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Registros recuperados: 27
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Commercialization of Agriculture Under Population Pressure: Effects on Production, Consumption, and Nutrition in Rwanda AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; de Haen, Hartwig; Blanken, Juergen.
Rapid population growth in agroecologies that are already under high population pressure poses a major challenge for development policy. It becomes an even greater challenge in complex agroecologies where little new technology for rapid agricultural expansion is available. The mountain zones of the Zaire-Nile Divide in Central Africa present an example of such a challenging environment where agriculture has encroached onto marginal zones, that is, water catchment areas and the last tropical forests of the area. This study by von Braun, de Haen, and Blanken highlights the potentials of agricultural development for the employment, income, and consumption of the poor, but also stresses that nonagricultural rural growth and employment expansion are key to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture and State; Rwanda; Produce trade; Government policy; Exports; Food supply; Nutrition policy; Population; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Development.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42154
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"DEVELOPMENT BOX" AND SPECIAL AND DIFFERENTIAL TREATMENT FOR FOOD SECURITY OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: POTENTIALS, LIMITATIONS AND IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Wobst, Peter; Grote, Ulrike.
At the Ministerial Conference in Doha, WTO member countries acknowledged the need to further correct the prevailing restrictions and distortions in agricultural world markets. The Ministerial Declaration of Doha reaffirms the commitment of creating a fair agricultural trading system that will recognize the special needs of developing countries and foster their full integration and participation in agricultural world trade. It has been widely discussed who the winners and losers of further trade liberalization may be, considering particular country groups such as the Cairns Group or the group of Net Food Importing Developing Countries. Although many developing countries may gain from both increased access to OECD markets and the elimination of own trade...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18759
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Drought and Famine Relationships in Sudan: Policy Implications AgEcon
Teklu, Tesfaye; von Braun, Joachim; Zaki, El Sayed.
Sudan experienced severe food shortage and famine during the 1970s and 1980s. For a country known for its vast agricultural resources, this is both unfortunate and ironic. This research report explores the basic factors that contributed to the recurrence of this phenomenon and identifies policies and actions for avoiding famines and achieving sound and sustainable food policies. The study demonstrates the complexity of policy for prevention, which encompasses macroeconomic reform, promotion of agricultural production and technological change, market development, employment promotion, and interventions for health and nutrition. The researchers extensively investigated all theses aspects from primarily field data gathered before and after the 1984-85...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Famine; Sudan; Droughts; Food relief; Government policy; Drought relief; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42119
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Exploring the Price Spike AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Torero, Maximo.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; I30; O12; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94696
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Famine in Ethiopia: Policy Implications of Coping Failure at National and Household Levels AgEcon
Webb, Patrick; von Braun, Joachim; Yohannes, Yisehac.
This study argues that famines are preventable. What was once a universal threat to human life is now primarily in Sub-Saharan Africa. Africa is likely to be the only continent to experience a continued high level of famine mortality during the 1990s, as well as an increase in absolute poverty. Therefore, the current challenge facing policymakers and research organizations such as IFPRI is to reduce the negative effects of famine in Africa and to lay the foundations for its longer- term eradication. This research by Patrick Webb, Joachim von Braum, and Yisehac Yohannes was designed to contribute to a better understanding of the root causes of famine and thereby to identify appropriate policies and projects for famine mitigation. As part of a larger IFPRI...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Famines; Ethiopia; Droughts; Government policy; Food supply; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37973
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Food and financial crises: Implications for agriculture and the poor AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47663
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Global food crisis; Monitoring and assessing impact to inform policy responses AgEcon
Benson, Todd; Minot, Nicholas; Pender, John L.; Robles, Miguel; von Braun, Joachim.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54045
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Global Food Price Volatility and Spikes: An Overview of Costs, Causes, and Solutions AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Tadesse, Getaw.
Since the 2007–08 food crisis, many thoughtful analyses have addressed the causes and impacts of high and volatile international food prices and proposed solutions to the crisis. These studies have covered global as well as local food price dynamics and policy reactions. The food price problem is, however, far-reaching, and its impacts are wide and interrelated. The price formation mechanism has become highly complex and dynamic. Policy actions are politically and economically sensitive. This situation calls for continuous and comprehensive assessments of the problem to provide timely and evidence-based knowledge for policy makers. This paper reviews existing evidence and theories and presents new thoughts and insights from analyses to enlighten the course...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Food security; Prices; Volatility; Poverty; Food policy; Speculation; Economic crises; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; I38; O13; O16; Q11; Q18.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120021
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Globalization of food and agriculture and the poor AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Diaz-Bonilla, Eugenio.
