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Registros recuperados: 68
Primeira ... 1234 ... Última
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A histological examination of grafting success in pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera in French Polynesia ArchiMer
Cochennec-laureau, Nathalie; Montagnani, Caroline; Saulnier, Denis; Fougerouse, Angelique; Levy, Peva; Lo, Cedrik.
Pearl oyster grafting is a complex surgical operation that should lead to pearl formation after approximately eighteen months. Although this technique has been used for many years in French Polynesia, the grafting process is still not standardised. While studies have been carried out in order to improve graft performance and yield, these remain highly variable due to post-grafting mortality, nucleus rejection and unreliable pearl quality, all of which constrain pearl farm profitability. The present study uses histological analysis to monitor oysters that either rejected or retained their nuclei. Both groups of oysters are compared in terms of evolution of the graft, which could influence retention, and the development of a pearl sac in cases where grafting...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Grafting process; Pearl formation; Pearl oyster; Pteriidae; Pinctada margaritifera.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00002/11288/7823.pdf
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A Large-Scale Epidemiological Study to Identify Bacteria Pathogenic to Pacific Oyster Crassostrea gigas and Correlation Between Virulence and Metalloprotease-like Activity ArchiMer
Saulnier, Denis; De Decker, Sophie; Haffner, Philippe; Cobret, Laetitia; Robert, Maeva; Garcia, Celine.
A 4-year bacteriological survey (2003-2007) of four molluscs cultivated in France and faced with mortality episodes was performed by the French shellfish pathology network. The more abundant bacteria isolated during 92 mortality episodes, occurring mainly in Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, were identified by genotyping methods. It allowed us both to confirm the representativeness of Vibrio splendidus and Vibrio aestuarianus bacterial strains and to identify both a large number of Vibrio harveyi-related strains mainly detected during 2007 oyster mortality outbreaks and to a lesser extent bacterial strains identified as Shewanella colwelliana. Because metalloprotease has been reported to constitute a virulence factor in a few Vibrio strains pathogenic for...
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Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6974.pdf
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An updated assessment of Symbiodinium spp. that associate with common scleractinian corals from Moorea (French Polynesia) reveals high diversity among background symbionts and a novel finding of clade B ArchiMer
Rouze, Heloise; Lecellier, Gael J.; Saulnier, Denis; Planes, Serge; Gueguen, Yannick; Wirshing, Herman H.; Berteaux-lecellier, Veronique.
The adaptative bleaching hypothesis (ABH) states that, depending on the symbiotic flexibility of coral hosts (i.e., the ability of corals to “switch” or “shuffle” their algal symbionts), coral bleaching can lead to a change in the composition of their associated Symbiodinium community and, thus, contribute to the coral’s overall survival. In order to determine the flexibility of corals, molecular tools are required to provide accurate species delineations and to detect low levels of coral-associated Symbiodinium. Here, we used highly sensitive quantitative (real-time) PCR (qPCR) technology to analyse five common coral species from Moorea (French Polynesia), previously screened using only traditional molecular methods, to assess the presence of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Corals; French polynesia; Clade B; Symbiodinium; QPCR; Flexibility; Generalist; Faithful clade.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00365/47652/47683.pdf
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Bacterial community characterization of water and intestine of the shrimp Litopenaeus stylirostris in a biofloc system ArchiMer
Cardona, Emilie; Gueguen, Yannick; Magré, Kevin; Lorgeoux, Bénédicte; Piquemal, David; Pierrat, Fabien; Noguier, Florian; Saulnier, Denis.
Background Biofloc technology (BFT), a rearing method with little or no water exchange, is gaining popularity in aquaculture. In the water column, such systems develop conglomerates of microbes, algae and protozoa, together with detritus and dead organic particles. The intensive microbial community presents in these systems can be used as a pond water quality treatment system, and the microbial protein can serve as a feed additive. The current problem with BFT is the difficulty of controlling its bacterial community composition for both optimal water quality and optimal shrimp health. The main objective of the present study was to investigate microbial diversity of samples obtained from different culture environments (Biofloc technology and clear...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Shrimp; Biofloc; Clear sea water; Bacterial communities; Culture environment; Microbiota.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00346/45694/45314.pdf
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Bilan 2008 du réseau REPAMO - Réseau national de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Francois, Cyrille; Garcia, Celine; Arzul, Isabelle; Joly, Jean-pierre; Miossec, Laurence; Chollet, Bruno; Ferrand, Sylvie; Robert, Maeva; Tourbiez, Delphine; Omnes, Emmanuelle; Cobret, Laetitia; Faury, Nicole; Haffner, Philippe; Saulnier, Denis; Pepin, Jean-francois; Renault, Tristan; Antajan, Elvire; Rauflet, Fabienne; Ropert, Michel; Mouillard, Gilbert; Gerla, Daniel; Annezo, Jean-pierre; Le Gal, Dominique; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Nourry, Max; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Fillon, Alain; Robert, Stephane; Courtois, Olivier.
