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Registros recuperados: 140
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A literature review on cardiovascular risk in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients: implications for clinical management BJID
Gomes Neto,Mansueto; Zwirtes,Ricardo; Brites,Carlos.
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, there has been growing concern about an increasing rate of cardiovascular diseases in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients, which could be associated with side effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy. It is likely that the metabolic disorders related to anti-human immunodeficiency virus treatment will eventually translate into a increased cardiovascular risk in patients submitted to such regimens. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy are at higher risk of cardiovascular diseases than human immunodeficiency virus infected patients not receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy, or the general population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: AIDS; Therapeutics; Highly active antiretroviral therapy; Cardiovascular diseases.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702013000600011
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A randomized, pilot trial comparing full versus escalating dose regimens for the desensitization of AIDS patients allergic to sulfonamides BJID
Straatmann,Andrea; Bahia,Fabianna; Pedral-Sampaio,Diana; Brites,Carlos.
Sulfonamides are drugs extensively used in the management of AIDS patients. However, the use of sulfonamides is often associated with the development of allergic reactions, provoking the substitution of the drug (by another that may be less effective); alternatively attempts are made to desensitize the patient. OBJECTIVE: Compare two drug regimens (full vs. escalating doses) for the oral desensitization of AIDS patients allergic to sulfonamides. MATERIAL AND METHODS: AIDS patients with previous allergic reactions to sulfonamides and requiring prophylaxis against Pneumocistis carinii, central nervous system toxoplasmosis and diarrhea caused by Isospora belli were randomly assigned to a group receiving a routine dose of cothrimoxazole, or another that...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: AIDS; Allergy; Sulfonamides; Oral desensitization.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702002000600002
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Acute HIV infection with rapid progression to AIDS BJID
Silva,Marcio de Oliveira; Bastos,Milena; Martins Netto,Eduardo; Gouvea,Nancy Alves de Lima; Torres,Alex Jose Leite; Kallas,Esper; Watkins,David I; Altfeld,Marcus; Brites,Carlos.
Acute HIV infection is rarely recognized as the signs and symptoms are normally unspecific and can persist for days or weeks. The normal HIV course is characterized by a progressive loss of CD4+ cells, which normally leads to severe immunodeficiency after a variable time interval. The mean time from initial infection to development of clinical AIDS is approximately 8-10 years, but it is variable among individuals and depends on a complex interaction between virus and host. Here we describe an extraordinary case of a man who developed Pneumocisits jiroveci pneumonia within one month after sexual exposure to HIV-1, and then presented with 3 consecutive CD4 counts bellow 200 cells/mm³ within 3 months, with no other opportunistic disease. Although...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: HIV; Acute infection; Progression; AIDS.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702010000300016
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Acute kidney injury in AIDS: frequency, RIFLE classification and outcome BJMBR
Libório,A.B.; Mota,R.M.S.; Abreu,K.L.S.; Silva,A.E.B.; Araújo,S.M.H.A.; Daher,E.F..
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the characteristics of acute kidney injury (AKI) in AIDS patients and the value of RIFLE classification for predicting outcome. The study was conducted on AIDS patients admitted to an infectious diseases hospital inBrazil. The patients with AKI were classified according to the RIFLE classification: R (risk), I (injury), F (failure), L (loss), and E (end-stage renal disease). Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to evaluate the factors associated with AKI. A total of 532 patients with a mean age of 35 ± 8.5 years were included in this study. AKI was observed in 37% of the cases. Patients were classified as "R" (18%), "I" (7.7%) and "F" (11%). Independent risk factors for AKI were thrombocytopenia...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Acute kidney injury; HIV; AIDS; Prognosis; Mortality; RIFLE.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2010001100013
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Adolescents growing with HIV/AIDS: experiences of the transition from pediatrics to adult care BJID
Machado,Daisy Maria; Galano,Eliana; de Menezes Succi,Regina Célia; Vieira,Carla Maria; Turato,Egberto Ribeiro.
