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Registros recuperados: 19
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ARE NEIGHBORS EQUAL? ESTIMATING LOCAL INEQUALITY IN THREE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AgEcon
Elbers, Chris; Lanjouw, Peter; Mistiaen, Johan A.; Ozler, Berk; Simler, Kenneth R..
A methodology to produce disaggregated estimates of inequality is implemented in three developing countries: Ecuador, Madagascar, and Mozambique. These inequality estimates are decomposed into progressively more disaggregated spatial units and the results in all three countries are suggestive that even at a very high level of spatial disaggregation, the contribution of within-community inequality to overall inequality remains very high. The results also indicate there is a considerable amount of variation across communities in all three countries. The basic correlates of local-level inequality are explored, and it is consistently found that geographic characteristics are strongly correlated with inequality, even after controlling for demographic and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16411
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ARE NEIGHBORS EQUAL? ESTIMATING LOCAL INEQUALITY IN THREE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AgEcon
Elbers, Chris; Lanjouw, Peter; Mistiaen, Johan A.; Ozler, Berk; Simler, Kenneth R..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15986
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CULTIVATING NUTRITION: A SURVEY OF VIEWPOINTS ON INTEGRATING AGRICULTURE AND NUTRITION AgEcon
Levin, Carol E.; Long, Jennifer; Simler, Kenneth R.; Johnson-Welch, Charlotte.
Over the past decade, donor-funded policies and programs designed to address undernutrition in the Global South have shifted away from agriculture-based strategies toward nutrient supplementation and food fortification programs. Given the potential benefits resulting from agriculture-based nutrition interventions, this study uses Q methodology to explore the views of a range of stakeholders from both developed and developing countries on the value of-and constraints related to-gender-sensitive, nutrition-oriented agricultural projects. The three distinct viewpoints that emerge from this exercise all support the use of agricultural strategies to improve nutrition and underline the importance of gender-sensitive approaches. The viewpoints differ, however, on...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Nutrition; Agriculture; Gender; Q Methodology; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16454
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CULTIVATING NUTRITION: A SURVEY OF VIEWPOINTS ON INTEGRATING AGRICULTURE AND NUTRITION AgEcon
Levin, Carol E.; Long, Jennifer; Simler, Kenneth R.; Johnson-Welch, Charlotte.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16001
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DETERMINANTS OF POVERTY IN MOZAMBIQUE: 1996-97 AgEcon
Datt, Gaurav; Simler, Kenneth R.; Mukherjee, Sanjukta; Dava, Gabriel.
This report presents an analysis of the structural determinants of living standards and poverty in Mozambique, which is based on nationally-representative data from the first national household living standards survey since the end of the civil war: the Mozambique Inquérito Nacional aos Agregados Familiares Sobre As Condições de Vida (MIAF), or National Household Survey on Living Conditions. Poverty in Mozambique is predominantly a rural phenomenon and is pervasive, with over two-thirds of the population falling below the poverty line. The degree of regional variation of poverty within the country is striking. Poverty levels are highest in Sofala, Tete, and Inhambane Provinces, where over 80 percent of the population lives below the poverty line, and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16427
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Estimating Utility-Consistent Poverty Lines AgEcon
Arndt, Channing; Simler, Kenneth R..
The “Cost of Basic Needs” (CBN) approach to drawing consumption-based poverty lines is widely applied and lays credible claim to being the best practice for estimating poverty measures. Unfortunately, a growing mass of evidence indicates that poverty estimates obtained under the CBN approach are often demonstrably utility inconsistent. Here, we introduce an information theoretic approach for estimating utility-consistent poverty lines. An example of the approach is provided for the case of Mozambique. The approach represents a powerful addition to the poverty analyst’s tool kit and enhances the attractiveness of the CBN approach for practical poverty measurement problems.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Poverty lines; Entropy estimation; Revealed preferences; Mozambique; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59591
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Has Economic Growth in Mozambique Been Pro-Poor? AgEcon
James, Robert C.; Arndt, Channing; Simler, Kenneth R..
