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Registros recuperados: 45
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A Critical Systems Approach to Social Learning: Building Adaptive Capacity in Social, Ecological, Epistemological (SEE) Systems Ecology and Society
McCarthy, Daniel D. P.; Waterloo Institute for Social innovation and Resilience (WISIR) University of Waterloo; dmccarth@uwaterloo.ca; Crandall, Debbe D.; Save the Oak Ridges Moraine Coalition; dcrandall@stormcoalition.org; Whitelaw, Graham S.; Queen's University; graham.whitelaw@queenu.ca; General, Zachariah; University of Waterloo; zachgeneral@gmail.com; Tsuji, Leonard J. S.; University of Waterloo; ljtsuji@uwaterloo.ca.
This paper presents a conceptual tool, or heuristic, for describing the epistemological context for social learning within complex social–ecological systems. The heuristic integrates several definitions of social learning that emphasize the importance of critical reflection and its collaborative nature and that it is rooted in and oriented toward practice through social interactions. The conceptual tool is useful in identifying and conceptually mapping different perspectives based on types of learning described along three dimensions: typology of knowledge; different levels of critical reflection; and scale. The heuristic was originally developed in the context of an environmental planning process in southern Ontario, Canada, and is applied to...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Critical systems thinking; First Nations; Social learning.
Ano: 2011
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A Tool and Process that Facilitate Community Capacity Building and Social Learning for Natural Resource Management Ecology and Society
Raymond, Christopher M; Institute for Land, Water and Society, Charles Sturt University; Enviroconnect Pty Ltd; chris.raymond@enviroconnect.com.au; Cleary, Jen; Centre for Rural Health and Community Development, University of South Australia; jen.cleary@unisa.edu.au.
This study presents a self-assessment tool and process that facilitate community capacity building and social learning for natural resource management. The tool and process provide opportunities for rural landholders and project teams both to self-assess their capacity to plan and deliver natural resource management (NRM) programs and to reflect on their capacities relative to other organizations and institutions that operate in their region. We first outline the tool and process and then present a critical review of the pilot in the South Australian Arid Lands NRM region, South Australia. Results indicate that participants representing local, organizational, and institutional tiers of government were able to arrive at a group consensus position on the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Co-management; Community capacity; Environmental management; Participatory action research.
Ano: 2013
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Adaptation or Manipulation? Unpacking Climate Change Response Strategies Ecology and Society
Thomsen, Dana C; Sustainability Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast; dthomsen@usc.edu.au; Smith, Timothy F; Sustainability Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast; tim.smith@usc.edu.au; Keys, Noni; Sustainability Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast; nkeys@usc.edu.au.
Adaptation is a key feature of sustainable social–ecological systems. As societies traverse various temporal and spatial scales, they are exposed to differing contexts and precursors for adaptation. A cursory view of the response to these differing contexts and precursors suggests the particular ability of persistent societies to adapt to changing circumstances. Yet a closer examination into the meaning of adaptation and its relationship to concepts of resilience, vulnerability, and sustainability illustrates that, in many cases, societies actually manipulate their social–ecological contexts rather than adapt to them. It could be argued that manipulative behaviors are a subset of a broader suite of adaptive behaviors; however, this...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Adaptive capacity; Climate change; Learning; Manipulation; Path dependency; Resilience.
Ano: 2012
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Adaptive Capacity as Cultural Practice Ecology and Society
Colombi, Benedict J.; University of Arizona; bcolombi@email.arizona.edu; Smith, Courtland L.; Oregon State University; csmith@oregonstate.edu.
Tipo: Non-Refereed Palavras-chave: Adaptability; Adaptive capacity; Grand Ronde Tribe; Resilience thinking; Transformability.
Ano: 2012
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Can Adaptive Comanagement Help to Address the Challenges of Climate Change Adaptation? Ecology and Society
Plummer, Ryan; Brock University, Canada; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Sweden; ryan.plummer@brocku.ca.
