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A pattern-filtering method for the determination of ocean bottom pressure anomalies from GRACE solutions 5
Boening, C.; Timmermann, R.; Macrander, A.; Schroeter, J..
Comparison of mass anomalies from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) to in-situ ocean bottom pressure (OBP) data is complicated by the fact that GRACE estimates are representative for phenomena with scales of hundreds of km, while OBP measurements are pointwise by nature. Simulations with the Finite Element Sea-ice Ocean Model (FESOM) indicate that on a monthly time scale OBP anomalies are coherent over large areas of complex geometry. A new filtering method for GRACE-derived ocean mass anomalies is obtained by applying these coherence patterns on a regular grid. Time series from OBP recorders all over the world ocean are used for validation. Compared to Gaussian filtering, the pattern-filtering method improves the correlation between...
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Ano: 2008 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00489/60030/63297.pdf
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Southern Ocean frontal structure and sea-ice formation rates revealed by elephant seals 5
Charrassin, J. -b.; Hindell, M.; Rintoul, S. R.; Roquet, Fabien; Sokolov, S.; Biuw, M.; Costa, D.; Boehme, L.; Lovell, P.; Coleman, R.; Timmermann, R.; Meijers, A.; Meredith, M.; Park, Y. -h.; Bailleul, F.; Goebel, M.; Tremblay, Y; Bost, C. -a.; Mcmahon, C. R.; Field, I. C.; Fedak, M. A.; Guinet, C.
Polar regions are particularly sensitive to climate change, with the potential for significant feedbacks between ocean circulation, sea ice, and the ocean carbon cycle. However, the difficulty in obtaining in situ data means that our ability to detect and interpret change is very limited, especially in the Southern Ocean, where the ocean beneath the sea ice remains almost entirely unobserved and the rate of sea-ice formation is poorly known. Here, we show that southern elephant seals (Mirounga leonina) equipped with oceanographic sensors can measure ocean structure and water mass changes in regions and seasons rarely observed with traditional oceanographic platforms. In particular, seals provided a 30-fold increase in hydrographic profiles from the sea-ice...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Antarctic circumpolar current; Instrumentation; Marine predators; Ocean observation; Sea-ice modeling.
Ano: 2008 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00241/35239/33750.pdf
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