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Registros recuperados: 13
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Agriculture in the Face of Changing Markets, Institutions and Policies: Challenges and Strategies AgEcon
Balmann, Alfons; Curtiss, Jarmila; Dautzenberg, Kirsti; Happe, Kathrin; Huang, Jikun; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Rozelle, Scott; Sedik, David J.; Ciaian, Pavel; Vranken, Liesbet; Doitchinova, Julia M.; Kanchev, Ivan; Miteva, Albena; Bachev, Hrabrin Ianouchev; Forgacs, Csaba; Guo, Hongdong; Ferto, Imre; Jolly, Robert W.; Zhu, Jianhua; Falkowski, Jan; Milczarek, Dominika; Peyerl, Hermann; Breuer, Gunter; Danilowska, Alina; Zawojska, Aldona; Ramanovich, Mikhail; Hemme, Torsten; Mirzaei, Farhad; Heidelbach, Olaf; Balkhausen, Oliver; Banse, Martin; Perekhozhuk, Oleksandr; Grings, Michael; Luka, Oksana; Epstein, David B.; Naydenov, Nikolay; Sauer, Johannes; Balint, Borbala; Il'ina, Natalia; Svetlov, Nikolai M.; Weitzel, Enno-Burghard; Bayaner, Ahmet; Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Hockmann, Heinrich; Cechura, Lukas; Herzfeld, Thomas; Glauben, Thomas; Azzarri, Carlo; Carletto, Calogero; Davis, Benjamin; Zezza, Alberto; Nivievskyi, Oleg; von Cramon-Taubadel, Stephan; Newton, Claire; Bednarikova, Zuzana; Doucha, Tomas; Travnicek, Zdenek; Fock, Theodor.
Since the late 1980s, agriculture in Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) has been under considerable adjustment pressure due to changing political, economic and institutional environments. These changes have been linked to the transition process, as well as the ongoing integration into the European Union and the world market. Reduced subsidies, increased environmental and food quality demands, as well as structural changes in the supply, processing and food retailing sector call for major structural adjustments and the improvement of farmers’ managerial abilities. Though such changes always carry significant threats to farms, they also offer new opportunities for the farms' entrepreneurial engagement. Upcoming changes in the agricultural...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93012
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Economic Reform in the Newly Independent States of the Former USSR: Effects on Agricultural Production and Trade to 2005 AgEcon
Sedik, David J.; Liefert, William M.; Liapis, Peter S..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50844
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Farm Debt in Transition Countries: Lessons for Tajikistan AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Sedik, David J..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance; International Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54712
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Farm debt in transition countries: Lessons for Tajikistan AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Sedik, David J..
Farms in Tajikistan currently face a severe debt crisis that has been caused by a combination of two factors typical of such situations in many countries: (a) the inability of the farms to make a profit under current conditions and (b) continued lending by the banks to cotton producers regardless of reduced payment capacity and lack of credit-worthiness. The paper traces the accumulation of farm debt in Tajikistan to pervasive government intervention in both financing and production decisions, which has led to soft budget constraints and moral hazard behavior. The purpose of the paper is to inform the debate around the issue of cotton farm debt in Tajikistan by studying the experience of other countries that had to contend with farm debt overhangs in the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm debt; Transition economies; Tajikistan; CIS; Israel; Farm restructuring; Agricultural reforms; Agricultural Finance; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Q140; P210; P320; G300.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49253
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PRODUCTIVITY AND EFFICIENCY OF CORPORATE AND INDIVIDUAL FARMS IN UKRAINE AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Sedik, David J..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7130
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Productivity and Efficiency of Corporate and Individual Farms in Ukraine AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Sedik, David J..
The paper presents a comparative analysis of the productivity of corporate and individual farms in Ukraine based primarily on cross-section data from a farm survey conducted by FAO in 2005. We calculate partial land and labor productivity, total factor productivity, and technical efficiency scores (using Stochastic Frontier Analysis) for farms of different organizational forms. Our results demonstrate with considerable confidence that, contrary to established convictions among the Ukrainian decision makers, the large corporate farms are not more productive than the smaller family farms. This finding is not restricted to Ukraine, as a similar result has been obtained by in Moldova, Russia, and the U.S. Policies encouraging a shift from large corporate farms...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Family farms; Corporate farms; Comparative performance; Technical efficiency; Total factor productivity; Agrarian reforms; Transition countries; Farm Management; Productivity Analysis; D24; J24; P27; P31; P32; Q12; Q15; R14.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9985
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Rethinking agricultural reform in Ukraine AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Sedik, David J.; Pugachov, Nikolai; Goncharuk, Aleksandr.
