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Registros recuperados: 29
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A Cross-Country Analysis of Household Response to Adult Mortality in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications for HIV/AIDS Mitigation and Rural Development Policies AgEcon
Mather, David; Donovan, Cynthia; Jayne, Thomas S.; Weber, Michael T.; Chapoto, Antony; Mazhangara, Edward; Mghenyi, Elliot W.; Bailey, Linda; Yoo, Kyeongwon; Yamano, Takashi.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Downloads November 2008 - July 2007: 6.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11322
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A Cross-Country Analysis of Household Responses to Adult Mortality in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications For HIV/AIDS Mitigation And Rural Development Policies. AgEcon
Mather, David; Donovan, Cynthia; Jayne, Thomas S.; Weber, Michael T.; Chapoto, Antony; Mazhangara, Edward; Bailey, Linda; Yoo, Kyeongwon; Yamano, Takashi; Mghenyi, Elliot W..
This paper summarizes and synthesizes across the results of a set of country studies on the effects of prime-age adult mortality on rural households in Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, and Zambia. Each study is based on large representative rural household surveys. These findings have implications for the design of efforts to mitigate some of the most important effects of rural adult mortality, and for key development policies and priorities.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: HIV/AIDS; Sub-Saharan Africa; Mortality; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Health Economics and Policy; Downloads July 2008 - July 2009: 21; I11.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54571
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CHILD GROWTH, SHOCKS, AND FOOD AID IN RURAL ETHIOPIA AgEcon
Yamano, Takashi; Alderman, Harold; Christiaensen, Luc J.M..
Over the past decades child stunting in Ethiopia has persisted at alarming rates. While the country experienced several droughts during this period, it also received enormous amounts of food aid, leading some to question the effectiveness of food aid in reducing child malnutrition. Using nationally representative household surveys from 1995-96 and controlling for program placement, we find that children between 6 and 24 months experienced about 0.9 cm less growth over a six-month period in communities where half the crop area was damaged compared to those without crop damage. Food aid was also found to have a substantial effect on growth of children in this age group. Moreover, on average the total amount of food aid appeared to be sufficient to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25838
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Do Farmers Really Benefit from High Food Prices? Balancing Rural Interest in Kenya's Maize Pricing and Marketing Policy AgEcon
Jayne, Thomas S.; Yamano, Takashi; Nyoro, James K.; Awuor, Tom.
This paper uses information from rural household surveys in 24 districts in Kenya to inform current debate on maize pricing policy. Specifically, it sheds light on how rural farm households are being affected by governmental efforts to support maize price levels. Using information on landed import costs of white maize from South Africa with and without the import tariff, it simulates the effects of eliminating the tariff on rural smallholder farmers, large-scale farmers, and urban consumers. It then examines the implications of these findings for the design of strategies to promote agricultural productivity and rural income growth.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food Policy; Kenya; Maize; Marketing; Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing; Q18.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55149
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Do Farmers Really Benefit from High Food Prices? Balancing Rural Interests in Kenya's Maize Pricing and Marketing Policy AgEcon
Jayne, Thomas S.; Yamano, Takashi; Nyoro, James K.; Awuor, Tom.
Published by Tegemeo Institute for Agricultural Policy and Development
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Kenya; Maize; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing; Q18.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54641
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Dynamic Changes in Dairy Technologies Uptake in the Kenya Highlands AgEcon
Baltenweck, Isabelle; Yamano, Takashi; Staal, Steven J..
A number of African countries experienced since the mid 1980s a process of market liberalization that was expected to increase smallholders' access to inputs and outputs markets through the entry of private players. The effect on production, through uptake of improved technologies is however unclear. This paper aims at better understanding the dynamics of dairy technology uptake using a rich dataset of 874 households surveyed at two points of time. Using panel data enables to show the importance of differentiating 'permanent adopters' and 'temporary adopters'. Farmers with large land holdings are those who are able to have improved cattle at the two points of time, while those with smaller land size may not be able to maintain their animals on farm, either...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; C21; D1; O3; Q12.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25571
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Effects of Agricultural Commercialization on Food Crop Input Use and Productivity in Kenya AgEcon
Strasberg, Paul J.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Yamano, Takashi; Nyoro, James K.; Karanja, Daniel David; Strauss, John.