Using 1996–97 and 2002–03 nationally representative household surveys, we examine the extent to which growth in Mozambique has been pro-poor. While all sections of society enjoyed a rapid annual increase in consumption between the sample periods, the rate of growth in consumption was slightly higher for richer households. This has led to a moderate increase in inequality at the national level, as demonstrated by the rise in the Gini coefficient from 0.40 to 0.42. However, this slight increase in inequality is not statistically significant, and its impact on poverty reduction efforts is small: the poverty headcount would have been 53.0 percent in 2002–03 if all sections of society had enjoyed the mean growth rate in consumption, compared with the 54.1...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Inequality; Poverty; Growth; Mozambique; Food Security and Poverty; International Development.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59288
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Human Capital, Household Welfare, and Children’s Schooling in Mozambique AgEcon
Handa, Sudhanshu; Simler, Kenneth R.; Harrower, Sarah.
In 1996, following years of war, the government of Mozambique invited IFPRI to analyze the country’s widespread poverty to help develop a strategy for alleviating it, based on a nationally representative household survey of living conditions. As part of the collaboration, IFPRI also provided training in policy analysis to researchers at the Ministry of Planning and Finance and to faculty at Eduardo Mondlane University. The initial collaborative work on the poverty assessment report by IFPRI and its host institutions was the starting point for numerous papers, policy briefs, seminars, and reports. Results from the poverty assessment and an IFPRI research report titled Rebuilding after War: Micro-level Determinants of Poverty Reduction in Mozambique...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Education; Economic aspects; Mozambique; Quality of life; Social conditions; Economic development; Effect of education; Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37896
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Nutrition Mapping in Tanzania: An Exploratory Analysis AgEcon
Simler, Kenneth R..
For effective decision-making, policymakers and program managers often need detailed information about the welfare of the population, including knowledge about which specific areas are most affected by poverty and undernutrition. Household sample surveys are an important source of information, yet because the typical sample size is only a few thousand observations, the information is only useful for inferences at high levels of aggregation, such as the nation or large regional units. In contrast, data sources with wider coverage, such as national censuses, rarely capture detailed information on welfare levels. Recently small-area estimation techniques have been applied to the study of poverty to produce estimates of poverty, or poverty maps, for small...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Nutrition mapping; Malnutrition; Anthropometry; Small area estimation; Tanzania; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55899
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Poverty Comparisons with Absolute Poverty Lines Estimated from Survey Data AgEcon
Simler, Kenneth R.; Arndt, Channing.
The objective of measuring poverty is usually to make comparisons over time or between two or more groups. Common statistical inference methods are used to determine whether an apparent difference in measured poverty is statistically significant. Studies of relative poverty have long recognized that when the poverty line is calculated from sample survey data, both the variance of the poverty line and the variance of the welfare metric contribute to the variance of the poverty estimate. In contrast, studies using absolute poverty lines have ignored the poverty line variance, even when the poverty lines are estimated from sample survey data. Including the poverty line variance could either reduce or increase the precision of poverty estimates, depending on...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Poverty measurement; Bootstrap; Mozambique; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55894
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Poverty Comparisons with Endogenous Absolute Poverty Lines AgEcon
Simler, Kenneth R.; Arndt, Channing.
The objective of measuring poverty is usually to make comparisons over time or between two or more groups. Comm on statistical inference methods are used to determine whether an apparent difference in measured poverty is statistically significant. Studies of relative poverty have long recognized that when the poverty line is calculated from sample survey data, both the variance of the poverty line and the variance of the welfare metric contribute to the variance of the poverty estimate. In contrast, studies using absolute poverty lines have ignored the poverty line variance, even when the poverty lines are estimated from sample survey data. Including the poverty line variance could either reduce or increase the precision of poverty estimates, depending on...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Poverty measurement; Bootstrap; Mozambique; Food Security and Poverty; I32; C13; 012.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25775
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Poverty, Inequality, and Geographic Targeting: Evidence from Small-Area Estimates in Mozambique AgEcon
Simler, Kenneth R.; Nhate, Virgulino.