Abstract The main objective of this work is to describe the formation of the Transition Adolescent Clinic (TAC) and understand the process of transitioning adolescents with HIV/AIDS from pediatric to adult care, from the vantage point of individuals subjected to this process. A qualitative method and an intentional sample selected by criteria were adopted for this investigation, which was conducted in São Paulo, Brazil. An in-depth semi-structured interview was conducted with sixteen HIV-infected adolescents who had been part of a transitioning protocol. Adolescents expressed the need for more time to become adapted in the transition process. Having grown up under the care of a team of health care providers made many participants have reluctance toward...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: HIV; AIDS; Health care transition; Adolescent.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702016000300002
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Aging with HIV: a practical review BJID
Cardoso,Sandra Wagner; Torres,Thiago Silva; Santini-Oliveira,Marilia; Marins,Luana Monteiro Spindola; Veloso,Valdiléa Gonçalves; Grinsztejn,Beatriz.
The worldwide elderly population is expected to grow by an additional 694 million people by 2025. By that time, there will be approximately two billion elderly people in the world, most of whom (80%) will be living in developing countries. Based on recent estimates, this population will number over 40 million in 2030 in Brazil and a consequent increase in governmental spending for this population can be expected. Since highly active antiretroviral therapy became available in the mid-1990s, the life expectancy of people living with HIV has increased significantly. Approximately 12 million life years were added to the world between 1996 and 2008 as a consequence of wider access to highly active antiretroviral therapy. In Brazil, the incidence of AIDS among...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: HIV; AIDS; Aging; Elderly; Brazil; Comorbidity; HAART.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702013000400013
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Aging with HIV: an overview of an urban cohort in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) across decades of life BJID
Torres,Thiago Silva; Cardoso,Sandra Wagner; Velasque,Luciane de Souza; Marins,Luana Monteiro Spindola; Oliveira,Marília Santini de; Veloso,Valdilea Gonçalves; Grinsztejn,Beatriz.
The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy during the 1990s was crucial to the decline in the rates of morbidity and death related to the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and turned human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection into a chronic condition. Consequently, the HIV/AIDS population is becoming older. The aim of this study was to describe the immunological, clinical and comorbidity profile of an urban cohort of patients with HIV/AIDS followed up at Instituto de Pesquisa Clinica Evandro Chagas, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Retrospective data from 2307 patients during January 1st, 2008 and December 31st, 2008 were collected. For continuous variables, Cuzick's non-parametric test was used. For categorical...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: HIV; AIDS; Aging; Elderly; Brazil; Comorbidity; HAART.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702013000300004
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AIDS and separability: a non sequitur AgEcon
Lee, Jonq-Ying; Brown, Mark G.; Seale, James L., Jr..
The almost ideal demand system (AIDS) is commonly used to study demand for agricultural commodities and groups of commodities. Increasingly, separability has been utilized in conjunction with the AIDS to estimate conditional demand systems as well as to improve upon precision of parameter estimates. The paper shows that separability conditions are inconsistent with use of the AIDS and that tests of separability with the AIDS are problematic.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: AIDS; Separability; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52879
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An Error Corrected Almost Ideal Demand System for Major Cereals in Kenya AgEcon
Nzuma, Jonathan M.; Sarker, Rakhal.
Despite significant progress in theory and empirical methods, the analysis of food consumption patterns in developing countries, particularly those in Sub Saharan Africa has received very limited attention. An attempt is made in this article to estimate an Error Corrected Almost Ideal Demand System for four major cereals consumed in Kenya employing annual data from 1963 to 2005. The model performs well both on theoretical and empirical grounds. All own-price elasticities are negative and statistically significant and all cereals are necessities both in the short-run and in the long-run in Kenya.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Error Correction Model; AIDS; Cereal Consumption; Kenya; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6443
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Análise da Mortalidade de Adultos Nos Agregados Familiares Rurais em Moçambique e Implicações para Políticas. AgEcon
Mather, David; de Marrule, Higino Francisco; Donovan, Cynthia; Weber, Michael T.; Alage, Albertina.
