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Registros recuperados: 78
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Agro-ecological system analysis (AESA) and farm planning Organic Eprints
Vaarst, Mette; Nalunga, Jane.
This is a planning tool and a practical guide which can be used by farming system students and farmer groups to get an overview over a farm. Organic agriculture is based on knowledge, insight and whole farm approaches. The farming system must work for each farmer family. Crop rotation cycles must be based on planning ahead, sometimes more than 2 years, so that different elements of the farm can work together. Intercropping must be based on knowledge on which crops support each other. The surrounding nature must be considered in the planning, e.g. rainfall, animals in the environment, where some of them can be predators and some can eat the crops. Herbs and weeds can prove to be valuable sources of nutrients, medicine or bio-pesticides....
Tipo: Teaching resource Palavras-chave: Farm economics Social aspects Education; Extension and communication Environmental aspects Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30158/1/AESA-and-farm-planning-last-Feb-2016.pdf
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Animal health and nutrition in organic farming Organic Eprints
Vaarst, Mette; Weisbjerg, Martin Riis; Kristensen, Troels; Thamsborg, Stig Milan; White, Andrew; Roderick, Stephen; Lockeretz, Willie.
Animals are important in organic farming systems, both as a part of the concept and in practice, where there is great weight on forming an integrated system with harmony between the land, the animals and the people, involving local recirculation of feed and manure. Good animal health and welfare is an important goal for organic husbandry. In contrast to crops, animals are not just parts of the farming system, they are also sentient creatures and as such they deserve special moral consideration. They are individuals that need to be cared for, they can suffer, and they can interact with each other and with the humans and environment around them. Animal management is, therefore, very different from crop management. Humans have a moral obligation to treat...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Health and welfare.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/13735/1/13735.pdf
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Animal Health and Welfare Planning - Identifying key principles and approaches Organic Eprints
Nicholas, Pip; Roderick, Steve; Vaarst, Mette.
During the presentations and discussions at the 1st ANIPLAN workshop it became apparent that there are many different approaches to disease prevention and treatment planning. These exist in a variety of structured forms, and also involve different approaches to the dialogue between farmer and advisor. The distinction between ‘an animal health plan’ and ‘animal health planning’ has also become evident (see Atkinson & Neale, 2008 in these proceedings). Whereas a plan refers to documentation, planning is understood as a process which actively involves the farmer, is based on an assessment and evaluation of a real situation and includes an explicit formulation of the farmer’s goals regarding animal health and welfare. In order to develop a single yet...
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Health and welfare Breeding and genetics Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/13407/1/13407.pdf
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Animal health and welfare planning in organic dairy cattle farms Organic Eprints
Vaarst, Mette; Winckler, Christoph; Roderick, Stephen; Smolders, Gidi; Ivemeyer, Silvia; Brinkmann, Jan; Mejdell, Cecilie; Whistance, Lindsay; Nicholas, Pip; Walkenhorst, Michael; Leeb, Christine; March, Solveig; Henriksen, Britt I. F.; Stöger, Elisabeth; Gratzer, Elisabeth; Hansen, Berit; Huber, Johann.
Continuous development is needed within the farm to reach the goal of good animal health and welfare in organic livestock farming. The very different conditions between countries call for models that are relevant for different farming types and can be integrated into local practice and be relevant for each type of farming context. This article reviews frameworks, principles and practices for animal health and welfare planning which are relevant for organic livestock farming. This review is based on preliminary analyses carried out within a European project (acronym ANIPLAN) with participants from seven countries. The process begins with gathering knowledge about the current status within a given herd as background for making decisions and planning future...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle Health and welfare Education; Extension and communication.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/19397/1/Vaarst2011_aniplan_AHWP.pdf
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ANIMAL HUSBANDARY PRACTICES OF SMALLHOLDER ORGANIC FARMERS IN UGANDA: CHALLENGES AND FUTURE PROSPECTS Organic Eprints
Nalubwama, Sylvia; Vaarst, Mette; Kabi, Fred; Kiggundu , Muhammad.