A shift is taking place within environmental governance that draws attention to modes and instruments that respond to system dynamics, uncertainty, and contested values. Adaptive comanagement is one process being advanced to make governance operational as it emphasizes collaboration among diverse actors, functions across scales and levels, and fosters learning though iterative feedback. Although extensive experience with adaptive comanagement has been gained in relation to other environmental and resource issues, its potential contribution to the governance of adaption is largely unexplored. This paper probes how adaptive comanagement might offer support to climate change adaptation and identifies gaps in knowledge requiring attention. In drawing upon...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Adaptive comanagement; Adaptive responses; Climate change adaptation; Environmental governance.
Ano: 2013
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Community-Based Conservation and Traditional Ecological Knowledge: Implications for Social-Ecological Resilience Ecology and Society
Our review highlights how traditional ecological knowledge influences people's adaptive capacity to social-ecological change and identifies a set of mechanisms that contribute to such capacity in the context of community-based biodiversity conservation initiatives. Twenty-three publications, including twenty-nine case studies, were reviewed with the aim of investigating how local knowledge, community-based conservation, and resilience interrelate in social-ecological systems. We highlight that such relationships have not been systematically addressed in regions where a great number of community conservation initiatives are found; and we identify a set of factors that foster people's adaptive capacity to social-ecological change and a number of social...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Biodiversity conservation; Community-based conservation; Ecosystem services; Local ecological knowledge; Natural resource management; Social-ecological change; Social-ecological resilience; Traditional ecological knowledge.
Ano: 2013
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Connecting knowledge with action through coproductive capacities: adaptive governance and connectivity conservation Ecology and Society
Wyborn, Carina A; College of Forestry and Conservation, University of Montana; carina.wyborn@umontana.edu.
Effective adaptive governance will emerge from strong relationships between science, governance, and practice. However, these relationships receive scant critical attention among adaptive governance scholarship. To address this lacuna, Jasanoff’s “idiom of coproduction” provides a lens to view the dialectical relationships between science and society. This view sees science and governance as coevolving through iterative relationships between the material, cognitive, social, and normative dimensions of a problem. This coevolution is precisely the aspiration of adaptive governance; however, the abstract notion of coproduction must be grounded to provide practical guidance for groups aspiring to “govern...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Adaptive governance; Boundary organizations; Bridging organizations; Connectivity conservation; Coproduction; Coproductive capacities.
Ano: 2015
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Developing Adaptation and Adapting Development Ecology and Society
Lemos, Maria Carmen; James Martin 21st Century School Fellow, Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, Oxford, OX1 3QY, UK; School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.; lemos@umich.edu; Boyd, Emily; James Martin 21st Century School Fellow, Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK OX1 3QY; emily.boyd@ouce.ox.ac.uk; Tompkins, Emma L; James Martin 21st Century School Fellow, Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK OX1 3QY; emma.tompkins@ouce.ox.ac.uk; Osbahr, Henny; Tyndall Centre Research Fellow, Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK OX1 3QY; henny.osbahr@ouce.ox.ac.uk; Liverman, Diana; Director, Environmental Change Institute, Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK OX1 3QY; diana.liverman@eci.ox.ac.uk.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Adaptive capacity; Climate change; Development; Resilience..
Ano: 2007
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Developing Adaptive Capacity to Droughts: the Rationality of Locality Ecology and Society
Welsh, Lisa W.; Department of Environment and Society, Utah State University; lisa03@gmail.com; Endter-Wada, Joanna; Department of Environment and Society, Utah State University; Ecology Center, Utah State University; Department of Watershed Sciences, Utah State University; joanna.endter-wada@usu.edu; Downard, Rebekah; Ecology Center, Utah State University; Department of Watershed Sciences, Utah State University; rdownard8@gmail.com; Kettenring, Karin M.; Ecology Center, Utah State University; Department of Watershed Sciences, Utah State University; karin.kettenring@usu.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Drought; Social-ecological systems (SES); Vulnerability; Water resources management; Wetlands.
