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Argo DAC profile cookbook 5
Scanderbeg, Megan; Rannou, Jean-philippe; Wong, Annie; Klein, Birgit; Schmid, Claudia; King, Brian; Van Wijk, Esmee.
This DAC cookbook is to include instructions for the DACs on how to calculate different variables for the Argo profile files. This is especially true for some of the additional sensors that are being added to Argo floats. The extra variables increase the complexity of the profile file and extra instructions may be necessary, depending on float and sensor type. It is separate from other data manuals because users do not need to understand all these details, but that it is important that all DACs to be calculating the variables in the same manner. There are instructions in this cookbook that apply to all floats and some that apply to only certain float types. Look through the table of contents for the specific float types included.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00300/41151/66479.pdf
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Argo DAC trajectory cookbook 5
Scanderbeg, Megan; Rannou, Jean-philippe; Buck, Justin; Schmid, Claudia; Gilson, John; Swift, Dana.
This DAC cookbook is to include instructions for the DACs on how to calculate different variables for the Argo files. It is separate from other data manuals because users do not need to understand all these details, but that it is important that all DACs to be calculating the variables in the same manner.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00187/29824/66480.pdf
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Argo Data 1999–2019: Two Million Temperature-Salinity Profiles and Subsurface Velocity Observations From a Global Array of Profiling Floats 5
Wong, Annie P. S.; Wijffels, Susan E.; Riser, Stephen C.; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Hosoda, Shigeki; Roemmich, Dean; Gilson, John; Johnson, Gregory C.; Martini, Kim; Murphy, David J.; Scanderbeg, Megan; Bhaskar, T. V. S. Udaya; Buck, Justin J. H.; Merceur, Frederic; Carval, Thierry; Maze, Guillaume; Cabanes, Cécile; André, Xavier; Poffa, Noe; Yashayaev, Igor; Barker, Paul M.; Guinehut, Stéphanie; Belbéoch, Mathieu; Ignaszewski, Mark; Baringer, Molly O'Neil; Schmid, Claudia; Lyman, John M.; Mctaggart, Kristene E.; Purkey, Sarah G.; Zilberman, Nathalie; Alkire, Matthew B.; Swift, Dana; Owens, W. Brechner; Jayne, Steven R.; Hersh, Cora; Robbins, Pelle; West-mack, Deb; Bahr, Frank; Yoshida, Sachiko; Sutton, Philip J. H.; Cancouët, Romain; Coatanoan, Christine; Dobbler, Delphine; Juan, Andrea Garcia; Gourrion, Jerome; Kolodziejczyk, Nicolas; Bernard, Vincent; Bourlès, Bernard; Claustre, Hervé; D'Ortenzio, Fabrizio; Le Reste, Serge; Le Traon, Pierre-yves; Rannou, Jean Philippe; Saout-grit, Carole; Speich, Sabrina; Thierry, Virginie; Verbrugge, Nathalie; Angel-benavides, Ingrid M.; Klein, Birgit; Notarstefano, Giulio; Poulain, Pierre-marie; Vélez-belchí, Pedro; Suga, Toshio; Ando, Kentaro; Iwasaska, Naoto; Kobayashi, Taiyo; Masuda, Shuhei; Oka, Eitarou; Sato, Kanako; Nakamura, Tomoaki; Sato, Katsunari; Takatsuki, Yasushi; Yoshida, Takashi; Cowley, Rebecca; Lovell, Jenny L.; Oke, Peter R.; Van Wijk, Esmee M.; Carse, Fiona; Donnelly, Matthew; Gould, W. John; Gowers, Katie; King, Brian A.; Loch, Stephen G.; Mowat, Mary; Turton, Jon; Rama Rao, E. Pattabhi; Ravichandran, M.; Freeland, Howard J.; Gaboury, Isabelle; Gilbert, Denis; Greenan, Blair J. W.; Ouellet, Mathieu; Ross, Tetjana; Tran, Anh; Dong, Mingmei; Liu, Zenghong; Xu, Jianping; Kang, Kiryong; Jo, Hyeongjun; Kim, Sung-dae; Park, Hyuk-min.
In the past two decades, the Argo Program has collected, processed, and distributed over two million vertical profiles of temperature and salinity from the upper two kilometers of the global ocean. A similar number of subsurface velocity observations near 1,000 dbar have also been collected. This paper recounts the history of the global Argo Program, from its aspiration arising out of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment, to the development and implementation of its instrumentation and telecommunication systems, and the various technical problems encountered. We describe the Argo data system and its quality control procedures, and the gradual changes in the vertical resolution and spatial coverage of Argo data from 1999 to 2019. The accuracies of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Global; Ocean; Pressure; Temperature; Salinity; Argo; Profiling; Floats.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00652/76377/77385.pdf
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Argo Trajectory Cookbook 5
Scanderbeg, Megan; Rannou, Jean-philippe; Buck, Justin; Schmid, Claudia; Gilson, John; Swift, Dana; Sato, Kanako.
This document has been moved to the http://doi.org/10.13155/29824 reference.
