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Asynchronous expression of myeloid antigens in leukemic cells in a PML/RARalpha transgenic mouse model BJMBR
Santana,B.A.A.; Pintão,M.C.; Lima,R.S. Abreu e; Scheucher,P.S.; Santos,G.A.S.; Garcia,A.B.; Falcão,R.P.; Rego,E.M..
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is characterized by the expansion of blasts that resemble morphologically promyelocytes and harbor a chromosomal translocation involving the retinoic acid receptor a (RARa) and the promyelocytic leukemia (PML) genes on chromosomes 17 and 15, respectively. The expression of the PML/RARa fusion gene is essential for APL genesis. In fact, transgenic mice (TM) expressing PML/RARa develop a form of leukemia that mimics the hematological findings of human APL. Leukemia is diagnosed after a long latency (approximately 12 months) during which no hematological abnormality is detected in peripheral blood (pre-leukemic phase). In humans, immunophenotypic analysis of APL blasts revealed distinct features; however, the precise...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Acute promyelocytic leukemia; Acute myelogenous leukemia; Transgenic mice; Flow cytometry; Leukemogenesis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2006000500008
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In vitro cytotoxicity of the LDE: daunorubicin complex in acute myelogenous leukemia blast cells BJMBR
Dorlhiac-Llacer,P.E.; Marquezini,M.V.; Toffoletto,O.; Carneiro,R.C.G.; Maranhão,R.C.; Chamone,D.A.F..
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) blast cells show high-affinity degradation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), suggesting an increased expression of cellular LDL receptors. LDE is a lipid microemulsion easily synthesized in vitro which is known to mimic the metabolic pathway of LDL. We used LDE as a carrier for daunorubicin and assayed the cytotoxicity of the complex using AML blast cells since RT-PCR analysis showed that AML cells express LDL receptor mRNA. The LDE:daunorubicin complex killed 46.7% of blast cells and 20.2% of normal bone marrow cells (P<0.001; Student t-test). Moreover, this complex destroyed AML blast cells as efficiently as free daunorubicin. Thus, LDE might be a suitable carrier of chemotherapeutic agents targeting these drugs to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cytotoxicity; Acute myelogenous leukemia; Daunorubicin; Low-density lipoprotein; LDE complex; RT-PCR.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2001001000004
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