Resultados de pesquisa do Departmento de Análise de Políticas, MADER, Direcção de Economia
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Mozambique; AIDS; HIV; Health Economics and Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55240
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Analysis of Adult Mortality Within Rural Households in Mozambique and Implication For Policy AgEcon
Mather, David; de Marrule, Higino Francisco; Donovan, Cynthia; Weber, Michael T.; Alage, Albertina.
Research results from the Department of Policy Analysis, MADER, Directorate of Economics
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Mozambique; AIDS; HIV; Health Economics and Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55239
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Analysis of Fruit Consumption in the U.S. with a Quadratic AIDS Model AgEcon
Mekonnen, Dawit Kelemework; Huang, Chung L.; Fonsah, Esendugue Greg.
The Quadratic AIDS model was estimated to analyze the U.S. fruit consumption using annual per capita consumption data and prices for a demand system consisting of fresh fruit, fruit juice and other processed fruit. All Marshallian own price elasticities are found to be negative and the demand system is dominated by complementarity relationships. Both own and cross price Marshallian elasticities are less than one. Fruit juices are found to be expenditure elastic conditional on the total expenditure on fruits while fresh fruits and other processed fruits are found to be expenditure inelastic. However, fresh fruit is close to being unitary expenditure elastic. After allowing for curvature in the Engel function, U.S. fresh fruit demand is found to be more...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand estimation; U.S fruit consumption; Quadratic AIDS; AIDS; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Marketing.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119767
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Assessment of cytokine values in serum by RT-PCR in HIV-1 infected individuals with and without highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Meira,DA; Almeida,RAMB; Barbosa,AN; de Souza,LR; Olivo,TET; Henriques,RMS; Golim,MA; Araújo Jr,JP; Nagoshi,LR; Orikaza,CM; Calvi,SA.
A cross-sectional study was performed on HIV-1 infected individuals with or without antiretroviral treatment (ARV) in the AIDS Day Hospital, Botucatu Medical School, UNESP. Between August 2004 and October 2005, 73 HIV-1 infected individuals were divided into three groups: infected individuals with or without AIDS who had never received ARV (G1 = 15); patients on HAART that had had plasma HIV-1 RNA viral load (VL) equal to or greater than 50 copies/mL (G2 = 27); and patients on HAART with undetectable VL for at least the past six months (G3 = 31). There was also an additional group that comprised blood donors without any sign of the disease and with negative HIV serum tests (G4 = 20), which was the control group. Serum cytokine levels (values in pg/mL) were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: RT-PCR; ELISA; Cytokines; HIV; AIDS; HAART; Apoptosis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992008000400011
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Assessment of the effectiveness of a home-based care program for patients coinfected with tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus after discharge from a reference hospital in South-Eastern Brazil BJID
Bento,Carlos Alessandro Plá; Pedroso,Enio Roberto Pietra.
The effectiveness of tuberculosis treatment delivered by a home-based care program to patients coinfected with HIV was compared with that of a service provided by outpatient departments. A retrospective study was made of a cohort of coinfected patients discharged from hospital between January 1998 and December 2002 who had been followed-up for one year within one of these programs. Two-hundred-and-forty-three patients who met the inclusion criteria were grouped according to their treatment program (group 1 received home-based care; group 2 attended outpatient departments) and then paired one-to-one across the groups by gender, age and level of education. Only 48 patients from each group could be paired. Apart from the duration of HIV infection, there were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: AIDS; Tuberculosis; Treatment outcome; Adherence to treatment; Home-based care.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702010000600008
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Avascular necrosis of the femoral head in HIV infected patients BJID
Matos,Marcos Almeida; Alencar,Rafael Watt de; Matos,Simone Souza da Rocha.
Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head is an emerging complication in HIV infected patients. It has been suggested that the increased incidence of AVN in this population may be caused by an increased prevalence of predisposing factors for osteonecrosis, including protease inhibitors, hyperlipidemia, corticosteroid use, alcohol and intravenous drug abuse. The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors for avascular necrosis developing in the femoral head of HIV infected individuals. This study consisted of meta-analysis of the secondary data extracted from current literature. The selected articles allowed two study groups to be drawn up for comparison. Group 1 comprised 324 individuals infected by the HIV virus, who did not present femoral head...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: AIDS; HIV; Avascular necrosis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702007000100009
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Candida Glabrata Esophagitis: new case reports and management BJM
Macêdo,Danielle Patrícia Cerqueira; Silva,Vanessa Karina Alves da; Farias,Aline Mary de Almeida; Melo,Luciana Resende Bandeira de; Wilheim,Ana Botler; Neves,Rejane Pereira.