Ninety certified organic pineapple producers were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire in Luwero and Kayung districts in Uganda. Data was analysed using statistical package for Social Scientists (SPSS). Results indicated that most organic farmers (81.1%) kept mostly cattle in combination with others species (goats, pigs and chickens). There was no significant difference (P>0.05) in the numbers of pigs, poultry and chickens owned per farm in the two districts but there was significant difference (p=0.017) in the numbers of cattle. 62% of the farmers had indigenous breeds of cattle, 97.8% had goats, 87.5% had pigs and 100% of farmers had indigenous chickens. Crop residues formed bulk of feed for cattle (63.2%) and pigs (46%). Goats mostly...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Production systems.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23794/1/23794%20Final%20IFOAM%20congress%20paper_Sylvia_MM.pdf
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ANIPLAN – not just "any plan" Organic Eprints
Vaarst, Mette; Leeb, Christine; Nicholas, Pip; Roderick, Stephen; Smolders, Gidi; Walkenhorst, Michael; Brinkman, Jan; March, Solveig; Ströger, Elisabeth; Winkler, Christoph; Gratzer, Elisabeth; Lund, Vonne; Henriksen, Britt I. F.; Hansen, Inger; Neale, Madeleine.
Livestock farming is an important part of organic farming systems, and it is an explicit goal of organic farming to ensure high levels of animal health and welfare (AHW) through proactive and appropriate management of breeding, feeding, housing and species specific husbandry. A goal in organic livestock farming is to minimise the use of veterinary medicines to improve food quality and protect the environment, and to do this by improving livestock living conditions rather than using alternative medical treatments. Key values influencing organic livestock production are naturalness, harmony at all levels of production, use and recirculation of local resources and adoption of the precautionary principle. The concepts of "positive health and welfare" are...
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Health and welfare Breeding and genetics Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/13404/1/13404.pdf
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Anvendelse af veterinære lægemidler Organic Eprints
Bennedsgaard, Torben Werner; Thamsborg, Stig Milan; Vaarst, Mette.
Anvendelse af veterinære lægemidler i konventionel malkekvægsbrug og forventninger ved omlægning Langt hovedparten af forbruget af antibiotika i kvægbruget udgøres af smalspektrede penicilliner, der hovedsagelig benyttes ved behandling af mastitis. Landskontoret for Kvæg har skønnet, at der tilnærmelsesvist er sket en fordobling i forbruget af penicilliner fra 3500 kg aktivt stof i 1989 til 6789kg aktivt stof i 1995. Denne stigning falder sammen med indførelsen af EU-krav om maksimale tankcelletal fra 1992. Dette medførte en øget behandling af yverlidelser (Ministeriet for Fødevarer, Landbrug og Fiskeri, 1997, Skioldebrand et al., 1994). Denne stigning kan være sket såvel ved behandling af flere dyr som ved øget antal behandlinger af den enkelte...
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: Health and welfare.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://orgprints.org/13754/1/13754.pdf
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Assessing the sustainability of EU dairy farms with different management systems and husbandry practices Organic Eprints
Leach, Katharine; Gerrard, Catherine L; Kudahl, Anne Braad; Nykänen, Arja; Vaarst, Mette; Weissensteiner, Roswitha; Padel, Susanne.
The EU funded SOLID project supports research which will contribute to the competitiveness of organic and low input dairy systems, and increase their sustainability. There are many aspects of the sustainability of dairy farms, relating to economic, environmental and social dimensions, and methods of animal husbandry can affect all of these. A UK spreadsheet based tool for rapid assessment of the whole farm was adapted for application on a range of organic and low input dairy farms across the EU. This tool was used to assess approximately ten organic dairy farms in each of four EU countries. Data on farm management practices collected in face to face interviews with farmers were entered and the tool then calculated a composite score for each of 11 separate...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Indicators and other value-laden measures; Feeding and growth; Health and welfare; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/21761/7/21761.pdf
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Cattle management practices and milk production on mixed smallholder organic pineapple farms in Central Uganda Organic Eprints
Nalubwama Muwanga, Sylvia; Kabi, Fred; Vaarst, Mette; Smolders, Gidi; Kiggundu, Muhammad.
A longitudinal study to assess animal management practices and milk production was conducted for a period of 12 months on 30 smallholder farms keeping dairy cattle and certified organic pineapple production in Luwero and Kayunga districts, based on questionnaire and on-farm collected data. Farm sizes were 9.3 ± 6.7 acres in tethering system and 4.3 ± 2.6 acres in zero-grazing. Fifty-four percent of the zero-grazing herds had animal housing facilities. All farmers in tethering system kept cows on earthen floors and calves without bedding. Hygiene level in existing farms was low. Majority of calves were fed once a day by restricted suckling (77 %). Seventy-four percent of tethered cows were only fed on natural grass, while cows under zero-grazing system had...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30614/1/Published%20article%20_%20Nalubwama%20et%20al%202016.pdf
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Cattle management practices and milk production on mixed smallholder organic pineapple farms in Central Uganda Organic Eprints
Nalubwama, Sylvia; Kabi, Fred; Vaarst, Mette; Kiggundu, Muhammad; Smolders, Gidi.
