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Registros recuperados: 9
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A Categorical Data Analysis on Risks in Agriculture AgEcon
Uematsu, Hiroki; Mishra, Ashok K..
This study compares farm operators’ risk perceptions and actual realization of risk attitudes revealed through off-farm labor, enterprise diversification, and use of contracts, crop insurance, and other types of insurance, using data from 2001 Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS). Results from ordered logit model and multivariate probit models unexpectedly found that risk loving farmers are more likely to employ risk management strategies.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Risk; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Labor and Human Capital; Marketing; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty; D81; Q10; Q12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98839
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Can Education Be a Barrier to Technology Adoption? AgEcon
Uematsu, Hiroki; Mishra, Ashok K..
The objective of this study is to test the widely‐held belief that the effect of education has a positive impact on technology adoption. Using 2006 Agricultural Resource Management Survey "ARMS" data, we estimate a simultaneous equations model to integrate farmers’ labor allocation decision with adoption of GM crops and precision farming. We confirm that the marginal effect of education on technology adoption is significantly larger for large farms for both GM crops and precision farming and it is unexpectedly negative for GM crops at all levels of farm size. These results suggest that formal education can be a barrier to technology adoption, especially for small scale farmers who have higher tendency to work off‐farm.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Education; Technology Adoption; Off‐farm Labor Supply; Precision Farming; Genetically Modified Crops; Simultaneous Equations Model; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q10; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61630
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Determinants of Farm Household Income Diversification in the United States: Evidence from Farm-Level Data AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Erickson, Kenneth W.; Harris, James Michael; Hallahan, Charles B.; Uematsu, Hiroki.
This study examines the determinants of income diversification of farm households in the United States. Farm households allocate their time between farm and off-farm activities to help stabilized household income (consumption). What characterizes those households who engage in off-farm activities? Is there any pattern over time? Using 1999, 2003 and 2007 farm-level data from the USDA’s Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS), this study estimates intensity of off-farm income (or income diversification). The results show that older operators, full owners, and small farms have higher intensity of off-farm income in total household income. In contrast, dairy farms, vertically coordinated farms and farms located in the Southern and Pacific regions have...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Tobit; Income diversification; Vertical integration; Tenure; Farm households; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; D1; J2; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61632
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Does “Convenience Agriculture” Affect Off‐farm Labor Allocation Decisions? AgEcon
Uematsu, Hiroki; Mishra, Ashok K.; Chintawar, Sachin.
The objective of this study is to examine the effect of adoption intensity of GM crops on off‐farm labor supply by farm households. Using ARMS data in 2004, 2005 and 2006, we estimate a two stage simultaneous Tobit model and find that adoption intensity of GM crops has a negative impact on off‐farm labor supply by operators and a positive impact on off‐farm labor supply by spouse. This may be due to the comparative advantage of operators and spouses. Our results find that GM crops adoption has different but significant implications on off‐farm labor supply by operators and spouses and underscores the importance of understanding farm households’ decisions to explain behaviors of farm businesses in the United States.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Technology Adoption; Two stage simultaneous Tobit model; GM Crops; Off‐farm labor; Agricultural and Food Policy; Labor and Human Capital; Q10; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61633
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Learning by Doing, Risk Aversion and Use of Risk Management Strategies AgEcon
Uematsu, Hiroki; Ashok, Mishra K..
Using a national survey, double hurdle models are estimated to examine the impact of farmers’ risk attitude on use of production and marketing contracts. Risk averse farmers are less likely to use contracts but risk attitude does not have any significant impact on the intensity at which contracts are adopted.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Risk attitude; Double hurdle model; Production contracts; Marketing contracts; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Risk and Uncertainty; Q10; Q13; D81.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103851
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Motivation for Technology Adoption and Its Impact on Abandonment: A Case Study of U.S. Cotton Farmers AgEcon
Uematsu, Hiroki; Mishra, Ashok K.; Roberts, Roland K.; Lambert, Dayton M.; English, Burton C..
We estimate a bivariate probit model with sample selection to identify factors affecting adoption and abandonment of precision farming technologies for cotton farmers, using the 2009 Southern Cotton Precision Farming Survey conducted in 12 Southern states in the United States. Farmers for whom being at the forefront of agricultural technology is not an important reason for adoption are more likely to abandon precision farming technologies. This study identified various factors associated with adoption and retention of precision farming technologies. Findings from this study offer significant information to policy‐makers for a better formulation of agri‐environmental programs that encourage farmers to adopt environmentally benign farming practices...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technology Abandonment; Technology Adoption; Bivariate Probit with Sample Selection; Multinomial Logit; Precision Farming; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q10; Q12; Q16.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98838
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Net Effect of Education on Technology Adoption by U.S. Farmers AgEcon
Uematsu, Hiroki; Mishra, Ashok K..
The objective of this study is to estimate the net effect of education on technology adoption for U.S. farmers. Using 2006 Agricultural Resource Management Survey data, this study develops a simultaneous equations model to integrate farmers’ labor allocation decision with adoption of both time saving and management intensive technologies.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Education; Technology adoption; Off-farm labor supply; Precision farming; Genetically modified crops; Simultaneous equations model; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty; Q10; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56450
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The Impact of Natural Amenity on Farmland Values: A Quantile Regression Approach AgEcon
Uematsu, Hiroki; Mishra, Ashok K..
The objective of this study is to estimate the impact of natural amenity on farmland values in the contiguous United States using a quantile regression approach and data from the 2006, 2007, and 2008 Agricultural Resource Management Surveys. The contribution of this study is three-fold. First, we explicitly include variables representing natural amenity and soil characteristics of farmland. Second, we employ a quantile regression approach to examine potentially heterogeneous impacts of natural amenity and soil characteristics at different quantiles of farmland values. Third, we utilized data from a nationwide survey of farm household to examine findings in studies using regional data are consistent at a national scale. Our quantile regression analysis...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Farmland Values; Quantile Regression; Natural Amenity; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; C14; Q15; Q24.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119804
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Use of Direct Marketing Strategies by Farmers and Their Impact on Farm Business Income AgEcon
Uematsu, Hiroki; Mishra, Ashok K..
Direct marketing strategies increasingly have been recognized as a viable business option in U.S. agriculture as they allow producers to receive a better price by selling products directly to consumers. The objective of this study is twofold. Using a national survey, we first estimated a zero-inflated negative binomial model to identify factors affecting the total number of direct marketing strategies adopted by farmers. Then we estimated a quantile regression model to assess the impact of the intensity of adoption of direct marketing strategies on gross cash farm income. The results show that the intensity of adoption has no significant impact on gross cash farm income and that participation in farmers markets is negatively correlated with gross cash farm...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Direct marketing strategies; Count data; Gross cash income; Quantile regression; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/105457
Registros recuperados: 9
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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