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Registros recuperados: 16
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A 1991 social accounting matrix (SAM) for Zimbabwe AgEcon
Thomas, Marcelle; Bautista, Romeo M..
"January 1999." "Macro Economic Reforms and Regional Integration in Southern Africa (MERRISA)". Includes bibliographical references (p. 30-31).
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Macroeconomics; Social accounting -- Zimbabwe; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97556
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AGRICULTURAL GROWTH LINKAGES IN ZIMBABWE: INCOME AND EQUITY EFFECTS AgEcon
Bautista, Romeo M.; Thomas, Marcelle.
"September 1998." "MERRISA: Macro Economic Reforms and Regional Integration in Southern Africa." "Presented as a contributed paper at the IAAE Inter-conference Symposium, Challenges Facing Agriculture in Southern Africa, held in Badplaas, South Africa, on August 10-16, 1998"--P. 3. Includes bibliographical references (p. 13-14).
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Income -- Rural areas -- Africa; Agricultural development -- Africa; Agricultural policy -- Economic aspects; Households -- Zimbabwe; Social accounting; International Development.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97549
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AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN INDONESIA: PRODUCER SUPPORT ESTIMATES 1985-2003 AgEcon
Thomas, Marcelle; Orden, David.
As in many other developing countries, the concerns about food security in Indonesia during the 1980s and early 1990s resulted in policies aimed at achieving self-sufficiency in food crops. The Government of Indonesia (GOI) combined price interventions and economic incentives to encourage agricultural production, especially of the staple crops. From 1985 to 1998, Indonesia started a series of domestic and trade reforms emanating from a combination of unilateral undertakings, the country’s commitments to the WTO, and the government’s agreement with the IMF following the 1997/98 financial crisis. This study computes nominal protection rates and producer support estimates (NPR and PSE) for Indonesia for the period 1985-2003 for six agricultural commodities,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60455
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AGRICULTURAL POLICY INTERVENTIONS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: MAPPING THE NATURE, DEGREE AND PROGRESS OF REFORMS AgEcon
Mullen, Kathleen; Sun, Dongsheng; Thomas, Marcelle; Orden, David; Gulati, Ashok.
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/16/04.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20081
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Agricultural producer support estimates for developing countries : measurement issues and evidence from India, Indonesia, China, and Vietnam AgEcon
Orden, David; Cheng, Fuzhi; Nguyen, Hoa; Grote, Ulrike; Thomas, Marcelle; Mullen, Kathleen; Sun, Dongsheng.
The levels of support that trade and domestic farm policies afford to agriculture, and the related processes of policy reform intended to improve the economic efficiency of agricultural production, processing, and marketing, are important issues for developing countries. The effects of policy on agriculture are well documented for wealthy countries, especially by the established and respected studies from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. However, systematic analysis is often lacking for poor countries because of the difficulty and cost of measuring policy effects consistently over time and across commodities. This study contributes to filling the existing research gap by examining the impacts of agricultural policies and policy...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture and state; India; Indonesia; China; Vietnam; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37879
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Agricultural Trade Liberalization in West Asia and North Africa AgEcon
Minot, Nicholas; Chemingui, Mohamed Abdelbasset; Thomas, Marcelle; Dewina, Reno; Orden, David.
Replaced with revised version of paper 06/28/07.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9981
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ASSESSING IMPACTS OF DECLINES IN THE WORLD PRICE OF TOBACCO ON CHINA, MALAWI, TURKEY AND ZIMBABWE AgEcon
Diao, Xinshen; Robinson, Sherman; Thomas, Marcelle; Wobst, Peter.
This study quantitatively analyzes the general equilibrium effects of declines in world demand for tobacco products. The study finds that tobacco exports and production in the three developing countries, Malawi, Zimbabwe, and Turkey, would be badly hit if world tobacco prices fall due to the decline in tobacco demand. Moreover, for a given decrease in the world tobacco price, the more important the tobacco sector is in an economy, the worse the tobacco sector is hit. Tobacco is quite important to the Malawian and Zimbabwean economies as tobacco production and trade accounted for, respectively, 17% and 43% of agricultural GDP and tobacco exports accounted for 50% and 35% of national exports in these two countries. The negative effects of a decline in world...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16273
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Does trade liberalization enhance income growth and equity in Zimbabwe? The Role of Complementary Policies AgEcon
Bautista, Romeo M.; Lofgren, Hans; Thomas, Marcelle.
"September 1998." "MERRISA: Macro Economic Reforms and Regional Integration in Southern Africa." "Paper presented at the Zimbabwe Conference on Macroeconomic Policy, Management, and Performance since Independence, sponsored by the Department of Economics, University of Zimbabwe and the Professional Development and Training Programme in Harare on 19-21 August 1998"--P. iii. Includes bibliographical references (p. 21-22).
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Trade liberalization -- Econometric models.; Zimbabwe -- Economic policy; Income distribution -- Zimbabwe; Fiscal policies; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97552
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FOOD SECURITY AND TRADE NEGOTIATIONS IN THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION: A CLUSTER ANALYSIS OF COUNTRY GROUPS AgEcon
Diaz-Bonilla, Eugenio; Thomas, Marcelle; Robinson, Sherman; Cattaneo, Andrea.