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00300/41152/40344.pdf
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On the Future of Argo: A Global, Full-Depth, Multi-Disciplinary Array 5
Roemmich, Dean; Alford, Matthew H.; Claustre, Hervé; Johnson, Kenneth; King, Brian; Moum, James; Oke, Peter; Owens, W. Brechner; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Purkey, Sarah; Scanderbeg, Megan; Suga, Toshio; Wijffels, Susan; Zilberman, Nathalie; Bakker, Dorothee; Baringer, Molly; Belbeoch, Mathieu; Bittig, Henry C.; Boss, Emmanuel; Calil, Paulo; Carse, Fiona; Carval, Thierry; Chai, Fei; Conchubhair, Diarmuid Ó.; D’ortenzio, Fabrizio; Dall’olmo, Giorgio; Desbruyeres, Damien; Fennel, Katja; Fer, Ilker; Ferrari, Raffaele; Forget, Gael; Freeland, Howard; Fujiki, Tetsuichi; Gehlen, Marion; Greenan, Blair; Hallberg, Robert; Hibiya, Toshiyuki; Hosoda, Shigeki; Jayne, Steven; Jochum, Markus; Johnson, Gregory C.; Kang, Kiryong; Kolodziejczyk, Nicolas; Körtzinger, Arne; Traon, Pierre-yves Le; Lenn, Yueng-djern; Maze, Guillaume; Mork, Kjell Arne; Morris, Tamaryn; Nagai, Takeyoshi; Nash, Jonathan; Garabato, Alberto Naveira; Olsen, Are; Pattabhi, Rama Rao; Prakash, Satya; Riser, Stephen; Schmechtig, Catherine; Schmid, Claudia; Shroyer, Emily; Sterl, Andreas; Sutton, Philip; Talley, Lynne; Tanhua, Toste; Thierry, Virginie; Thomalla, Sandy; Toole, John; Troisi, Ariel; Trull, Thomas W.; Turton, Jon; Velez-belchi, Pedro Joaquin; Walczowski, Waldemar; Wang, Haili; Wanninkhof, Rik; Waterhouse, Amy F.; Waterman, Stephanie; Watson, Andrew; Wilson, Cara; Wong, Annie P. S.; Xu, Jianping; Yasuda, Ichiro.
The Argo Program has been implemented and sustained for almost two decades, as a global array of about 4000 profiling floats. Argo provides continuous observations of ocean temperature and salinity versus pressure, from the sea surface to 2000 dbar. The successful installation of the Argo array and its innovative data management system arose opportunistically from the combination of great scientific need and technological innovation. Through the data system, Argo provides fundamental physical observations with broad societally-valuable applications, built on the cost-efficient and robust technologies of autonomous profiling floats. Following recent advances in platform and sensor technologies, even greater opportunity exists now than 20 years ago to (i)...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Argo; Floats; Global; Ocean; Warming; Circulation; Temperature; Salinity.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00509/62043/66192.pdf
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Processing Argo oxygen data at the DAC level 5
Thierry, Virginie; Bittig, Henry; Gilbert, Denis; Kobayashi, Taiyo; Kanako, Sato; Schmid, Claudia.
This document does NOT address the issue of oxygen data quality control (either real-time or delayed mode). As a preliminary step towards that goal, this document seeks to ensure that all countries deploying floats equipped with oxygen sensors document the data and metadata related to these floats properly. We produced this document in response to action item 14 from the AST-10 meeting in Hangzhou (March 22-23, 2009). Action item 14: Denis Gilbert to work with Taiyo Kobayashi and Virginie Thierry to ensure DACs are processing oxygen data according to recommendations. If the recommendations contained herein are followed, we will end up with a more uniform set of oxygen data within the Argo data system, allowing users to begin analysing not only their own...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Argo; Bio-argo; Oxygen.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00287/39795/59750.pdf
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Shallow and deep eastern boundary currents in the South Atlantic at 34.5 ° S: mean structure and variability 5
Kersalé, Marion; Perez, Renellys C.; Speich, Sabrina; Meinen, Christopher S.; Lamont, Tarron; Le Hénaff, Matthieu; Van Den Berg, Marcel A.; Majumder, Sudip; Ansorge, Isabelle J.; Dong, Shenfu; Schmid, Claudia; Terre, Thierry; Garzoli, Silvia L..
