Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 50
Primeira ... 123 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A MULTIPLE-METHOD APPROACH TO STUDYING CHILDCARE IN AN URBAN ENVIRONMENT: THE CASE OF ACCRA, GHANA AgEcon
Ruel, Marie T.; Armar-Klemesu, Margaret; Arimond, Mary.
This document summarizes findings from the Accra Urban Food and Nutrition Study (AUFNS) about the importance of care as an input to child nutrition and the relative contribution of various maternal and household resources to the provision of care. Findings from the quantitative survey (n = 556) and the in-depth observational study (n = 22) are reviewed and complemented with insights from the participatory rapid appraisals (PRAs) carried out at the onset of the study. Results of each phase of the research have been reported separately; this report aims to integrate findings from all three components. The key findings related to the five main questions addressed by this study are summarized as follows. ! Is care an important input into child nutrition in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16473
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A MULTIPLE-METHOD APPROACH TO STUDYING CHILDCARE IN URBAN ENVIRONMENT: THE CASE OF ACCRA, GHANA AgEcon
Ruel, Marie T.; Armar-Klemesu, Margaret; Arimond, Mary.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15976
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
AN OPERATIONS EVALUATION OF PROGRESA FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF BENEFICIARIES, PORMOTORAS, SCHOOL DIRECTORS AND HEALTH STAFF: FINAL REPORT AgEcon
Adato, Michelle; Coady, David P.; Ruel, Marie T..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16013
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
ARE DETERMINANTS OF RURAL AND URBAN FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS DIFFERENT? SOME INSIGHTS FROM MOZAMBIQUE AgEcon
Garrett, James L.; Ruel, Marie T..
Undernutrition of children 0-60 months old in Mozambique is much higher in rural than in urban areas. Food security is about the same, although substantial regional differences exist. Given these outcomes, we hypothesized that the determinants of food security and nutritional status in rural and urban areas of Mozambique would differ as well. Yet we find that the determinants of food insecurity and malnutrition, and the magnitudes of their effects, are very nearly the same. The difference in observed outcomes appears primarily due to differences in the levels of critical determinants rather than in the nature of the determinants themselves.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94520
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
ARE URBAN POVERTY AND UNDERNUTRITION GROWING? SOME NEWLY ASSEMBLED EVIDENCE AgEcon
Haddad, Lawrence James; Ruel, Marie T.; Garrett, James L..
The population of the developing world is becoming more urban. Are poverty and undernutrition beginning to relocate to urban areas as well? We use survey data on poverty (from 8 countries) and on child undernutrition (from 14 countries) to address this question. Using data from the past 15-20 years, we find that in a majority of countries the absolute number of poor and undernourished individuals living in urban areas has increased, as has the share of poverty and undernourishment coming from urban areas. Given these trends and the current stock of knowledge as to the levels, determinants, and solutions to urban poverty and undernutrition, we argue for more research on these issues.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94522
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
ASSESSING CARE: PROGRESS TOWARDS THE MEASUREMENT OF SELECTED CHILDCARE AND FEEDING PRACTICES, AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PROGRAMS AgEcon
Arimond, Mary; Ruel, Marie T..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15919
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
ASSESSING CARE: PROGRESS TOWARDS THE MEASUREMENT OF SELECTED CHILDCARE AND FEEDING PRACTICES, AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PROGRAMS AgEcon
Arimond, Mary; Ruel, Marie T..
The role of care as a critical influence on child nutrition, health, and development has received increasing attention in the last decade. While the role of care has been well elaborated at a conceptual level, we still lack simple, valid, and reliable tools to measure many aspects of care. In this review, experience with the measurement of selected childcare and feeding practices is summarized and implications for programs are discussed. Hygiene practices The use of interviews and recall methods is discouraged for the measurement of hygiene practices because research has shown that responses tend to be biased towards overreporting of “good” practices. Observational methods are therefore the method of choice, but they are subject to problems of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16432
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
ASSESSING THE POTENTIAL FOR FOOD-BASED STRATEGIES TO REDUCE VITAMIN A AND IRON DEFICIENCIES: A REVIEW OF RECENT EVIDENCE AgEcon
Ruel, Marie T.; Levin, Carol E..
