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A European epidemiological survey of Vibrio splendidus clade shows unexplored diversity and massive exchange of virulence factors ArchiMer
Nasfi, H.; Travers, Marie-agnes; De Lorgeril, Julien; Habib, C.; Sannie, T.; Sorieul, L.; Gerard, J.; Avarre, J. C.; Haffner, Philippe; Tourbiez, Delphine; Renault, Tristan; Furones, D.; Roque, A.; Pruzzo, C.; Cheslett, D.; Gdoura, R.; Vallaeys, T..
The Vibrio splendidus clade has previously been associated with epidemic outbreaks of various aquatic animals, as in the case of the cupped oyster, Crassostrea gigas. To investigate whether involved strains could present a clonal origin and to identify possible alternative background carriage animals or zooplankton, a large epidemiological survey was conducted on isolates of the splendidus clade. For this purpose, Vibrio strains were isolated from various samples including oysters, mussels, sediments, zooplankton, and sea water on the basis of a North/South gradient of the European sea water zone (Ireland, The Netherlands, France, Italy, and Spain). A total of 435 isolates were successfully associated to the V. splendidus clade using real time polymerase...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: VNTR; Vibrio splendidus; Epidemiology; Vsm; OmpU; Crassotrea giga; Mortality.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00255/36666/35350.pdf
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A single regulatory gene is sufficient to alter Vibrio aestuarianus pathogenicity in oysters ArchiMer
Goudenege, David; Travers, Marie-agnes; Lemire, Astrid; Petton, Bruno; Haffner, Philippe; Labreuche, Yannick; Tourbiez, Delphine; Mangenot, Sophie; Calteau, Alexandra; Mazel, Didier; Nicolas, Jean-louis; Jacq, Annick; Le Roux, Frederique.
Oyster diseases caused by pathogenic vibrios pose a major challenge to the sustainability of oyster farming. In France since 2012 a disease affecting specifically adult oysters has been associated with the presence of Vibrio aestuarianus. Here, by combining genome comparison, phylogenetic analyses and high throughput infections of strains isolated before or during the recent outbreaks, we show that virulent strains cluster into two V. aestuarianus lineages independently of the sampling dates. The bacterial lethal dose was not different between strains isolated before or after 2012. Hence the emergence of a new highly virulent clonal strain is unlikely. Each lineage comprises nearly identical strains, the majority of them being virulent, suggesting that...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00226/33685/32530.pdf
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Autophagy in Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Moreau, Pierrick; Moreau, Kevin; Morga, Benjamin; Tourbiez, Delphine; Travers, Marie-agnes; Rubinsztein, David; Renault, Tristan.
Mass mortality outbreaks of Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas, are reported in different areas around the world affecting seriously the shellfish aquaculture sector. Two pathogens are associated with these mortality outbreaks, ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) and Vibrio aestuarianus. In this contexte, a better knowledge is needed in terms of oyster immunity. For this purpose, as an important degradation pathway autophagy was investigated in the Pacific oysters. An in silico research of genes involved in autophagy using the C. gigas genome allowed identification of homologs of ATG1 and ATG8/LC3(Microtubule-associated protein 1A/1B-light chain 3). Gene expression and protein detection were analysed using real-time PCR and western blot, respectively. ATG1 and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Autophagy; Pacific oyster; Crassostrea gigas; OsHV-1; Vibrio aestuarianus.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00218/32876/31345.pdf
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Autophagy plays an important role in protecting Pacific oysters from OsHV-1 and Vibrio aestuarianus infections ArchiMer
Moreau, Pierrick; Moreau, Kevin; Segarra, Amelie; Tourbiez, Delphine; Travers, Marie-agnes; Rubinsztein, David C.; Renault, Tristan.