Land reform and farm restructuring have always been a major component of the transition from plan to market in all formerly socialist countries, and especially in the 12 former Soviet republics forming the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). Ukraine, the second most populous country in CIS (after Russia) and the third largest by area (after Russia and Kazakhstan), began the process of agrarian reform in March 1991, six months before the declaration of independence from the Soviet Union. However, all through the 1990s international organizations berated Ukraine for its slow and insufficient reforms. Derogatory phrases like "one step forward, two steps back", "changing the sign on the door", "disappointing performance", "lack of vigorous progress" were...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92325
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Sources of Agricultural Productivity Growth in Central Asia AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Sedik, David J..
The paper examines agricultural production and productivity growth in two Central Asian countries – Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Both countries are characterized by a significant shift of resources from the traditional Soviet model of collective agriculture to more market-compliant individual and family farming. In both countries, the beginning of the policy-driven switch to family farming around 1997 coincided with the beginning of recovery in agriculture, namely resumption of agricultural growth after a phase of transition decline since 1991. In addition to growth in total agricultural production, we also observe significant increases in productivity of both land and labor since 1997. These observations suggest that productivity growth may be attributable...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural productivity; Agricultural growth; Family farms; Corporate farms; Comparative performance; Agrarian reforms; Transition countries; Central Asia; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis; P27; P31; P32; Q15; R14.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49312
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Sources of Agricultural Productivity Growth in Central Asia: The Case of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Sedik, David J..
The paper examines agricultural production and productivity growth in two Central Asian countries – Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Both countries are characterized by a significant shift of resources from the traditional Soviet model of collective agriculture to more market-compliant individual and family farming. In both countries, the beginning of the policy-driven switch to family farming around 1997 coincided with the beginning of recovery in agriculture, namely resumption of agricultural growth after a phase of transition decline since 1991. In addition to growth in total agricultural production, we also observe significant increases in productivity of both land and labor since 1997. These observations suggest that productivity growth may be attributable...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural productivity; Agricultural growth; Family farms; Corporate farms; Comparative performance; Agrarian reforms; Transition countries; Central Asia; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis; P27; P31; P32; Q15; R14.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54713
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The Economic Effects of Land Reform in Central Asia: The Case of Tajikistan AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Sedik, David J..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46249
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The Role of Agriculture in Central and Eastern European Rural Development: Engine of Change or Social Buffer? AgEcon
Ahrens, Heinz; Balint, Borbala; Baltag, Grigore; Bezlepkina, Irina V.; Blaas, Gejza; Bojnec, Stefan; Borisova, Victoria; Brelik, Agnieszka; Cimpoies, Dragos; von Cramon-Taubadel, Stephan; Danilowska, Alina; Drlik, Jan; Fock, Theodor; Gallerani, Vittorio; Galushko, Viktoriya; Golemanova, Antoaneta; Greif, Franz; Hager, Astrid; Hann, Chris; Horska, Hana; Huirne, Ruud B.M.; Jansik, Csaba; Jechlitschka, Kurt; Kinnucan, Henry W.; Kirschke, Dieter; Krypa, Nada; Malik, Mykola; Matsibora, Tetyana; Mishev, Plamen Dimitrov; Nedyalkov, Anton; Oskam, Arie J.; Oude Lansink, Alfons G.J.M.; Petrick, Martin; Pelse, Modrite; Petrikov, Alexander; Raggi, Meri; Ratinger, Tomas; Revishvili, Zurab; Rodionova, Galina; Samoggia, Antonella; Sarris, Alexander H.; Savastano, Sara; Sedik, David J.; Senczyszyn, Jaroslaw; Spesna, Daniela; Tritten, Christian; Tyran, Ewa; Valentinov, Vladislav; Viaggi, Davide; Wegener, Stefan; Weingarten, Peter; Zmija, Janusz.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93023
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THE ROLE OF LAND MARKETS IN IMPROVING RURAL INCOMES AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Sedik, David J..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7129
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UKRAINE AFTER 2000: A FUNDAMENTAL CHANGE IN LAND AND FARM POLICY? AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Sedik, David J.; Pugachev, Nikolai; Goncharuk, Aleksandr.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7140
Registros recuperados: 13
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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