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Consistently dated Atlantic sediment cores over the last 40 thousand years ArchiMer
Waelbroeck, Claire; Lougheed, Bryan C.; Vazquez Riveiros, Natalia; Missiaen, Lise; Pedro, Joel; Dokken, Trond; Hajdas, Irka; Wacker, Lukas; Abbott, Peter; Dumoulin, Jean-pascal; Thil, François; Eynaud, Frédérique; Rossignol, Linda; Fersi, Wiem; Albuquerque, Ana Luiza; Arz, Helge; Austin, William E. N.; Came, Rosemarie; Carlson, Anders E.; Collins, James A.; Dennielou, Bernard; Desprat, Stéphanie; Dickson, Alex; Elliot, Mary; Farmer, Christa; Giraudeau, Jacques; Gottschalk, Julia; Henderiks, Jorijntje; Hughen, Konrad; Jung, Simon; Knutz, Paul; Lebreiro, Susana; Lund, David C.; Lynch-stieglitz, Jean; Malaizé, Bruno; Marchitto, Thomas; Martínez-méndez, Gema; Mollenhauer, Gesine; Naughton, Filipa; Nave, Silvia; Nürnberg, Dirk; Oppo, Delia; Peck, Victoria; Peeters, Frank J. C.; Penaud, Aurélie; Portilho-ramos, Rodrigo Da Costa; Repschläger, Janne; Roberts, Jenny; Rühlemann, Carsten; Salgueiro, Emilia; Sanchez Goni, Maria Fernanda; Schönfeld, Joachim; Scussolini, Paolo; Skinner, Luke C.; Skonieczny, Charlotte; Thornalley, David; Toucanne, Samuel; Rooij, David Van; Vidal, Laurence; Voelker, Antje H. L.; Wary, Mélanie; Weldeab, Syee; Ziegler, Martin.
Rapid changes in ocean circulation and climate have been observed in marine-sediment and ice cores over the last glacial period and deglaciation, highlighting the non-linear character of the climate system and underlining the possibility of rapid climate shifts in response to anthropogenic greenhouse gas forcing. To date, these rapid changes in climate and ocean circulation are still not fully explained. One obstacle hindering progress in our understanding of the interactions between past ocean circulation and climate changes is the difficulty of accurately dating marine cores. Here, we present a set of 92 marine sediment cores from the Atlantic Ocean for which we have established age-depth models that are consistent with the Greenland GICC05 ice core...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00513/62429/66712.pdf
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MD 136/VIGO à bord du R/V Marion Dufresne. La Réunion 3 janvier 2004 – La Réunion 9 février 2004 ArchiMer
Michel, Elisabeth; Waelbroeck, Claire.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00416/52793/53692.pdf
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On the Movements of the North Atlantic Subpolar Front in the Preinstrumental Past* ArchiMer
Marchal, Olivier; Waelbroeck, Claire; Colin De Verdiere, Alain.
Three sediment records of sea surface temperature (SST) are analyzed that originate from distant locations in the North Atlantic, have centennial-to-multicentennial resolution, are based on the same reconstruction method and chronological assumptions, and span the past 15 000 yr. Using recursive least squares techniques, an estimate of the time-dependent North Atlantic SST field over the last 15 kyr is sought that is consistent with both the SST records and a surface ocean circulation model, given estimates of their respective error (co)variances. Under the authors' assumptions about data and model errors, it is found that the 10 degrees C mixed layer isotherm, which approximately traces the modern Subpolar Front, would have moved by ~15 degrees of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Inverse methods; Kalman filters; Climate variability; Circulation/ Dynamics; Geographic location/entity; Oceanic variability; Variability; Mathematical and statistical techniques; Fronts; North Atlantic Ocean.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00318/42922/42423.pdf
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Rbiative timing of precipitation and ocean circui In changes in the western equatorial Atlantic over the last 45 kyr ArchiMer
Waelbroeck, Claire; Pichat, Sylvain; Bohm, Evelyn; Lougheed, Bryan C.; Faranda, Davide; Vrac, Mathieu; Missiaen, Lise; Vazquez Riveiros, Natalia; Burckel, Pierre; Lippold, Joerg; Arz, Helge W.; Dokken, Trond; Thil, Francois; Dapoigny, Arnaud.
