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2006 Global Hunger Index: A Basis for Cross-Country Comparisons AgEcon
Wiesmann, Doris M..
Indices can be powerful tools for international monitoring and advocacy, and if used in international rankings, can help foster a sense of healthy competition among countries. With this in mind, IFPRI's Global Hunger Index (GHI) was designed to help mobilize political will and promote good policies by ranking countries and illustrating trends. It captures three dimensions of hunger: insufficient availability of food, shortfalls in the nutritional status of children, and child mortality, which is to a large extent attributable to undernutrition. Accordingly, the index includes the following three equally weighted indicators: the proportion of people who are food energy deficient as estimated by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43380
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A Global Hunger Index: Measurement Concept, Ranking of Countries, and Trends AgEcon
Wiesmann, Doris M..
Progress in combating hunger and undernutrition has been lagging for decades. Best practices to fight hunger and undernutrition have been available for a long while, but lack of political will among leaders and a lack of political power among the poor have hampered their implementation. Since indices have proven to be powerful tools for advocacy and are able to capture multifaceted phenomena, the Global Hunger Index (GHI) was developed to increase attention to the hunger problem and mobilize the political will to speed up urgently needed progress in the fight against hunger. The GHI captures three dimensions of hunger: insufficient availability of food, shortfalls in the nutritional status of children, and child mortality, which is to a large extent...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Hunger; Undernutrition; Child malnutrition; Child mortality; Food availability; Indicators; HIV/AIDS; Conflict; War; Developing countries; Countries in transition; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55891
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Food Security Analysis and Policies for Transition Countries AgEcon
Wehrheim, Peter; Wiesmann, Doris M..
This article explores the characteristics of food security in the context of economies in transition. These special characteristics derive from the “legacies” of socialist systems, both economy-wide ones and others specific to the agriculture and the food sector. Food insecurity in transition countries is considered predominantly “transitory”, while social safety nets dating back to the socialist years provide some cushion. Market failures and other institutional constraints are prevalent, inhibiting the process towards improvement of the food security situation. Conflict takes a heavy toll in terms of hunger and malnutrition in economies in transition and macro level factors are at work to determine food security outcomes. At the same time, socialist...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food security; Poverty; Malnutrition; Transition countries; Agriculture; Agricultural policy; Safety nets; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/112604
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FOOD SECURITY IN TRANSITION COUNTRIES: CONCEPTUAL ISSUES AND CROSS-COUNTRY ANALYSES AgEcon
Wehrheim, Peter; Wiesmann, Doris M..
Most methodological materials and analyses of food security pertain to the classical developing countries of the world. In this paper we discuss the question what pattern of food insecurity has developed across the transition countries? And, are there specific characteristics of food insecurity in the transition economies which can be attributed to the legacy of the socialist era? We argue that various legacies from the socialist system are decisive for today's economic and social environment in which food insecurity in these countries arises and has to be tackled. We discuss how the standard conceptual framework for the analysis of food security has to be adapted to take the specific characteristics of transition countries into account. Furthermore, we...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18760
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Is Food Insecurity More Severe in South Asia or Sub-Saharan Africa?: A Comparative Analysis Using Household Expenditure Survey Data AgEcon
Smith, Lisa C.; Wiesmann, Doris M..
This paper uses data from national household expenditure surveys to explore whether food insecurity is more severe in South Asia or Sub-Saharan Africa. It employs two indicators of the diet quantity dimension of food insecurity, or the inability to access sufficient food: the prevalence of food energy deficiency and the prevalence of severe food energy deficiency. It also employs two indicators of the diet quality dimension, indicating lack of access to nutritious food: the prevalence of low diet diversity and the percent of energy from staple foods. It finds the regions’ food energy deficiency prevalences to be quite close (51 percent in South Asia, 57 percent in Sub-Saharan Africa). However, the prevalence of severe food energy deficiency, which is more...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food security; Food energy deficiency; Diet quality; Sub-Saharan Africa; South Asia; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42401
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The World's Most Deprived: Characteristics and Causes of Extreme Poverty and Hunger AgEcon
Ahmed, Akhter U.; Hill, Ruth Vargas; Smith, Lisa C.; Wiesmann, Doris M.; Frankenberger, Tim.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42252
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