A longitudinal study to assess animal management practices and milk production was conducted for a period of 12 months on 30 smallholder farms keeping dairy cattle and certified organic pineapple production in Luwero and Kayunga districts, based on questionnaire and on-farm collected data. Farm sizes were 9.3 ± 6.7 acres in tethering system and 4.3 ± 2.6 acres in zero-grazing. Fifty-four percent of the zero-grazing herds had animal housing facilities. All farmers in tethering system kept cows on earthen floors and calves without bedding. Hygiene level in existing farms was low. Majority of calves were fed once a day by restricted suckling (77 %). Seventy-four percent of tethered cows were only fed on natural grass, while cows under zero-grazing system had...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Health and welfare; Africa.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/32997/1/Published%20article%20_%20Nalubwama%20et%20al%202016.pdf
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Communication in animal health and welfare planning Organic Eprints
Vaarst, Mette; Walkenhorst, Michael; Smolders, Gidi.
The project ‘Minimising medicine use in organic dairy herds through animal health and welfare promotion’ is focused on animal welfare assessment and its role in the active use of animal health plans in order to improve animal health and welfare on organic farms. To be active, a health plan requires dialogue between the farmer and those who are able to view the farm from the outside e.g. vets and advisors. The importance of this communication is the focus of this paper. Across Europe we see highly diverse farming systems and similarly diversity in advisory systems and their approaches to communicating with farmers. One of the objectives of the AniPlan project is to develop approaches to health planning that are robust yet sufficiently adaptable to be...
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Health and welfare Breeding and genetics Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/13408/1/13408.pdf
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Concepts of Animal Health and Welfare in Organic Livestock Systems Organic Eprints
Vaarst, Mette; Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted.
In 2005, The International Federation of Organic Agricultural Movements (IFOAM) developed four new ethical principles of organic agriculture to guide its future development: the principles of health, ecology, care, and fairness. The key distinctive concept of animal welfare in organic agriculture combines naturalness and human care, and can be linked meaningfully with these principles. In practice, a number of challenges are connected with making organic livestock systems work. These challenges are particularly dominant in immature agro-ecological systems, for example those that are characterized by industrialization and monoculture. Some of the current challenges are partly created by shortages of land and manure, which encourage zero-grazing and other...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Values; Standards and certification Health and welfare.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/30615/1/vaarst-og-alr%C3%B8e-2012-concepts-of-animal-health-and-welfare.pdf
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CORE Organic pilot project ANIPLAN - presentation at mid-term: Minimising medicine use in organic dairy farms through animal health and welfare planning Organic Eprints
Vaarst, Mette.
Presentation of the project with experience from the participants, including main results at mid-term, research ideas, experience with transnational research
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Knowledge management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/15945/1/CORE_ANIPLAN_8June.pdf
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Development of animal health and welfare planning in organic dairy farming in Europe Organic Eprints
Vaarst, Mette; Leeb, Christine; Nicholas, Pip; Roderick, Stephen; Smolders, Gidi; Walkenhorst, Micheal; Brinkman, Jan; March, Solveig; Stöger, Elisabeth; Gratzer, Elisabeth; Winckler, Christoph; Lund, Wonne; Henriksen, Britt I.F.; Hansen, Berit; Neale, Madeleine; Whistance, Lindsay K..
Good animal health and welfare is an explicit goal of organic livestock farming, and will need continuous development and adjustment on the farms. Furthermore, the very different conditions in different regions of Europe calls for models that can be integrated into local practice and be relevant for each type of farming context. A European project with participants from seven countries have been established with the aim of developing principles for animal health and welfare planning in organic dairy farming, based on a process where knowledge about the status within a given herd will be included as background for taking decisions and planning future improvements. An important part of the planning process is communication with other farmers as well as...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Health and welfare.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/14840/1/Vaarst_14840_ed.doc
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Does organic farming face distinctive livestock welfare issues? - A conceptual analysis Organic Eprints
Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted; Vaarst, Mette; Kristensen, Erik Steen.
