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Registros recuperados: 90
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A GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT ORGANIZATION (GEO) AND THE WORLD TRADING SYSTEM: PROSPECTS AND PROBLEMS AgEcon
Runge, C. Ford.
This paper traces the evolution of the debate over a GEO, and analyzes its problems and opportunities in the world trading system. It first considers the genesis of proposals for a GEO, and provides a short historical account. Second, it offers one view of what a GEO might entail. The next two sections offer a brief summary of some of the main arguments for and against such a body. The fifth section discusses issues of implementation, and the relationship between a GEO and existing institutions with environmental or trade responsibilities, such as UNEP and the WTO. It also considers whether a GEO should be built up incrementally, or whether a 'grand stroke' would be more effective in establishing it. The sixth section takes up three related issues: the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14448
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A POLICY PERSPECTIVE ON THE SUSTAINABILITY OF PRODUCTION ENVIRONMENTS: TOWARD A LAND THEORY OF VALUE AgEcon
Runge, C. Ford.
This brief is divided into four parts. Part one provides a basic description of the agricultural production process as a dynamic flow, producing not only commodities but environmental goods and "bads"(damages). Part two discusses the research agendas that have influenced this production process, and the conflicts between traditional commodity oriented research and the newer environmental research agenda. Part three takes up the common ground uniting these two agendas: a concern for the uses of land and the effects of this use on both commodity and environmental flows. Part four offers some specific recommendations for reforms in land policy and targeting at the national level, the farm level, and the implications of these reforms for agricultural...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14443
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A PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF SEASON EXTENSION AND THE DULUTH-SUPERIOR ECONOMY AgEcon
Runge, C. Ford; Fruin, Jerry E..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13767
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Agricultural Competitiveness and Environmental Quality: What Mix of Policies Will Accomplish Both Goals? AgEcon
Creason, Jared R.; Runge, C. Ford.
Agricultural competitiveness and environmental quality are increasingly consensus objectives for American agriculture. Yet the institutional interests undergirding agricultural policy are often at odds with those promoting improved environmental quality. This paper examines ways in which institutional reforms can improve both agricultural competitiveness and the environment. Farmers, like other business managers, make decisions based on information received from markets and other sources. This report shows how farm management as an activity responds to signals from commodity markets, federal agricultural policies, federal and state environmental regulations, and private sector and university extension recommendations. These individual signals are examined...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50102
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Agricultural Competitiveness, Farm Fertilizer and Chemical Use, and Environmental Quality: A Descriptive Analysis AgEcon
Runge, C. Ford; Munson, Robert D.; Lotterman, Edward D.; Creason, Jared R..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94448
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Agricultural Economics: A Brief Intellectual History AgEcon
Runge, C. Ford.
Agricultural economics arose in the late 19th century, combined the theory of the firm with marketing and organization theory, and developed throughout the 20th century largely as an empirical branch of general economics. The discipline was closely linked to empirical applications of mathematical statistics and made early and significant contributions to econometric methods. In the 1960’s and afterward, as agricultural sectors in the OECD countries contracted, agricultural economists were drawn to the development problems of poor countries, to the trade and macroeconomic policy implications of agriculture in richer countries, and to a variety of issues in production, consumption, environmental and resource economics.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13649
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Agricultural Policy Developments in the United States: 1991-93 AgEcon
Runge, C. Ford; Vande Kamp, Philip R..
Comprehensive federal agricultural legislation occurs in the United States (US) on a five-year schedule. While year-to-year changes in agricultural policy do occur, the period 1991-93 has been less eventful than many previous ones. What changes have occurred to affect the course of the agricultural sector and agricultural policy are largely external to the farm bill and farm legislation. These include the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), tentatively agreed in August 1992; the on-going negotiations in the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the related dispute with the European Community (EC) over oilseed subsidies; the emergence in connection with both NAFTA and GATT of the "trade and environment" issue; a continuing dispute over...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10326
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AGRICULTURAL POLICY DEVELOPMENTS IN THE UNITED STATES: 1991-93 AgEcon
Runge, C. Ford; Vande Kamp, Philip R..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13906
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Agricultural policy reform in the United States: an unfinished agenda AgEcon
Stuart, Kimberly; Runge, C. Ford.