This paper reviews current knowledge and experience with food-based approaches to reduce vitamin A and iron deficiencies. It presents a review of recently published literature, highlights some of the lessons learned, and identifies knowledge gaps and research priorities. The main strategies reviewed are food-based interventions that aim at (1) increasing the production, availability and access to vitamin A and iron-rich foods through the promotion of home production; (2) increasing the intake of vitamin A and iron-rich foods through nutrition education, communication, social marketing and behavior change programs to improve dietary quality among vulnerable groups; and (3) increasing the bioavailability of vitamin A and iron in the diet either through home...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16433
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
ASSESSING THE POTENTIAL FOR FOOD-BASED STRATEGIES TO REDUCE VITAMIN A AND IRON DEFICIENCIES: A REVIEW OF RECENT EVIDENCE AgEcon
Ruel, Marie T.; Levin, Carol E..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15970
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
CAN FOOD-BASED STRATEGIES HELP REDUCE VITAMIN A AND IRON DEFICIENCIES AgEcon
Ruel, Marie T..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15902
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
CHILDCARE AND WORK: JOINT DECISIONS AMONG WOMEN IN POOR NEIGHBORHOODS OF GUATEMALA CITY AgEcon
Hallman, Kelly K.; Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Ruel, Marie T.; de la Briere, Benedicte.
This study investigates the effects of childcare on work and earnings of mothers in poor neighborhoods of Guatemala City. Recognizing that mother’s work status may depend on the availability of childcare, decisions to participate in the labor force and to use formal day care are modeled to allow for the possibility that they may be jointly determined. We then explore the impact of childcare prices on mother’s earnings, conditional on her decision to work. Also explored is whether a mother’s “status” within her household (as measured by the value of the assets she brought to her marriage) influences her entry into the labor force. The study uses a survey of 1,363 randomly selected mothers (working and nonworking) with preschool children collected in 1999 by...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16421
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
CHILDCARE AND WORK: JOINT DECISIONS AMONG WOMEN IN POOR NEIGHBORHOODS OF GUATEMALA CITY AgEcon
Hallman, Kelly K.; Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Ruel, Marie T.; de la Briere, Benedicte.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15949
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
CREATING A CHILD FEEDING INDEX USING THE DEMOGRAPHIC AND HEALTH SURVEYS: AN EXAMPLE FROM LATIN AMERICA AgEcon
Ruel, Marie T.; Menon, Purnima.
Data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) for five Latin American countries (seven data sets) were used to explore the feasibility of creating a composite feeding index and to examine the association between feeding practices and child height-for- age (HAZ). Urban/rural differences were also examined. The data sets used were Bolivia, 1994 and 1998; Colombia, 1995; Guatemala, 1995 and 1999; Nicaragua, 1998; and Peru, 1996. The variables used to create the index were: breastfeeding (whether the mother is currently breastfeeding the child); use of baby bottles in the previous 24 hours; dietary diversity (whether the child received selected food groups in the previous 24 hours); food group frequency (how many days the child received selected food...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16452
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
CREATING A CHILD FEEDING INDEX USING THE DEMOGRAPHIC AND HEALTH SURVEYS: AN EXAMPLE FROM LATIN AMERICA AgEcon
Ruel, Marie T.; Menon, Purnima.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15925
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
DOES GEOGRAPHIC TARGETING OF NUTRITION INTERVENTIONS MAKE SENSE IN CITIES? EVIDENCE FROM ABIDJAN AND ACCRA AgEcon
Morris, Saul Sutkover; Levin, Carol E.; Armar-Klemesu, Margaret; Maxwell, Daniel G.; Ruel, Marie T..
