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A herbal feed additive shows potential to improve metabolic situation in early lactating dairy cows Organic Eprints
Walkenhorst, M.; Ivemeyer, S.; Schaette, R.; Mayer, P.; Arndt, G..
The gap between performance and feed intake in early lactating dairy cows often leads to metabolic imbalance which is connected to udder inflammation (UI). A study with 72 dairy cows calving from November 2010 to March 2011 on 10 Swiss and German farms was conducted to test the effect of a herbal feed additive (HFA) containing mainly Urtica dioica L. (herba), Silybum marianum (L.) Gaert. (fructus), Artemisia absinthium L. (herba) and Achillea millefolium L. (herba). Cows were stratified (farm and milk yield) randomised divided into three groups. From 14 days prior predicted calving to the end of the following lactation cows received daily 100 g pellets containing A: 100% HFA, B: 50% HFA and 50% alfalfa and C: 100% alfalfa (placebo). Two or three cows per...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25311/1/walkenhorst-etal-2013-PlantaMedical-79-PL25.pdf
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Administration of Silver Fir (Abies alba Mill.) to goats and its potential to control gastro-intestinal parasites Organic Eprints
Heckendorn, F.; Giebler-Schubert, F.; Walkenhorst, M.; Fertig, O.; Hamburger, M.; Potterat, O.; Valle-Zárate, A..
Gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) substantially impact on goat health. Because of the widespread development of GIN, resistant to allopathic drugs, further research into alternative parasite control methods is required [1]. Silver fir, Abies alba MILL (SF), is traditionally used by Swiss farmers in order to control GIN infections of goats but also to improve animal welfare. A survey among goat farmers revealed that goat farmers use SF in winter during a period of approximately five months. The SF-ration per animal and day differ between approximately 8.2 g dry matter (DM) to 600 g DM [2]. As there is scientific evidence neither for an anthelmintic potential nor for the feed intake and milk performance of SF, we conducted a study with 30 goats. For a 20...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Sheep and goats; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/23306/1/Silver_Fir_Planta_Medica_2013_79_1239.pdf
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Auswirkungen einer zweijährigen Bestandesbetreuung von Milchviehbeständen hinsichtlich Eutergesundheit, Antibiotikaeinsatz und Nutzungsdauer Organic Eprints
Ivemeyer, S.; Maeschli, A.; Walkenhorst, M.; Klocke, P.; Heil, F.; Oser, S.; Notz, C..
Am Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau (FiBL) wird im pro-Q-Projekt seit 2003 Bestandesbetreuung mit Schwerpunkt Eutergesundheit auf Schweizer Betrieben durchgeführt. Zentrales Projektziel ist dabei die Reduktion des Antibiotikaeinsatzes zur Behandlung von Mastitiden und zum Trockenstellen bei verbesserter oder gleichbleibender Eutergesundheit. Des Weiteren soll langfristig die Nutzungsdauer verlängert werden. Die Betriebsentwicklung der 65 untersuchten Betriebe zeigt, dass sich der Antibiotikaeinsatz in 2 Jahren im Schnitt aller Betriebe von 38 auf 26 Behandlungen/100 Kühe und Jahr um 32% senken liess, während die Eutergesundheit gemessen an der theoretischen Tankmilchzellzahl im Mittel bei rund 180'000/ml gleich blieb. Signifikanten Einfluss auf...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/14747/1/Ivemeyer_et_al_2008_%2D_SAT1008.pdf
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Can traditionally administered home remedies be recommended? An assessment of 287 herbal home remedies for cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and horses, collected in the Swiss Canton of Graubuenden Organic Eprints
Klarer, F.; Stöger, E.; Bubenhofer, R.; Walkenhorst, M.; Meier, B..
Introduction: In Switzerland, the administration of medicinal plants to livestock is almost completely confined to the use of home remedies. To save this traditional knowledge, which has been handed down through word of mouth, a project aims to collect this information from different regions of Switzerland. Grison home remedies have been evaluated to decide whether or not they can be recommended. Methods: 32 current or former Grison livestock keepers (average age 59 years) provided information on the home remedies they use or have used to maintain the health of their cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and horses and to treat them. The data collection was conducted by interview (28 on-site, 3 by phone, 1 in writing) with a standardised questionnaire about...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25310/1/klarer-etal-2013-PlantaMedica-79-PL11.pdf
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DETERMINATION OF FAECES PARTICLE PROPORTIONS AS A TOOL FOR THE EVALUATION OF THE INFLUENCE OF FEEDING STRATEGIES ON FIBRE DIGESTION IN DAIRY COWS Organic Eprints
Leiber, F.; Ivemeyer, S.; Perler, E.; Krenmayr, I.; Mayer, P.; Walkenhorst, M..
