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Registros recuperados: 5
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A Dynamic CGE Model: An Application of R&D- Based Endogenous Growth Model Theory 31
Diao, Xinshen; Elbasha, Elamin H.; Roe, Terry L.; Yeldan, A. Erinc.
An R&D based endogenous growth - applied general equilibrium model is developed from an underlying analytical model which combines Romer's capital variety with Grossman and Helpman's multi-sector open economy model. The transitional dynamics of the analytical model are derived. For numerical implementation, a time discrete empirical model, with an Armington structure, is fit to East Asian data of the social accounting matrix variety. Simulations of trade reform are performed and their static and dynamic effects compared. The transition paths of the state variables are found to have a half-life of five to six periods. A solution of the Social Planner's problem, and interventions which seek to obtain this outcome from the decentralized model are also...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Applied General Equilibrium; Trade; Growth; International Relations/Trade; F11; 031; 041.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7461
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Learning About a New Technology: Pineapple In Ghana 31
Conley, Timothy G.; Udry, Christopher R..
This paper investigates the role of social learning in the diffusion of a new agricultural technology in a developing country: Ghana. We use unique data on farmers’ communication patterns to define each individual’s information neighborhood, the set of others from whom he might learn. Our empirical strategy is to test whether farmers change their input decisions to align with those of their neighbors who were successful in previous periods. We present evidence that farmers adopt successful neighbors’ practices, conditional on many potentially confounding factors including the physical proximity of plots, credit arrangements, clan membership, and soil characteristics.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Social learning; Technology; Innovation; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; 031; 012; 013.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28400
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Protection of Intellectual Property while Outsourcing 31
Sen Gupta, Rajorshi; Love, H. Alan.
Food and Beverage companies need to share their Intellectual Property (IP) when they outsource production and/or R&D to contract agents. IP sharing can facilitate misappropriation and the contractor may eventually start competing with the client. We design an incentive compatible contract that can protect company IP. A two-pronged strategy is proposed: Companies should share less know-how and give high incentive payments to deter IP misappropriation. Strategies like product differentiation may be highly useful to deter piracy.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Intellectual Property Protection; Outsourcing; Product Differentiation; R&D; Agribusiness; Industrial Organization; Risk and Uncertainty; L14; L21; L23; L66; 031; 032; 034.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103856
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Role of innovation in growth of countries 31
Tejinder, Sara.
The paper discusses the role of innovative capability in growth of a country by arguing that in the long run, a nation’s higher order competitive advantage can be built only with innovation. The paper also identifies eight determinants of innovation capability of a country. The discussion of these eight determinants should be useful for policy makers in countries attempting to promote economic growth by improving the productivity of the firms in their countries.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Innovation; Economic growth; Productivity of the firms; Innovative firms; Innovation capability of a country.; International Development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; O10; 021; 031; 038.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94611
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The Sixth Framework Program as an Affiliation Network: Representation and Analysis 31
Billand, Pascal; Frachisse, David; Massard, Nadine.
In this paper, we compare two different representations of Framework Programs as affiliation network: “One-mode networks”' and “Two-mode networks”'. The aim of this article is to show that the choice of the representation has an impact on the analysis of the networks and on the results of the analysis. In order to support our proposals, we present two forms of representation and different indicators used in the analysis. We study the network of the 6th Framework Program using the two forms of representation. In particular, we show that the identification of the central nodes is sensitive to the chosen representation. Furthermore, the nodes forming the core of the network vary according to the representation. These differences of results are important as...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Affiliation Network; Innovation Policies; Centrality; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; 031; 038; L14.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6217
Registros recuperados: 5
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