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Animal welfare, ethics and organic farming Organic Eprints
Verhoog, Henk; Lund, Vonne; Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted.
In this chapter we first give an overview of different interpretations of animal welfare and their relation to different lay and expert approaches to animal welfare. The importance of values to animal welfare is discussed and confronted with the role of science and the scientific ideals of value-freedom and objectivity. The interpretations of animal welfare are then compared with different frameworks from bio-ethics, which can help clarify the moral aspects of animal welfare. The values of organic farming are then discussed as a departure point for a discussion of what a relevant view of animal welfare might be like, in the context of organic farming. This reveals obvious conflicts between different values within organic farming, and some of these dilemmas...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Research methodology and philosophy Values; Standards and certification Health and welfare.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/207/1/Chap%2D02_Vonne_30_apr.doc
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Balancing and integrating basic values in the development of organic regulations and standards: proposal for a procedure using case studies of conflicting areas Organic Eprints
Padel, Susanne; Röcklinsberg, Helena; Verhoog, Henk; Fjelsted Alrøe, Hugo; de Wit, Jan; Kjeldsen, Chris; Schmid, Otto.
The basic aim of the report is to develop a procedure for the integration of the ethical value base of organic farming into standards and regulations. For this it is necessary to identify the core ethical value of organic production, consider their coherence and relate them to existing practice of organic food and farming. Ethical values are per se in need of interpretation. It is therefore also necessary to consider the process of decision-making, when aiming to achieve a coherent integration of such values in the structure of a standard or regulation. In line with the European Action Plan for organic food and farming from 2004 the Project EEC 2092/91 (Organic) Revision supports the idea that delegating a larger role to values and basic principles will...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Regulation Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/10940/1/D_2_3_Integrating_values_final_2007.pdf
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Why regionality is an important value in organic agriculture: the case of the Netherlands Organic Eprints
de Wit, Jan; Verhoog, Henk; Prins, Udo.
Organic agriculture is a system of production and consumption in which values play a prominent role. The new IFOAM principles reflect the current worldwide consensus on the most important values of organic agriculture. Regionality or proximity is not explicitly mentioned in these principles. Also in the present EU-regulation on organic agriculture hardly any standards are formulated concerning this issue. On the other hand, some private organic labels do have extra standards - concerning for instance the origin of organic feed - while both producers and consumers of organic products often mention regional production as an important value. The question is whether, and if so why regionality is an important issue to be dealt with in the upcoming reformed...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Poultry Values; Standards and certification Pigs.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/7319/1/Jan_de_Wit_papereurev_4.pdf
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