Aim of this study was to test the influence of feeding strategy on faecal particle size distribution as indicator of fibre digestion under on-farm conditions. Seventy-six cows from 11 farms, located in Switzerland and southern Germany were included. Cows were monitored up to eight times during one full lactation. All valid individual test days resulted in a total of 347 datasets. Milk yield and composition were recorded. Diet composition was described in a binary yes/noindication for the presence or non-presence of different roughage components (fresh grass, grass silage, hay, maize silage and straw) and the exact amount of concentrates. Faecal samples were taken at each test day and sieved with a set of four wire‐mesh screens with pore sizes of 4mm, 2mm,...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/28217/1/Leiber-etal-2015-JAPS-Vol25-1-p153-159.pdf
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Development of animal health and welfare planning in organic dairy farming in Europe Organic Eprints
Vaarst, M.; Leeb, C.; Nicholas, P.; Roderick, S.; Smoulders, G.; Walkenhorst, M.; Brinkman, J.; March, S.; Ströger, E.; Gratzer, E.; Winckler, C.; Lund, V.; Henriksen, B.I.F.; Hansen, B.; Neale, M.; Whistance, L.K..
Good animal health and welfare is an explicit goal of organic livestock farming, and will need continuous development and adjustment on the farms. Furthermore, the very different conditions in different regions of Europe calls for models that can be integrated into local practice and be relevant for each type of farming context. A European project with participants from seven countries have been established with the aim of developing principles for animal health and welfare planning in organic dairy farming, based on a process where knowledge about the status within a given herd will be included as background for taking decisions and planning future improvements. An important part of the planning process is communication with other farmers as well as...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Education; Extension and communication Health and welfare.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/13729/1/Development_of_animal.pdf
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Diagnose, Therapie und prophylaktische Massnahmen der Gebärparese beim Rind: Ergebnisse der Online-Umfrage bei Schweizer Tierärzten Organic Eprints
Perruchoud, T.; Maeschli, A.; Bachmann, H.; Walkenhorst, M.; Schüpbach, G.; Mevissen, M.; Zanolari, P..
Ziel der Online-Umfrage war, die diagnostische, therapeutische und prophylaktische Vorgehensweise bei Milchkühen mit hypokalzämischer Gebärparese in der Praxis zu erfassen. Alle Mitglieder der Vereinigung für Wiederkäuergesundheit wurden per E-Mail kontaktiert. Von den 393 versandten Fragebögen wurden 108 (28%) vollständig ausgefüllt und ausgewertet. Im Vorbericht der an Gebärparese erkrankten Tiere wurden festliegende, pluripare Milchkühe mit mittlerer Milchleistung, ein Tag post partum, mit normalem Bewusstseinszustand genannt. Die Diagnose wird häufig an Hand der Vorgeschichte gestellt. Die betroffenen Milchkühe werden mit Mischinfusionen (Kalzium- und Phosphorpräparate, teilweise mit Magnesium sowie Glukose) und oralen Kalziumpräparaten behandelt. Die...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Feeding and growth; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/34522/1/Perruchoud-etal-2017_SchweizerArchivTierheilk_Band159_Heft6_p335-343.pdf
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Effects of health and welfare planning on the use of antibiotics and udder health in European dairy farms Organic Eprints
Ivemeyer, S.; Smolders, G.; Brinkmann, J.; Gratzer, E.; Hansen, B.; Henriksen, B.I.F.; Huber, J.; Leeb, C.; March, S.; Mejdell, C.M.; Roderick, S.; Stöger, E.; Vaarst, M.; Whitstance, L.K.; Winckler, C.; Walkenhorst, M..