The first in situ continuous full‐water‐column observations of the Eastern Boundary Currents (EBCs) at 34.5°S in the South Atlantic are obtained using 23 months of data from a line of Current and Pressure recording Inverted Echo Sounders (CPIES) spanning the Cape Basin. The CPIES are used to evaluate the mean structure of the EBC, the associated water masses, and the volume transport variability. The estimated northward time‐mean Benguela Current absolute geostrophic transport is 24 Sv, with a temporal standard deviation of 17 Sv. Beneath this current the time‐mean transport is southward, indicating the presence of a deep‐EBC (DEBC), with a time‐mean transport of 12 Sv, and a standard deviation of 17 Sv. Offshore of these currents, the shallow and deep...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00479/59022/61644.pdf
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State of the Climate in 2010 5
Achberger, Christine; Ackerman, Steven A.; Ahlstrom, A.; Alfaro, Eric J.; Allan, Robert J.; Alves, Robert J.; Amador, Jorge A.; Amelie, Vincent; Andrianjafinirina, Solonomenjanahary; Antonov, John; Arndt, Derek S.; Ashik, Igor; Atheru, Zachary; Attaher, Samar M.; Baez, Julian; Banzon, Viva; Baringer, Molly O.; Barreira, Sandra; Barriopedro, David; Barthia, Pawan K.; Beal, Lisa M.; Becker, Andreas; Behrenfeld, Michael J.; Bell, Gerald D.; Belward, Alan S.; Benedetti, Angela; Berrisford, Paul; Berry, David I.; Beszczynska-moeller, Agnieszka; Bhatt, Uma S.; Bidegain, Mario; Bindoff, Nathaniel L.; Bissolli, Peter; Blake, Eric S.; Blunden, Jessica; Booneeady, Prithiviraj; Bosilovich, Michael G.; Boudet, Dagne R.; Box, Jason E.; Boyer, Timothy P.; Bromwich, David H.; Brown, Ross; Bryden, Harry L.; Bulygina, Olga N.; Burrows, John; Butler, J.; Cais, Philippe; Calderon, Blanca; Callaghan, T. V.; Camargo, Suzana J.; Cappelen, John; Carmack, Eddy; Chambers, Don P.; Chelliah, Muthuvel; Chidichimo, Maria P.; Christiansen, H.; Christy, John; Coehlo, Caio A. S.; Colwell, Steve; Comiso, Josefino C.; Compo, Gilber P.; Crouch, Jake; Cunningham, Stuart A.; Cutie, Virgen C.; Dai, Aiguo; Davydova-belitskaya, Valentina; De Jeu, Richard; Decker, David; Dee, Dick; Demircan, M.; Derksen, Chris; Diamond, Howard J.; Dlugokencky, Howard; Dohan, Kathleen; Dolman, A. Johannes; Dorigo, Wouter; Drozdov, Dmitry S.; Durack, Paul J.; Dutton, Geoffrey S.; Easterling, David; Ebita, Ayataka; Eischeid, Jon; Elkins, James W.; Epstein, Howard E.; Euscategui, Christian; Faijka-williams, Eleanor; Famiglietti, James S.; Faniriantsoa, Rija; Feely, Richard A.; Fekete, Balazs M.; Fenimore, Chris; Fettweis, Xavier; Field, Eric; Fioletov, Vitali E.; Fogarty, Vitali E.; Fogt, Ryan L.; Forbes, B. C.; Foster, Michael J.; Frajka-williams, E.; Free, Melissa; Frolov, Ivan; Ganesan, A. L.; Ganter, Catherine; Gibney, Ethan J.; Gill, Stephen; Gill, M.; Gitau, Wilson; Gleason, Karin L.; Gobron, Nadine; Goldenberg, Stanley B.; Goni, Gustavo J.; Gonzalez, Idelmis G.; Good, Simon A.; Gottschalck, Jonathan; Gould, William A.; Gouveia, Celia M.; Griffiths, Georgina M.; Guard, Chip; Guevara, Vladimir V.; Haas, C.; Hall, Bradley D.; Halpert, Michael S.; Heidinger, Andrew K.; Heil, A.; Heim, Richard R., Jr.; Hennon, Paula A.; Henry, Greg H. R.; Hidalgo, Hugo G.; Hilburn, Kyle; Hirschi, Joel J. M.; Ho, Shu-peng; Hobgood, Jay S.; Hoerling, Martin; Holgate, Simon; Hook, Simon J.; Hugony, Sebastien; Hurst, D.; Ishihara, Hiroshi; Itoh, M.; Jaimes, Ena; Jeffries, Martin; Jia, Gensu J.; Jin, Xiangze; John, William E.; Johnson, Bryan; Johnson, Gregory C.; Jones, Philip D.; Jumaux, Guillaume; Kabidi, Khadija; Kaiser, Johannes W.; Kanzow, Torsten O.; Kaplan, Alexey; Kearns, Edward J.; Keller, Linda M.; Kennedy, John J.; Khatiwala, Samar; Kholodov, Alexander; Khoshkam, Mahbobeh; Kikuchi, T.; Kimberlain, Todd B.; Knaff, John A.; Kobayashi, Shinya; Kokelj, Steve V.; Korshunova, Natalia N.; Kratz, David P.; Krishfield, Richard; Kruger, Andries; Kruk, Michael C.; Kumar Arun,; Lammers, Richard B.; Lander, Mark A.; Landsea, Chris W.; Lantuit, Hugues; Lantz, Trevor C.; Lapinel, Braulio P.; Lareef, Zubair; Lazzara, Matthew A.; Leon, Antonia L; Leon, Gloria; Lauliette, Eric; Levitus, Sydney; Levy, Joel M.; L'Heureux, Michelle; Lin, I. I.; Liu, Hongxing; Liu, Yanju; Liu, Yi; Loeb, Norman G.; Long, Craig S.; Lorrey, Andrew M.; Lumpkin, Rick; Luo, Jing-jia; Lyman, John M.; Macdonald, Alison M.; Maddux, Brent C.; Maier, Frank; Malkova, Galina; Marchenko, Sergey; Marengo, Jose A.; Maritorena, Stephane; Marotzke, Jochem; Martinez Guingla, Rodney; Maslanik, Jochem; Masson, Robert A.; Mcbride, Charlotte; Mcgree, Simon; Mclaughlin, Fiona; Mcpeters, Rich; Mcvicar, Tim