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Registros recuperados: 18
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Applying Experimental Economics to Obesity in the Family Household 31
Ehmke, Mariah D.; Warziniack, Travis; Schroeter, Christiane; Morgan, Kari.
The objective of this study is to identify experimental economic tools that can be employed to explain the role of economic behavior in overweight and obesity in the household. We identify three economic experiments that can be used to understand how parent-child economic relationships relate to obesity. Loss aversion experiments are discussed as a tool to understand challenges some individuals face in achieving a healthy diet. Finally, testbed experiments are introduced as a means to test and understand new policies and incentives for better health at the household level.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Carrot stick; Child obesity; Discount rate; Generosity; Loss aversion; Parent-child; Punishment; Trust; Agribusiness; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; I19; Q18; D01; D63.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47198
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Behavioral Economics: A New Heavy weight in Washington? 31
Cash, Sean B.; Schroeter, Christiane.
Honorable Mention, Outstanding Choices Article Award, 2011
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Obesity; Diet; Nutrition; Behavioral economics; Food policy; Health promotion; Consumer/Household Economics; I12; I18; C9.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95755
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CHILDHOOD OBESITY IN THE U.S.: HOW EFFECTIVE ARE SCHOOL PREVENTION PROGRAMS? 31
Schroeter, Christiane; Carreira, Rita I..
This study uses a logistic regression to analyze the 2004-2005 Arkansas Center for Health Improvement body mass index data from four school districts in Arkansas. We conclude that the probability of elementary school children being overweight or at risk of being overweight depends on economic factors, demographics, and food availability.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9933
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CONSUMER ATTITUDES TOWARDS FOOD SAFETY RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH MEAT PROCESSING 31
Schroeter, Christiane.
A focus group study with 37 residents of Manhattan, Kansas, was conducted to examine consumers' risk perceptions of foodborne illnesses from beef. The four focus-group sessions were designed to determine (1) relative preferences for alternative combinations of public food safety (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points(HACCP), carcass pasteurization, irradiation) and private protection (home preparation of rare, medium, and well-done hamburgers); (2) how who is at risk (children vs.adults)influences preferences; (3) whether consumers would pay a premium for the higher levels of product safety arising from the adoption of three different innovations in processing plants; and (4) how to improve risk communication about foodborne illnesses and ways to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26468
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Determining the Impact of Food Price and Income Changes on Obesity 31
Schroeter, Christiane; Lusk, Jayson L.; Tyner, Wallace E..
Despite the significant rise in obesity in the U.S., economic research on obesity is still in its infancy. This paper employs a microeconomic approach to investigate the effects of price and income changes on weight in an effort to determine how a high-calorie food tax, a low-calorie food subsidy, and/or an income changes affect body weight. Although raising the price of high-calorie food typically will likely lead to decreased demand for such goods; it is not clear that such an outcome will actually reduce weight. The model developed in this paper identifies conditions under which price and income changes are mostly likely to actually result in a weight loss. The model is easily implemented using data on own-and cross-price elasticities that are often...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19234
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DO COLLEGE STUDENTS LEARN BY CORRECTING MISSED EXAM QUESTIONS? 31
Schroeter, Christiane; Green, V. Steven; Bess, Erin.
This study determines the learning benefit of correcting missed exam questions. The results show that in addition to exams being an assessment tool, they can also be used as a tool for student learning. The availability of this information will provide help considering design, development, and improvement of traditional assessment methods for student learning.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Student learning; Assessment; Exam; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6471
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Economic Factors and Body Weight: An Empirical Analysis 31
Schroeter, Christiane; Lusk, Jayson L..
With this study, we investigate the effects of changes in economic factors on body weight by constructing a utility theoretic model. The model is empirically estimated by combining data on individuals’ body weight, demographic and physical activity information, and statelevel measures pertaining to the prices of food away from home, food at home, and wages. By combining these data sources, we aim to estimate directly the weight effects of price and income changes. The empirical analysis suggests that decreasing the price of food at home could decrease body weight, a finding which has important public policy implications.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Body mass index; Body weight; Obesity; Subsidy; Tax; Agribusiness; Consumer/Household Economics; D11; D12; I18; H20; R22.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46991
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Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among College Students in Arkansas and Florida: Food Culture vs. Health Knowledge 31
Schroeter, Christiane; House, Lisa; Lorence, Argelia.
This study determines the impact of demographics, dietary and health knowledge, and food culture on fruit and vegetable consumption of college students in Arkansas and Florida. Our empirical analysis demonstrates that food culture significantly impacts consumption of fruits and vegetables; a finding which emphasizes the need to target cultural aspects when developing effective and efficient management of agribusiness firms. Understanding the antecedents to consumption for products like fruits and vegetables is important to agribusiness industry, policy makers and organizations interested in evaluating the effectiveness of health education in promoting college students' health and decreasing the trends to obesity.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Fruit and vegetable consumption; College students; Food culture; Health knowledge; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8165
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Obesity Economics for the Western United States 31
Ehmke, Mariah D.; Willson, Tina M.; Schroeter, Christiane; Hart, Ann Marie; Coupal, Roger H..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92819
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“Pill vs. Broccoli” – The Economics of Health Behavior and Vitamin Consumption 31
Anders, Sven M.; Schroeter, Christiane; Rickard, Bradley J..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61789
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Relating Behavioral Elements of Household Food Negotiation to Childhood Overweight and Obesity 31
Ehmke, Mariah D.; Schroeter, Christiane; Morgan, Kari; Larson-Meyer, Enette; Ballenger, Nicole.