The 1996 Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act (FAIR) contained important breaks with a tradition of crop-by-crop subsidies dating back to the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933. Farmers with recorded base acres were given the opportunity (which nearly all accepted) to sign a seven-year `contract' with the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), under which payments will be continued on the merged base acres on a declining schedule until the year 2002. FAIR is an unfinished agenda. First, the coverage of `freedom to farm' is only partial, with numerous commodities left out of the decoupling programme. Second, the largest producers will augment their already significant receipts with generous lump sum transfers from USDA. This will further reinforce...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118010
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AGRICULTURAL POLICY REFORM IN THE UNITED STATES: AN UNFINISHED AGENDA AgEcon
Stuart, Kimberly; Runge, C. Ford.
The paper is divided into three sections: a discussion of the major provisions of the FAIR act of 1996 [Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996]; a review of the political forces leading up to it; and a discussion of reforms that could extend the incipient agenda that it represents.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14360
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AGRICULTURAL POLICY REFORM IN THE UNITED STATES: NOTES ON THE 1995-96 FARM BILL; Proceedings of the Fifth Joint Conference on Agriculture, Food, and the Environment, June 17-18, 1996, Padova, Italy. AgEcon
Anthony, Willis Eugene; Runge, C. Ford.
The new Farm Bill, the Federal Agricultural Improvement Act (FAIR) of 1996, contains numerous new provisions which mark important breaks with the past. In this brief summary, we will focus on three areas of potential interest to an international audience, first briefly detailing the changes, then offering a view from one author's perspective as a practicing farmer in South-Central Minnesota.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14412
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AGRICULTURAL TRADE IN THE URUGUAY ROUND: INTO FINAL BATTLE AgEcon
Runge, C. Ford.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/17229
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AGRICULTURAL TRADE IN THE URUGUAY ROUND: INTO FINAL BATTLE AgEcon
Runge, C. Ford.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13951
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AGRICULTURAL TRADE ISSUES AND THE 1995 FARM BILL; Proceedings of the Fourth Minnesota Padova Conference on Food, Agriculture, and the Environment, September 4-10, 1994, Wayzata, Minnesota AgEcon
Runge, C. Ford; Rosson, C. Parr, III.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14410
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AMERICAN AGRICULTURAL POLICY AND THE 1990 FARM BILL AgEcon
Erdman, Laurie; Runge, C. Ford.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13593
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American Agricultural Policy and the 1990 Farm Bill AgEcon
Erdman, Laurie; Runge, C. Ford.
The United States (U.S.) government recently finished its five year ritual of farm legislation. In general, the 1990 Farm Bill, or the Food, Agriculture, Conservation and Trade Act of 1990, extends most of the program features of its predecessor, the Food Security Act of 1985 (FSA). The recent bill continues a 57 year old tradition represented by loan rates, target prices, deficiency payments, base acres and yields, quotas, production controls, marketing loans, and other devices which support prices and income in return for retiring acres. However, the bill introduces several features that move it incrementally in the direction of "decoupling", and continues the trend set in 1985 of adding new environmental restrictions on farm practices. The recently...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12256
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AN ASSESSMENT OF U.S. AGRICULTURAL POLICY AND LINKAGES TO TRADE AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AgEcon
Runge, C. Ford.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14499
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Analyzing Health Innovations in a School Lunch Program AgEcon
Grainger, Corbett; Senauer, Benjamin; Runge, C. Ford.
Hopkins School District in Minnesota implemented an innovative school feeding program, which provides nutritionally sound foods that appeal to students. With access to a unique data set containing students’ food service purchases and demographic data from Hopkins High School, we use logit models to analyze the impact of different phases of the program on participation rates, as well as the effect of demographic factors. A relative healthfulness index for the foods purchased is calculated based on information provided by the school dietitian. This index is used to analyze the impact of demographic variables, student lunch expenditures, and program changes on students’ lunch consumption. The results of the econometric models indicate that the program...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14393
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Better Milk than Cola: Soft Drink Taxes and Substitution Effects AgEcon
Runge, C. Ford; Johnson, Justin; Runge, Carlisle Piehl.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Soft Drink Taxes; Obesity; Substitution effects; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; H; H2; H25.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117131
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BEYOND THE GREEN BOX: A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR AGRICULTURAL TRADE AND THE ENVIRONMENT AgEcon
Runge, C. Ford.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14417
Registros recuperados: 90
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