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A Theory of Standards-Driven Rural Development AgEcon
Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Rozelle, Scott; Xiang, Tao; Vandemoortele, Thijs.
Consumers have increasing demands for product standards. This has important implications for development. This paper develops a formal theory of the process of the introduction of high product standards in developing countries. The model endogenizes the introduction of high standards. Initial differences in income, the nature of capital constraints and transaction costs, the initial production structure and policies and institutions are shown to affect the likelihood of and the size of the high standards economy. Initial differences in some of these same factors—as well as inter-country differences in the distribution of the sizes of farmers—are also shown to determine which producers are included, and which not.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Standards; Rural Development; Vertical Differentiation; Partial Equilibrium; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51475
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Agriculture in the Face of Changing Markets, Institutions and Policies: Challenges and Strategies AgEcon
Balmann, Alfons; Curtiss, Jarmila; Dautzenberg, Kirsti; Happe, Kathrin; Huang, Jikun; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Rozelle, Scott; Sedik, David J.; Ciaian, Pavel; Vranken, Liesbet; Doitchinova, Julia M.; Kanchev, Ivan; Miteva, Albena; Bachev, Hrabrin Ianouchev; Forgacs, Csaba; Guo, Hongdong; Ferto, Imre; Jolly, Robert W.; Zhu, Jianhua; Falkowski, Jan; Milczarek, Dominika; Peyerl, Hermann; Breuer, Gunter; Danilowska, Alina; Zawojska, Aldona; Ramanovich, Mikhail; Hemme, Torsten; Mirzaei, Farhad; Heidelbach, Olaf; Balkhausen, Oliver; Banse, Martin; Perekhozhuk, Oleksandr; Grings, Michael; Luka, Oksana; Epstein, David B.; Naydenov, Nikolay; Sauer, Johannes; Balint, Borbala; Il'ina, Natalia; Svetlov, Nikolai M.; Weitzel, Enno-Burghard; Bayaner, Ahmet; Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Hockmann, Heinrich; Cechura, Lukas; Herzfeld, Thomas; Glauben, Thomas; Azzarri, Carlo; Carletto, Calogero; Davis, Benjamin; Zezza, Alberto; Nivievskyi, Oleg; von Cramon-Taubadel, Stephan; Newton, Claire; Bednarikova, Zuzana; Doucha, Tomas; Travnicek, Zdenek; Fock, Theodor.
Since the late 1980s, agriculture in Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) has been under considerable adjustment pressure due to changing political, economic and institutional environments. These changes have been linked to the transition process, as well as the ongoing integration into the European Union and the world market. Reduced subsidies, increased environmental and food quality demands, as well as structural changes in the supply, processing and food retailing sector call for major structural adjustments and the improvement of farmers’ managerial abilities. Though such changes always carry significant threats to farms, they also offer new opportunities for the farms' entrepreneurial engagement. Upcoming changes in the agricultural...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93012
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AJAE Appendix: Livestock in China: Commodity-specific Total Factor Productivity Decomposition Using New Panel Data AgEcon
Rae, Allan N.; Ma, H.; Huang, J.; Rozelle, Scott.
The material contained herein is supplementary to the article named in the title and published in the American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Volume 88, Number 3, August 2006.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7398
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An Empirical Evaluation of Poverty Mapping Methodology: Explicitly Spatial versus Implicitly Spatial Approach AgEcon
Olivia, Susan; Gibson, John; Smith, Aaron D.; Rozelle, Scott; Deng, Xiangzheng.
Poverty maps provide information on the spatial distribution of welfare and can predict poverty levels for small geographic units like counties and townships. Typically regression methods are used to estimate coefficients from the detailed information in household surveys, which are then applied to the more extensive coverage of a census. One problem with standard regression techniques is that they do not take into account the ‗spatial dependencies‘ that often exist in the data. Ignoring spatial autocorrelation in the regression providing the coefficient estimates could lead to misleading predictions of poverty, and estimates of standard errors. Household survey data usually lack exact measures of location so it is not possible to fully account for this...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: China; Poverty; Small Area Estimation; Survey Methods; Spatial Models.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47651
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Can Good Projects Succeed in Bad Villages? Project Design, Village Governance and Infrastructure Quality in Rural China AgEcon
Liu, Chengfang; Zhang, Linxiu; Huang, Jikun; Luo, Renfu; Rozelle, Scott.