Créé en 1992, le réseau REPAMO (REseau de PAthologie des MOllusques) est un réseau de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins du littoral français. Son activité s'inscrit dans le cadre de la Directive Européenne 2006/88/CE. Les objectifs du réseau sont de prévenir l'introduction et la propagation d'organismes pathogènes, en particulier ceux à déclaration obligatoire et de surveiller l'évolution de ceux déjà présents sur le territoire national. Ces activités font parties des missions institutionnelles de l'IFREMER. La surveillance assurée par le réseau vise en premier lieu les infections à déclaration obligatoire présentes en France, la bonamiose à Bonamia ostreae chez l'huître plate Ostrea edulis et la marteiliose à Marteilia refringens chez...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Etat de santé.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00086/19709/17351.pdf
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Bilan 2009 du réseau REPAMO - Réseau national de surveillace de la santé des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Francois, Cyrille; Joly, Jean-pierre; Garcia, Celine; Miossec, Laurence; Saulnier, Denis; Pepin, Jean-francois; Arzul, Isabelle; Omnes, Emmanuelle; Tourbiez, Delphine; Faury, Nicole; Haffner, Philippe; Chollet, Bruno; Robert, Maeva; Cobret, Laetitia; Renault, Tristan; Rauflet, Fabienne; Le Gagneur, Eric; Ropert, Michel; Mouillard, Gilbert; Gerla, Daniel; Annezo, Jean-pierre; Le Gal, Dominique; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Breerette, Stephane; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Grizon, James; Robert, Stephane; Courtois, Olivier; Rumebe, Myriam.
Créé en 1992, le réseau REPAMO (REseau de PAthologie des MOllusques) est un réseau de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins du littoral français. Son activité s'inscrit dans le cadre de la Directive Européenne 2006/88/CE. Les objectifs du réseau sont de prévenir l'introduction et la propagation d'organismes pathogènes, en particulier ceux à déclaration obligatoire et de surveiller l'évolution de ceux déjà présents sur le territoire national. Ces activités font parties des missions institutionnelles de l'IFREMER. La surveillance assurée par le réseau vise en premier lieu les infections à déclaration obligatoire présentes en France, la bonamiose à Banamia ostreae chez l'huître plate Ostrea edulis et la marteiliose à Marteilia refringens chez...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Etat de santé.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00086/19711/17352.pdf
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Bilan 2010 du réseau Repamo - Réseau national de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Guichard, Benjamin; Francois, Cyrille; Joly, Jean-pierre; Garcia, Celine; Saulnier, Denis; Pepin, Jean-francois; Arzul, Isabelle; Omnes, Emmanuelle; Tourbiez, Delphine; Faury, Nicole; Haffner, Philippe; Chollet, Bruno; Robert, Maeva; Renault, Tristan; Rauflet, Fabienne; Le Gagneur, Eric; Ropert, Michel; Mouillard, Gilbert; Gerla, Daniel; Annezo, Jean-pierre; Le Gal, Dominique; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Brerette, Stéphane; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Grizon, James; Robert, Stephane; Courtois, Olivier; Rumebe, Myriam; Cantin, Christian.
Créé en 1992, le réseau REPAMO (REseau de PAthologie des MOllusques) est un réseau de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins du littoral français. Son activité s’inscrit dans le cadre de la Directive Européenne 2006/88/CE. Les objectifs du réseau sont de prévenir l’introduction et la propagation d’organismes pathogènes, en particulier ceux à déclaration obligatoire et de surveiller l’évolution de ceux déjà présents sur le territoire national. Ces activités font parties des missions institutionnelles de l’IFREMER. La surveillance assurée par le réseau vise en premier lieu les infections à déclaration obligatoire présentes en France, la bonamiose à Bonamia ostreae chez l’huître plate Ostrea edulis et la marteiliose à Marteilia refringens chez...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Santé; Surveillance.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00059/17050/14599.pdf
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Biofloc technology applied to rear shrimp Litopenaeus Stylirostris broodstock: An integrated and development research project in New Caledonia and French Polynesia ArchiMer
Chim, Liet; Cardona, Emilie; Lorgeoux, Benedicte; Gueguen, Yannick; Saulnier, Denis; Goguenheim, Jean; Wantiez, Laurent; Cahu, Chantal.