Researchers working in the fields of family studies and psychology show motherchild relationship dynamics affect the occurrence of childhood overweight and obesity. Many of the significant behaviors they identify relate to negotiation and generosity norms in the household. The primary objective of this study is to test the value of altruistic and collective models of household behavior using the dictator and ‘carrotstick’ laboratory experiments. We also test exploratory hypotheses relating mother’s generosity and child’s punitive behavior and mother-child weight and fitness outcomes using dictator and ‘carrot-stick’ games. The data were collected from 50 mother-child pairs in Laramie, Wyoming. The children were all eight to 10 years old. The mother’s...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123516
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Relating diet, demographics and lifestyle to increasing US obesity rates 31
Schroeter, Christiane.
Changes in the American lifestyle are putting more individuals at risk due to the declining quality of their diets. In the last 20 years, the readily available high-fat foods (e.g., "fast foods") combined with the decreased caloric requirements due to lower physical activity levels is assumed to be the major factor in the sharp rise in the prevalence of obesity. The typical away-from-home meal is less healthy than food at home, since it tends to contain more total fat and saturated fat, less calcium, fiber, and iron, and fewer servings of fruits and vegetables. Furthermore, due to the super-sizing trend that is sweeping the market, when Americans eat out, they eat more. Thus, a rising away-from-home consumption appears to establish a significant barrier to...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Obesity; Food source; Fast food; Diet; Lifestyle; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97501
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The Economics of Health Behavior and Vitamin Consumption 31
Schroeter, Christiane; Anders, Sven M.; Carlson, Andrea; Rickard, Bradley J..
Conventionally, fruits and vegetables have been the major source of micronutrients. However, with the rising availability of nutritional supplements, U.S. consumers no longer need to rely on food alone for their nutritional needs. Time-pressured consumers with limited cooking skills and nutrition knowledge may find it easier to take vitamin supplements. The objective of this paper is to determine the impact of lifestyle, diet behavior including vitamin supplement consumption, and food culture on diet quality outcomes as measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI) and total energy intake. We use the 2003-04 U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to examine the relationship between HEI and caloric intake. Further, our specific...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Vitamins; Supplements; Fruits and vegetables; NHANES; Health production; Healthy Eating Index - 2005; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; I1; H2.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116391
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THE IMPACT OF ECONOMIC FACTORS ON CONSUMER HEALTH 31
Schroeter, Christiane; Lusk, Jayson L..
This study estimates the relationship between economic factors and consumer health. The results show that increasing prices of food away from home are associated with decreasing the probability of risk factors and health conditions, which emphasizes the need to differ between multiple food types in health demand analysis.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7364
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The Impact of Food Environment on Branded vs. Private Label Produce Choice 31
Schroeter, Christiane; Cai, Xiaowei.
Over the past two decades, U.S. food retailers are providing more organic private label foods (PLs) which are directly competing with the National Brand (NB) products. From a policy perspective, an increased availability of high-quality PL products might provide consumers with a more affordable way to cover their produce consumption. Using a two-step Heckman selection model, we estimate the impact of purchase information, demographics, and food environment on the purchasing likelihood and expenditure shares of PL organic vs. conventional spinach. Results show that food context, most notably food availability, access, and adult obesity rate, significantly influences organic PL spinach choice.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Brand Loyalty; Quality; Private label; Food Environment; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; I18; D12; R23.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123197
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THE IMPACT OF HEALTH INFORMATION AND DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES ON AGGREGATE MEAT DEMAND 31
Schroeter, Christiane; Foster, Kenneth A..
Over the past few decades, U.S. meat consumption patterns have changed. Food consumption patterns are influenced by changing demographic characteristics, changing lifestyles, increasing health, and nutrition concerns. Prior research suggests that these factors have significant influence on the demand for meat (Capps and Schmitz; Kinnucan, Hsia, and Jackson). By incorporating a demographic and a health information variable in the meat demand system, this study aims to quantify and interpret important non-price determinants of meat demand. Demographic and health information variables might act as demand shifters in the model. Evaluating the effects of changes on meat demand delivers information on the potential existence of structural change in the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20130
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Two-Buck Chuck and Wine Quality: Hedonic Price Analysis of Cool Climate Wines 31
Schroeter, Christiane; Ritchie, Jennifer; Rickard, Bradley J..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103951
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Using Experimental Economics to Measure the Role of Parental Generosity and Food Control in Childhood Obesity 31
Ehmke, Mariah D.; Morgan, Kari; Schroeter, Christiane; Larson-Meyer, Enette; Ballenger, Nicole.
This research uses experimental economics to measure the effect of parental generosity and child response on childhood overweight and obesity. The 'Carrot-Stick' experiment, an adaptation of the standard dictator game in which the respondent (the child) can punish or reward the dictator (the parent) based on the dictator's generosity, served as basis of our examination. Two treatments are conducted, in which the child spends his or her earnings on non-food and food items. Our empirical analysis shows significant relationships between parental weight and their level of generosity regarding food items. We conclude that child response behavior, obesigenic factors in the household, and the child's tendency toward being overweight and obese are significantly...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Overweight; Obesity; Childhood; Family; Bargaining; ‘Carrot-Stick; ’ Dictator; Experimental Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9859
Registros recuperados: 18
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