An important issue in WTO trade negotiations is whether further liberalization of trade and agricultural policies may help or hinder food security in WTO member countries, especially the developing countries. The WTO recognizes various classifications of countries: developed, developing, least developed (LDC) and net food importing developing (NFIDC). How well do these categories capture issues of food security? This paper employs various methods of cluster analysis (including an approach based on fuzzy sets) and data for 167 countries to identify groups of countries categorized according to five measures of food security: food production per capita, the ratio of total exports to food imports, calories per capita, protein per capita, and the share of the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food security; WTO; Cluster analysis; Fuzzy classification; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16261
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GLOBALIZING HEALTH BENEFITS FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AgEcon
Diaz-Bonilla, Eugenio; Babinard, Julie; Pinstrup-Andersen, Per; Thomas, Marcelle.
For the health community, globalization offers opportunities but also poses important challenges. Dramatic progress has been made in the area of health over the past forty years; however, improvements have been unequally distributed across regions. Developing countries share a disproportionate burden of avoidable mortality and disability, primarily attributable to preventable infectious diseases, malnutrition, and complications of childbirth. Globalization affects global health, which in turn may improve or worsen the health of the poor in developing countries. This paper reviews the different meanings of globalization and indicators for some of its components. Using a simple framework, it examines the channels, which links globalization and health...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16292
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Income effects of alternative trade policy adjustments on Philippine rural households: a general equilibrium analysis AgEcon
Bautista, Romeo M.; Thomas, Marcelle.
Caption title. "October 1997"--Cover. Includes bibliographical references (leaf 11).
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Import quotas; Income distribution; Tariff; Trade liberalization; Philippines; Consumer/Household Economics; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97560
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MACROECONOMIC AND AGRCULTURAL REFORMS IN ZIMBABWE: POLICY COMPLEMENTARITIES TOWARD EQUITABLE GROWTH AgEcon
Bautista, Romeo M.; Thomas, Marcelle.
Using a CGE (computable general equilibrium) model for Zimbabwe with 1991 as base period, this paper examines quantitatively the income and equity effects of macroeconomic reform measures in isolation and in conjunction with potentially complementary changes in agricultural sector policies. Some important features of the CGE model are an explicit focus on agriculture, distinction among various rural and urban household groups, and detailed specification of factor markets. Specific aspects of economic policy existing in the pre-reform benchmark year are taken into account in the base model, such as the administered setting of the foreign exchange rate, quantitative import restrictions, and government-determined maize prices for domestic producers and grain...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16313
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MACROECONOMIC POLICY REFORMS AND AGRICULTURE: TOWARDS EQUITABLE GROWTH IN ZIMBABWE AgEcon
Bautista, Romeo M.; Thomas, Marcelle; Muir-Leresche, Kay; Lofgren, Hans.
This report investigates the income and equity effects of macroeconomic policy reforms in Zimbabwe, emphasizing linkages between macroeconomic policies and agricultural performance and agriculture's influence on aggregate income and its distribution. Analyses focus on reform of the foreign trade regime, public expenditure, and tax policy, along with the potential benefits of combining these structural changes with various land reform scenarios. The study uses a CGE model that provides a policy simulation laboratory in which exogenous policy changes are analyzed for their economywide income and equity effects. The report highlights the need for policy complementarities in Zimbabwe that can contribute to equitable growth. It should be of interest not only...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16521
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ON BOXES, CONTENTS AND USERS: FOOD SECURITY AND THE WTO NEGOTIATIONS AgEcon
Diaz-Bonilla, Eugenio; Thomas, Marcelle; Robinson, Sherman.
An important component of the current debate about agriculture trade negotiations is whether further liberalization of trade and agricultural policies may help or hinder food security in WTO member countries. These concerns were formulated first, in Article 20 of the Agreement on Agriculture negotiated during the Uruguay Round, which indicated that negotiations should take into consideration, among other things, "non trade concerns"; and in its preamble, which mentioned as examples of those concerns, "food security and the need to protect the environment". They were also reaffirmed in the Doha Declaration, which declares that "the long-term objective" is "to establish a fair and market-oriented trading system through a program of fundamental reform", and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16266
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The 1990's global grain situation and its impact on the food security of selected developing countries AgEcon
Friedberg, Mark; Thomas, Marcelle.
"February 1997." Includes bibliographical references (p. 24-25).
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Grain production; Food security -- Developing countries; Grain -- Prices; Africa -- Economic conditions; Asia -- Economic conditions; Latin America -- Economic conditions; Middle East -- Economic conditions; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97691
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WTO, AGRICULTURE AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: A SURVEY OF ISSUES AgEcon
Diaz-Bonilla, Eugenio; Robinson, Sherman; Thomas, Marcelle; Yanoma, Yukitsugu.
The objective of this paper is to present a survey of trade issues in agriculture from the perspective of developing countries. Developing countries are a large percentage of the World Trade Organization (WTO) membership, and agriculture is critical for their economic growth, poverty alleviation, food security, and environmental sustainability. First, this paper identifies trends in production, consumption, and trade of food and agriculture over the last four decades. Some of the significant developments food and agricultural trade is the emergence of oilseeds and fruits and vegetables, which are becoming the main exports from developing countries, replacing traditional exports such as sugar, coffee and cocoa. The trends show also a worsening of developing...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16278
Registros recuperados: 16
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