Recent mass mortality outbreaks around the world in Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas, have seriously affected the aquaculture economy. Although the causes for these mortality outbreaks appear complex, infectious agents are involved. Two pathogens are associated with mass mortality outbreaks, the virus ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) and the bacterium Vibrio aestuarianus. Here we describe the interactions between these 2 pathogens and autophagy, a conserved intracellular pathway playing a key role in innate immunity. We show for the first time that autophagy pathway is present and functional in Pacific oysters and plays an important role to protect animals from infections. This study contributes to better understand the innate immune system of Pacific...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Autophagy; Crassostrea gigas; OsHV-1; Pacific oyster; Vibrio aestuarianus; ATG; Autophagy-related; Atg8-PE; Atg8-phosphatidylethenolamine; DNA; Deoxyribonucleic acid; Hpi; Hours postinfection; LC3-II; Cleaved; Lipidated and autophagosome-associated form of LC3; MAP1LC3A; B (LC3A; B); Microtubule-associated proteins 1 light chain 3 alpha.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00269/37989/36072.pdf
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Bilan 2008 du réseau REPAMO - Réseau national de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Francois, Cyrille; Garcia, Celine; Arzul, Isabelle; Joly, Jean-pierre; Miossec, Laurence; Chollet, Bruno; Ferrand, Sylvie; Robert, Maeva; Tourbiez, Delphine; Omnes, Emmanuelle; Cobret, Laetitia; Faury, Nicole; Haffner, Philippe; Saulnier, Denis; Pepin, Jean-francois; Renault, Tristan; Antajan, Elvire; Rauflet, Fabienne; Ropert, Michel; Mouillard, Gilbert; Gerla, Daniel; Annezo, Jean-pierre; Le Gal, Dominique; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Nourry, Max; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Fillon, Alain; Robert, Stephane; Courtois, Olivier.
Créé en 1992, le réseau REPAMO (REseau de PAthologie des MOllusques) est un réseau de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins du littoral français. Son activité s'inscrit dans le cadre de la Directive Européenne 2006/88/CE. Les objectifs du réseau sont de prévenir l'introduction et la propagation d'organismes pathogènes, en particulier ceux à déclaration obligatoire et de surveiller l'évolution de ceux déjà présents sur le territoire national. Ces activités font parties des missions institutionnelles de l'IFREMER. La surveillance assurée par le réseau vise en premier lieu les infections à déclaration obligatoire présentes en France, la bonamiose à Bonamia ostreae chez l'huître plate Ostrea edulis et la marteiliose à Marteilia refringens chez...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Etat de santé.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00086/19709/17351.pdf
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Bilan 2009 du réseau REPAMO - Réseau national de surveillace de la santé des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Francois, Cyrille; Joly, Jean-pierre; Garcia, Celine; Miossec, Laurence; Saulnier, Denis; Pepin, Jean-francois; Arzul, Isabelle; Omnes, Emmanuelle; Tourbiez, Delphine; Faury, Nicole; Haffner, Philippe; Chollet, Bruno; Robert, Maeva; Cobret, Laetitia; Renault, Tristan; Rauflet, Fabienne; Le Gagneur, Eric; Ropert, Michel; Mouillard, Gilbert; Gerla, Daniel; Annezo, Jean-pierre; Le Gal, Dominique; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Breerette, Stephane; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Grizon, James; Robert, Stephane; Courtois, Olivier; Rumebe, Myriam.
Créé en 1992, le réseau REPAMO (REseau de PAthologie des MOllusques) est un réseau de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins du littoral français. Son activité s'inscrit dans le cadre de la Directive Européenne 2006/88/CE. Les objectifs du réseau sont de prévenir l'introduction et la propagation d'organismes pathogènes, en particulier ceux à déclaration obligatoire et de surveiller l'évolution de ceux déjà présents sur le territoire national. Ces activités font parties des missions institutionnelles de l'IFREMER. La surveillance assurée par le réseau vise en premier lieu les infections à déclaration obligatoire présentes en France, la bonamiose à Banamia ostreae chez l'huître plate Ostrea edulis et la marteiliose à Marteilia refringens chez...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Etat de santé.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00086/19711/17352.pdf
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Bilan 2010 du réseau Repamo - Réseau national de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Guichard, Benjamin; Francois, Cyrille; Joly, Jean-pierre; Garcia, Celine; Saulnier, Denis; Pepin, Jean-francois; Arzul, Isabelle; Omnes, Emmanuelle; Tourbiez, Delphine; Faury, Nicole; Haffner, Philippe; Chollet, Bruno; Robert, Maeva; Renault, Tristan; Rauflet, Fabienne; Le Gagneur, Eric; Ropert, Michel; Mouillard, Gilbert; Gerla, Daniel; Annezo, Jean-pierre; Le Gal, Dominique; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Brerette, Stéphane; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Grizon, James; Robert, Stephane; Courtois, Olivier; Rumebe, Myriam; Cantin, Christian.