This study seeks to explain the differences in infrastructure quality across China’s villages. Using primary data on three main types of infrastructure projects in rural China, we find that a.) between-project within-village quality differences are small and project design has little explanatory power; b.) between-village variations are larger; and c.) there are strong correlations between the ways villages govern themselves and project quality. We conclude that it is difficult to make good projects work in bad communities and that there is something at the village level that is making some projects succeed in some villages, but not in others.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Infrastructure Quality; Village; Rural China; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Public Economics; H41; H54; H71.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49944
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CHINA AND THE FUTURE GLOBAL FOOD SITUATION AgEcon
Huang, Jikun; Rozelle, Scott; Rosegrant, Mark W..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16359
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China: Market or Competitor? AgEcon
Rozelle, Scott.
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121610
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CHINA'S ACCESSION TO WTO AND SHIFTS IN THE AGRICULTURE POLICY AgEcon
Huang, Jikun; Rozelle, Scott.
The overall goal of our paper is to explore this question of how China’'s policy will likely respond as the nation enters the WTO. Specifically, we will have three objectives. First, we briefly review China'’s existing agriculture policy and past performance of China’'s agriculture and how it has changed during the past 20 years of reform. Next, we examine the main features of the agreement that China must adhere to as they enter WTO. Finally, we consider a number of possible ways that policy makers may respond, primarily focusing on the national government's viewpoint.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11972
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CHINA'S AGRICULTURAL WATER POLICY REFORMS: INCREASING INVESTMENT, RESOLVING CONFLICTS, AND REVISING INCENTIVES AgEcon
Lohmar, Bryan; Wang, Jinxia; Rozelle, Scott; Huang, Jikun; Dawe, David.
Water shortages in important grain-producing regions of China may significantly affect China's agricultural production potential and international markets. Falling ground-water tables and disruption of surface-water deliveries to important industrial and agricultural regions have provoked concern that a more dramatic crisis is looming unless effective water conservation policies can be put into place rapidly. While China's water use is unsustainable in some areas, there is substantial capacity to adapt and avert a more serious crisis. Recent changes in water management policies may serve to bring about more effective water conservation. This report provides an overview of these changes and some analysis of their effectiveness. Wheat is the most likely crop...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: China; Irrigation; Policy; Reform; Agricultural production and trade; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33643
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China's Agriculture: Drivers of Changes and Implications to China and the Rest of the World AgEcon
Huang, Jikun; Rozelle, Scott.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53207
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CHINA'S DAIRY MARKET: CONSUMER DEMAND SURVEY AND SUPPLY CHARACTERISTICS AgEcon
Fuller, Frank H.; Beghin, John C.; Hu, Dinghuan; Rozelle, Scott.
This report documents data and other information gathered from a survey of urban households in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou, China. The survey was conducted as part of a research project aimed at understanding the evolution of dairy markets in Asia and the implications for dairy product trade. The survey data provide insights into the purchasing behavior and attitudes of urban consumers in China with respect to dairy products. The report describes the survey and collection process, summarizes selected data from the survey, and provides anecdotal information about the development of dairy production, processing, and product marketing in China.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: China; Dairy products; Demand; Production; Supply chain; Survey data; Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18680
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China's GMO and Adoption of New Technology (Power Point Presentation) AgEcon
Rozelle, Scott.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33386
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Chinese animal product consumption in the 1990s AgEcon
Ma, Hengyun; Rae, Allan N.; Huang, Jikun; Rozelle, Scott.
Chinese animal product consumption behaviour was analysed for both urban and rural households using a complete regional consumption dataset that was augmented to include away‐from‐home consumption. Seven animal product expenditure share equations were estimated with an extended Almost Ideal Demand System model. The results suggest that Chinese consumers will continue to increase their consumption of animal products, but that consumption patterns have changed in the 1990s. A large percentage of household animal product expenditure is still on pork. However, the shares for aquatic and poultry products consumption will increase substantially. As a consequence, the pork expenditure share will be gradually reduced as incomes grow and diet preferences change in...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117992
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Conservation Payments, Liquidity Constraints and Off-Farm Labor: Impact of the Grain for Green Program on Rural Households in China AgEcon
Uchida, Emi; Rozelle, Scott; Xu, Jintao.
