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Registros recuperados: 23
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CAN FAO's MEASURE OF CHRONIC UNDERNOURISHMENT BE STRENGTHENED? 31
Smith, Lisa C.; Nai Ken, Logan.
In its Sixth World Food Survey released at the 1996 World Food Summit, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) reported that 841 million people in developing countries are chronically undernourished. This number and its country- and regional-level disaggregations have proved tremendously useful to countless aid agencies and researchers. In the context of a recent wave of new nationally-representative household food consumption and expenditure data, this paper examines the estimation methodology underlying this food insecurity indicator, which relies on national aggregate measures of food availability and distribution. The paper finds that the measure is methodologically biased toward national food availability and does not fully...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94868
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Determinants of Dietary Quality: Evidence from Bangladesh 31
Rashid, Dewan Arif; Smith, Lisa C.; Rahman, Tauhidur.
Whereas a large number of empirical studies have been devoted to analyzing consumer demand for dietary energy (or dietary quantity), much less attention has been paid to the demand for dietary quality, an equally important aspect of food security. To address this gap in the literature, this paper uses data from a nationally representative household expenditure survey conducted in Bangladesh in 2000 on the food acquisition behavior of 7,440 households over a two week period. Two indicators of dietary quality are employed: household protein availability and household diet diversity. Using two-stage least squares regression to correct for the endogeneity of income, we find significant roles of income, education, gender of household head, and prices of key...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21326
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EXPLAINING CHILD MALNUTRITION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: A CROSS-COUNTRY ANALYSIS 31
Smith, Lisa C.; Haddad, Lawrence James.
This paper draws on the experience of the 1970-95 period to (1) elucidate some of the main causes of child malnutrition in developing countries; (2) undertake projections of how many children are likely to be malnourished in the year 2020 given current trends; and (3) identify priority actions for reducing malnutrition the most quickly in the coming decades. The analysis is based on country fixed-effects multivariate regression using data from 63 countries. The paper finds four "underlying" determinants to be key factors: health environments, women's education, women's relative status, and per capita food availability. Two "basic" determinants are also found to be important: per capita national incomes and democracy. Due to data scarcities, the role of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94515
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EXPLANING CHILD MALNUTRITION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: A CROSS-COUNTRY ANALYSIS 31
Smith, Lisa C.; Haddad, Lawrence James.
One out of every three children under five in developing countries is malnourished. This unacceptable state of affairs leads to a great deal of human suffering, both physical and emotional. It is a major drain on developing countries' prospects for development because malnourished children require more intense care from their parents and are less physically and intellectually productive as adults. It is also a violation of a child's human rights. While there is no question that malnutrition must come to an end, debates continue to flourish over what the most important causes of malnutrition are and what types of policies will be most successful in reducing it. The number of malnourished children in the developing world has remained fairly constant....
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16532
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FLOODS, FOOD ASSISTANCE AND FOOD MARKETS IN BANGLADESH: COPING WITH A NATIONAL EMERGENCY 31
Smith, Lisa C.; Roy, Dilip; Dorosh, Paul A.; del Ninno, Carlo.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16513
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Food Insecurity in Sub-Saharan Africa: New Estimates from Household Expenditure Surveys 31
Smith, Lisa C.; Alderman, Harold; Aduayom, Dede.
Reducing food insecurity in the developing world continues to be a major public policy challenge, and one that is complicated by lack of information on the location, severity, and causes of food insecurity. Such information is needed to properly target assistance, evaluate whether progress is achieved, and develop appropriate interventions to help those in need. This research report explores a new method of measuring food insecurity using food data collected as part of household expenditure surveys. Such surveys are routinely undertaken by numerous national governments throughout the developing world, but in the past the resulting food data remained largely unexploited for the purposes of measuring food insecurity. Using data from 12 Sub-Saharan African...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food supply; Africa; Sub-Saharan; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37885
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Increasing the Effective Participation of Women in Food and Nutrition Security in Africa 31
Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Meinzen-Dick, Ruth Suseela; Smith, Lisa C..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45774
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INONDATION, AIDE ALIMENTAIRE ET MARCHES ALIMENTAIRES AU BANGLADESH: REPONDRE A UNE URGENCE NATIONALE 31
del Ninno, Carlo; Dorosh, Paul A.; Smith, Lisa C.; Roy, Dilip.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16501
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INUNDACIONES, ASISTENCIA EN ALIMENTOS Y MERCADOS DE ALIMENTOS EN BANGLADESH: LIDIANDO CON UNA EMERGENCIA NACIONAL 31
del Ninno, Carlo; Dorosh, Paul A.; Smith, Lisa C.; Roy, Dilip.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16512
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Is Food Insecurity More Severe in South Asia or Sub-Saharan Africa?: A Comparative Analysis Using Household Expenditure Survey Data 31
Smith, Lisa C.; Wiesmann, Doris M..
This paper uses data from national household expenditure surveys to explore whether food insecurity is more severe in South Asia or Sub-Saharan Africa. It employs two indicators of the diet quantity dimension of food insecurity, or the inability to access sufficient food: the prevalence of food energy deficiency and the prevalence of severe food energy deficiency. It also employs two indicators of the diet quality dimension, indicating lack of access to nutritious food: the prevalence of low diet diversity and the percent of energy from staple foods. It finds the regions’ food energy deficiency prevalences to be quite close (51 percent in South Asia, 57 percent in Sub-Saharan Africa). However, the prevalence of severe food energy deficiency, which is more...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food security; Food energy deficiency; Diet quality; Sub-Saharan Africa; South Asia; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42401
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Is Greater Decisionmaking Power of Women Associated With Reduced Gender Discrimination in South Asia? 31
Smith, Lisa C.; Byron, Elizabeth.