The recent development and growth of organic livestock farming and the related development of national and international regulations has fuelled discussions among scientists and philosophers concerning the proper conceptualisation of animal welfare. These discussions on livestock welfare in organic farming draw on the conventional discussions and disputes on animal welfare, which involve issues such as different definitions of welfare (clinical health, absence of suffering, sum of positive and negative experiences, etc.), the possibility for objective measures of animal welfare and the acceptable level of welfare. It seems clear that livestock welfare is a value-laden concept and that animal welfare science cannot be made independent of questions of values...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification Health and welfare.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://orgprints.org/430/1/Organic_welfare__preprint__5mar01.pdf
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Education and advisor systems related to dairy organic farming in the participating ANIPLAN countries Organic Eprints
Vaarst, Mette; Smolders, Gidi; Henriksen, Britt I. F.; Roderick, Stephen; Leeb, Christine; Walkenhorst, Michael; Winckler, Christoph; Gratzer, Elisabeth; Stöger, Elisabeth; Huber, Johann; Brinkmann, Jan; March, Solveig; Ivemeyer, Silvia; Mejdell, Cecilie; Hansen, Berit; Nicholas, Phillipa; Whistance, Lindsay.
This chapter is the report of ANIPLAN’s deliverable 4.1 titled: ‘Evaluation report on the state of the art regarding advisor systems, education of farmers and advisors and farmer groups in the participating countries’. The seven participating countries (UK, Switzerland, Austria, The Netherlands, Norway, Germany and Denmark) had widely different approaches to advisory systems and education. This is important to consider when integrating the outcomes of the ANIPLAN project into the various systems in different countries.
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/18405/1/18405.pdf
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Ejerskab over egne planer Organic Eprints
Vaarst, Mette.
Et europæisk projekt fokuserer på ’Sundheds- og velfærds-planlægning’ i malkekvægsbesætninger. Det handler om aktiv handling frem for papir og processen skal ejes af landmanden selv.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Health and welfare; Farm economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/16400/2/16400.pdf
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Eleven years with organic dairy production in Denmark – herd health and production related to time of conversion and compared to conventional production Organic Eprints
Bennedsgaard, Torben Werner; Thamsborg, Stig Milan; Vaarst, Mette; Enevoldsen, Carsten.
This paper focuses on the changes in production, herd health and veterinary treatments in Danish organic dairy herds during approximately eleven years based on historic data from herds converted to organic milk production before 1990 (old organic herds) compared to herds converted in 1995 and 1999-2000 and herds that are still conventional. Herd size, milk production, the shape of the lactation curve, somatic cell counts and veterinary treatments for mastitis, retained placenta and ketosis are compared over time and between herd groups. The old organic herds differed from the other three herd groups by having lower milk production per cow, lower somatic cell counts and fewer treatments of mastitis. Herds converted in 1995 and 1999-2000 were comparable to...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/4681/1/4681.pdf
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Enhancing animal health security and food safety in organic livestock production Organic Eprints
Vaarst, Mette.
Sustaining Animal Health and Food Safety in Organic Farming (SAFO) is a European Commission funded project, with the objective to contribute to improved animal health and food safety in organic livestock production systems in existing and candidate member countries of the European Union. Workshops form a central part of the SAFO ctivities. This volume, with the contributions from the 3rd SAFO Workshop at the Institute of Grassland and Wetlands in Falenty, Poland in September 2004, is one in a series of five proceedings published during the lifetime of the project (2003-2006). Electronic versions of the proceedings are available at the SAFO web-site at ttp://www.safonetwork.org/ Animal health security, the role of zoonotic diseases and the risk of...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Food security; Food quality and human health Health and welfare.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/20776/4/20776.pdf
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Er husdyrvelfærd i økologisk jordbrug noget særligt? Organic Eprints
Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted; Vaarst, Mette; Kristensen, Erik Steen.
Der foregår løbende både praktisk udvikling og teoretisk refleksion i relation til husdyrvelfærd. Endvidere evalueres og ændres reglerne omkring husdyrvelfærd løbende, både i Danmark og i EU. Formålet med nærværende kapitel er at diskutere begrebet husdyrvelfærd i forbindelse med principperne i det økologisk jordbrug. Det sker med udgangspunkt i spørgsmålet: er der, ud over de gældende regler, særlige værdimæssige, etiske, videnskabelige eller reguleringsmæssige forhold, der influerer på hvordan dyrevelfærd opfattes i økologisk jordbrug, set i forhold til det øvrige jordbrug? Eller med andre ord: kan de nuværende forskelle i regler, og i opfattelsen af dyrevelfærd, begrundes i mere grundliggende forhold i økologisk jordbrug? Og i så fald: i hvilken retning...
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://orgprints.org/13756/1/13756.pdf
Registros recuperados: 78
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