This study evaluates the off-farm labor response of rural households participating in the Grain for Green program in China, the largest conservation set-aside program in the developing world. Using a panel data set that we designed and implemented, we examine the impact of the program on changes in off-farm labor participation between 1999 (pre-program) and 2004 (post-program) using a difference-in-differences approach and several extensions that account for program intensity. We also test whether the program impact is diverse depending on level of physical and human capital of participants. We find that on average the Grain for Green program has a positive effect on off-farm labor participation. Importantly, however, we find that program effects vary...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Payments for environmental services; Off-farm labor supply; Grain for Green program; China; Program evaluation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; J22; O13; Q23.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9698
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Consumption of dairy products in urban China: results from Beijing, Shangai and Guangzhou AgEcon
Fuller, Frank H.; Beghin, John C.; Rozelle, Scott.
Using urban survey data collected by the authors in 2001–02, this paper analyses demographics, cultural factors and purchasing behaviours influencing the consumption of fresh milk, yogurt, ice cream and powered milk in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, China. Results from estimation of a double-hurdle model of consumption show that income and marketing channels are the key determinants of milk consumption levels; however, education, advertising and convenience play a more important role in consumption of other dairy products. There is some evidence that milk powder, as a consumer good, may be becoming an inferior product in urban China. Finally, the survey data suggest that the growing sophistication of China’s retail sector is influencing consumption of...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Consumer demand; Demand analysis; Livestock; Market development; Marketing; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118526
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CONTINUITY AND CHANGE IN CHINA'S RURAL PERIODIC MARKETS AgEcon
Rozelle, Scott; Benzinger, Vince; Huang, Jikun.
Can we find traditional periodic markets in the milieu of market activity that abounds in contemporary China today? As reform is transforming the rural economy, is periodic markets activity being intensified or undermined? What factors account for the evolution of China's rural markets? The goal of this paper is to provide answers to some of these questions. In one sense, the study seeks to add to Skinner's seminal work by analyzing a set of primary data collected by the authors on periodic markets in today's rural China. The paper subjects a number of Skinner's pre-dictions to quantitative testing, and updates his theory to account for institutional peculiarities in the contemporary period. In another sense, however, our study stands on its own. We...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11979
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Contribution of Wheat Diversity to Total Factor Productivity in China AgEcon
Jin, Songqing; Meng, Erika C.H.; Hu, Ruifa; Rozelle, Scott; Huang, Jikun.
The impact of wheat diversity on the productivity of wheat in China is examined using total factor productivity (TFP) and an instrumental variable approach. TFP in seven key wheat-producing provinces in China shows significant, though variable, growth for all provinces during the period 1982-1995. Analysis of the causes of TFP growth tests alternative taxonomies of wheat diversity (named varieties and morphological groups) and three measures of diversity. The analysis shows significant effects of diversity on TFP with results consistent across taxonomies and measures of diversity. Further decomposition of the estimation results confirms the relative magnitude of impact of wheat diversity on TFP growth.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural productivity; China; Crop diversity; Diversity index; Total factor productivity; Wheat; Crop Production/Industries; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46555
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CONTROL IN A DYNAMIC ECONOMY: MODELING THE BEHAVIOR OF THE CHINESE VILLAGE LEADER AgEcon
Rozelle, Scott; Boisvert, Richard N..
Village leaders in the Chinese reform economy are assumed to maximize a multiple-attribute utility function; their behavior is modeled in a dynamic control framework. Using village data, structural and control equations for industrial output, grain yields, capital, non-farm employment and hybrid rice are estimated. Results confirm hypotheses that village leaders are preoccupied with rural industrialization but are also concerned about maintaining high agricultural productivity to meet grain obligations.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6330
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Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in China AgEcon
Huang, Jikun; Rozelle, Scott; Martin, William J.; Liu, Yu.
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Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Distorted incentives; Agricultural and trade policy reforms; National agricultural development; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; F13; F14; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48478
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DISTORTIONS TO INCENTIVES IN CHINA'S AGRICULTURE AND IMPLICATIONS OF WTO ACCESSION AgEcon
Huang, Jikun; Rozelle, Scott; Chang, Min.
The overall goal of our paper will be to attempt to contribute to the empirically-based literature on the effects on China's agriculture of its accession to the WTO. In general, we seek to answer some of the most basic questions about the expected effects of China's entry in the World Trade Organization (WTO). On balance, will the nation's accession to WTO help or hurt farming households? If farmers lose (gain), who in the agricultural economy will get hurt (benefit)? Are there some regions in the economy that will be insulated from the effects of WTO due to their isolation from domestic markets?
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25863
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