The economic impact of globalization, particularly on poverty, and the changes in agri-food markets have received much attention in recent years. However, the intersection of these two trends has been neglected. The present volume fills this gap by focusing on the way globalization of agri-food systems affects the world’s poor and its impact on food and nutrition security in developing countries. Rather than offering a single policy prescription or simplistic messages about globalization being 'good' or 'bad', the book acknowledges the complexity of the subject by including a variety of policy and research perspectives. The contributors analyse in details the links between poverty and globalization. They examine the different interactions between the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food supply; Developing countries; Rural poor Globalization; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46012
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High food prices: The what, who, and how of proposed policy actions AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Ahmed, Akhter U.; Asenso-Okyere, Kwadwo; Fan, Shenggen; Gulati, Ashok; Hoddinott, John; Pandya-Lorch, Rajul; Rosegrant, Mark W.; Ruel, Marie T.; Torero, Maximo; van Rheenen, Teunis; von Grebmer, Klaus.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48293
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Implementing Physical and Virtual Food Reserves to Protect the Poor and Prevent Market Failure AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Torero, Maximo.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49997
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International agricultural research for food security, poverty reduction, and the environment: What to expect from scaling up CGIAR investments and “Best Bet” programs. AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Fan, Shenggen; Meinzen-Dick, Ruth Suseela; Rosegrant, Mark W.; Nin Pratt, Alejandro.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Developing countries; CGIAR; Food prices; Poverty reduction; Hunger; Agricultural research food security; Environment; Agricultural innovation; Agricultural development; Climate change; Agricultural biodiversity; Food Security and Poverty; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46015
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International agricultural research for food security, poverty reduction, and the environment: What to expect from scaling up CGIAR investments and “Best Bet” programs. AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Fan, Shenggen; Meinzen-Dick, Ruth Suseela; Rosegrant, Mark W.; Nin Pratt, Alejandro.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Developing countries; CGIAR; Food prices; Poverty reduction; Hunger; Agricultural research food security; Environment Agricultural innovation; Agricultural development; Climate change; Agricultural biodiversity; Food Security and Poverty; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46016
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Irrigation Technology and Commercialization of Rice in the Gambia: Effects on Income and Nutrition AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Puetz, Detlev; Webb, Patrick.
With its focus in irrigation technology and commercialization of rice in West Africa, this study addresses the question of how agricultural growth in Sub-Saharan Africa may improve food security. Over the last few decades in Africa, rice has ranked second after maize among cereal that have contributed to the overall growth of cereal output. In West Africa, rice imports have grown rapidly during the last two decades. Future decisions on irrigation investments and technology choices will be critical importance in view of numerous past failures and excessive costs of irrigation in Sub-Saharan Africa. This research by Joachim Von Braun, Detlev Puetz, and Patrick Webb is to be seen against the backdrop of policy priorities resulting from the earlier work of...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Rice trade; Gambia; Irrigation; Economic aspects; Food supply; Income; Crop Production/Industries; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42167
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IS THE WORLD BECOMING A MORE RISKY PLACE? TRENDS IN DISASTERS AND VULNERABILITY TO THEM AgEcon
Felbruegge, Torsten; von Braun, Joachim.
Numerous publications about disasters are implying that disaster vulnerability is growing. The main reasons given for this are growing populations, climate change and increasing poverty. However, maybe the current perception of vulnerability to disasters rests primarily on a perspective focusing on the present and neglecting long-term trends. Moreover, a changed understanding of the term “disaster” perhaps reflects a changed perception of its scope. An intention of this study is the examination of the hypothesis that vulnerability to disasters has increased. To accomplish this, clarification is needed about what is, and what determines vulnerability. As a concept, “Vulnerability” to disasters is relevant for a world that changes rapidly in technological...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18730
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Labor-intensive public works for food security: Experience in Africa AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Teklu, Tesfaye; Webb, Patrick.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45871
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New Risks and Opportunities for Food Security: Scenario Analyses for 2015 and 2050 AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Rosegrant, Mark W.; Pandya-Lorch, Rajul; Cohen, Marc J.; Cline, Sarah A.; Brown, Mary Ashby; Bos, Maria Soledad.
Given the number of undernourished people in the developing world and the increasingly complex risks to food security, policymakers are faced with an enormous agenda. Freeing people from hunger will require more and better-targeted investments, innovations, and policy actions, driven by a keen understanding of the dynamic risks and forces that shape the factors affecting people’s access to food and the links with nutrition. The International Food Policy Research Institute’s (IFPRI’s) International Model for Policy Analysis of Agricultural Commodities and Trade (IMPACT) provides insight into the management of these risks through appropriate policy actions. By projecting future global food scenarios to 2050, IMPACT explores the potential implications of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42269
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Nontraditional Export Crops in Guatemala: Effects on Production, Income, and Nutrition AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Hotchkiss, David; Immink, Maarten.
Modernization of traditional agriculture entalls increased participation of the smallholder sector in the exchange economy. The achievement of this participation requires an open trade regime, domestic policies that ensure against market failures and public policy that effectively permits use of a new production technology for sustained growth. To open up these opportunities to small farmers, investment in rural intrastate is essential, as is investment in education that will enable these farmers to participate as entrepreneurs in the growth process must stimulate employment and increased returns to land. Nontraditional vegetables for export have a higher labor content and therefore promise to help foster rural modernization. In this study of...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Vegetable trade; Guatemala; Exports; Small Farms; Food supply; Agricultural laborers; Household surveys; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42169
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Physical and virtual global food reserves to protect the poor and prevent market failure AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Torero, Maximo.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47662
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Rising food prices: What should be done? AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48930
Registros recuperados: 27
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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