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FluxEngine: A flexible processing system for calculating atmosphere-ocean carbon dioxide gas fluxes and climatologies ArchiMer
Shutler, Jamie D.; Land, Peter E.; Piolle, Jean-francois; Woolf, David K.; Goddijn-murphy, Lonneke; Paul, Frederic; Girard-ardhuin, Fanny; Chapron, Bertrand; Donlon, Craig J..
The air-sea flux of greenhouse gases (e.g. carbon dioxide, CO2) is a critical part of the climate system and a major factor in the biogeochemical development of the oceans. More accurate and higher resolution calculations of these gas fluxes are required if we are to fully understand and predict our future climate. Satellite Earth observation is able to provide large spatial scale datasets that can be used to study gas fluxes. However, the large storage requirements needed to host such data can restrict its use by the scientific community. Fortunately, the development of cloud-computing can provide a solution. Here we describe an open source air-sea CO2 flux processing toolbox called the ‘FluxEngine’, designed for use on a cloud-computing infrastructure....
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Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00309/42034/41333.pdf
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Integrated Observations of Global Surface Winds, Currents, and Waves: Requirements and Challenges for the Next Decade ArchiMer
Villas Bôas, Ana B.; Ardhuin, Fabrice; Ayet, Alex; Bourassa, Mark A.; Brandt, Peter; Chapron, Bertrand; Cornuelle, Bruce D.; Farrar, J. T.; Fewings, Melanie R.; Fox-kemper, Baylor; Gille, Sarah T.; Gommenginger, Christine; Heimbach, Patrick; Hell, Momme C.; Li, Qing; Mazloff, Matthew R.; Merrifield, Sophia T.; Mouche, Alexis; Rio,; Rodriguez, Ernesto; Shutler, Jamie D.; Subramanian, Aneesh C.; Terrill, Eric J.; Tsamados, Michel; Ubelmann, Clement; Van Sebille, Erik.
Ocean surface winds, currents, and waves play a crucial role in exchanges of momentum, energy, heat, freshwater, gases, and other tracers between the ocean, atmosphere, and ice. Despite surface waves being strongly coupled to the upper ocean circulation and the overlying atmosphere, efforts to improve ocean, atmospheric, and wave observations and models have evolved somewhat independently. From an observational point of view, community efforts to bridge this gap have led to proposals for satellite Doppler oceanography mission concepts, which could provide unprecedented measurements of absolute surface velocity and directional wave spectrum at global scales. This paper reviews the present state of observations of surface winds, currents, and waves, and it...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Air-sea interactions; Doppler oceanography from space; Surface waves; Absolute surface velocity; Ocean surface winds.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00509/62083/66271.pdf
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Progress in satellite remote sensing for studying physical processes at the ocean surface and its borders with the atmosphere and sea ice ArchiMer
Shutler, Jamie D.; Quartly, Graham D.; Donlon, Craig J.; Sathyendranath, Shubha; Platt, Trevor; Chapron, Bertrand; Johannessen, Johnny A.; Girard-ardhuin, Fanny; Nightingale, Philip D.; Woolf, David K.; Hoyer, Jacob L..
Physical oceanography is the study of physical conditions, processes and variables within the ocean, including temperature-salinity distributions, mixing of the water column, waves, tides, currents and air-sea interaction processes. Here we provide a critical review of how satellite sensors are being used to study physical oceanography processes at the ocean surface and its borders with the atmosphere and sea ice. The paper begins by describing the main sensor types that are used to observe the oceans (visible, thermal infrared and microwave) and the specific observations that each of these sensor types can provide. We then present a critical review of how these sensors and observations are being used to study: (i) ocean surface currents, (ii) storm...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Atmosphere-ocean interface; Sea ice; Remote sensing; Surface currents; Storm surge; Surface heat fluxes; Atmosphere-ocean gas fluxes; Oceanography.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00333/44405/44318.pdf
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SKIM, a Candidate Satellite Mission Exploring Global Ocean Currents and Waves ArchiMer
Ardhuin, Fabrice; Brandt, Peter; Gaultier, Lucile; Donlon, Craig; Battaglia, Alessandro; Boy, François; Casal, Tania; Chapron, Bertrand; Collard, Fabrice; Cravatte, Sophie; Delouis, Jean Marc; De Witte, Erik; Dibarboure, Gerald; Engen, Geir; Johnsen, Harald; Lique, Camille; Lopez-dekker, Paco; Maes, Christophe; Martin, Adrien; Marié, Louis; Menemenlis, Dimitris; Nouguier, Frederic; Peureux, Charles; Rampal, Pierre; Ressler, Gerhard; Rio, Marie-helene; Rommen, Bjorn; Shutler, Jamie D.; Suess, Martin; Tsamados, Michel; Ubelmann, Clement; Van Sebille, Erik; Van Den Oever, Martin; Stammer, Detlef.
