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Registros recuperados: 10
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Are trawl marks a good indicator of trawling pressure in muddy sand fishing grounds? ArchiMer
Merillet, Laurene; Kopp, Dorothee; Robert, Marianne; Salaun, Michele; Mehault, Sonia; Bourillet, Jean-francois; Mouchet, Maud.
The development of the vessel monitoring system (VMS) in the recent years has offered high-resolution data to map the distribution and intensity of fishing activities and contributed to enhancing the potential identification of fishing impacts. However, impacts could vary at very small scale and the resolution of VMS data might not be fine enough. Other proxy could be used, such as trawl marks visible on the seabed observed by underwater video or side-scan sonar to evaluate small-scale trawling effort. In the Bay of Biscay, an underwater video survey of the Nephrops norvegicus fishing ground was conducted and provided environmental characteristics such as depth and number of trawl marks at 152 transects. The relevance of observed trawl marks as a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Biscay; Fishing intensity; Sediments; Underwater video; Vessel monitoring system.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00410/52112/52854.pdf
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Effet de la qualité de l'eau sur la croissance larvaire de Pecten maximus en écloserie : observations préliminaires ArchiMer
Samain, Jean-francois; Cochard, Jean-claude; Chevolot, Lionel; Daniel, Jean-yves; Jeanthon, C.; Le Coz, Jean-rene; Marty, Y.; Moal, Jeanne; Prieur, D.; Salaun, Michele.
Some positive growth differences can be observed, all year long, in Pecten maximus larvae cultivated in an old fishpond, compared with the water which flows into it periodically. These waters are filtered at 1 µm through CUNO cartridges. Moreover, the larvae are cultivated in the same light, temperature and food (cultured phytoplankton) conditions. This difference is significant in terms of larvae size, dry weight, organic matter, ashes, total proteins, glycogen, and lipids. A series of preliminary observations on the chemical composition of these two waters after filtration (amino acids, fatty acids, organic mater, nutritive salts), on the bacterial flora (total, heterotrophic organisms, vibrio), on the particular material using electron microscopy, on...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Larve; Ecloserie; Pecten maximus; Facteur croissance; Qualité eau.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1986/acte-6185.PDF
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Estimation du stock naturel d'ormeaux du golfe du Morbihan ArchiMer
Billy, Stéphanie; Peronnet, Isabelle; Salaun, Michele.
The Gulf has very tiled sea beds, and the surface areas of habitats suitable for ormer populations are rather reduced (1.56km2). Three zones have ormer densities of interest from the point of view of profitability, Brannec, lrus and Creizig. But since their surface area is not great, the exploitable biomass, that corresponding to individuals of a size greater than 80mm (legal catch size), is average. These three zones would be exploitable but following a limited fishing effort. The sectors of Ile aux moines and Jument and Henn Tenn show average to low densities and are not therefore exploitable in a profitable way. Finally, Gavrinis and le Logeo have revealed low densities of ormers, this could be due to an intensive illegal exploitation. In fact, many...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Stock assessement; Exploitable population; Bay of Morbihan; Haliotis tubertulata; Brittany; Biomasse; CLPM Auray/Vannes; Population exploitable; Bretagne; Golfe du Morbihan; Haliotis tubertulata; Ormeaux.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/rapport-2326.pdf
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Evidence of a relationship between weight and total length of marine fish in the North-eastern Atlantic Ocean: physiological, spatial and temporal variations ArchiMer
Mahe, Kelig; Bellamy, Elise; Delpech, Jean-paul; Lazard, Coline; Salaun, Michele; Verin, Yves; Coppin, Franck; Travers-trolet, Morgane.
Weight–Body Length relationships (WLR) of 45 fish species (37 Actinopterygii and eight Elasmobranchii) were investigated. A total of 31,167 individuals were caught and their biological parameters measured during the four quarters from 2013 to 2015, on five scientific surveys sampling the North-eastern Atlantic Ocean from the North Sea to the Bay of Biscay (ICES Divisions IVb, IVc, VIId, VIIe, VIIg, VIIh, VIIj, VIIIa and VIIIb). Among 45 tested species, all showed a significant correlation between total length (L) and total weight (W). The influence of sex on WLR was estimated for 39 species and presented a significant sexual dimorphism for 18 species. Condition factor (K) of females was always higher than for males. Moreover, a spatial effect on the WLR...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Weight-length relationship; Condition factor; Bay of Biscay; Celtic Sea; English Channel; North Sea; Sexual dimorphism; Seasonality.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00363/47418/47513.pdf
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Fiche d'évaluation de fin de campagne : EVHOE 2012 ArchiMer
Pawlowski, Lionel; Salaun, Michele; Leaute, Jean-pierre.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00127/23847/21774.pdf
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Grands invertébrés et poissons observés par les campagnes scientifiques. Atlas de distribution. Bilan 2008 ArchiMer
Trenkel, Verena; Berthele, Olivier; Lorance, Pascal; Bertrand, Jacques; Brind'Amour, Anik; Cochard, Marie-laure; Coppin, Franck; Leaute, Jean-pierre; Mahe, Jean-claude; Morin, Jocelyne; Rochet, Marie-joelle; Salaun, Michele; Souplet, Arnauld; Verin, Yves.