To improve the sustainability of dairy production it is essential to establish practices that reduce medicine use whilst safeguarding or improving herd health and productivity. Aiming at minimising medicine use through animal health and welfare planning (AHWP), 111farms in 6 countries were monitored as part of the wide CORE Organic lic ANIPLAN project. For this purpose, the number of udder treatments with antibiotics was recorded. Somatic cell score (SCS) served as an indicator of udder health, and milk yield and average Iactation number were calculated at the farm Ievel from milk recording data. Treatment and milk recording data were collected for a one year period before and after a first farm visit. AHWP was carried out either in stable schools or...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/19962/1/Ivemeyer2011_ANIPLAN%2Dudderhealth_%23imc11.pdf
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Minimising medicine use in organic dairy herds through animal health and welfare planning Organic Eprints
Vaarst, M.; Brinkmann, J.; Gratzer, E.; Jansen, B.; Henriksen, B.I.F.; Huber, J.; Ivemeyer, S.; Leeb, C.; March, S.; Mejdell, C.; Neale, M.; Nicholas, P.; Roderik, S.; Rogerson, I.; Smolders, G.; Stöger, E.; Walkenhorst, M.; Whistance, L.K.; Winckler, C..
Livestock is important in many organic farming systems, and it is an explicit goal to ensure high levels of animal health and welfare (AHW) through good management. This will lead to reduced medicine use and better quality of animal products. In two EU network projects NAHWOA & SAFO it was concluded that this is not guaranteed merely by following organic standards. Both networks recommended implementation of individual animal health plans to stimulate organic farmers to improve AHW. These plans should include a systematic evaluation of AHW and be implemented through dialogue with each farmer in order to identify goals and plan improvements. 15 research institutions in 8 European countries are involved in the proposed project with the main objective to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/18772/1/18772%2D07OE003%2Duni_goettingen%2Dwinckler%2D2010%2Dminimising_medicine_use.pdf
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Online-Informationssystem für die Phytotherapie bei Tieren Organic Eprints
Kupper, J.; Walkenhorst, M.; Ayrle, H.; Mevissen, M.; Demuth, D..
Die Phytotherapie gewinnt auch in der Veterinärmedizin zunehmend an Beliebtheit. Um das therapeutische Potenzial der Arzneipflanzen auszuschöpfen und deren sicheren Einsatz zu gewährleisten, bedarf es aber besonderer Kenntnisse der wirksamen Pflanzenteile beziehungsweise Zubereitungen. Unsachgemässe Anwendungen und Überdosierungen von Arzneipflanzen können toxisch sein. Deshalb haben wir mit www.phytoarznei.ch eine Entscheidungshilfe geschaffen, die online einen raschen Zugriff auf das aktuelle Wissen zu Arzneipflanzen und deren Gebrauch bei Tieren erlaubt. Dieses ­Informationssystem basiert auf der verfügbaren Fach­literatur, die nach kritischer Auswertung in eine strukturierte Datenbank eingebracht wurde. Für jede Arz­neipflanze beziehungsweise...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Health and welfare Education; Extension and communication.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34511/1/Kupper-etal-2018_SchweizArchivTierheilk_Band160_Heft10-p589%E2%80%93595.pdf
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Pflanzliche Hausmittel der Nordschweiz zur Behandlung von Haut und Wunden beim Nutztier Organic Eprints
Disler, M.; Schmid, K.; Ivemeyer, S.; Hamburger, M.; Walkenhorst, M..
This study describes the composition of 34 traditional homemade herbal remedies used by farmers of 7 northern Swiss cantons in 49 different applications regarding wounds and other skin alterations in livestock. Twelve plant species from 8 families were identified. Matricaria recutita L. and Calendula officinalis L. were the most often administered plants both from the most frequently used plant family of Asteraceae. The processing of the formulations was mainly based on oil/fat and water extractions. Farmers used bathes, wash and compresses or simply the direct administration of ointments to the lesions. Regarding recent pharmaceutical and human clinical research results the use of the most often named plant species seems to be eligible.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Health and welfare.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/21402/1/21402_Walkenhorst.pdf
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Phytotherapy in zoo animals Organic Eprints
Hoby, S.; Wenker, C.; Walkenhorst, M..