Shrimp farming in New-Caledonia faces up to difficulties. A fluctuating quality of broodstock prevents sustainable production of larvae in quantity and quality. The traditional extensive rearing method of broodstock in outdoor earthen ponds used in New Caledonia raises several issues: poor water quality control and biosecurity. Therefore it is fundamental to modify the broodstock culture strategy in order to achieve an easier water quality management and maximal biosecurity. Biofloc technology (BFT) offers easier water quality management, higher natural productivity, higher level of biosecurity, and could be a good alternative. Since 2011 a R&D program started under the supervision of IFREMER in New Caledonia and French Polynesia in order to study and...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00250/36084/34635.pdf
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Characterization of actin genes in Bonamia ostreae and their application to phylogeny of the Haplosporidia ArchiMer
Lopez Flores, L; Suarez Santiago, V; Longet, D; Saulnier, Denis; Chollet, Bruno; Arzul, Isabelle.
Bonamia ostreae is a protozoan parasite that infects the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis, causing systemic infections and resulting in massive mortalities in populations of this valuable bivalve species. In this work, we have characterized B. ostreae actin genes and used their sequences for a phylogenetic analysis. Design of different primer sets was necessary to amplify the central coding region of actin genes of B. ostreae. Characterization of the sequences and their amplification in different samples demonstrated the presence of 2 intragenomic actin genes in B. ostreae, without any intron. The phylogenetic analysis placed B. ostreae in a clade with Minchinia tapetis, Minchinia teredinis and Haplosporidium costale as its closest relatives, and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Molecular phylogeny; Actin gene; Ostrea edulis parasite; Bonamia ostreae.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3562.pdf
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Characterization of molecular processes involved in the pearl formation in Pinctada margaritifera for a sustainable development of pearl farming industry in French Polynesia ArchiMer
Gueguen, Yannick; Montagnani, Caroline; Joubert, Caroline; Marie, Benjamin; Belliard, Corinne; Tayale, Alexandre; Fievet, Julie; Levy, Peva; Piquemal, David; Marin, Frederic; Le Moullac, Gilles; Ky, Chin-long; Garen, Pierre; Lo, Cedrick; Saulnier, Denis.
Tahiti’s pearl farming industry plays a major socio-economic role in French Polynesia. In an increasingly competitive market where the production of high quality pearls becomes essential, research can help secure and ensure sustainable production. In that context, Ifremer, in close collaboration with the “direction des resources marines” (French Polynesian government agency) has developed research projects on the “sustainable development of pearl farming”. This program is organized along 3 axes: (1) understanding the animal physiology and initiating a genetically selective breeding program of donor oysters; (2) understanding pearl oyster larvae dispersal and recruitment; (3) understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying biomineralization processes...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pearl oyster; Biomineralization; Pinctada margaritifera.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00167/27840/26049.pdf
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Combination of a pesticide exposure and a bacterial challenge: In vivo effects on immune response of Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg) ArchiMer
Gagnaire, Beatrice; Gay, Melanie; Huvet, Arnaud; Daniel, Jean-yves; Saulnier, Denis; Renault, Tristan.
To assess the impact of pollution induced by pesticides on Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, health in France, in vivo effects of combined pesticide exposure and bacterial challenge on cell activities and gene expression in hemocytes were tested using flow cytometry and real-time PCR. As a first step, an in vivo model of experimental contamination was developed. Pacific oysters were exposed to a mixture of eight pesticides (atrazine, glyphosate, alachlor, metolachlor, fosetyl-alumimium, terbuthylazine, diuron and carbaryl) at environmentally relevant concentrations over a 7-day period. Hemocyte parameters (cell mortality, enzyme activities and phagocytosis) were monitored using flow cytometry and gene expression was evaluated by real-time PCR (RT-PCR)....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Gene expression; Flow cytometry; Vibrio splendidus; Pathogenesis; Phagocytosis; Hemocyte; Pesticides; Bivalve immunity; Crassostrea gigas; Pacific oyster.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3022.pdf
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Compte rendu final du projet Triplofimer : Fiabilité et qualité de la production de naissains triploïdes d'huître creuse (Crassostrea gigas) ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Agogue, Julie; Brizard, Raphael; Haffray, Pierrick; Labbe, Catherine; Le Coz, Jean-rene; Pepin, Jean-francois; Rault, Paul; Saulnier, Denis.