Depuis une vingtaine d'années, l'Ifremer organise des campagnes de pêche scientifique en mer du Nord, Manche, Atlantique et Méditerranée concernant les ressources pélagiques, démersales et benthiques. L'objectif prioritaire est de produire des indices d'abondance des principales espèces commerciales. Elles recueillent également des données sur les espèces capturées non commerciales. Les campagnes sont réalisées selon des plans d'échantillonnage standardisés. L'engin de pêche et son gréement, la position des stations, le tri des captures, les prélèvements biologiques suivent des protocoles fixés. Chaque zone étudiée est découpée en fonction de la profondeur, de la latitude ou d'autres critères. L'échantillonnage prévoit un nombre de traits de chalut...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Populations; Halieutique; Bulletin; Méditerranée; Golfe de Gascogne; Manche; Mer du Nord; France; Pêche; Campagnes à la mer; Atlas; Survey; Mediterranean Sea; Bay of Biscay; English Channel; North Sea; France; Populations; Fishery science; Bulletin; Atlas.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/rapport-6976.pdf
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Observations à bord des navires de pêche professionnelle. Bilan de l'échantillonnage 2011 ArchiMer
Dube, Benoit; Dimeet, Joel; Rochet, Marie-joelle; Tetard, Alain; Gaudou, Olivier; Messannot, Cecile; Fauconnet, Laurence; Morizur, Yvon; Biseau, Alain; Salaun, Michele.
Ce document est une synthèse des informations collectées en 2011 à bord des navires de pêche professionnelle dans le cadre de l'action ObsMer. Cette action vise à observer in situ l'activité de pêche et l'ensemble de la capture, particulièrement la partie non retenue, en identifiant les espèces capturées, les tonnages par espèce et en prenant des mesures de tailles.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00109/21976/19586.pdf
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ObsVentes. Saisie pas à pas dans le logiciel Allegro ArchiMer
Vastel, Alice; Bocande, Stephane; Bouche, Ludovic; Brisset, Blandine; Cheret, Isabelle; Latrouite, Armelle; Pennors, Laurence; Rostiaux, Emilie; Salaun, Michele.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00340/45164/44558.pdf
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Underwater video offers new insights into community structure in the Grande Vasière (Bay of Biscay) ArchiMer
Merillet, Laurene; Robert, Marianne; Salaun, Michele; Schuck, Lucie; Mouchet, Maud; Kopp, Dorothee.
Based on towed underwater videos, diversity patterns and their main environmental and anthropogenic drivers were assessed in the “Grande Vasière” (northeast Bay of Biscay), one of the main French fishing grounds. The density of bentho-demersal megafauna was recorded along 152 transects in this area in 2014. The highest number of taxa and densities were observed on the external margin of the Grande Vasière, in deep areas with low fishing intensity. The highest levels of taxa evenness were located on the central and coastal parts that are shallower and exposed to medium to high trawling intensity. Multivariate analysis identified four different communities driven by fishing intensity, depth, sediment type and bottom current speed. We distinguished three...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biodiversity patterns; Indicator species; Fishing and environmental variables.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00441/55261/56796.pdf
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Using underwater video to assess megabenthic community vulnerability to trawling in the Grande Vasière (Bay of Biscay) ArchiMer
Merillet, Laurene; Mouchet, Maud; Robert, Marianne; Salaun, Michele; Schuck, Lucie; Vaz, Sandrine; Kopp, Dorothee.
Trawling activities are considered to be one of the main sources of disturbance to the seabed worldwide. We aimed to disentangle the dominance of environmental variations and trawling intensity in order to explain the distribution of diversity patterns over 152 sampling sites in the French trawl fishing-ground, the Grande Vasière. Using a towed underwater video device, we identified 39 taxa to the finest taxonomic level possible, which were clustered according to their vulnerability to trawling disturbance based on functional traits. Using generalized linear models, we investigated whether the density distribution of each vulnerability group was sensitive to trawling intensity and habitat characteristics. Our analyses revealed a structuring effect of depth...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Biscay; Biodiversity; Bottom trawl; Fishing; Underwater video; Vulnerability.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00406/51741/52436.pdf
Registros recuperados: 10
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