages in the Midnapore District of West Bengal, this article investigates the influence on the intra-family status of wives of variables which may increase the bargaining power of wives in their family. Several indicators of status are considered and investigated using the ANOVA technique and probit analysis. The main hypothesis considered is whether the results support bargaining theories of the intrahousehold status of wives or the view that gender status is primarily determined in Indian society by social customs and the patriarchal structure of society. Given the overall patriarchal structure of Indian society, the results indicate that bargaining theories are at best only marginally...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bargaining theories of family; Economic theories of family; Gender Development Index (GDI); India; Patriarchy; Status of wives; Consumer/Household Economics; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90509
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Summaries of Survey Responses of Household Heads in Three Forest Villages in the Midnapore District of West Bengal, India: Use of Forest Resources by Villagers, Forest Sustainability and Managment AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C.; Ghose, Ananda.
In 2000, household heads of three villages located in or near forests in the south of West Bengal, India, were interviewed using a structured questionnaire1. The questionnaire is attached as an Appendix to this paper. The questions asked were designed to provide information about the extent of the dependence of households on state forests for their livelihood (cash income and subsistence needs), any differences in the degree of their forest dependence according to gender, threats to the sustainability of forest resources, the expected sustainability of the income of villagers from forest resources, as well as to provide data about forest management practices, such as a joint forest management. The latter involves cooperation between villagers and the West...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Forest Management; Use of Forest Resources; Sustainability; Consumer/Household Economics; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100212
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The Socio-Economics of Gender Issues in Rural India: Results of Interviews in Three Villages and a Forest Meeting in Eastern India AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C..
Reports responses to interviews conducted in three rural villages in Eastern India in January 2000 as well as replies to questions to asked at a forest meeting of groups/persons interested in rural women and development. The questions were designed to provide information on gender-bias and possible reasons for it, especially any economic reasons. These interviews are intended to supplement detailed questionnaires directed to wives in these villages. Interviews were conducted with Kondhs and scheduled caste villages in a village west of Dashapalla in Orissa, with Santals in all Santal villages, Bandhgora, in the Midnapore region of West Bengal and with Santals and scheduled caste Hindus in a mixed village, Sanandapur, in the same region. The results...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender inequality; India; Caste system; Tribal groups; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100030
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Villagers and the Use and Conservation of Indian Forests: The Role of Joint Forest Management AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C.; Ghose, Ananda.
Provides a brief account of the development of the Joint Forest Management Scheme in India, especially in West Bengal, the state where joint forest management has been most widely adopted and which provided the genesis of the scheme that was adopted as part of India’s Forest Policy 1988. The development, nature of and rationale for the scheme are discussed. Results to a survey of household heads in villages in the neighbourhood of state forests in the Midnapore region of West Bengal are reported. The survey provides information about the dependence of villagers on forest resources, the sustainability of current forest use as perceived by villagers, and reports their views about forest management issues, including the Joint Forest Management Scheme. The...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Joint Forest Management Scheme; India; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100207
Registros recuperados: 17
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