Although most developing country cities are characterized by pockets of substandard housing and inadequate service provision, it is not known to what degree low incomes and malnutrition are confined to specific neighborhoods. This analysis uses representative household surveys of Abidjan and Accra to quantify small-area clustering in service provision, demographic characteristics, consumption, and nutrition. Both cities showed significant clustering in housing conditions but not in nutrition, while income was clustered in Abidjan, but less so in Accra. This suggests that neighborhood targeting of poverty-alleviation or nutrition interventions in these and similar cities could lead to undercoverage of the truly needy.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94516
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
DOES SUBSIDIZED CHILDCARE HELP POOR WORKING WOMEN IN URBAN AREAS? EVALUATION OF A GOVERNMENT SPONSORED PROGRAM IN GUATEMALA CITY AgEcon
Ruel, Marie T.; de la Briere, Benedicte; Hallman, Kelly K.; Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Coj de Salazar, Nora.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15975
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
DOES SUBSIDIZED CHILDCARE HELP POOR WORKING WOMEN IN URBAN AREAS? EVALUATION OF A GOVERNMENT SPONSORED PROGRAM IN GUATEMALA CITY AgEcon
Ruel, Marie T.; de la Briere, Benedicte; Hallman, Kelly K.; Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Coj de Salazar, Nora.
High urbanization rates in Latin America are accompanied by an increase in women’s participation in the labor force and the number of households headed by single mothers. Reliable and affordable childcare alternatives are thus becoming increasingly important in urban areas. The Hogares Comunitarios Program (HCP), established in Guatemala City in 1991, was a direct response to the increasing need of poor urban dwellers for substitute childcare. This government-sponsored pilot program was designed as a strategy to alleviate poverty by providing working parents with low-cost, quality childcare within their community. This paper presents preliminary findings from an evaluation of the HCP carried out in 1998 in urban slums of Guatemala City. The evaluation...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16404
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
EL PROGRAMA DE GUARDERIAS COMMUNALES DE GUATEMALA: FOCALIZACION EFECTIVA DE LA AYUDA EN ALIMENTOS EN AREAS URBANAS AgEcon
Ruel, Marie T..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16494
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Features of Urban Food and Nutrition Security and Considerations for Successful Urban Programming AgEcon
Ruel, Marie T.; Garrett, James L..
In this paper we discuss the wide disparities that exist in childhood malnutrition, food insecurity and livelihoods within urban areas which, when combined with the mobility of urban residents, add to the complexity of designing, targeting and implementing urban programmes. Livelihood security in urban areas is dependent on cash income, especially for food expenditures, and hence employment. For women, employment brings about the need for support with childcare; we analyse a programme that provides the double benefit of delivering affordable and reliable childcare for extended hours, and allowing women to secure a more formal employment and obtaining employment benefits. Other factors that need to be considered in shaping urban programmes include land and...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Urban food security; Food expenditures; Employment; Childcare; Urban programming; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12002
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
From Research to Program Design: Use of Formative Research in Haiti to Develop a Behavior change Communication Program to Prevent Malnutrition AgEcon
Menon, Purnima; Ruel, Marie T.; Loechl, Cornelia U.; Pelto, Gretel H..
This paper summarizes findings from a formative research study conducted in Haiti to develop a behavior change communication (BCC) strategy to improve infant and child feeding practices and to reduce childhood malnutrition. It describes the methodology used and the tools developed to facilitate decisionmaking and effective use of formative research for program planning. The study is part of a larger research project carried out by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Cornell University in collaboration with World Vision-Haiti, a private voluntary organization responsible for the implementation of integrated health and nutrition programs that include food donations. The study used formative research methods that included individual...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Child-feeding practices; Childhood malnutrition; Caregiving behaviors; Formative research; Program design; Haiti; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97039
Registros recuperados: 50
Primeira ... 123 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional