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Registros recuperados: 32
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Can Lutjanus purpureus (South red snapper) be "legally" considered a red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus)? Genet. Mol. Biol.
Gomes,Grazielle; Schneider,Horacio; Vallinoto,Marcelo; Santos,Simoni; Orti,Guillermo; Sampaio,Iracilda.
Red snappers (Lutjanus purpureus in Brazil and Lutjanus campechanus in USA and Gulf of Mexico) are both under clear effect of overfishing. Because of their high morphological similarity it has already been suggested that they could possibly be considered as a single species. To investigate the degree of similarity and the genetic structure of red snapper populations we constructed a common dataset of partial D-loop mtDNA sequences of L. purpureus from Brazil (Amapá, Pará and Maranhão) and L. campechanus from the Atlantic coast of the USA (Florida, Louisiana and Mississippi). Phylogenetic and population genetic analyses surprisingly depicted high similarity between L. campechanus and L. purpureus, compatible with the hypothesis of a single species of red...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Red snapper; Lutjanus purpureus; Lutjanus campechanus; Population genetic structure; Mitochondrial D-loop.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572008000200035
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Genetic characterisation of populations of the critically endangered Goliath grouper ( Epinephelus itajara, Serranidae) from the Northern Brazilian coast through analyses of mtDNA Genet. Mol. Biol.
Silva-Oliveira,Gláucia C.; Rêgo,Péricles S. do; Schneider,Horacio; Sampaio,Iracilda; Vallinoto,Marcelo.
The Goliath grouper ( Epinephelus itajara ) is one of the most endangered species of fish of the subfamily Epinephelinae. Slow to develop and mature, and dependent on mangrove habitats for breeding, the species also suffers intense harvesting, which has reduced drastically in numbers in many areas. To contribute to the understanding of the characteristics of E. itajara populations, we conducted a molecular genetics study of the species, focusing on populations from the Northern Brazilian coast. The mtDNA control region (D-loop) of 116 individuals from five localities (Bragança, Ajuruteua, Parnaíba, Fortaleza and Natal) was analysed, and a sequence of 499 base pairs identified. Analyses of the sequences indicated that genetic variability was generally...
Palavras-chave: Goliath grouper; Epinephelus itajara; Control region; MtDNA; Population genetics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572008000500029
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Genetic characterization of native and introduced populations of the neotropical cichlid genus Cichla in Brazil Genet. Mol. Biol.
Carvalho,Daniel Cardoso de; Oliveira,Denise Aparecida Andrade de; Santos,José Enemir dos; Teske,Peter; Beheregaray,Luciano B.; Schneider,Horacio; Sampaio,Iracilda.
A molecular phylogenetic analysis based on mitochondrial 16S ribosomal DNA and Control Region sequences from native and introduced populations was undertaken, in order to characterize the introduction of Cichla (peacock bass or tucunaré) species in Brazil. Mitochondrial DNA haplotypes found in introduced fish from Minas Gerais state (southeastern Brazil) clustered only with those from native species of the Tocantins River (Cichla piquiti and C. kelberi), thereby suggesting a single or, at most, few translocation acts in this area, even though with fish from the same source-population. Our study contributes to an understanding of the introduction of Cichla in regions of Brazil outside the Amazon basin, and adds phylogenetic data to the recently describe...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Peacock bass or tucunaré; MtDNA; Invasive populations; Amazon basin; Minas Gerais.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572009000300025
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Genetic differentiation in populations of Aedes aegypti (Diptera, Culicidae) dengue vector from the Brazilian state of Maranhão Rev. Bras. entomol.
Sousa,Andrelina Alves de; Fraga,Elmary; Sampaio,Iracilda; Schneider,Horacio; Barros,Maria Claudene.
ABSTRACT Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti is the vector responsible for the transmission of the viruses that cause zika, yellow and chikungunya fevers, the four dengue fever serotypes (DENV - 1, 2, 3, 4), and hemorrhagic dengue fever in tropical and subtropical regions around the world. The present study investigated the genetic differentiation of the 15 populations of this vector in the Brazilian state of Maranhão, based on the mitochondrial ND4 marker. A total of 177 sequences were obtained for Aedes aegypti, with a fragment of 337 bps, 15 haplotypes, 15 polymorphics sites, haplotype diversity of h = 0.6938, and nucleotide diversity of π = 0.01486. The neutrality tests (D and Fs) were not significant. The AMOVA revealed that most of the variation (58.47%) was...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Gene flow; Mitochondrial DNA; ND4.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0085-56262017000100051
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Genetic differentiation of Macrodon ancylodon (Sciaenidae, Perciformes) populations in Atlantic coastal waters of South America as revealed by mtDNA analysis Genet. Mol. Biol.
Santos,Simôni; Schneider,Horacio; Sampaio,Iracilda.
The king weakfish (pescada-gó in Portuguese - Macrodon ancylodon (Sciaenidae), a demersal (bottom-feeding) species found in South America Atlantic coastal waters from the Gulf of Paria in Venezuela to Baia Blanca in Argentina, is an economically important species because of its abundance and wide acceptance by consumers. Because of its wide distribution this fish may be subject to geographic isolation and this may have resulted in distinct populations along its coastal range. Considering that this species represents an important economic resource, confirmation of whether M. ancylodon is a single species or there are different genetic stocks spread over its wide distribution would be an important contribution to conservation policies and population...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Macrodon ancylodon; Sciaenidae; Perciformes; 16S rRNA; Cytochrome b; Genetic differentiation.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572003000200008
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Genetic diversity and structuring in the arapaima (Osteoglossiformes, Osteoglossidae) population reveal differences between the Amazon and the Tocantins-Araguaia basins Anais da ABC (AABC)
Nogueira,Fabrícia; Rêgo,Péricles S. do; Queiroz,Helder; Venere,Paulo; Varela,Eduardo S.; Sampaio,Iracilda; Schneider,Horacio; Araripe,Juliana.
Abstract Arapaima is a widely-distributed fish of enormous economic importance in the Amazon region. In the present study, a total of 232 specimens were sampled, 121 from five sites in the Amazon basin and 111 from five sites in the Tocantins-Araguaia basin. The analyses investigated fragments of the Cytochrome b, Control Region, Cytochrome Oxidase I, NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 and seven loci microsatellites. The analyses revealed the existence of two mitochondrial lineages within the general area, with no haplotypes shared between basins, and genetic variability significantly higher in the Amazon than in the Tocantins-Araguaia basin. Two divergent, but sympatric mitochondrial lineages were found in the Amazon basin, but only a single lineage in the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Amazon Basin; Tocantins-Araguaia Basin; Lineages; Structure population; Conservation.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652020000100703
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Genetic variation in native and farmed populations of Tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum) in the Brazilian Amazon: regional discrepancies in farming systems Anais da ABC (AABC)
Aguiar,Jonas; Schneider,Horacio; Gomes,Fátima; Carneiro,Jeferson; Santos,Simôni; Rodrigues,Luis R.; Sampaio,Iracilda.
The tambaqui, Colossoma macropomum, is the most popular fish species used for aquaculture in Brazil but there is no study comparing genetic variation among native and farmed populations of this species. In the present study, we analyzed DNA sequences of the mitochondrial DNA to evaluate the genetic diversity among two wild populations, a fry-producing breeding stock, and a sample of fish farm stocks, all from the region of Santarém, in the west of the Brazilian state of Pará. Similar levels of genetic diversity were found in all the samples and surprisingly the breeding stock showed expressive representation of the genetic diversity registered on wild populations. These results contrast considerably with those of the previous study of farmed stocks in the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Tambaqui; Mitochondrial DNA; Genetic variability; Aquaculture.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652013000401439
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Identification and phylogenetic inferences on stocks of sharks affected by the fishing industry off the Northern coast of Brazil Genet. Mol. Biol.
Rodrigues-Filho,Luis Fernando da Silva; Rocha,Tainá Carreira da; Rêgo,Péricles Sena do; Schneider,Horacio; Sampaio,Iracilda; Vallinoto,Marcelo.
The ongoing decline in abundance and diversity of shark stocks, primarily due to uncontrolled fishery exploitation, is a worldwide problem. An additional problem for the development of conservation and management programmes is the identification of species diversity within a given area, given the morphological similarities among shark species, and the typical disembarkation of processed carcasses which are almost impossible to differentiate. The main aim of the present study was to identify those shark species being exploited off northern Brazil, by using the 12S-16S molecular marker. For this, DNA sequences were obtained from 122 specimens collected on the docks and the fish market in Bragança, in the Brazilian state of Pará. We identified at least 11...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Sharks; Molecular identification; Phylogenetic; MtDNA; Conservation.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572009000200031
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Inclusion of South American samples reveals new population structuring of the blacktip shark (Carcharhinus limbatus) in the western Atlantic Genet. Mol. Biol.
Sodré,Davidson; Rodrigues-Filho,Luis F.S.; Souza,Rosália F.C.; Rêgo,Péricles S.; Schneider,Horacio; Sampaio,Iracilda; Vallinoto,Marcelo.
Carcharhinus limbatus has a cosmopolitan distribution and marked genetic structuring, mainly because of its philopatric behavior. However, analysis of this structuring has not previously included South American populations. In the present study, we analyzed a sample of adult individuals collected on the northern coast of Brazil and compared the sequences of the mitochondrial control region with those of populations already genotyped. Relatively high haplotype diversity (12 haplotypes, genetic diversity of 0.796) was observed, similar to that in other populations but with a much larger number of private alleles. In contrast to populations studied previously, which were represented by neonates, the pronounced allelic variability found in the South American...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Carcharhinus limbatus; Control region; Fishery stocks; Mitochondrial DNA; Population genetics.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572012000500008
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Innovative molecular approach to the identification of Colossoma macropomum and its hybrids Anais da ABC (AABC)
Gomes,Fátima; Schneider,Horacio; Barros,Claudene; Sampaio,Dioniso; Hashimoto,Diogo; Porto-Foresti,Fábio; Sampaio,Iracilda.
Tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum) is the fish species most commonly raised in the Brazilian fish farms. The species is highly adaptable to captive conditions, and is both fast-growing and relatively fecund. In recent years, artificial breeding has produced hybrids with Characiform species, known as "Tambacu" and "Tambatinga". Identifying hybrids is a difficult process, given their morphological similarities with the parent species. This study presents an innovative molecular approach to the identification of hybrids based primarily on Multiplex PCR of a nuclear gene (α-Tropomyosin), which was tested on 93 specimens obtained from fish farms in northern Brazil. The sequencing of a 505-bp fragment of the Control Region (CR) permitted the identification of the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Pisciculture; Multiplex PCR; Mitochondrial DNA; Genetic bottleneck.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652012000200020
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Low levels of genetic diversity depicted from mitochondrial DNA sequences in a heavily exploited marine fish (Cynoscion acoupa, Sciaenidae) from the Northern coast of Brazil Genet. Mol. Biol.
Rodrigues,Rosa; Schneider,Horacio; Santos,Simôni; Vallinoto,Marcelo; Sain-Paul,Ulrich; Sampaio,Iracilda.
The acoupa weakfish (Cynoscion acoupa - Sciaenidae) is a marine species of croaker with estuarine-dependent behavior, found in the western Atlantic from Panama to Argentina. It is one of the most exploited food fish on the northern coast of Brazil. In this study, DNA sequences were determined from the entire control region (D-loop) of the mitochondrial genome of 297 individuals collected during seven different months between December 2003 and August 2005 on the northern coast of Brazil (Amapá and Pará). Genetic variability expressed by haplotype (h = 0,892) and nucleotide (pi = 0,003) diversities were low compared to other heavily exploited marine fish species from the western Atlantic and eastern Asia. AMOVA depicted a lack of genetic structuring among...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cynoscion acoupa; Acoupa weakfish; Sciaenidae; Low genetic diversity; Mitochondrial DNA; D-loop.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572008000300015
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Mitochondrial DNA-like sequence in the nuclear genome of Saguinus (Callitrichinae, Primates): transfer estimation Genet. Mol. Biol.
Vallinoto,Marcelo; Sena,Leonardo; Sampaio,Iracilda; Schneider,Horacio; Schneider,Maria Paula.
Mitochondrial DNA-like sequences have been found in the nuclei of a variety of organisms. These nuclear pseudogenes can be used to estimate relative evolutionary rates of mitochondrial genes, and can be used as outgroups in phylogenetic analyses. In this study, mitochondrial sequences with pseudogene-like characteristics, including deletions and/or insertions and stop codons, were found in tamarins (Saguinus spp., Callitrichinae, Primates). Phylogenetic analysis allowed estimation of the timing of the migration of these sequences to the nuclear genome, and also permitted inferences on the phylogeny of the genus. The choice of an inadequate outgroup (Aotus infulatus) prevented a good phylogenetic resolution of the subfamily Callitrichinae. The relatively...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572000000100006
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Molecular analyses reveal the occurrence of three new sympatric lineages of velvet worms (Onychophora: Peripatidae) in the eastern Amazon basin Genet. Mol. Biol.
Cunha,Williana T. R.; Santos,Rita C. O.; Araripe,Juliana; Sampaio,Iracilda; Schneider,Horacio; Rêgo,Péricles S..
Abstract In the present study, we investigated the possible existence of new lineages of peripatids through comparisons between known Neotropical species and specimens obtained from two locations in Pará, a state in eastern Brazilian Amazonia using a molecular approach based on sequences of the mtDNA genes COI, 16Sr RNA, and 18S RNA. The analyses included also sequences of Asian and African taxa for a more systematic understanding of the phylogenetic relationships within the group. The analysis of the COI, 16S rRNA and 18S RNA sequences permitted the identification of three distinct lineages (A, B and C) based on two different phylogenetic approaches (Bayesian methods and ML). The three lineages presented here are completely distinct from all other...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Amazonia; New lineages; Peripatidae; Phylogeny; Onychophora.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572017000100147
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Molecular authentication of Pargo fillets Lutjanus purpureus (Perciformes: Lutjanidae) by DNA barcoding reveals commercial fraud Neotropical Ichthyology
Veneza,Ivana; Silva,Raimundo; Freitas,Leilane; Silva,Sâmia; Martins,Kely; Sampaio,Iracilda; Schneider,Horacio; Gomes,Grazielle.
ABSTRACT The Caribbean Red Snapper (Pargo) Lutjanus purpureus is the most economically important snapper in Brazil, which is sold, among other forms, as frozen fillets. During the process of transformation into fillets there is the removal of the distinctive morphological traits, being able to favor the substitution by less valued species. In addition, there is no national legislation requiring the insertion of the specific name on the product label. However, according to a Normative Instruction (IN N ° 29/2015 MAPA) that correlates the common and specific names of the products destined to the national trade, in Brazil only L. purpureus and L. campechanus can be denominated “Pargo”. Thus, the DNA barcode tool was used to identify the fillets sold in north...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Commercial fraud; DNA barcode; Fillets; Processed fish; Snapper.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-62252018000100211
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Molecular data highlight hybridization in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri, Cebidae) Genet. Mol. Biol.
Carneiro,Jeferson; Rodrigues-Filho,Luis Fernando da Silva; Schneider,Horacio; Sampaio,Iracilda.
Abstract Hybridization has been reported increasingly frequently in recent years, fueling the debate on its role in the evolutionary history of species. Some studies have shown that hybridization is very common in captive New World primates, and hybrid offspring have phenotypes and physiological responses distinct from those of the "pure" parents, due to gene introgression. Here we used the TA15 Alu insertion to investigate hybridization in the genus Saimiri. Our results indicate the hybridization of Saimiri boliviensis peruviensis with S. sciureus macrodon, and S. b. boliviensis with S. ustus. Unexpectedly, some hybrids of both S. boliviensis peruviensis and S. b. boliviensis were homozygous for the absence of the insertion, which indicates that the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Saimiri; Squirrel monkeys; Alu elements; Hybridization.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572016000400539
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Molecular discrimination of pouched four-eyed opossums from the Mamirauá Reserve in the Brazilian Amazon Genet. Mol. Biol.
Nunes,Cláudia; Ayres,Jose Marcio; Sampaio,Iracilda; Schneider,Horacio.
Previous cytochrome B (CytB) mtDNA studies have suggested four species for the opossum genus Philander (four-eyed opossums), three (P. mcilhennyi, P. andersoni and P. opossum) from the Amazon and one (P. frenata) from the Brazilian Atlantic forest. During a faunal survey nine specimens of Philander sp. and four of Didelphis marsupialis were collected in the Mamirauá Sustainable Reserve, Amazonas State, Brazil. Preliminary analyses based on morphology and geographical distributions were not conclusive, suggesting that Philander specimens could belong to either P. andersoni or P. opossum. In order to elucidate the relationship of this taxon to the remaining Amazonian taxa, seven Philander and two Didelphis specimens animals were sequenced for the cytB mtDNA...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cytochrome B; Mamirauá; Molecular phylogeny; MtDNA; Philander; Pouched four-eyed opossum.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572006000200015
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Molecular identification, phylogeny and geographic distribution of Brazilian mangrove oysters (Crassostrea) Genet. Mol. Biol.
Melo,Aline Grasielle Costa de; Varela,Eduardo Sousa; Beasley,Colin Robert; Schneider,Horacio; Sampaio,Iracilda; Gaffney,Patrick Michael; Reece,Kimberly S.; Tagliaro,Claudia Helena.
Oysters (Ostreidae) manifest a high degree of phenotypic plasticity, whereby morphology is of limited value for species identification and taxonomy. By using molecular data, the aim was to genetically characterize the species of Crassostrea occurring along the Brazilian coast, and phylogenetically relate these to other Crassostrea from different parts of the world. Sequencing of the partial cytochrome oxidase c subunit I gene (COI), revealed a total of three species of Crassostrea at 16 locations along the Brazilian coast. C. gasar was found from Curuçá (Pará state) to Santos (São Paulo state), and C. rhizophorae from Fortim (Ceará state) to Florianópolis (Santa Catarina state), although small individuals of the latter species were also found at Ajuruteua...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Genetic identification; Oysters; Biogeography; COI gene; Ostreidae.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572010000300030
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Molecular phylogenies, chromosomes and dispersion in Brazilian akodontines (Rodentia, Sigmodontinae) Iheringia, Sér. Zool.
Barros,Maria Claudene; Sampaio,Iracilda; Schneider,Horacio; Langguth,Alfredo.
A new molecular phylogeny for akodontine rodents from Brazil was proposed. The phylogenetic tree was enriched with the area of occurrence and with information on the karyotype of the samples. Based on this enriched tree, and with a described methodology, hypotheses were proposed on the karyotype and area of occurrence of the ancestors of each Clade. Thus it was possible to discuss hypotheses on chromosome evolution of the group, and on dispersion events from the "area of original differentiation" of akodontines in the Andes. Chromosome evolution started with high diploid numbers (2n=52) and showed a tendency to reduction (until 2n=14 in more recent clades). Independent side-branches of the tree showed 2n reduction and in one case the 2n increased. At least...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Brazilian akodontines; Chromosome evolution; Biogeography; Molecular phylogeny.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-47212009000400006
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Molecular phylogeny of the genus Saguinus (Platyrrhini, Primates) based on the ND1 mitochondrial gene and implications for conservation Genet. Mol. Biol.
Tagliaro,Claudia Helena; Schneider,Horacio; Sampaio,Iracilda; Schneider,Maria Paula Cruz; Vallinoto,Marcelo; Stanhope,Michael.
The systematics of the subfamily Callitrichinae (Platyrrhini, Primates), a group of small monkeys from South America and Panama, remains an area of considerable discussion despite many investigations, there being continuing controversy over subgeneric taxonomic classifications based on morphological characters. The purpose of our research was to help elucidate the phylogenetic relationships within the monkey genus Saguinus (Callitrichinae) using a molecular approach to discover whether or not the two different sections containing hairy-faced and bare-faced species are monophyletic, whether Saguinus midas midas and Saguinus bicolor are more closely related than are S. midas midas and Saguinus midas niger, and if Saguinus fuscicollis melanoleucus and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Saguinus; Callitrichinae; ND1; Phylogeny; MtDNA; Conservation.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572005000100009
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Molecular studies of Callithrix pygmaea (Primates, Platyrrhini) based on transferrin intronic and ND1 regions: implications for taxonomy and conservation Genet. Mol. Biol.
Tagliaro,Claudia Helena; Schneider,Maria Paula Cruz; Schneider,Horacio; Sampaio,Iracilda; Stanhope,Michael.
Traditional classifications of Platyrrhini monkeys, based mainly on morphological features, are being contested by recent molecular data. The subfamily Callitrichinae (Platyrrhini, Primates) consists of a diverse group of species, many of them considered endangered. Our analysis of two DNA regions, a mtDNA gene (ND1) and a nuclear gene (intronic regions of the transferrin gene), suggests that Callithrix pygmaea may have sufficient variability to justify the existence of subspecies or even separate species. Phylogenetic dendrograms based on the ND1 region show that this species is more closely related to Amazonian than to Atlantic forest marmosets. These results reopen the discussion about diversity and conservation programs based exclusively on traditional...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572000000400006
Registros recuperados: 32
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