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Dual transcriptomics of virus-host interactions: comparing two Pacific oyster families presenting contrasted susceptibility to ostreid herpesvirus 1 ArchiMer
Segarra, Amelie; Mauduit, Florian; Faury, Nicole; Trancart, Suzanne; Degremont, Lionel; Tourbiez, Delphine; Haffner, Philippe; Barbosa-solomieu, Valerie; Pepin, Jean-francois; Travers, Marie-agnes; Renault, Tristan.
Background: Massive mortality outbreaks affecting Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) spat in various countries have been associated with the detection of a herpesvirus called ostreid herpesvirus type 1 (OsHV-1). However, few studies have been performed to understand and follow viral gene expression, as it has been done in vertebrate herpesviruses. In this work, experimental infection trials of C. gigas spat with OsHV-1 were conducted in order to test the susceptibility of several bi-parental oyster families to this virus and to analyze host-pathogen interactions using in vivo transcriptomic approaches. Results: The divergent response of these oyster families in terms of mortality confirmed that susceptibility to OsHV-1 infection has a significant...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Interactions; Ostreid herpesvirus 1; Gene expression; Susceptibility; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00199/31029/29431.pdf
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Expression de gènes viraux de l'herpès virus OsHV-1 sous sa forme µVar chez l'huître creuse, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Segarra, Amelie; Faury, Nicole; Haffner, Philippe; Pepin, Jean-francois; Tourbiez, Delphine; Trancart, Suzanne; Travers, Marie-agnes; Renault, Tristan.
Le premier cas d'infection à virus de type herpès a été rapporté en 1972, aux Etats Unis, chez l'huître américaine, Crassostrea virginica (Farley et al, 1972). A partir de 1991, des mortalités massives associées à la détection de virus de type herpes ont été observées chez plusieurs espèces de bivalves marins, à différents stades de développement (essentiellement chez les larves et le naissain) et dans différentes régions du monde. Sur la base d’observation en microscopie électronique à transmission, ces virus présentaient des caractéristiques morphologiques identiques à celles des Herpesvirus (Roizman, 1982). Les connaissances acquises concernant la taille, la structure et le séquençage du génome d’un virus infectant les larves d’huîtres creuses en...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Herpès virus OsHV-1; Expression gènes; Huître creuse; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00195/30627/29076.pdf
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Resistance to OsHV-1 Infection in Crassostrea gigas Larvae ArchiMer
Dégremont, Lionel; Morga, Benjamin; Trancart, Suzanne; Pépin, Jean-francois.
The ostreid herpesvirus(OsHV-1) is one of the major diseases that affect the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. Selective breeding programs were recently shown to improve resistance easily to OsHV-1 infections in spat, juvenile, and adult oysters. Nevertheless, this resistance has never been investigated in larvae, whereas this developmental stage has crucial importance for the production of commercial hatcheries, as well as explaining the abundance of spatfall. A first trial tested several viral suspensions at several concentrations using contaminated water with OsHV-1 in 4- and 10-day-old larvae that we reproduced from an unselected broodstock. In follow up on the results, one viral suspension at a final concentration of 10+6 OsHV-1 DNA copies per L was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Larvae; Crassostrea gigas; OsHV-1; Disease resistance; Mortality.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00313/42441/41796.pdf
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