Thanks to its optimal location on the northern Brazilian margin, core MD09-3257 records both ocean circulation and atmospheric changes. The latter occur locally in the form of increased rainfall on the adjacent continent during the cold intervals recorded in Greenland ice and northern North Atlantic sediment cores (i.e., Greenland stadials). These rainfall events are recorded in MD09-3257 as peaks in ln(Ti / Ca). New sedimentary Pa / Th data indicate that mid-depth western equatorial water mass transport decreased during all of the Greenland stadials of the last 40 kyr. Using cross-wavelet transforms and spectrogram analysis, we assess the relative phase between the MD09-3257 sedimentary Pa / Th and ln(Ti/Ca) signals. We show that decreased water mass...
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Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00460/57126/59040.pdf
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Refining benthic foraminiferal Mg/Ca-temperature calibrations using core-tops from the western tropical Atlantic: Implication for paleotemperature estimation ArchiMer
Tisserand, Amandine A.; Dokken, Trond M.; Waelbroeck, Claire; Gherardi, Jeanne Marie; Scao, Vincent; Fontanier, Christophe; Jorissen, Frans.
Benthic foraminiferal Mg/Ca has been shown to have great potential as a proxy for reconstructing deep water temperatures. However, the exact relationship between Mg uptake in benthic foraminifera and temperature is still ambiguous, and further exploration and refinement is much needed to reduce uncertainties associated with the method. Here, we present new core-top Mg/Ca data from benthic foraminiferal species from the lower part of the thermocline in the western tropical Atlantic (northern Brazilian margin). This area is unusual in that the changes in carbonate chemistry along the transect are very small, making it an ideal region for isolating and studying the role of temperature in the incorporation of Mg into the benthic shells. Our results show that...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Benthic foraminiferal Mg; Ca; Intermediate water temperature; Equatorial thermocline; Western tropical Atlantic Ocean; Core-tops.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00181/29191/27596.pdf
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The large-scale evolution of neodymium isotopic composition in the global modern and Holocene ocean revealed from seawater and archive data ArchiMer
Tachikawa, Kazuyo; Arsouze, Thomas; Bayon, Germain; Bory, Aloys; Colin, Christophe; Dutay, Jean-claude; Frank, Norbert; Giraud, Xavier; Gourlan, Alexandra T.; Jeandel, Catherine; Lacan, Francois; Meynadier, Laure; Montagna, Paolo; Piotrowski, Alexander M.; Plancherel, Yves; Puceat, Emmanuelle; Roy-barman, Matthieu; Waelbroeck, Claire.
Neodymium isotopic compositions (143Nd/144Nd or εNd) have been used as a tracer of water masses and lithogenic inputs to the ocean. To further evaluate the faithfulness of this tracer, we have updated a global seawater εNd database and combined it with hydrography parameters (temperature, salinity, nutrients and oxygen concentrations), carbon isotopic ratio and radiocarbon of dissolved inorganic carbon. Archive εNd data are also compiled for leachates, foraminiferal tests, deep-sea corals and fish teeth/debris from the Holocene period (< 10,000 years). At water depths ≥ 1500 m, property-property plots show clear correlations between seawater εNd and the other variables, suggesting that large-scale water mass mixing is a primary control of deepwater εNd...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nd isotopes; Water mass tracer; Data compilation; Predicted seawater epsilon(Nd); Seawater-archive comparison.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00376/48768/49165.pdf
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Updated calibration of the clumped isotope thermometer in planktonic and benthic foraminifera ArchiMer
Peral, Marion; Daeron, Mathieu; Blamart, Dominique; Bassinot, Franck; Dewilde, Fabien; Smialkowski, Nicolas; Isguder, Gulay; Bonnin, Jerome; Jorissen, Frans; Kissel, Catherine; Michel, Elisabeth; Vazquez Riveiros, Natalia; Waelbroeck, Claire.
Accurate reconstruction of past ocean temperatures is of critical importance to paleoclimatology. Carbonate clumped isotope thermometry (“Δ47”) is a relatively recent technique based on the strong relationship between calcification temperature and the statistical excess of 13C-18O bonds in carbonates. Its application to foraminifera holds great scientific potential, particularly because Δ47 paleotemperature reconstructions do not require assumptions regarding the 18O composition of seawater. However there are still relatively few published observations investigating the potential influence of parameters such as salinity or foraminiferal size and species. We present a new calibration data set based on 234 replicate analyses of 9 planktonic and 2 benthic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Carbonate clumped isotopes; Foraminifera; Paleothermometry.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00450/56134/57676.pdf
Registros recuperados: 7
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