The objective of this report is to analyze the effects of smallholder commercialization on food crop input use and productivity in rural Kenya. The main research issues were: (1) To examine the determinants of smallholder fertilizer use on food crops, with a focus on the effects of household and regional agricultural commercialization; (2) To examine the determinants of food crop productivity, again with a focus on the effects of commercialization; and (3) To discuss the implications of the findings for policy and additional research necessary to improve the contribution of cash cropping to rural food productivity growth and food security. A main premise of the paper is that the effects of commercialization are not uniform and cannot be generalized. The...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Food crop productivity; Food crop input; Crop Production/Industries; Productivity Analysis; Downloads May 2008 - July 2009: 78; Q18.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54675
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Effects of Agricultural Commercialization on Food Crop Input Use and Productivity in Kenya AgEcon
Strasberg, Paul J.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Yamano, Takashi; Nyoro, James K.; Karanja, Daniel David; Strauss, John.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Downloads July 2008 - July 2009: 23.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11463
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Emerging Markets after Liberalization: Evidence from the Raw Milk Market in Rural Kenya AgEcon
Kijima, Yoko; Yamano, Takashi; Baltenweck, Isabelle.
This article examines how the raw milk marketing system in Kenya has evolved after the dairy sector liberalization in 1992 by using panel data of 874 rural households. From the 1998 to 2004, the proportion of rural households who sold milk increased from 37 to 51 percent. During the same period, the number of households who sold milk to traders tripled, while it has drastically declined for dairy cooperatives and a parastatal processing company. The price analysis indicates that the excess supply in localities does not affect the farm gate price received by milk producer in 1998, but not in 2004. This is because trading a perishable commodity, such as milk, over a long distance requires reliable market channels and it takes some time for such supporting...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25551
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How Can Micro-Level Household Information Make a Difference for Agricultural Policy Making: Selected Examples from the KAMPAP Survey of Smallholder Agriculture and Non Farm Activities for Selected Districts in Kenya AgEcon
Argwings-Kodhek, Gem; Jayne, Thomas S.; Nyambane, Gerald G.; Awuor, Tom; Yamano, Takashi.
Agriculture forms the foundation of Kenya’s economy. However, the information base on agriculture % including basic indicators on farmers’ input, production, and marketing behavior, household food consumption patterns, etc. % is weak and largely outdated. Agricultural policy is largely made on the basis of conventional wisdom about the way things work. In a dynamic, evolving economy, long-standing perceptions may become increasingly inconsistent with current reality, particularly when the system has been exposed to dramatic changes such as structural adjustment, market liberalization, and the advent of new technology. In such a setting, entrenched perceptions about the way farmers, traders and consumers actually behave may lead to unintended and even...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Kenya; Agricultural policy; Food security; Household; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; Q12.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57056
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Interlinked Credit and Farm Intensification: Evidence from Kenya AgEcon
Jayne, Thomas S.; Yamano, Takashi; Nyoro, James K..
This paper addresses the potential for interlinked credit/input/output marketing arrangements for cash crops to promote food crop intensification. Using panel survey data from Kenya, we estimate a household fixed-effects model of fertilizer use per hectare of food crops. Results indicate that households engaging in interlinked marketing programs for selected cash crops applied considerably more fertilizer on other crops (primarily cereals) not directly purchased by the cash crop trading firm. These findings suggest that, in addition to the direct stimulus that interlinked cash crop marketing arrangements can have on small farmer incomes, these institutional arrangements may provide spillover benefits for the productivity of farmers' other activities such...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25933
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ISSUES OF DEMAND SPECIFICATION AND INDUSTRY STRUCTURE IN TURKEYS AND BROILER CHICKENS AgEcon
Cheney, Laura Martin; Brown, A. Blake; Yamano, Takashi; Masterovsky, Michael.
Factors unique to the turkey industry suggest that conclusions concerning market structure and demand specification drawn from aggregate poultry data cannot necessarily be extrapolated to the turkey industry. The Wu-Hausman endogeneity test is used to examine demand specifications and industry structure specifically for turkey meat. In contrast to general poultry, quantity-not price-is found to be predetermined in demand models that use annual turkey data. Quarterly demand analysis suggests this result stems from biological cycles that limit a producer's ability to react to price change and the use of a weighted average for determining price and quantity.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Demand analysis; Endogeneity; Market structure; Poultry industry; Turkeys; Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15290
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Legal Knowledge and Economic Development: The Case of Land Rights in Uganda AgEcon
Deininger, Klaus W.; Ayalew, Daniel; Yamano, Takashi.
Mixed evidence on the impact of formal title in much of Africa is often used to question the relevance of dealing with land policy issues in this continent. We use data from Uganda to assess the impact of a disaggregated set of rights on investment, productivity, and land values and to test the hypothesis that individuals' lack of knowledge of the new law reduces their tenure security. Results point towards strong and positive effects of greater tenure security and transferability. Use of exogenous knowledge of its provisions as a proxy for the value of the land law suggests that this piece of legislation had major economic benefits that remain to be fully realized.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25431
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Legal knowledge and economic development: The case of land rights in Uganda AgEcon
Deininger, Klaus W.; Ali, Daniel Ayalew; Yamano, Takashi.