R.; Mears, Carl A.; Medany, Mahmoud A.; Meier, Walt; Meinen, Christopher S.; Merrifield, Mark A.; Miller, Laury; Mitchum, Gary T.; Montzka, Steve; Morcrette, Jean-jacques; Mote, Thomas; Muhle, Jens; Mullan, A. Brett; Murray, Don; Nash, Eric R.; Nerem, Steven R.; Newman, Paul A.; Nishino, S.; Njau, Leonard; Noetzli, J.; Oberbauer, S. F.; Oberman, Naum; Obregon, Andre; Ogallo, Laban; Oludhe, Christopher; O'Malley, Robert T.; Overland, James; Park, Geun-ha; Parker, David E.; Pasch, Richard J.; Pegion, Phil; Peltier, Alexandre; Pelto, Mauri S.; Penalba, Olga C.; Perez, Ramon S; Perlwitz, Judith; Perovich, Donald; Peterson, Thomas C.; Pezza, Alexandre B.; Phillips, David; Pinzon, Jorge E.; Pitts, Michael C.; Proshutinsky, A.; Quegan, S.; Quintana, Juan; Quintero, Alexander; Rabe, B.; Rahimzadeh, Fatemeh; Rajeevan, Madhavan; Rayner, Darren; Rayner, Nick A.; Raynolds, Martha K.; Razuvaev, Vyacheslav N.; Reagan, James R.; Reid, Phillip; Renwick, James A.; Revadekar, Jayashree; Reynolds, Richard W.; Richter-menge, Jacqueline; Rignot, Eric; Robinson, David A.; Rodell, Matthew; Rogers, Mark; Romanovsky, Vladimir; Romero-cruz, Fernando; Ronchail, Josyane; Rosenlof, Karen; Rossi, Shawn; Rutledge, Glenn; Saatchi, Sassan; Sabine, Christopher L.; Saha, Suranjana; Sanchez-lugo, Ahira; Santee, Michelle L.; Sato, Hitoshi; Sawaengphokhai, P.; Sayouri, Amal; Scambos, Ted A.; Schauer, U.; Schemm, Jae; Schmid, Claudia; Schneider, Philipp; Schueller, Dominique; Sensoy, Serhat; Sharp, Martin; Shaver, Gus R.; Shiklomanov, Alexander; Shiklomanov, N.; Shimada, Koji; Siegel, David A.; Simmons, Adrian; Skansi, Maria; Smith, Adam; Smith, Cathy; Smith, S.; Smith, Thomas M.; Sokolov, Vladimir; Spence, Jacqueline M.; Srivastava, Arvind Kumar; Stackhouse, Paul W., Jr.; Stammerjohn, Sharon; Steele, Mike; Steinbrecht, Wolfgang; Stephenson, Tannecia S.; Stolarski, Richard S.; Tahani, Lloyd; Takahashi, Taro; Taylor, Michael A.; Thepaut, Jean-noel; Thiaw, Wassila M.; Thorne, Peter W.; Timmermans, M. L.; Tobin, Skie; Toole, John; Trewin, Blair C.; Trigo, Ricardo M.; Tucker, Compton J.; Tweedie, Craig E.; Van As, D.; Van De Wal, R. S. W.; Van Der A, Ronald J.; Van Der Werf, G. R.; Vautard, Robert; Vieira, G.; Vincent, Lucie A.; Vinther, Lucie A.; Vinther, B.; Vose, Russell; Wagner, Wolfgang; Wahr, John; Walker, David A.; Walsh, John; Wang, Chunzai; Wang, Junhong; Wang, Lei; Wang, Muyin; Wang, Sheng-hung; Wanninkhof, Rik; Weaver, Scott; Webber, Patrick J.; Weber, Mark; Weller, Robert A.; Weyman, James; Whitewood, Robert; Wijffels, Susan E.; Wilber, Anne C.; Willett, Katharine M.; Williams, W.; Willis, Joshua K.; Wolken, Gabriel; Wong, Takmeng; Woodgate, Rebecca; Woodworth, Philip; Wovrosh, Alex J.; Xue, Yan; Yamamoto-kawai, M.; Yin, Xungang; Yu, Lisan; Zhang, Liangying; Zhang, Peiqun; Zhao, L.; Zhou, Xinjia; Zimmermann, S..
Several large-scale climate patterns influenced climate conditions and weather patterns across the globe during 2010. The transition from a warm El Nino phase at the beginning of the year to a cool La Nina phase by July contributed to many notable events, ranging from record wetness across much of Australia to historically low Eastern Pacific basin and near-record high North Atlantic basin hurricane activity. The remaining five main hurricane basins experienced below-to well-below-normal tropical cyclone activity. The negative phase of the Arctic Oscillation was a major driver of Northern Hemisphere temperature patterns during 2009/10 winter and again in late 2010. It contributed to record snowfall and unusually low temperatures over much of northern...
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Ano: 2011 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00660/77164/78582.pdf
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State of the Climate in 2016 5
Arndt, D. S.; Blunden, J.; Dunn, R. J. H.; Aaron-morrison, Arlene P.; Abdallah, A.; Ackerman, Steven A.; Adler, Robert; Alfaro, Eric J.; Allan, Richard P.; Allan, Rob; Alvarez, Luis A.; Alves, Lincoln M.; Amador, Jorge A.; Andreassen, L. M.; Arce, Dayana; Argueez, Anthony; Arndt, Derek S.; Arzhanova, N. M.; Augustine, John; Awatif, E. M.; Azorin-molina, Cesar; Baez, Julian; Bardin, M. U.; Barichivich, Jonathan; Baringer, Molly O.; Barreira, Sandra; Baxter, Stephen; Beck, H. E.; Becker, Andreas; Bedka, Kristopher M.; Behrenfeld, Michael J.; Bell, Gerald D.; Belmont, M.; Benedetti, Angela; Bernhard, G. H.; Berrisford, Paul; Berry, David I.; Bettolli, Maria L.; Bhatt, U. S.; Bidegain, Mario; Biskaborn, B.; Bissolli, Peter; Bjerke, J.; Blake, Eric S.; Blunden, Jessica; Bosilovich, Michael G.; Boucher, Olivier; Boudet, Dagne; Box, J. E.; Boyer, Tim; Braathen, Geir O.; Brimelow, Julian; Bromwich, David H.; Brown, R.; Buehler, S.; Bulygina, Olga N.; Burgess, D.; Calderon, Blanca; Camargo, Suzana J.; Campbell, Jayaka D.; Cappelen, J.; Caroff, P.; Carrea, Laura; Carter, Brendan R.; Chambers, Don P.; Chandler, Elise; Cheng, Ming-dean; Christiansen, Hanne H.; Christy, John R.; Chung, Daniel; Chung, E. -s.; Clem, Kyle R.; Coelho, Caio A. S.; Coldewey-egbers, Melanie; Colwell, Steve; Cooper, Owen R.; Copland, L.; Cross, J. N.; Crouch, Jake; Cutie, Virgen; Davis, Sean M.; De Eyto, Elvira; De Jeu, Richard A. M.; De Laat, Jos; Degasperi, Curtis L.; Degenstein, Doug; Demircan, M.; Derksen, C.; Di Girolamo, Larry; Diamond, Howard J.; Dindyal, S.; Dlugokencky, Ed J.; Dohan, Kathleen; Dokulil, Martin T.; Dolman, A. Johannes; Domingues, Catia M.; Donat, Markus G.; Dong, Shenfu; Dorigo, Wouter A.; Drozdov, D. S.; Dunn, Robert J. H.; Duran-quesada, Ana M.; Dutton, Geoff S.; Elkharrim, M.; Elkins, James W.; Epstein, H. E.; Espinoza, Jhan C.; Etienne-leblanc, Sheryl; Famiglietti, James S.; Farrell, S.; Fateh, S.; Fausto, R. S.; Feely, Richard A.; Feng, Z.; Fenimore, Chris; Fettweis, X.; Fioletov, Vitali E.; Flannigan, Mike; Flemming, Johannes; Fogt, Ryan L.; Folland, Chris; Fonseca, C.; Forbes, B. C.; Foster, Michael J.; Francis, S. D.; Franz, Bryan A.; Frey, Richard A.; Frith, Stacey M.; Froidevaux, Lucien; Ganter, Catherine; Gerland, S.; Gilson, John; Gobron, Nadine; Goldenberg, Stanley B.; Goni, Gustavo; Gonzalez, Idelmis T.; Goto, A.; Greenhough, Marianna D.; Grooss, J. -u.; Gruber, Alexander; Guard, Charles; Gupta, S. K.; Gutierrez, J. M.; Haas, C.; Hagos, S.; Hahn, Sebastian; Haimberger, Leo; Hall, Brad D.; Halpert, Michael S.; Hamlington, Benjamin D.; Hanna, E.; Hanssen-bauer, I; Hare, Jon; Harris, Ian; Heidinger, Andrew K.; Heim, Richard R., Jr.; Hendricks, S.; Hernandez, Marieta; Hernandez, Rafael; Hidalgo, Hugo G.; Ho, Shu-peng; Hobbs, William R.; Huang, Boyin; Huelsing, Hannah K.; Hurst, Dale F.; Ialongo, I.; Ijampy, J. A.; Inness, Antje; Isaksen, K.; Ishii, Masayoshi; Jevrejeva, Svetlana; Jimenez, C.; Jin Xiangze,; John, Viju; Johns, William E.; Johnsen, B.; Johnson, Bryan; Johnson, Gregory C.; Johnson, Kenneth S.; Jones, Philip D.; Jumaux, Guillaume; Kabidi, Khadija; Kaiser, J. W.; Kass, David; Kato, Seiji; Kazemi, A.; Kelem, G.; Keller, Linda M.; Kelly, B. P.; Kendon, Mike; Kennedy, John; Kerr, Kenneth; Kholodov, A. L.; Khoshkam, Mahbobeh; Killick, Rachel; Kim, Hyungjun; Kim, S. -j.; Kimberlain, Todd B.; Klotzbach, Philip J.; Knaff, John A.; Kochtubajda, Bob; Kohler, J.; Korhonen, Johanna; Korshunova, Natalia N.; Kramarova, Natalya; Kratz, D. P.; Kruger, Andries; Kruk, Michael C.; Krumpen, T.; Lakatos, M.; Lakkala, K.; Lanckmann, J. -p.; Lander, Mark A.; Landschuetzer, Peter; Landsea, Chris W.; Lankhorst, Matthias; Lantz, Kathleen; Lazzara, Matthew A.; Leuliette, Eric; Lewis, Stephen R.; L'Heureux, Michelle; Lieser, Jan L.; Lin, I-i; Liu, Hongxing; Liu, Yinghui; Locarnini, Ricardo; Loeb, Norman G.; Long, Craig S.; Loranty, M.; Lorrey, Andrew M.; Loyola, Diego; Lu, Mong-ming; Lumpkin, Rick; Luo, Jing-jia; Luojus, K.; Lyman, John M.; Macara, Gregor; Macdonald, Alison M.; Macias-fauria, M.; Malkova, G. V.; Manney, G.; Marchenko, S. S.; Marengo, Jose A.; Marra, John J.; Marszelewski, Wlodzimierz; Martens, B.; Martinez-gueingla, Rodney; Massom, Robert A.; Mathis, Jeremy T.; May, Linda; Mayer, Michael; Mazloff, Matthew; Mcbride, Charlotte; Mccabe, M. F.; Mccarthy, Gerard; Mccarthy, M.; Mcdonagh, Elaine L.; Mcgree, Simon; Mcvicar, Tim R.; Mears, Carl A.; Meier, W.; Mekonnen, A.; Menezes, V. V.; Mengistu Tsidu, G.; Menzel, W. Paul; Merchant, Christopher J.; Meredith, Michael P.; Merrifield, Mark A.; Minnis, Patrick; Miralles, Diego G.; Mistelbauer, T.; Mitchum, Gary T.; Mitro, Srkani; Monselesan, Didier; Montzka, Stephen A.; Mora, Natalie; Morice, Colin; Morrow, Blair; Mote, T.; Mudryk, L.; Muehle, Jens; Mullan, A. Brett; Mueller, R.; Nash, Eric R.; Nerem, R. Steven; Newman, Louise; Newman, Paul A.; Nieto, Juan Jose; Noetzli, Jeannette; O'Neel, S.; Osborn, Tim J.; Overland, J.; Oyunjargal, Lamjav; Parinussa, Robert M.; Park, E-hyung; Pasch, Richard J.; Pascual-ramirez, Reynaldo; Paterson, Andrew M.; Pearce, Petra R.; Pellichero, Violaine; Pelto, Mauri S.; Peng, Liang; Perkins-kirkpatrick, Sarah E.; Perovich, D.; Petropavlovskikh, Irina; Pezza, Alexandre B.; Phillips, C.; Phillips, David; Phoenix, G.; Pinty, Bernard; Pitts, Michael C.; Pons, M. R.; Porter, Avalon O.; Quintana, Juan; Rahimzadeh, Fatemeh; Rajeevan, Madhavan; Rayner, Darren; Raynolds, M. K.; Razuvaev, Vyacheslav N.; Read, Peter; Reagan, James; Reid, Phillip; Reimer, Christoph; Remy, Samuel; Renwick, James A.; Revadekar, Jayashree V.; Richter-menge, J.; Rimmer, Alon; Robinson, David A.; Rodell, Matthew; Rollenbeck, Ruetger; Romanovsky, Vladimir E.; Ronchail, Josyane; Roquet, F.; Rosenlof, Karen H.; Roth, Chris; Rusak, James A.; Sallee, Jean-bapiste; Sanchez-lugo, Ahira; Santee, Michelle L.; Sarmiento, Jorge L.; Sawaengphokhai, P.; Sayouri, Amal; Scambos, Ted A.; Schemm, Jae; Schladow, S. Geoffrey; Schmid, Claudia; Schmid, Martin; Schoeneich, P.; Schreck, Carl J., Iii; Schuur, Ted; Selkirk, H. B.; Send, Uwe; Sensoy, Serhat; Sharp, M.; Shi, Lei; Shiklomanov, Nikolai I.; Shimaraeva, Svetlana V.; Siegel, David A.; Signorini, Sergio R.; Silov, Eugene; Sima, Fatou; Simmons, Adrian J.; Smeed, David A.; Smeets, C. J. P. P.; Smith, Adam; Smith, Sharon L.; Soden, B.; Spence, Jaqueline M.; Srivastava, A. K.; Stackhouse, Paul W., Jr.; Stammerjohn, Sharon; Steinbrecht, Wolfgang; Stella, Jose L.; Stennett-brown, Roxann; Stephenson, Tannecia S.; Strahan, Susan; Streletskiy, Dimitri A.; Sun-mack, Sunny; Swart, Sebastiaan; Sweet, William; Tamar, Gerard; Taylor, Michael A.; Tedesco, M.; Thoman, R. L.; Thompson, L.; Thompson, Philip R.; Timmermans, M. -l.; Timofeev, Maxim A.; Tirnanes, Joaquin A.; Tobin, Skie; Trachte, Katja; Trewin, Blair C.; Trotman, Adrian R.; Tschudi, M.; Tweedy, Olga; Van As, D.; Van De Wal, R. S. W.; Van Der Schalie, Robin; Van Der Schrier, Gerard; Van Der Werf, Guido R.; Van Meerbeeck, Cedric J.; Velicogna, I.; Verburg, Piet; Vieira, G.; Vincent, Lucie A.; Voemel, Holger; Vose, Russell S.; Wagner, Wolfgang; Wahlin, Anna; Walker, D. A.; Walsh, J.; Wang, Bin; Wang, Chunzai; Wang, Junhong; Wang, Lei; Wang, M.; Wang, Sheng-hung; Wanninkhof, Rik; Watanabe, Shohei; Weber, Mark; Weller, Robert A.; Weyhenmeyer, Gesa A.; Whitewood, Robert; Wiese, David N.; Wijffels, Susan E.; Wilber, Anne C.; Wild, Jeanette D.; Willett, Kate M.; Willie, Shem; Willis, Josh K.; Wolken, G.; Wong, Takmeng; Wood, E. F.; Woolway, R. Iestyn; Wouters, B.; Xue, Yan; Yim, So-young; Yin, Xungang; Yu, Lisan; Zambrano, Eduardo; Zhang, Huai-min; Zhang, Peiqun; Zhao, Guanguo; Zhao, Lin; Ziemke, Jerry R.; Zilberman, Nathalie.
In 2016, the dominant greenhouse gases released into Earth's atmosphere-carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide-continued to increase and reach new record highs. The 3.5 +/- 0.1 ppm rise in global annual mean carbon dioxide from 2015 to 2016 was the largest annual increase observed in the 58-year measurement record. The annual global average carbon dioxide concentration at Earth's surface surpassed 400 ppm (402.9 +/- 0.1 ppm) for the first time in the modern atmospheric measurement record and in ice core records dating back as far as 800000 years. One of the strongest El Nino events since at least 1950 dissipated in spring, and a weak La Nina evolved later in the year. Owing at least in part to the combination of El Nino conditions early in the year and...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00673/78500/80851.pdf
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State of the Climate in 2017 5
Arndt, D. S.; Blunden, J.; Hartfield, G.; Ackerman, Steven A.; Adler, Robert; Alfaro, Eric J.; Allan, Richard P.; Allan, Rob; Alves, Lincoln M.; Amador, Jorge A.; Andreassen, L. M.; Argueez, Anthony; Arndt, Derek S.; Azorin-molina, Cesar; Baez, Julian; Bardin, M. U.; Barichivich, Jonathan; Baringer, Molly O.; Barreira, Sandra; Baxter, Stephen; Beck, H. E.; Becker, Andreas; Bedka, Kristopher M.; Bell, Gerald D.; Belmont, M.; Benedetti, Angela; Berrisford, Paul; Berry, David I.; Bhatt, U. S.; Bissolli, Peter; Bjerke, J.; Blake, Eric S.; Bosilovich, Michael G.; Boucher, Olivier; Box, J. E.; Boyer, Tim; Braathen, Geir O.; Bromwich, David H.; Brown, R.; Buehler, S.; Bulygina, Olga