Phytotherapy is one of the oldest medical disciplines and was traditionally based on empiricism (Reichling et al., 2008). Nowadays, its use as an additional integral component of evidence based medicine is well accepted in human medicine (Finkelmann, 2009). Herbal remedies are generally characterised by a broad therapeutic index. They consist of multicomponent mixtures and act as multi-target drugs with pleiotropic effects. In Switzerland, veterinary phytotherapy has been relaunched in 2006 as a subunit of the Swiss Medical Society for Phytotherapy (SMGP-vet). Since 2012, the certificate of qualification in veterinary phytotherapy has been approved by the Swiss Veterinary Association (GST/SVS). Historically, one of the common approaches to gain insight...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Health and welfare.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/34517/1/hoby-etal-2015-SchweizerArchivTierheilk_Band157-Heft11_p619-623.pdf
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Swiss ethnoveterinary knowledge on medicinal plants - a within-country comparison of Italian speaking regions with north-western German speaking regions Organic Eprints
Mayer, M.; Zbinden, M.; Vogl, C. R.; Ivemeyer, S.; Meier, B.; Amorena, M.; Maeschli, A.; Hamburger, M.; Walkenhorst, M..
BACKGROUND: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in Europe may play an important role as a basis for sustainable treatment options for livestock. Aims of our study were (a) to compare the ethnoveterinary practices of two culturally and sociodemographically different regions of Switzerland, (b) to compare results with earlier ethnoveterinary studies conducted in Switzerland and in adjacent Italian regions and, (c) to evaluate possible reasons for regional differences in European ethnoveterinary medicine. METHODS: 25 interviews were conducted in 2014 in all Italian speaking regions (ItR) of Switzerland, and 31 interviews were held in five north-western German speaking Cantons (GeC). Semi-structured questionnaires were used to collect detailed information regarding...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry; Health and welfare; Switzerland; Germany.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/34516/1/mayer-etal-2017_J%20EthnobiolEthnomed-Vol13-Issue1-p1-23.pdf
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Traditional homemade herbal remedies used by farmers of northern Switzerland to treat skin alterations and wounds in livestock Organic Eprints
Disler, M.; Schmid, K.; Ivemeyer, S.; Hamburger, M.; Walkenhorst, M..
Ethnoveterinary surveys are missing for wide areas of Europe. During the years 2011 and 2012 80 farmers on 64 farms in seven cantons of Northern Switzerland (Aargau, Zürich, Schaffhausen, St. Gallen, Thurgau, Appenzell Innerhoden and Appenzell Ausserrhoden) were interviewed. More than 500 homemade herbal remedies (HMHR) were documented regarding the used plant species, modes of preparation, dosage, routes of administration, category of use and origin of knowledge. A selection was made by choosing all HMHR which (a) contain only one herbal drug, (b) are used to treat skin alterations and wounds, (c) were administered to the skin, (d) were obtained from forefathers and relatives and (e) have been used by the interview partners themselves at least 5 times...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25312/1/disler-etal-2013-PlantaMedical-79-PL24.pdf
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Traditional use of herbs for treatment of farm animals by organic farmers in three Swiss cantons Organic Eprints
Walkenhorst, M.; Hamburger, M.; Ivemeyer, S.; Schmid, K..
Little is known about the usage of traditional herbs in the treatment of farm animals in central Europe, with exception of Austria.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Health and welfare.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/20178/1/SKMBT_C28011122015160.pdf
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Zwei Jahre pro-Q – Bilanz eines biokonformen Eutergesundheitsprogrammes Organic Eprints
Walkenhorst, M.; Heil, F.; Ivemeyer, S.; Notz, Ch.; Mäschli, A.; Klocke, P..
The pro-q-project is an udder health programme especially for organic farmers under Swiss conditions. The aim is to minimize the use of s antibiotics and to assure a good udder health state on the farms. At the end of the third project year of 100 project farms 16 participate for more than two years. The udder health situation of these 16 farms improved moderately in the second project year (37% of the cows with a so-matic cell count > 100’000/ml) compared to the year before project start (40% of the cows with a somatic cell count > 100’000/ml). Furthermore, a nearly linear increase of the arithmetic mean of herd lactation number (3.27 year before project start, 3.33 first project year, 3.44 second project year, resp.) could be found. The number of...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Health and welfare.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/9475/1/9475_Walkenhorst_Poster.pdf
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