Mixed evidence on the impact of formal title in much of Africa is often used to question the relevance of dealing with land policy issues in this continent. We use data from Uganda to assess the impact of a disaggregated set of rights on investment, productivity, and land values and to test the hypothesis that individuals'’ lack of knowledge of the new law reduces their tenure security. Results point towards strong and positive effects of greater tenure security and transferability. Use of exogenous knowledge of its provisions as a proxy for the value of the land law suggests that this piece of legislation had major economic benefits that remain to be fully realized.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21197
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Measuring the Effects of Prime-age Adult Mortality in Kenya AgEcon
Yamano, Takashi; Jayne, Thomas S..
Published by Tegemeo Institute for Agricultural Policy and Development
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Kenya; Prime-age adult mortality; Health Economics and Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54642
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MEASURING THE IMPACTS OF PRIME-AGE ADULT DEATH ON RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN KENYA AgEcon
Yamano, Takashi; Jayne, Thomas S.; McNeil, Melody Rebekah.
Using a two-year panel of 1,422 Kenyan households surveyed in 1997 and 2000, we measure how working-age adult mortality affects rural households= size and composition, crop production, asset levels, and off-farm income. First, the paper uses adult mortality rates from available data on an HIV-negative sample to predict the proportion of deaths observed between 1997 and 2000 due to AIDS. Next, using a difference-in-differences estimation, we measure changes in outcomes between households afflicted by adult mortality vs. those not afflicted over the three-year survey period. The effects of adult mortality are highly sensitive to the gender and position of the deceased family member in the household. Households suffering the death of the head-of-household...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25802
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Measuring the Impacts of Prime-age Adult Death on Rural Households in Kenya AgEcon
Yamano, Takashi; Jayne, Thomas S..
Using a two-year panel of 1,422 Kenyan households surveyed in 1997 and 2000, we measure how primeage adult mortality affects rural households’ size and composition, agricultural production, asset levels, and off-farm income. First, the paper uses adult mortality rates from available data on an HIV-negative sample from neighboring Tanzania to predict the number of deaths that might have been expected in the absence of HIV, and compares this to the number of deaths actually recorded over the survey interval in the Kenyan sample. Based on this procedure, only a quarter of the prime-age female deaths in the 25-34 age range and about half of the male deaths in the 35-44 year age range age range could have been predicted on the basis of the HIV-negative...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: HIV/AIDS; Kenya; Agricultural production; Adult death; Health Economics and Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55152
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MEASURING THE IMPACTS OF PRIME-AGE ADULT DEATH ON RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN KENYA AgEcon
Yamano, Takashi; Jayne, Thomas S..
Using a two-year panel of 1,422 Kenyan households surveyed in 1997 and 2000, we measure how prime-age adult mortality affects rural households' size and composition, agricultural production, asset levels, and off-farm income. First, the paper uses adult mortality rates from available data on an HIV-negative sample from neighboring Tanzania to predict the number of deaths that might have been expected in the absence of HIV, and compares this to the number of deaths actually recorded over the survey interval in the Kenyan sample. Based on this procedure, only a quarter of the prime-age female deaths in the 25-34 age range and about half of the male deaths in the 35-44 year age range age range could have been predicted on the basis of the HIV-negative...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11632
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Smallholder Income and Land Distribution in Africa: Implications for Poverty Reduction Strategies AgEcon
Jayne, Thomas S.; Yamano, Takashi; Weber, Michael T.; Tschirley, David L.; Benfica, Rui M.S.; Chapoto, Antony; Zulu, Ballard; Neven, David.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Downloads July 2008-July 2009: 15.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11295
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SMALLHOLDER INCOME AND LAND DISTRIBUTION IN AFRICA: IMPLICATIONS FOR POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES AgEcon
Jayne, Thomas S.; Yamano, Takashi; Weber, Michael T.; Tschirley, David L.; Benfica, Rui M.S.; Neven, David; Chapoto, Antony; Zulu, Ballard.
This paper provides a micro-level foundation for discussions of income and asset allocation within the smallholder sector in Eastern and Southern Africa, and explores the implications of these findings for rural growth and poverty alleviation strategies in the region. Results are drawn from nationally-representative household surveys in five countries between 1990 and 2000: Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Mozambique, and Zambia. The paper shows that farm sizes in most of Africa are declining over time; that farm sizes are declining at a faster rate for households at the low end of the land size distribution; that Gini coefficient measures indicate that farm sizes within the small-farm sectors are generally more inequitably distributed than in Asia and Latin...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Downloads July 2008-July 2009: 15.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19692
Registros recuperados: 29
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