Candida esophagitis (CE) is a common opportunistic infection in the immunocompromised host. C. glabrata is rarely cited as agent of CE and has been underestimated due to lack of proper identification. In this study, two cases of C. glabrata esophagitis in AIDS and chagasic patients are reported. Diagnosis of Candida species should be considered an important key for the ideal choice of antifungal therapy against this mycosis.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Candida glabrata; Esophagitis; AIDS; Chagas disease.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822008000200015
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Causes of death among people living with HIV/AIDS in Brazil BJID
Rezende,Erika Luiza Lage Fazito; Vasconcelos,Ana Maria Nogales; Pereira,Mauricio Gomes.
BACKGROUND: The monitoring of the underlying causes of death in people living with HIV/AIDS is important so that actions to reduce morbidity and mortality can be taken. OBJECTIVE: To describe the temporal trends of underlying causes of death among people living with HIV/AIDS between 2000 and 2007 in Brazil and to identify factors associated with it. METHODS: The Mortality Information System data for deaths occurred in Brazil between 2000 and 2007 that contained reference to HIV/AIDS in any of the death certificate fields was analyzed. Temporal trends of the underlying cause of death were studied. Differences in the underlying cause of death according to gender, age, region of residence, level of education, certifying officer, race and year of death were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: AIDS; Causes of death; HIV.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702010000600003
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Central nervous system involvement in Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with Epstein-Barr virus in a patient with AIDS: case report and review of the literature BJID
Corti,Marcelo; Fioti,María F. Villafañe; Yampolsky,Claudio; Schtirbu,Ricardo; Narbaitz,Marina.
Intracranial and intraspinal involvement is a rare complication of Hodgkin's disease. We report a case of a patient with diagnosis of AIDS and Hodgkin's lymphoma who developed brain and spinal involvement at the time of the relapse of the neoplasm disease. Mixed cellularity histology was the subtype of Hodgkin's disease in our patient; we identified the Epstein-Barr virus genome in the Reed-Sternberg cells by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Hodgkin lymphoma; Central nervous system; AIDS.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702006000600009
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Cerebral infarction related to cryptococcal meningitis in an HIV-infected patient: case report and literature review BJID
Leite,Andréa Gurgel Batista; Vidal,José E.; Bonasser Filho,Francisco; Nogueira,Roberta Schiavon; Oliveira,Augusto César Penalva de.
Neurological dysfunction as the first manifestation of AIDS has been found in 10 to 20% of symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus infections. However, stroke has rarely been reported in AIDS patients. The most common causes of cerebral infarction in AIDS are central nervous system infections: toxoplasmosis, cryptococcal meningitis and tuberculosis. Potential vascular mechanisms for cerebral infarction and transient neurological deficits among AIDS patients include deposition of antigen-antibody complexes with vasculitis and infarction, and a direct toxic effect of a viral antigen or infectious agent on vascular endothelium. The role of cryptococcal meningitis in vasculopathy is still not clear. We report a case of cerebral infarction in an HIV-infected...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: AIDS; Cerebral infarction; Stroke; Cryptococcal meningitis.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702004000200008
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Citrus (Rutaceae): a review of recent advances in etymology, systematics and medical applications Naturalis
Mabberley, D.J..
The naming, introduction and classification of citrus crops and their allies is outlined. Traditional medicinal use and ‘Western’ applications in the treatment of scurvy and obesity, the prevention of AIDS, and in contraception is reviewed. Names for the commercially significant citrangequat (Citrus × georgiana) and the ‘sunrise lime’ or ‘faustrimedin’ (C. × oliveri) are provided.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Citrus; Rutaceae; AIDS; Citrangequat; Contraception; Etymology; Obesity; Sunrise lime; Vitamin C.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/524668
Registros recuperados: 140
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