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Feeding strategy of Downs herring larvae (Clupea harengus L.) in the English Channel and North Sea 5
Denis, Jeremy; Vallet, Carole; Courcot, Lucie; Lefebvre, Valerie; Caboche, Josselin; Antajan, Elvire; Marchal, Paul; Loots, Christophe.
This study aims to characterize the larval feeding strategy of the Downs sub-population of North Sea herring (Clupea harengus L.). Diet composition, vacuity rate and prey selectivity of larvae from 8 to 15 mm collected during the International Bottom Trawl Survey (IBTS) - MIK sampling from 2008 to 2013 were assessed by direct observation of their gut contents using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The high contribution of protists and small zooplanktonic prey observed in the gut contents proved the relevance of SEM to study the diet of first feeding larvae. The relatively low vacuity rate of 45% suggests that food may not be a limiting factor for Downs herring larvae in winter. These larvae appeared to be omnivorous and there was a clear shift in term...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Diet; Feeding strategy; Selectivity index; Scanning electronic microscopy; Downs herring larvae; Gut content.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00345/45606/45226.pdf
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Feeding strategy of Downs herring larvae in the English Channel and North Sea 5
Denis, Jeremy; Vallet, Carole; Vincent, Dorothée; Courcot, Lucie; Marchal, Paul; Loots, Christophe.
The aim of this study was to characterize the feeding strategy of Downs herring larvae at "critical period" during winter in the English Channel and North Sea was defined to assess whether nutrition is responsible for low recruitment in stocks over the past years. Data collected during the French part of the International Bottom Trawl Survey from 2008 to 2014 were used to analyse fish larvae diet by direct observation using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Gut content methods generally used for copepods was adapted to fish larvae to assess phytoplankton ingestion. The relative importance of small preys (0,5-375µm) observed in gut contents proved the essential role of SEM to better acknowledge Downs herring diet. We demonstrated that Downs herring larvae...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00255/36608/35174.pdf
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Interannual variability of zooplankton in the Dumont d'Urville sea (139 degrees E-146 degrees E), east Antarctica, 2004-2008 5
Swadling, Kerrie M.; Penot, Florian; Vallet, Carole; Rouyer, Armelle; Gasparini, Stephane; Mousseau, Laure; Smith, Martina; Goffart, Anne; Koubbi, Philippe.
Spatial and temporal variability of zooplankton was studied during five summers (2004-2008) in the Dumont d'Urville Sea, east Antarctica. The species recorded, based on the catch of a 500 mm-mesh Bongo net, were typical of southern continental shelf communities in Antarctica, including Euphausia crystallorophias, polychaetes, pteropods and biomass-dominant copepods. There was a strong degree of temporal variation in abundance, possibly related to the thickness and extent of the sea ice cover during each spring prior to the surveys. Total mean abundance was highly variable between years, with a minimum of 961 ind. 1000m(-3) in 2004 (range 65-3407 ind. 1000 m(-3)) and a maximum of 15,627 ind. 1000 m(-3) in 2005 (range 5109-33,869 ind. 1000 m(-3)). Spatially,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Salinity; Temperature; Sea ice; Zooplankton-environment relationships; Mertz glacier.
Ano: 2011 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00230/34123/32600.pdf
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Interannual variations in euphausiid life stage distribution in the Dumont d'Urville Sea from 2004 to 2008 5
Vallet, Carole; Labat, Jean-philippe; Smith, Martina; Koubbi, Philippe.
Euphausiid larvae were caught by oblique tows of a double-framed bongo net at 118 stations along the coast of Terre Adelie during every summer from 2004-2008. Larvae of Euphausia crystallorophias Holt and Tattersall and Thysanoessa macrura G.O. Sars were observed in the study area every year in contrast to larvae of Euphausia superba which were absent during the entire period of sampling. Highest abundances of both species were observed during the summer of 2005 and the lowest in the summer of 2004. Larvae of E. crystallorophias dominated every year and comprised more than 80% of the total abundance of euphausiid larvae. Within species, the calyptopis stages especially calyptopis 1 of E. crystallorophias dominated compared to furcilia stages of T. macrura...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Euphausia crystallorophias; Thysanoessa macrura; Antarctic; Abundance; Spatial distribution; Environmental factors.
Ano: 2011 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00227/33829/32464.pdf
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Spatial distribution and interannual variations in the size frequency distribution and abundances of Pleuragramma antarcticum larvae in the Dumont d’Urville Sea from 2004 to 2010 5
Koubbi, Philippe; O'Brien, Colleen; Loots, Christophe; Giraldo, Carolina; Smith, Martina; Tavernier, Eric; Vacchi, Marino; Vallet, Carole; Chevallier, Jean; Moteki, Masato.
This paper investigates the abundance and distribution of Pleuragramma antarcticum larvae by size class in the Dumont d’Urville Sea from 2004 to 2010. Samples were collected between Dumont d’Urville station and the Mertz Glacier Tongue onboard the RV l’Astrolabe for studying the inter-annual and spatial distribution of fish larvae and the TRV Umitaka Maru for looking at life stages vertical distributions. The seabed depression adjacent to the Mertz Glacier Tongue and in Commonwealth Bay hosted high abundances of small P. antarcticum larvae, while larger larvae were found in lower abundance and further offshore. We found that canyons, sea ice, stability of the water column and temperatures are important features for determining suitable areas for young...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pleuragramma antarcticum; East Antarctic shelf; Fish larvae; Life cycle; Inter-annual variations.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00069/17992/15528.pdf
Registros recuperados: 5
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