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A Global Vision and Strategy for Organic Farming Research. First Draft. Organic Eprints
Niggli, Urs; Baker, Brian; Rahmann, Gerold; Cuoco, Eduardo; Möller, Carolin; Ssebunya, Brian; Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer; Wivstad, Maria; Chang, Jennifer; Soto, Gabriela; Gould, David; Lampkin, Nic; Chander, Mahesh; Mapusua, Karen; Wynen, Els; Qiao, Yuhui; Ardakani, M. Reza; Hartmann, Marco; Oyama, Toshio; Schmid, Otto; Willer, Helga.
Organic agriculture world-wide offers the promise of a future to produce and distribute food and other farm products in a healthy, ecologically sound, truly sustainable and fair way. The full benefits of organic agriculture are just now being realized—from ecosystem services to the provision of healthier food - yet, to reach its full potential organic farming needs to address many challenges. While organic agriculture has grown in strength and is in the most favorable position it has ever been in with respect to market conditions, government policies and international institutional support, it still does not have adequate resources to continue its expansion. The Technology Innovation Platform of IFOAM (TIPI) has developed a vision and an agenda to advance...
Tipo: Working paper Palavras-chave: Systems research and participatory research.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/27636/1/TIPI_Vision_First%20Draft%20October%202014.pdf
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Australia: Organic Agriculture in 2010/11 and 2015/16 Organic Eprints
Wynen, Els.
In 2010-/11, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) included organic agriculture in its census, and again in 2015-/16. In this paper, the progress of the Australian organic world between those two years is summarised both for land-use and for farm-gate values. In addition, some background information is provided for area cropped, organic production and prices paid to producers.
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Australia.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/35252/1/Australia-2019-FIBL.docx
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Does it make sense to buy locally produced organic products? Organic Eprints
Vanzetti, David; Wynen, Els.
Enthusiasts of the organically grown food industry often espouse a preference for produce grown in the local region, and suggest that consumers should buy locally produced organic products. One reason consumers buy organic products is to improve the environment. There is a perception that transporting foods long distances is wasteful, in part because transport costs are not appropriately priced to include all externalities. Does this make sense? The focus of this paper is to examine conceptually how trade can contribute to a more environmentally-sound way of supplying agricultural products to consumers, even when transport costs are adequately taken into account. An example from the international wheat trade illustrates this point.
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Markets and trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/3115/1/3115.htm
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Impact of organic guarantee systems on production and trade in organic products Organic Eprints
Wynen, Els.
The need for standards, with an accompanying certification system, in organic agriculture, causes problems for different players in the organic market. On the one hand, in the present situation extra direct costs (for inspection and certification) and indirect costs (related to production and marketing) can be expected as compared with a situation of increased harmonization. These extra costs can be expected both for producers and other players in the supply chain, such as processors, wholesalers and retailers. On the other hand, some exporters and producers in importing countries may be disadvantaged by a move towards increased harmonization. Consumers, especially in the importing countries, should be expected to gain with increased harmonization, when...
Tipo: Working paper Palavras-chave: Regulation.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/3110/1/ITFelspaperFinalJulyFormatted.doc
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Impact of organic guarantee systems on trade in organic products Organic Eprints
Wynen, Els.
The need to meet a range of organic production standards and compliance systems to export to different countries imposes additional costs on producers in exporting countries. Harmonizing these systems would reduce these costs and facilitate international trade. Data on direct and indirect costs of non-harmonization were collected for the wheat and coffee sectors. Analysis using a bilateral trade model implies that the cost of non-harmonization of organic guarantee systems could be up to $US 550 million per year, with benefits going both to producers in the newly certified countries and consumers in the importing country. Producers in countries that already have preferential access, and producers in importing countries, could be disadvantaged as compared...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Markets and trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/4501/4/Wynen_impact_4p_revised%2Ded.doc
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Improving the measurement of Australian organic production Organic Eprints
Wynen, Els.
In Australia reliable data has always been a problem, as no agency (government or otherwise) has regularly and systematically collected and published full sets of data. In 2012 the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) published data resulting from questions on organic agriculture included in its census of 2010-11. These data were analysed, and are reported in the bi-annual marketing reports of Australian Organic. Although an improvement on what previously existed, the ABS data and the analysis of it have serious shortcomings. Estimates of the farm-gate value of organic production are likely to be significantly distorted because of serious methodological problems. The main problems relate to: (i) organic price premium; (ii) industry classification;...
Tipo: Working paper Palavras-chave: Surveys and statistics Markets and trade Education; Extension and communication Australia.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/29266/12/29266.pdf
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Improving the measurement of the value of organic production in Australia Organic Eprints
Wynen, Els.
In Australia reliable data has always been a problem, as no agency (government or otherwise) has regularly and systematically collected and published full sets of data. In 2012 the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) published data resulting from questions on organic agriculture included in its census of 2010-11. These data were analysed, and are reported in the bi-annual marketing reports of Australian Organic. However, the analysis of those ABS data has serious shortcomings. Estimates of the farm-gate value of organic production are likely to be significantly distorted because of serious methodological problems. The main problems relate to: (i) avoidance of organic price premium; (ii) discrepancy between share of organic area and share of the value...
Tipo: Working paper Palavras-chave: Surveys and statistics Markets and trade Education; Extension and communication Australia.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30946/18/OTARE-Position%20Paper_No_1601-July.pdf
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Organic agricultural production in Australia: 2010-11 and 2015-16 Organic Eprints
Wynen, Els.
In 2010-11 the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) included organic agriculture in its census, which was repeated in 2015-16. In this paper the progress of the Australian organic production between those two years is tracked. In 2015-16 the farm gate value of organic production in Australia was estimated at well over $1.1 billion, almost three times the value estimated five years earlier, in 2010-11. By far the largest contributor to the growth in that period was beef – with an almost six-fold increase in returns since 2010-11 – due mainly to the enormous growth in organic grazing areas (covering over 90 per cent of the area under organic agriculture in 2015-16), but also partly to an increase in beef prices in the conventional market and in...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm economics; Australia.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/34532/1/RP-ABS-2010-11_2015-16.pdf
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Organic Agriculture in Australia - Research Levies and Expenditure Organic Eprints
Wynen, Els.
It is often claimed that the organic industry in Australia receives insufficient funding for research and development. Behind this claim lies the assumption that funding provided is less than the amount paid by organic farmers in obligatory research and development levies. But is this the case? How much do organic farmers contribute? And how much do they receive in return? The aim of this report is to quantify these issues. The first issue - levies paid by organic farmers - was scrutinised and analysed with the help of the organic certification offices. These offices hold data pertaining to organic farms. The majority of farms, including those under organic management, pay levies for research and development (R&D), marketing, the National Residue...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Research methodology and philosophy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/1845/1/RIRDCOrgResearchAustralia2003.pdf
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Organic Agriculture in Denmark - Economic Implications of a Widespread Change Organic Eprints
Wynen, Els.
To assess the effects of a hypothetical widespread adoption of organic practices in Denmark, a four-region, partial equilibrium model of the Danish agricultural sector, the Danish Organic Agriculture Project (DOAP), was constructed for the Danish Institute of Agricultural and Fisheries Economics (SJFI). DOAP contains 3 farm sectors, crops, dairy and pigs, and permits farmers to have up to 16 cropping activities. Detailed costs of production are modelled in each sector and region. DOAP contains two production structures, one conventional and one organic, currently representing less than 2 per cent of Danish farms. By exogenously specifying the number of farms using each method of production, the impact of a switch to organic methods on national outputs and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm economics; Policy environments and social economy; Farming Systems; "Organics" in general.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://orgprints.org/3061/1/sjfielsfinw6.rtf
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Research Implications of a Paradigm Shift in Agriculture: The Case of Organic Farming Organic Eprints
Wynen, Els.
It is proposed in this report that organic and conventional agriculture belong to two different paradigms. The first type of agriculture, called conventional farming in this paper, is characterised by an approach of control and reductionism, emphasising treatment of symptoms instead of prevention in management. Solutions to problems within chemistry are an important part of the science involved in conventional agriculture. Although there is awareness of off-farm problems, in general these are not paid a great deal of attention. The second, called organic farming, approaches farming as an holistic enterprise, with the whole farm seen as one integrated, dynamic system. Changes in one part of the system might influence a number of other parts. Attempts...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://orgprints.org/3053/1/TABLE_OF_CONTENTS.htm
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Research in organic agriculture - Assessment and future directions Organic Eprints
Wynen, Els; Vanzetti, David.
Organic agriculture has only recently come out of its marginal status in many countries. Consequently, funding for research is starting to pick up, and policies on research needs have been the focus of attention more in the last few years than ever before. Since Niggli and Lockeretz (1996) mapped past research in organic agriculture, several reports have been written on what is happening at present, or what should happen in the future. For example, Lindenthal, Vogl and Hess (1996) described research requirements in Austria, Höök (1997) detailed research in seven European countries, and Wynen (1997) analysed present and future research needs in organic agriculture in Europe. More recently, a number of studies have appeared which discuss research topics...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Research methodology and philosophy.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://orgprints.org/3054/1/Lyon99.rtf
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STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE SYSTEMS FOR ORGANIC AND BIO-DYNAMIC AGRICULTURE IN AUSTRALIA:PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE Organic Eprints
Wynen, Els.
Australia does not yet have standards for organic and bio-dynamic produce for the domestic market, although there are standards for exports. Recently, there has been a move towards the establishment and adoption of standards for the domestic market. Debate has centred on which organisation would be most suitable to host such standards. An important issue was the acceptability of the final standards to the Government, so that it would be willing to legalise the word ‘organic’ according to those standards. Other issues of concern were ownership of and control over the standards, copyright, compliance with the standards, and costs of developing and maintaining standards. Given the requirements identified by the industry as being of importance, the process of...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Regulation.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/13238/1/13238.doc
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Sustainable and Conventional Agriculture in South-Eastern Australia - A Comparison Organic Eprints
Wynen, Els.
A survey of sustainable cereal/livestock farmers in South-Eastern Australia in 1985-86 is described in this study. The first conclusion is that the average net financial results of producers who farm without the use of synthetic fertilisers and pesticides can not be seen to be different from those obtained on comparable conventional farms in 1985-86. The sustainable farms were in areas with similar climate and soil quality (as measured by improved capital value per hectare) to that of their conventional counterparts. The use of less fertilisers per cropped unit of land on sustainable farms is therefore not due to the intrinsic quality of the land, but to a conscious decision to adopt an approach to farming very different from the conventional...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm economics Weed management Soil tillage Crop husbandry Australia Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Animal husbandry.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://orgprints.org/3062/1/LatrobeResPap.doc
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What are the key issues faced by organic producers? Organic Eprints
Wynen, Els.
Concerns facing organic producers can be divided into two main groups, production and marketing. In the early days of the organic industry, the production problems of farmers were emphasised, and research topics were often concentrated on soil, pests and diseases. More recently, as the industry matures and international trade of organic products has grown, the importance of market-related issues has come to the fore. On the one hand, the need for harmonisation of standards and acceptance of equivalence for market development — which would facilitate international trade — is recognised. On the other hand, a more serious push towards domestic consumption seems afoot, which would advantage domestic farmers but disadvantage producers in exporting countries.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/3116/1/3116.htm
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