Créé en 1992, le réseau REPAMO (REseau de PAthologie des MOllusques) est un réseau de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins du littoral français. Son activité s’inscrit dans le cadre de la Directive Européenne 2006/88/CE. Les objectifs du réseau sont de prévenir l’introduction et la propagation d’organismes pathogènes, en particulier ceux à déclaration obligatoire et de surveiller l’évolution de ceux déjà présents sur le territoire national. Ces activités font parties des missions institutionnelles de l’IFREMER. La surveillance assurée par le réseau vise en premier lieu les infections à déclaration obligatoire présentes en France, la bonamiose à Bonamia ostreae chez l’huître plate Ostrea edulis et la marteiliose à Marteilia refringens chez...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Santé; Surveillance.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00059/17050/14599.pdf
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Bilan 2012 du réseau REPAMO - Réseau national de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Francois, Cyrille; Joly, Jean-pierre; Garcia, Celine; Lupo, Coralie; Travers, Marie-agnes; Pepin, Jean-francois; Hatt, Philippe-jacques; Arzul, Isabelle; Omnes, Emmanuelle; Tourbiez, Delphine; Faury, Nicole; Haffner, Philippe; Huchet, Eve; Dubreuil, Christine; Chollet, Bruno; Renault, Tristan; Cordier, Remy; Hebert, Pascale; Le Gagneur, Eric; Parrad, Sophie; Gerla, Daniel; Annezo, Jean-pierre; Terre-terrillon, Aouregan; Le Gal, Dominique; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Hittier, Benoist; Grizon, James; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Robert, Stephane; Seugnet, Jean-luc; Rumebe, Myriam; Le Gall, Patrik; Bouchoucha, Marc; Baldi, Yoann; Masson, Jean-claude.
Créé en 1992, le réseau Repamo (REseau de PAthologie des MOllusques) est un réseau de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins du littoral français. Son activité s’inscrit dans le cadre de la Directive Européenne 2006/88/CE. Les objectifs du réseau sont de prévenir l’introduction et la propagation d’organismes pathogènes, en particulier ceux à réglementés et de surveiller l’évolution de ceux déjà présents sur le territoire national. Ces activités font partie des missions institutionnelles de l’IFREMER. L’étude des hausses de mortalités (protocole II) a été poursuivie avec 52 interventions complètes ayant conduit au recueil de commémoratifs et à la réalisation d’échantillons de mollusques marins pour analyses en pathologie. Des hausses de mortalités...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Santé; Surveillance.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00143/25470/23625.pdf
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Bilan 2013 du réseau Repamo - Réseau national de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Francois, Cyrille; Joly, Jean-pierre; Garcia, Celine; Lupo, Coralie; Travers, Marie-agnes; Tourbiez, Delphine; Chollet, Bruno; Faury, Nicole; Haffner, Philippe; Dubreuil, Christine; Serpin, Delphine; Renault, Tristan; Cordier, Remy; Hebert, Pascale; Le Gagneur, Eric; Parrad, Sophie; Gerla, Daniel; Cheve, Julien; Penot, Julia; Le Gal, Dominique; Lebrun, Luc; Le Gac-abernot, Chantal; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Palvadeau, Hubert; Grizon, James; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Robert, Stephane; Seugnet, Jean-luc; Rumebe, Myriam; Le Gall, Patrick; Bouchoucha, Marc; Baldi, Yoann; Masson, Jean-claude.