N.; Burgess, D.; Calderon, Blanca; Camargo, Suzana J.; Campbell, Jayaka D.; Cappelen, J.; Carrea, Laura; Carter, Brendan R.; Chambers, Don P.; Cheng, Ming-dean; Christiansen, Hanne H.; Christy, John R.; Chung, E. -s.; Clem, Kyle R.; Coelho, Caio A. S.; Coldewey-egbers, Melanie; Colwell, Steve; Cooper, Owen R.; Copland, L.; Crouch, Jake; Davis, Sean M.; De Eyto, Elvira; De Jeu, Richard A. M.; De Laat, Jos; Degasperi, Curtis L.; Degenstein, Doug; Demircan, M.; Derksen, C.; Di Girolamo, Larry; Diamond, Howard J.; Dlugokencky, Ed J.; Dohan, Kathleen; Dokulil, Martin T.; Dolman, A. Johannes; Domingues, Catia M.; Donat, Markus G.; Dong, Shenfu; Dorigo, Wouter A.; Drozdov, D. S.; Dunn, Robert J. H.; Dutton, Geoff S.; Elkharrim, M.; Elkins, James W.; Epstein, H. E.; Espinoza, Jhan C.; Famiglietti, James S.; Farrell, S.; Fausto, R. S.; Feely, Richard A.; Feng, Z.; Fenimore, Chris; Fettweis, X.; Fioletov, Vitali E.; Flemming, Johannes; Fogt, Ryan L.; Folland, Chris; Forbes, B. C.; Foster, Michael J.; Francis, S. D.; Franz, Bryan A.; Frey, Richard A.; Frith, Stacey M.; Froidevaux, Lucien; Ganter, Catherine; Gerland, S.; Gilson, John; Gobron, Nadine; Goldenberg, Stanley B.; Goni, Gustavo; Grooss, J. -u.; Gruber, Alexander; Guard, Charles; Gupta, S. K.; Gutierrez, J. M.; Haas, C.; Hagos, S.; Hahn, Sebastian; Haimberger, Leo; Hall, Brad D.; Halpert, Michael S.; Hamlington, Benjamin D.; Hanna, E.; Hanssen-bauer, I; Harris, Ian; Heidinger, Andrew K.; Heim, Richard R., Jr.; Hendricks, S.; Hernandez, Marieta; Hernandez, Rafael; Hidalgo, Hugo G.; Ho, Shu-peng; Hobbs, William R.; Huang, Boyin; Hurst, Dale F.; Ialongo, I.; Ijampy, J. A.; Inness, Antje; Isaksen, K.; Ishii, Masayoshi; Jevrejeva, Svetlana; Jimenez, C.; Jin Xiangze,; John, Viju; Johns, William E.; Johnsen, B.; Johnson, Bryan; Johnson, Gregory C.; Johnson, Kenneth S.; Jones, Philip D.; Jumaux, Guillaume; Kabidi, Khadija; Kaiser, J. W.; Kato, Seiji; Kazemi, A.; Keller, Linda M.; Kennedy, John; Kerr, Kenneth; Kholodov, A. L.; Khoshkam, Mahbobeh; Killick, Rachel; Kim, Hyungjun; Kim, S. -j.; Klotzbach, Philip J.; Knaff, John A.; Kohler, J.; Korhonen, Johanna; Korshunova, Natalia N.; Kramarova, Natalya; Kratz, D. P.; Kruger, Andries; Kruk, Michael C.; Krumpen, T.; Lakatos, M.; Lakkala, K.; Lander, Mark A.; Landschuetzer, Peter; Landsea, Chris W.; Lankhorst, Matthias; Lazzara, Matthew A.; Leuliette, Eric; L'Heureux, Michelle; Lieser, Jan L.; Lin, I-i; Liu, Hongxing; Liu, Yinghui; Locarnini, Ricardo; Loeb, Norman G.; Long, Craig S.; Lorrey, Andrew M.; Loyola, Diego; Lumpkin, Rick; Luo, Jing-jia; Luojus, K.; Lyman, John M.; Macias-fauria, M.; Malkova, G. V.; Manney, G.; Marchenko, S. S.; Marengo, Jose A.; Marra, John J.; Marszelewski, Wlodzimierz; Martens, B.; Martinez-gueingla, Rodney; Massom, Robert A.; May, Linda; Mayer, Michael; Mazloff, Matthew; Mcbride, Charlotte; Mccabe, M. F.; Mccarthy, M.; Mcvicar, Tim R.; Mears, Carl A.; Meier, W.; Mekonnen, A.; Mengistu Tsidu, G.; Menzel, W. Paul; Merchant, Christopher J.; Meredith, Michael P.; Merrifield, Mark A.; Miralles, Diego G.; Mitchum, Gary T.; Mitro, Srkani; Monselesan, Didier; Montzka, Stephen A.; Mora, Natalie; Morice, Colin; Mote, T.; Mudryk, L.; Muehle, Jens; Mullan, A. Brett; Mueller, R.; Nash, Eric R.; Nerem, R. Steven; Newman, Louise; Newman, Paul A.; Nieto, Juan Jose; Noetzli, Jeannette; O'Neel, S.; Osborn, Tim J.; Overland, J.; Oyunjargal, Lamjav; Park, E-hyung; Pasch, Richard J.; Pascual-ramirez, Reynaldo; Paterson, Andrew M.; Pearce, Petra R.; Pelto, Mauri S.; Perkins-kirkpatrick, Sarah E.; Perovich, D.; Petropavlovskikh, Irina; Pezza, Alexandre B.; Phillips, C.; Phillips, David; Phoenix, G.; Pinty, Bernard; Rajeevan, Madhavan; Rayner, Darren; Raynolds, M. K.; Reagan, James; Reid, Phillip; Reimer, Christoph; Remy, Samuel; Revadekar, Jayashree V.; Richter-menge, J.; Rimmer, Alon; Robinson, David A.; Rodell, Matthew; Romanovsky, Vladimir E.; Ronchail, Josyane; Rosenlof, Karen H.; Roth, Chris; Rusak, James A.; Sallee, Jean-bapiste; Sanchez-lugo, Ahira; Santee, Michelle L.; Sawaengphokhai, P.; Sayouri, Amal; Scambos, Ted A.; Schladow, S. Geoffrey; Schmid, Claudia; Schmid, Martin; Schreck, Carl J., Iii; Schuur, Ted; Selkirk, H. B.; Send, Uwe; Sensoy, Serhat; Sharp, M.; Shi, Lei; Shiklomanov, Nikolai I.; Shimaraeva, Svetlana V.; Siegel, David A.; Signorini, Sergio R.; Sima, Fatou; Simmons, Adrian