Recent research has shown that improving women’s decisionmaking power relative to men’s within households leads to improvements in a variety of well-being outcomes for children. In South Asia, where the influence of women’s power is particularly strong, these outcomes include children’s nutritional status and the quality of feeding and health care practices. Focusing on nutritional status, this paper presents the results of a study investigating whether increases in women’s power have a stronger positive influence on the nutritional status of their daughters than their sons. If so, then increasing women’s power not only improves the well-being of children as a group, but also serves as a force to reduce long-standing discrimination that undermines female...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender discrimination; Nutritional status; Bangladesh; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59285
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MACROECONOMIC ADJUSTMENT AND THE BALANCE OF BARGAINING POWER IN RURAL WEST AFRICAN HOUSEHOLDS 31
Smith, Lisa C..
The example of cotton-producing households in Burkina Faso is used to investigate (1) how price-shifting macroeconomic adjustment policies affect the balance of bargaining power between spouses in West African households and (2) how the balance of power itself mediates the impact of policies on households' production, income, and welfare.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20865
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OVERCOMING CHILD MALNUTRITION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: PAST ACHIEVEMENTS AND FUTURE CHOICES 31
Smith, Lisa C.; Haddad, Lawrence James.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16239
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OVERCOMING CHILD NUTRITION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: PAST ACHIEVEMENTS AND FUTURE CHOICES 31
Smith, Lisa C.; Haddad, Lawrence James.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Development.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16373
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PUBLIC POLICY, FOOD MARKETS AND HOUSEHOLD COPING STRATEGIES IN BANGLADESH: LESSONS FROM THE 1998 FLOODS 31
del Ninno, Carlo; Dorosh, Paul A.; Smith, Lisa C..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15952
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PUBLIC POLICY, FOOD MARKETS AND HOUSEHOLD COPING STRATEGIES IN BANGLADESH: LESSONS FROM THE 1998 FLOODS 31
del Ninno, Carlo; Dorosh, Paul A.; Smith, Lisa C..
At their peak, the 1998 floods covered two-thirds of Bangladesh, causing severe damage to the major rice crop and threatening the food security of tens of millions of households. Ultimately, well-functioning private markets, suitable government policies, and public and NGO interventions combined with effective private coping strategies to prevent a major post-disaster crisis. In this paper, we highlight the contribution of government policy interventions, including an earlier trade liberalization, to stabilization of rice markets during and after the floods. Then, we examine the impacts of the floods on flood-exposed households using a panel data set covering 750 households in three rounds over a 13-month period, focusing on impacts of the flood on...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Safety net programs; Bangladesh food markets; Household coping; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16425
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STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT AND WELFARE IN RURAL AFRICA: THE ROLE OF RESOURCE CONTROL IN HOUSEHOLDS 31
Smith, Lisa C..
Outline: I. Introduction II. Structural Adjustment in Sub-Saharan Africa III. Conceptual Framework: Welfare Provisioning in Households A. Model of Time and Income Allocation B. Gender-Differentiated Allocational Priorities, Access and Power C. Allocative Inefficiency IV. Structural Adjustment Policy Impacts on Household Welfare A. Expenditure Switching Policies B. Reductions in Government Expenditures on Social Services V. Conclusions
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12673
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SUPPLY RESPONSE OF WEST AFRICAN AGRICULTURAL HOUSEHOLDS: IMPLICATIONS OF INTRAHOUSEHOLD PREFERENCE HETEROGENEITY 31
Smith, Lisa C.; Chavas, Jean-Paul.
This paper explores the implications of preference heterogeneity between wives and husbands in nonresource-pooling rural West African households for the effect of crop price changes on agricultural production, i.e., their supply response. A "semicooperative" game-theoretic model of household decisionmaking, in which household members make unilateral time and income allocation decisions and negotiate over who controls these resources, is proposed. The model is used to show that Pareto efficiency in both production and consumption do not hold. It is then employed to simulate the supply response to cotton price increases accompanying agricultural sector liberalization in Burkina Faso in the early 1980s. The simulated semi-cooperative model predicts the cotton...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94519
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THE 1998 FLOODS IN BANGLADESH: DISASTER IMPACTS, HOUSEHOLD COPING STRATEGIES, AND RESPONSE 31
del Ninno, Carlo; Dorosh, Paul A.; Smith, Lisa C.; Roy, Dilip.
In 1998,“the flood of the century” covered more than two-thirds of Bangladesh, causing crop losses of 2.04 million tons of rice, an amount equal to 10.45 percent of target production in 1998/99. This flood threatened the health and lives of millions through food shortages caused by crop failure, loss of purchasing power, and the spread of water-borne disease. Yet very few flood-related deaths occurred, and reportedly none was due to food shortages. This report, based on data from a survey of 757 rural households in seven flood-affected regions (thanas) conducted in November and December 1998 and on analysis of secondary data on food grain markets, describes how Government of Bangladesh policy, well-functioning private markets, household coping strategies,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16542
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THE IMPORTANCE OF WOMEN'S STATUS FOR CHILD NUTRITION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES 31
Smith, Lisa C.; Ramakrishnan, Usha; Ndiaye, Aida; Haddad, Lawrence James; Martorell, Reynaldo.
Until recently the role of women's social status in determining their children's nutritional health went largely unnoticed. That is, until researchers began to ponder the Asian Enigma-the question of why malnutrition is much more prevalent among children in South Asia than in Sub-Saharan Africa, even though South Asia surpasses Sub-Saharan Africa in most of the principal determinants of child nutrition. This report uses data from 36 countries in three developing regions to establish empirically that women's status, defined as women's power relative to men's, is an important determinant of children's nutritional status. It finds that the pathways through which status influences child nutrition and the strength of that influence differ considerably from one...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16526
Registros recuperados: 23
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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