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A Lagrangian Method to Isolate the Impacts of Mixed Layer Subduction on the Meridional Overturning Circulation in a Numerical Model ArchiMer
Thomas, Matthew; Treguier, Anne-marie; Blanke, Bruno; Deshayes, Julie; Voldoire, Aurore.
Large differences in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) exhibited between the available ocean models pose problems as to how they can be interpreted for climate policy. A novel Lagrangian methodology has been developed for use with ocean models that enables a decomposition of the AMOC according to its source waters of subduction from the mixed layer of different geographical regions. The method is described here and used to decompose the AMOC of the Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques (CNRM) ocean model, which is approximately 4.5 Sv (1 Sv = 106 m3 s−1) too weak at 26°N, compared to observations. Contributions from mixed layer subduction to the peak AMOC at 26°N in the model are dominated by the Labrador Sea, which contributes...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Circulation; Dynamics; Convection; Lagrangian circulation; Transport; Meridional overturning circulation; Atm; Ocean Structure; Phenomena; Oceanic mixed layer; Models and modeling; General circulation models.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00284/39523/38016.pdf
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Characterizing the chaotic nature of ocean ventilation ArchiMer
Macgilchrist, Graeme A.; Marshall, David P.; Johnson, Helen L.; Lique, Camille; Thomas, Matthew.
Ventilation of the upper ocean plays an important role in climate variability on interannual to decadal timescales by influencing the exchange of heat and carbon dioxide between the atmosphere and ocean. The turbulent nature of ocean circulation, manifest in a vigorous mesoscale eddy field, means that pathways of ventilation, once thought to be quasi-laminar, are in fact highly chaotic. We characterize the chaotic nature of ventilation pathways according to a nondimensional filamentation number, which estimates the reduction in filament width of a ventilated fluid parcel due to mesoscale strain. In the subtropical North Atlantic of an eddy-permitting ocean model, the filamentation number is large everywhere across three upper ocean density...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ventilation; North Atlantic; Thermocline; Chaos; Mesoscale eddies; Lagrangian trajectories.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00410/52104/52807.pdf
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Lagrangian ocean analysis: fundamentals and practices ArchiMer
Van Sebille, Erik; Griffies, Stephen M.; Abernathey, Ryan; Adams, Thomas P.; Berloff, Pavel; Biastoch, Arne; Blanke, Bruno; Chassignet, Eric P.; Cheng, Yu; Cotter, Colin J.; Deleersnijder, Eric; Doos, Kristofer; Drake, Henri F.; Drijfhout, Sybren; Gary, Stefan F.; Heemink, Arnold W.; Kjellsson, Joakim; Koszalka, Inga Monika; Lange, Michael; Lique, Camille; Macgilchrist, Graeme A.; Marsh, Robert; Adame, C. Gabriela Mayorga; Mcadam, Ronan; Nencioli, Francesco; Paris, Claire B.; Piggott, Matthew D.; Polton, Jeff A.; Ruehs, Siren; Shah, Syed H. A. M.; Thomas, Matthew; Wang, Jinbo; Wolfram, Phillip J.; Zanna, Laure; Zika, Jan D..
Lagrangian analysis is a powerful way to analyse the output of ocean circulation models and other ocean velocity data such as from altimetry. In the Lagrangian approach, large sets of virtual particles are integrated within the three-dimensional, time-evolving velocity fields. Over several decades, a variety of tools and methods for this purpose have emerged. Here, we review the state of the art in the field of Lagrangian analysis of ocean velocity data, starting from a fundamental kinematic framework and with a focus on large-scale open ocean applications. Beyond the use of explicit velocity fields, we consider the influence of unresolved physics and dynamics on particle trajectories. We comprehensively list and discuss the tools currently available for...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ocean circulation; Lagrangian analysis; Connectivity; Particle tracking; Future modelling.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00412/52324/53099.pdf
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The control of the Southern Hemisphere Westerlies on the position of the Subtropical Front ArchiMer
De Boer, Agatha M.; Graham, Robert M.; Thomas, Matthew; Kohfeld, Karen E..
In recent years the latitudinal position of the Subtropical Front (STF) has emerged as a key parameter in the global climate. A poleward positioned front is thought to allow a greater salt flux from the Indian to the Atlantic Ocean and so drive a stronger Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Here the common view that the STF aligns with the zero wind stress curl (WSC) is challenged. Based on the STF climatologies of Orsi et al. (1995), Belkin and Gordon (1996), Graham and De Boer (2013), and on satellite scatterometry winds, we find that the zero WSC contour lies on average approximate to 10 degrees, approximate to 8 degrees, and approximate to 5 degrees poleward of the front for the three climatologies, respectively. The circulation in the region...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Subtropical Front; Wind stress curl; Southern Ocean; Satellite data; Fronts; Dynamical Subtropical Front.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00169/28046/26248.pdf
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