J.; Smeed, David A.; Smeets, C. J. P. P.; Smith, Adam; Smith, Sharon L.; Soden, B.; Spence, Jaqueline M.; Srivastava, A. K.; Stackhouse, Paul W., Jr.; Stammerjohn, Sharon; Steinbrecht, Wolfgang; Stella, Jose L.; Stephenson, Tannecia S.; Strahan, Susan; Streletskiy, Dimitri A.; Sun-mack, Sunny; Swart, Sebastiaan; Sweet, William; Tamar, Gerard; Taylor, Michael A.; Tedesco, M.; Thoman, R. L.; Thompson, L.; Thompson, Philip R.; Timmermans, M. -l.; Tobin, Skie; Trachte, Katja; Trewin, Blair C.; Trotman, Adrian R.; Tschudi, M.; Van As, D.; Van De Wal, R. S. W.; Van Der Schalie, Robin; Van Der Schrier, Gerard; Van Der Werf, Guido R.; Van Meerbeeck, Cedric J.; Velicogna, I.; Verburg, Piet; Vincent, Lucie A.; Voemel, Holger; Vose, Russell S.; Wagner, Wolfgang; Walker, D. A.; Walsh, J.; Wang, Bin; Wang, Chunzai; Wang, Junhong; Wang, Lei; Wang, M.; Wang, Sheng-hung; Wanninkhof, Rik; Watanabe, Shohei; Weber, Mark; Weller, Robert A.; Weyhenmeyer, Gesa A.; Whitewood, Robert; Wiese, David N.; Wijffels, Susan E.; Wilber, Anne C.; Wild, Jeanette D.; Willett, Kate M.; Willis, Josh K.; Wolken, G.; Wong, Takmeng; Wood, E. F.; Woolway, R. Iestyn; Wouters, B.; Xue, Yan; Yin, Xungang; Yu, Lisan; Zambrano, Eduardo; Zhang, Huai-min; Zhang, Peiqun; Zhao, Guanguo; Zhao, Lin; Ziemke, Jerry R.; Abernethy, R.; Albanil, Encarnacion Adelina; Aldeco, Laura S.; Aliaga-nestares, Vannia; Anderson, John; Armitage, C.; Avalos, Grinia; Behe, Carolina; Bellouin, Nicolas; Bernhard, G. H.; Blenkinsop, Stephen; Bolmgren, K.; Bouchon, Marilu; Campbell, Ethan C.; Castro, Anabel; Costanza, Carol; Covey, Curt; Coy, Lawrence; Cronin, T.; Cruzado, Luis; Daniel, Raychelle; Davletshin, S. G.; De La Cour, Jacqueline L.; Deline, P.; Dewitte, Boris; Dhurmea, R.; Dickerson, C.; Domingues, Ricardo; Durre, Imke; Eakin, C. Mark; Farmer, J.; Fauchald, P.; Geiger, Erick F.; Gomez, Andrea M.; Gugliemin, Mario; Hansen, K.; Helfrich, S.; Hemming, D. L.; Heron, Scott F.; Heuze, C.; Horstkotte, T.; Hubert, Daan; Hueuze, Celine; Ibrahim, M. M.; Isaac, Victor; Jacobs, Stephanie J.; Jeffries, Martin O.; Karakoylu, Erdem M.; Khan, M. S.; Ladd, C.; Lavado-casimiro, Waldo; Lee, S. -e; Lee, T. C.; Li, Bailing; Li, Tim; Lopez, Luis A.; Luthcke, S.; Marcellin, Vernie; Marin, Dora; Marsh, Benjamin L.; Martin, A; Martinez, Alejandra G.; Martinez-sanchez, Odalys; Meijers, Andrew J. S.; Miller, Ben; Moat, Ben; Mochizuki, Y.; Mosquera-vasquez, Kobi; Mostafa, Awatif E.; Nielsen-gammon, John W.; Noll, Ben E.; Osborne, Emily; Pastor, Saavedra Maria Asuncion; Paulik, Christoph; Peltier, Alexandre; Pinzon, J.; Po-chedley, S.; Polashenski, C.; Purkey, Sarah G.; Quispe, Nelson; Rakotoarimalala, C.; Richardson, A. D.; Ricker, R; Rodriguez, Camino Ernesto; Rosner, Benjamin; Roth, David Mark; Rutishauser, T.; Sasgen, L.; Sayad, T. A.; Scanlon, T.; Schenzinger, Verena; Silow, Eugene; Skirving, William J.; Sofieva, Viktoria; Sparks, T. H.; Spillane, Sandra; Stanitski, Diane M.; Stengel, M.; Stephenson, Kimberly; Strong, Alan E.; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Takahashi, Kenneth S.; Thackeray, S. J.; Thomson, Lthorsteinsson T.; Timbal, Bertrand; Timofeyev, Maxim A.; Tirak, Kyle, V; Togawa, H.; Tommervik, H.; Tourpali, Kleareti; Trinanes, Joaquin A.; Tucker, C. J.; Tye, Mari R.; Van Der A, Ronald J.; Velden, Christopher S.; Vickers, H.; Webster, M.; Westberry, Toby K.; Widlansky, Matthew J.; Wood, K.; Yoon, Huang; York, A.; Zhu, Zhiwei; Ziel, R.; Ziese, Markus G..
In 2017, the dominant greenhouse gases released into Earth’s atmosphere—carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide— reached new record highs. The annual global average carbon dioxide concentration at Earth’s surface for 2017 was 405.0 ± 0.1 ppm, 2.2 ppm greater than for 2016 and the highest in the modern atmospheric measurement record and in ice core records dating back as far as 800 000 years. The global growth rate of CO2 has nearly quadrupled since the early 1960s. With ENSO-neutral conditions present in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean during most of the year and weak La Niña conditions notable at the start and end, the global temperature across land and ocean surfaces ranked as the second or third highest, depending on the dataset,...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00677/78863/81163.pdf
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