Ce rapport fait état d'une étude réalisée au laboratoire de Génétique et Pathologie de l'IFREMER dans le cadre de l'analyse d'épisodes de mortalité anormale survenue en écloserie privée de crevettes pénéides. Plusieurs hypothèses ont été avancées. La présence de Vibrio harveyi a amené à constituer une collection de 40 souches à partir desquelles une identification bactériologique a été effectuée. Elle montre en effet une dominance de souches appartenant à un groupe homogène de Vibrio harveyi. La technique de ribotypage (digestion d'ADN génomique, transfert de Southem-blot et hybridation avec une sonde spécifique) est alors mise en place. Plusieurs difficultés techniques ont ralenti l'analyse et n'ont donc pas permis d'avoir des résultats assez avancés pour...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Huître creuse; Crassostrea gigas; Tétraploïdes; Sperme; Conservation; Diagnostic zoo-sanitaire; Flore bactérienne; Herpès virus..
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00304/41554/40762.pdf
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Construction of a Vibrio splendidus Vsm metalloprotease mutant using a novel counter-selectable suicide vector ArchiMer
Leroux, Frederique; Binesse, Johan; Saulnier, Denis; Mazel, Didier.
splendidus is a dominant culturable Vibrio in seawater, but strains related to this group are also associated with mortalities in a variety of marine animals. The determinants encoding the pathogenic properties of these strains are still poorly known, however, the recent sequencing of the genome of V. splendidus LGP32, an oyster pathogen, offers the opportunity to decipher the basis of the virulence properties by the disruption of candidate genes. We have developed a novel suicide vector based on the pir-dependant R6K replicative origin, which can be transferred by RP4 based conjugation to, potentially, any Vibrio strain, and which also carries the plasmid F toxin ccdB gene under the control of the PBAD promoter. We demonstrate that this genetic system...
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Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3292.pdf
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Correlation between detection of a plasmid and high-level virulence of Vibrio nigripulchritudo, a pathogen of the shrimp Litopenaeus stylirostris ArchiMer
Reynaud, Yann; Saulnier, Denis; Mazel, D; Goarant, Cyrille; Le Roux, F.
Vibrio nigripulchritudo, the etiological agent of Litopenaeus stylirostris summer syndrome, is responsible for mass mortalities of shrimp in New Caledonia. Epidemiological studies led to the suggestion that this disease is caused by an emergent group of pathogenic strains. Genomic subtractive hybridization was carried out between two isolates exhibiting low and high virulence. Our subtraction library was constituted of 521 specific fragments; 55 of these were detected in all virulent isolates from our collection (n = 32), and 13 were detected only in the isolates demonstrating the highest pathogenicity (n = 19), suggesting that they could be used as genetic markers for high virulence capacity. Interestingly, 10 of these markers are carried by a replicon of...
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Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4523.pdf
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Culture site dependence on pearl size realization in Pinctada margaritifera in relation to recipient oyster growth and mantle graft biomineralization gene expression using the same donor phenotype ArchiMer
Le Pabic, Lore; Parrad, Sophie; Sham Koua, Manaarii; Nakasai, Seiji; Saulnier, Denis; Devaux, Dominique; Ky, Chin-long.
Size is the most important and valuable quality of the cultured black-lip pearl, Pinctada margaritifera. As this pearl aquaculture is carried out at numerous grow-out sites, this study analyzes the environmental influence on pearl size parameters (nacre weight and thickness) in relation to the recipient oyster biometric parameters (shell thickness, height, width, and oyster weight) at harvest time. Toward this end, an experimental graft was designed by using a homogeneous donor oyster phenotype. The recipient oysters were randomly and equally transferred and reared in five commercial and contrasting grow-out locations. Overall inter-site comparisons revealed that the cultured pearl size (N=2168) and the biometric parameters of the recipient oysters were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pinctada margaritifera; Cultured pearl size; Donor oysters; Recipient oysters; Gene expression; Environmental influences.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00321/43191/42738.pdf
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Défi MOREST - Mortalités estivales de l'huître creuse Crassostrea gigas - Caractérisation des facteurs de risques associés aux mortalités estivales - Synthèse du thème 5 - Risque associé aux pathogènes. (La Rochelle 14-15 mars 2006) ArchiMer
Nicolas, Jean-louis; Renault, Tristan; Gagnaire, Beatrice; Garcia, Celine; Le Roux, F; Miossec, Laurence; Pepin, Jean-francois; Saulnier, Denis.