The Sea surface KInematics Multiscale monitoring (SKIM) satellite mission is designed to explore ocean surface current and waves. This includes tropical currents, notably the poorly known patterns of divergence and their impact on the ocean heat budget, and monitoring of the emerging Arctic up to 82.5°N. SKIM will also make unprecedented direct measurements of strong currents, from boundary currents to the Antarctic circumpolar current, and their interaction with ocean waves with expected impacts on air-sea fluxes and extreme waves. For the first time, SKIM will directly measure the ocean surface current vector from space. The main instrument on SKIM is a Ka-band conically scanning, multi-beam Doppler radar altimeter/wave scatterometer that includes a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ocean current; Tropics; Arctic; Doppler; Altimetry; Sea state; Remote sensing; Ocean waves.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00498/60964/64372.pdf
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The FluxEngine air–sea gas flux toolbox: simplified interface and extensions for in situ analyses and multiple sparingly soluble gases ArchiMer
Holding, Thomas; Ashton, Ian; Shutler, Jamie D.; Land, Peter E.; Nightingale, Philip D.; Rees, Andrew P.; Brown, Ian; Piolle, Jean-francois; Kock, Annette; Bange, Hermann W.; Woolf, David K.; Goddijn-murphy, Lonneke; Pereira, Ryan; Paul, Frederic; Girard-ardhuin, Fanny; Chapron, Bertrand; Rehder, Gregor; Ardhuin, Fabrice; Donlon, Craig J..
The flow (flux) of climate-critical gases, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), between the ocean and the atmosphere is a fundamental component of our climate and an important driver of the biogeochemical systems within the oceans. Therefore, the accurate calculation of these air–sea gas fluxes is critical if we are to monitor the oceans and assess the impact that these gases are having on Earth's climate and ecosystems. FluxEngine is an open-source software toolbox that allows users to easily perform calculations of air–sea gas fluxes from model, in situ, and Earth observation data. The original development and verification of the toolbox was described in a previous publication. The toolbox has now been considerably updated to allow for its use as a Python...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00598/70983/69247.pdf
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Winter weather controls net influx of atmospheric CO2 on the northwest European shelf ArchiMer
Kitidis, Vassilis; Shutler, Jamie D.; Ashton, Ian; Warren, Mark; Brown, Ian; Findlay, Helen; Hartman, Sue E.; Sanders, Richard; Humphreys, Matthew; Kivimae, Caroline; Greenwood, Naomi; Hull, Tom; Pearce, David; Mcgrath, Triona; Stewart, Brian M.; Walsham, Pamela; Mcgovern, Evin; Bozec, Yann; Gac, Jean-philippe; Van Heuven, Steven M. A. C.; Hoppema, Mario; Schuster, Ute; Johannessen, Truls; Omar, Abdirahman; Lauvset, Siv K.; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Olsen, Are; Steinhoff, Tobias; Koertzinger, Arne; Becker, Meike; Lefevre, Nathalie; Diverres, Denis; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Cattrijsse, Andre; Petersen, Wilhelm; Voynova, Yoana G.; Chapron, Bertrand; Grouazel, Antoine; Land, Peter E.; Sharples, Jonathan; Nightingale, Philip D..
Shelf seas play an important role in the global carbon cycle, absorbing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and exporting carbon (C) to the open ocean and sediments. The magnitude of these processes is poorly constrained, because observations are typically interpolated over multiple years. Here, we used 298500 observations of CO2 fugacity (fCO(2)) from a single year (2015), to estimate the net influx of atmospheric CO2 as 26.2 +/- 4.7 Tg C yr(-1) over the open NW European shelf. CO2 influx from the atmosphere was dominated by influx during winter as a consequence of high winds, despite a smaller, thermally-driven, air-sea fCO(2) gradient compared to the larger, biologically-driven summer gradient. In order to understand this climate regulation service, we...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00607/71869/70566.pdf
Registros recuperados: 6
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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