Créé en 1992, le réseau Repamo (REseau de PAthologie des MOllusques) est un réseau de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins du littoral français. Son activité s’inscrit dans le cadre de la Directive Européenne 2006/88/CE. Repamo a pour objectif de détecter précocement les infections dues à des organismes pathogènes exotiques et émergents affectant les mollusques marins sauvages et d’élevage. L’étude des hausses de mortalités a été poursuivie avec 52 interventions complètes ayant conduit au recueil de commémoratifs et à la collecte d’échantillons de mollusques marins pour analyses en pathologie. Des hausses de mortalités d’huîtres creuses (Crassostrea gigas) (44 interventions) ont été recensées dans la majorité des bassins de production de mai à...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Santé.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00197/30798/29167.pdf
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Bilan 2015 du dispositif national de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Lupo, Coralie; Osta Amigo, Axel; Fleury, Elodie; Robert, Stephane; Garcia, Celine; Arzul, Isabelle; Baillon, Laury; Bechemin, Christian; Canier, Lydie; Chollet, Bruno; Dechamps, Lucie; Dubreuil, Christine; Faury, Nicole; Francois, Cyrille; Godfrin, Yoann; Lapegue, Sylvie; Morga, Benjamin; Travers, Marie-agnes; Tourbiez, Delphine; Masson, Jean-claude; Verin, Francoise; Cordier, Remy; Gangnery, Aline; Louis, Wilfried; Mary, Charlotte; Normand, Julien; Penot, Julia; Cheve, Julien; Dagault, Francoise; Le Jolivet, Aurore; Le Gal, Dominique; Lebrun, Luc; Bellec, Gwenael; Bouget, Jean-francois; Cochennec-laureau, Nathalie; Palvadeau, Hubert; Grizon, James; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Pepin, Jean-francois; Seugnet, Jean-luc; D'Amico, Florence; Maurer, Daniele; Le Gall, Patrik; Mortreux, Serge; Baldi, Yoann; Orsoni, Valerie; Bouchoucha, Marc; Le Roy, Valerian; Pouvreau, Stephane; Queau, Isabelle; Lamoureux, Alice.
Depuis 1992, la surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins du littoral français est assurée par le réseau de Pathologie des Mollusques (Repamo). Ses activités s’inscrivent dans le cadre de la Directive Européenne 2006/88/CE. Depuis son évaluation par la plateforme nationale d’épidémiosurveillance en santé animale en 2012, l’objectif de surveillance est la détection précoce des infections dues à des organismes pathogènes exotiques et émergents affectant les mollusques marins sauvages et d’élevage. L’année 2015 est la première année de transition pour laquelle un début d’évolution des modalités de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins animées par l’Ifremer a été amorcé. Un dispositif hybride de surveillance a été mis en place, s’appuyant sur...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Santé; Mortalité; Maladie.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00324/43486/42945.pdf
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Can selection for resistance to OsHV-1 infection modify susceptibility to Vibrio aestuarianus infection in Crassostrea gigas? First insights from experimental challenges using primary and successive exposures ArchiMer
Azema, Patrick; Travers, Marie-agnes; De Lorgeril, Julien; Tourbiez, Delphine; Degremont, Lionel.
Since 2008, the emergent virus OsHV 1μvar has provoked massive mortality events in Crassostrea gigas spat and juveniles in France. Since 2012, mortality driven by the pathogenic bacteria Vibrio aestuarianus has stricken market sized adults. A hypothesis to explain the sudden increase in mortality observed in France since 2012 is that selective pressure due to recurrent viral infections could have led to a higher susceptibility of adults to Vibrio infection. In our study, two OsHV-1-resistant lines (AS and BS) and their respective controls (AC and BC) were experimentally challenged in the laboratory to determine their level of susceptibility to V. aestuarianus infection. At the juvenile stage, the selected lines exhibited lower mortality (14 and 33%) than...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00299/41054/40215.pdf
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Detection and distribution of ostreid herpesvirus 1 in experimentally infected Pacific oyster spat ArchiMer
Segarra, Amelie; Baillon, Laury; Faury, Nicole; Tourbiez, Delphine; Renault, Tristan.
High mortality rates are reported in spat and larvae of Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas and associated with ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) detection in France. Although the viral infection has been experimentally reproduced in oyster larvae and spat, little knowledge is currently available concerning the viral entry and its distribution in organs and tissues. This study compares OsHV-1 DNA and RNA detection and localization in experimentally infected oysters using two virus doses: a low dose that did not induce any mortality and a high dose inducing high mortality. Real time PCR demonstrated significant differences in terms of viral DNA amounts between the two virus doses. RNA transcripts were detected in oysters receiving the highest dose of viral...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; In situ hybridization; Ostreid herpesvirus 1; Viral DNA; Viral RNA.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00300/41099/40272.pdf
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Development of a duplex Taqman real-time PCR assay for rapid identification of Vibrio splendidus -related and V. aestuarianus strains from bacterial cultures ArchiMer
Saulnier, Denis; De Decker, Sophie; Tourbiez, Delphine; Travers, Marie-agnes.
To enable the rapid and accurate identification of Vibrio splendidus-related and V. aestuarianus strains associated with Pacific cupped oyster Crassostrea gigas mortality, we developed a duplex Taqman real-time PCR assay and evaluated its efficacy. This technique proved to be rapid, sensitive, and specific and will be particularly valuable for epidemiologic studies.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Multiplex real-time PCR; Gene sequencing; Molluscs; Splendidus Glade; Vibrio aestuarianus.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00392/50308/51077.pdf
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Development of TaqMan real-time PCR assays for monitoring Vibrio harveyi infection and a plasmid harbored by virulent strains in European abalone Haliotis tuberculata aquaculture ArchiMer
Schikorski, David; Renault, Tristan; Paillard, Christine; Bidault-toffin, A.; Tourbiez, Delphine; Saulnier, Denis.
The Gram-negative bacterium Vibrio harveyi is known to be highly pathogenic for the European abalone Haliotis tuberculata, which is a gastronomically important marine gastropod with a high commercial value. Since 1998, some particular bacterial strains are described as implicated in recurrent mortality outbreaks in French farm and field stocks of abalone. Recently, a 9.6kb plasmid named pVCR1, was shown to be harbored by one highly V. harveyi virulent ORM4 strain suggesting its involvement in virulence phenotype. Thus, we have developed in the present study two TaqMan real-time PCR assays allowing to (i) rapidly and specifically detect, by a duplex procedure and in less than 2 h, both V. harveyi and the presence of plasmid pVCR1 from unidentified bacterial...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vibrio harveyi; Haliotis tuberculata; Real-time PCR; Plasmid; Marine pathogen; Molecular diagnostic.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00124/23540/21383.pdf
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Does global warming favour the occurrence of recent blue mussel mortality events in France? ArchiMer
Pepin, Jean-francois; Soletchnik, Patrick; Le Moine, Olivier; Polsenaere, Pierre; Genauzeau, Sylvie; Robert, Stephane; Grizon, James; Seugnet, Jean-luc; Schmitt, Anne; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Tourbiez, Delphine; Travers, Marie-agnes; Guesdon, Stephane.
We report in this work data of two independent studies carried out in the Pertuis Charentais for which a link might exist? A 30-years local time series study of hydro-climatic variations in water temperature and salinity, which show a significant warming of the water masses in the Marennes Oleron bay (+ 1.5 °C) associated with a significant drop ( > -15%) of freshwater intakes by nearby rivers. In this changing local climate context several major epizootics have appeared, severely affecting farmers and the production of Pacific oysters and mussels, from the first French shellfish-producing department (catching and growing, Agreste, 2012). Following massive mortality event of blue mussels in 2014, a specific study (MORBLEU) is conducted, trying to...
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Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00415/52697/53567.pdf
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Dual transcriptomics of virus-host interactions: comparing two Pacific oyster families presenting contrasted susceptibility to ostreid herpesvirus 1 ArchiMer
Segarra, Amelie; Mauduit, Florian; Faury, Nicole; Trancart, Suzanne; Degremont, Lionel; Tourbiez, Delphine; Haffner, Philippe; Barbosa-solomieu, Valerie; Pepin, Jean-francois; Travers, Marie-agnes; Renault, Tristan.
Background: Massive mortality outbreaks affecting Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) spat in various countries have been associated with the detection of a herpesvirus called ostreid herpesvirus type 1 (OsHV-1). However, few studies have been performed to understand and follow viral gene expression, as it has been done in vertebrate herpesviruses. In this work, experimental infection trials of C. gigas spat with OsHV-1 were conducted in order to test the susceptibility of several bi-parental oyster families to this virus and to analyze host-pathogen interactions using in vivo transcriptomic approaches. Results: The divergent response of these oyster families in terms of mortality confirmed that susceptibility to OsHV-1 infection has a significant...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Interactions; Ostreid herpesvirus 1; Gene expression; Susceptibility; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00199/31029/29431.pdf
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Ecologically realistic model of infection for exploring the host damage caused by Vibrio aestuarianus ArchiMer
Parizadeh, Leila; Tourbiez, Delphine; Garcia, Celine; Haffner, Philippe; Degremont, Lionel; Le Roux, Frederique; Travers, Marie-agnes.
Although vibrios are frequently associated with marine organisms mortality outbreaks, knowledge on their ecology and pathogenicity is sparse, thus limiting disease management and prophylactic strategies. Here, we investigated V. aestuarianus infection onset and progression in the wild, taking advantage of a “claire” pond: a semi‐closed system with limited seawater renewal, theoretically more adapted to disease transmission. We showed a positive association of the bacteria with oysters, which can constitute a reservoir for the bacteria in the winter. Moreover, passage through oysters was found to be necessary for experimental disease reproduction as vibrios shedding from diseased oysters has higher infectivity than from in vitro grown. We next developed an...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00446/55761/57423.pdf
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Experimental ostreid herpesvirus 1 infection of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas: Kinetics of virus DNA detection by q-PCR in seawater and in oyster samples ArchiMer
Schikorski, David; Faury, Nicole; Pepin, Jean-francois; Saulnier, Denis; Tourbiez, Delphine; Renault, Tristan.
Herpes- and herpes-like viruses are known to infect a wide range of bivalve mollusc species throughout the world. Abnormal summer mortalities associated to the detection of ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) have been currently reported in France among larvae and spat of the Pacific cupped oyster Crassostrea gigas. In the present work, we have developed an experimental protocol of horizontal transmission based on the cohabitation between healthy and experimentally infected oysters. Through a cohabitation trial, the kinetics of OsHV-1 detection in different oyster organs and seawater samples were investigated and characterized for the first time using real time quantitative PCR.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ostreid herpesvirus 1; Cupped Pacific oyster; Crassostrea gigas; Experimental infection; Kinetic viral DNA quantification.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00025/13607/10688.pdf
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Expression de gènes viraux de l'herpès virus OsHV-1 sous sa forme µVar chez l'huître creuse, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Segarra, Amelie; Faury, Nicole; Haffner, Philippe; Pepin, Jean-francois; Tourbiez, Delphine; Trancart, Suzanne; Travers, Marie-agnes; Renault, Tristan.
Le premier cas d'infection à virus de type herpès a été rapporté en 1972, aux Etats Unis, chez l'huître américaine, Crassostrea virginica (Farley et al, 1972). A partir de 1991, des mortalités massives associées à la détection de virus de type herpes ont été observées chez plusieurs espèces de bivalves marins, à différents stades de développement (essentiellement chez les larves et le naissain) et dans différentes régions du monde. Sur la base d’observation en microscopie électronique à transmission, ces virus présentaient des caractéristiques morphologiques identiques à celles des Herpesvirus (Roizman, 1982). Les connaissances acquises concernant la taille, la structure et le séquençage du génome d’un virus infectant les larves d’huîtres creuses en...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Herpès virus OsHV-1; Expression gènes; Huître creuse; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00195/30627/29076.pdf
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First description of French V. tubiashii strains pathogenic to mollusk: I. Characterization of isolates and detection during mortality events ArchiMer
Travers, Marie-agnes; Mersni Achour, Rachida; Haffner, Philippe; Tourbiez, Delphine; Cassone, Anne-laure; Morga, Benjamin; Doghri, Ibtissem; Garcia, Celine; Renault, Tristan; Fruitier-arnaudin, Ingrid; Saulnier, Denis.
Nine dominant bacterial isolates were obtained from different batches of Crassostrea gigas spat experiencing high mortality rates in a French experimental hatchery/nursery in 2007. Using phenotypic analysis combined with multilocus sequence analysis, the isolates were shown to be genetically close to the Vibrio tubiashii type strain. Based on (1) analyses of the recA gene sequences; (2) the results of DNA–DNA hybridization assays between 07/118 T2 (LMG 27884 = CECT 8426), which is a representative strain, and the V. tubiashii type strain (69%); and (3) phenotypic traits, the bacteria were classified in a group close to American V. tubiashii strain. Its virulence (70% of mortalities) and the toxicity of the extracellular products of 07/118 T2 was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas Pathogenicity Extracellular products Polyphasic approach; Real time PCR.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00189/30028/28743.pdf
Registros recuperados: 28
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