Typical living standards surveys can provide a wealth of information about welfare levels, poverty, and other household and individual characteristics. However, these estimates are necessarily at a high level of aggregation, because such surveys usually include only a few thousand households, with coarse spatial stratification. Larger databases, such as national censuses, provide sufficient observations for more disaggregated analysis, but typically collect very little socioeconomic information. This paper combines data from the 1996–97 Mozambique National Household Survey of Living Conditions with the 1997 National Population and Housing Census to generate small-area (subdistrict) estimates of welfare, poverty, and inequality, with the associated standard...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Poverty; Inequality; Poverty mapping; Mozambique; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59594
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PUBLIC SPENDING AND POVERTY IN MOZAMBIQUE AgEcon
Heltberg, Rasmus; Simler, Kenneth R.; Tarp, Finn.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; Public Economics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15992
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PUBLIC SPENDING AND POVERTY IN MOZAMBIQUE AgEcon
Heltberg, Rasmus; Simler, Kenneth R.; Tarp, Finn.
Poverty reduction strategies often highlight public spending to improve health and education, focusing on investments in human capital among poorer members of society. In addition, debt relief programs such as the enhanced Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative often require increased spending on health and education in return for debt cancellation. Mozambique's poverty reduction strategy is closely integrated with the government expenditure program, yet up to now little is known about the extent to which public spending is targeted toward the poor in Mozambique. This paper assesses whether public expenditures on education and health are successful at reaching the poorer segments of the Mozambican population. Standard nonbehavioral...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; Public Economics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16462
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QUALITY OR QUANTITY? THE SUPPLY-SIDE DETERMINANTS OF PRIMARY SCHOOLING IN RURAL MOZAMBIQUE AgEcon
Handa, Sudhanshu; Simler, Kenneth R..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15945
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QUALITY OR QUANTITY? THE SUPPLY-SIDE DETERMINANTS OF PRIMARY SCHOOLING IN RURAL MOZAMBIQUE AgEcon
Handa, Sudhanshu; Simler, Kenneth R..
The role of school quality in determining educational outcomes has received much research attention in the United States. However, in developing countries, where a significant part of the school age population never attends school, policymakers must consider both quality and quantity when deciding how to maximize the impact of scarce investments. Acknowledging this difference in the policy environment in developing countries, this paper provides comparative estimates of the impact of quality versus quantity investments in school supply in rural Mozambique, one of the world’s poorest countries. Policy simulations show that improving school quality (through the pupil-teacher ratio) increases grade attainment and efficiency by approximately 9 percent with no...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16468
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REBUILDING AFTER WAR: MICRO-LEVEL DETERMINANTS OF POVERTY REDUCTION IN MOZAMBIQUE AgEcon
Simler, Kenneth R.; Mukherjee, Sanjukta; Dava, Gabriel; Datt, Gaurav.
This report-part of an extensive body of work IFPRI undertook on the state of poverty in Mozambique at the end of a long period of war-zeroes in on the question of what determines living standards and poverty in Mozambique. It aims to identify those public policy interventions that are likely to reduce poverty the most. The authors examine household and community characteristics linked to poverty and develop a microeconometric model to measure the influence of education, employment, demographics, agricultural technology, and infrastructure on consumption. Although the results of this research are directed to policymakers in Mozambique, those concerned with other low-income countries will find the analytical methods and findings useful, especially the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; International Development.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16524
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THE ROBUSTNESS OF POVERTY PROFILES RECONSIDERED AgEcon
Tarp, Finn; Simler, Kenneth R.; Matusse, Cristina; Heltberg, Rasmus; Dava, Gabriel.
Poverty measures and profiles are used increasingly to guide antipoverty policies in low- income countries. An essential element in these analyses is the specification of a poverty line. However, there are many different methods for setting poverty lines, and different methods can yield strikingly different results, with correspondingly different policy implications. Using recent household survey data from Mozambique, this paper explores the differences that occur using the most common poverty line methodologies, the Food Energy Intake (FEI) and the Cost of Basic Needs (CBN) methods, over different levels of geographic specificity. We find that regional and provincial rankings of Foster, Greer, and Thorbecke poverty indices are not robust to the method of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16403
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THE ROBUSTNESS OF POVERTY PROFILES RECONSIDERED AgEcon
Tarp, Finn; Simler, Kenneth R.; Matusse, Cristina; Heltberg, Rasmus; Dava, Gabriel.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15978
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