L'un des objectifs principaux des travaux en pathologie des mollusques est d'identifier et d'étudier des agents infectieux capables d'induire des maladies et des mortalités chez les coquillages, en particulier, chez I'huître creuse, Crassostrea gigas, espèce principalement exploitée en France. Ces travaux semblent d'autant plus indispensables qu'il n'existait pas, jusqu'à ces dernières années, de maladies identifiées chez I'huître creuse en Europe excepté le virus herpès suspecté dès 1995 de provoquer des mortalités de naissain (Renault et al, 1995). Les principales maladies des espèces proches sont dues à des parasites comme Haplosporidium nelsoni (Ford et Heskin, 1987) et Perkinsus marinus Olivier et al, 1 998) pour Crassostrea virginica, Marteilia...
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Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00304/41535/40743.pdf
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Detection of early effects of a single herbicide (diuron) and a mix of herbicides and pharmaceuticals (diuron, isoproturon, ibuprofen) on immunological parameters of Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) spat ArchiMer
Luna-acosta, Andrea; Renault, Tristan; Thomas-guyon, Helene; Faury, Nicole; Saulnier, Denis; Budzinski, Helene; Le Menach, K.; Pardon, P.; Fruitier-arnaudin, I.; Bustamante, Paco.
In the context of massive summer mortality events of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, the aim of this study was to investigate the early effects on genes, enzymes and haemocyte parameters implicated in immune defence mechanisms in C. gigas oysters exposed to a potentially hostile environment, i.e. to an herbicide alone or within a mixture. Following 2 h of exposure to the herbicide diuron at 1 mu g L-1 the repression of different genes implicated in immune defence mechanisms in the haemocytes and the inhibition of enzyme activities, such as laccase-type phenoloxidase (PO) in the plasma, were observed. The inhibition of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the plasma was also observed after 6 and 24 h of exposure. In the mixture with the herbicides...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalve; Pollution; Gene expression; Laccase; Superoxide dismutase; Phagocytosis.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00083/19435/17475.pdf
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Development of a duplex Taqman real-time PCR assay for rapid identification of Vibrio splendidus -related and V. aestuarianus strains from bacterial cultures ArchiMer
Saulnier, Denis; De Decker, Sophie; Tourbiez, Delphine; Travers, Marie-agnes.
To enable the rapid and accurate identification of Vibrio splendidus-related and V. aestuarianus strains associated with Pacific cupped oyster Crassostrea gigas mortality, we developed a duplex Taqman real-time PCR assay and evaluated its efficacy. This technique proved to be rapid, sensitive, and specific and will be particularly valuable for epidemiologic studies.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Multiplex real-time PCR; Gene sequencing; Molluscs; Splendidus Glade; Vibrio aestuarianus.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00392/50308/51077.pdf
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Development of an antiseptic procedure to improve retention rates during the grafting process of black-lip oyster, Pinctada margaritifera ArchiMer
Cochennec, Nathalie; Haffner, Philippe; Levy, Peva; Saulnier, Denis; Fougerouse, A.; Langy, Sandra.
In French Polynesia, black pearl cultivation now takes place on about 30 of the 118 atolls or islands. This activity has largely replaced copra, coconut oil and fishing as a source of income. Around 1,000 pearl farms, generally small ones of less than 5 ha, are registered. The pearl farms are mainly owned by families. In 1998, about 7,000 persons were employed in theentire pearl industry, from production to retailing. In value, this activity represents the first exportation of French Polynesian products. From 1988 to date, exports increased exponentially before leveling. Starting with less than two kilograms in 1972, exports have now stabilized at Il tons of "black" pearls.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vibrio; Microbiology; Grafting process; Pinctada margaritifera.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-4928.PDF
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Development of TaqMan real-time PCR assays for monitoring Vibrio harveyi infection and a plasmid harbored by virulent strains in European abalone Haliotis tuberculata aquaculture ArchiMer
Schikorski, David; Renault, Tristan; Paillard, Christine; Bidault-toffin, A.; Tourbiez, Delphine; Saulnier, Denis.
The Gram-negative bacterium Vibrio harveyi is known to be highly pathogenic for the European abalone Haliotis tuberculata, which is a gastronomically important marine gastropod with a high commercial value. Since 1998, some particular bacterial strains are described as implicated in recurrent mortality outbreaks in French farm and field stocks of abalone. Recently, a 9.6kb plasmid named pVCR1, was shown to be harbored by one highly V. harveyi virulent ORM4 strain suggesting its involvement in virulence phenotype. Thus, we have developed in the present study two TaqMan real-time PCR assays allowing to (i) rapidly and specifically detect, by a duplex procedure and in less than 2 h, both V. harveyi and the presence of plasmid pVCR1 from unidentified bacterial...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vibrio harveyi; Haliotis tuberculata; Real-time PCR; Plasmid; Marine pathogen; Molecular diagnostic.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00124/23540/21383.pdf
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