Ano: 2013
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Does Adaptive Management of Natural Resources Enhance Resilience to Climate Change? Ecology and Society
Tompkins, Emma L; Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia; e.tompkins@uea.ac.uk; Adger, W. Neil; Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia; n.adger@uea.ac.uk.
Emerging insights from adaptive and community-based resource management suggest that building resilience into both human and ecological systems is an effective way to cope with environmental change characterized by future surprises or unknowable risks. We argue that these emerging insights have implications for policies and strategies for responding to climate change. We review perspectives on collective action for natural resource management to inform understanding of climate response capacity. We demonstrate the importance of social learning, specifically in relation to the acceptance of strategies that build social and ecological resilience. Societies and communities dependent on natural resources need to enhance their capacity to adapt to the impacts...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Caribbean; Trinidad and Tobago; Adaptive capacity; Climate change; Community-based management; Natural resource management; Social-ecological resilience.
Ano: 2004
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Does Pastoralists' Participation in the Management of National Parks in Northern Norway Contribute to Adaptive Governance? Ecology and Society
Risvoll, Camilla ; University of Nordland; camilla.risvoll.godo@uin.no; Fedreheim, Gunn Elin; Nordland Research Institute; gef@nforsk.no; Sandberg , Audun ; University of Nordland; audun.sandberg@hibo.no; BurnSilver, Shauna; School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University; Shauna.Burnsilver@asu.edu.
Norwegian protected areas have historically been managed by central, expertise bureaucracy; however, a governance change in 2010 decentralized and delegated the right to manage protected areas to locally elected politicians and elected Sámi representatives in newly established National Park Boards. We explore how this new governance change affects adaptive capacity within the reindeer industry, as the reindeer herders are now participating with other users in decision-making processes related to large tracts of protected areas in which they have pasture access. Aspects within adaptive capacity and resilience thinking are useful as complementary dimensions to a social-ecological system framework (Ostrom 2007) in exploring the dynamics of complex...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Decentralization; National park governance; Participation; Pastoralists; Protected areas; Reindeer herding; SES framework; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2014
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Effects of Educational Attainment on Climate Risk Vulnerability Ecology and Society
Patt, Anthony G; International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria; patt@iiasa.ac.at.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Climate change; Education; Natural disasters; Vulnerability.
Ano: 2013
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Emerging synthesis themes from the study of social-ecological systems of a tropical city Ecology and Society
Lugo, Ariel E.; USDA Forest Service International Institute of Tropical Forestry, Puerto Rico; alugo@fs.fed.us; Quintero, Braulio; State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry ; baquinte@syr.edu.
The synthesis of the contributions in this special issue about the tropical city of San Juan has resulted in five themes. First, the city is subject to multiple vulnerabilities, but socioeconomic factors and education level affect the perception of citizens to those vulnerabilities, even in the face of imminent threat. Second, in light of the social-ecological conditions of the city, how its citizens and institutions deal with knowledge to respond to vulnerabilities becomes critical to the adaptive capacity of the city. Third, the relationship between socioeconomic factors and green cover, which in 2002 covered 42% of the city, is not what has been reported for other temperate zone cities. In San Juan, neighborhoods with households of high socioeconomic...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Green and blue infrastructure; Information flows; Novel ecosystems; Social-ecological systems; Tropical cities; Vulnerability.
Ano: 2014
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Enhancing adaptive capacity for restoring fire-dependent ecosystems: the Fire Learning Network’s Prescribed Fire Training Exchanges Ecology and Society
Spencer, Andrew G; Department of Forest and Rangeland Stewardship, Colorado State University, Fort Collins; agordonspencer@gmail.com; Schultz, Courtney A; Department of Forest and Rangeland Stewardship, Colorado State University, Fort Collins; courtney.schultz@colostate.edu; Hoffman, Chad M; Department of Forest and Rangeland Stewardship, Colorado State University, Fort Collins; c.hoffman@colostate.edu.
Prescribed fire is a critical tool for promoting restoration and increasing resilience in fire-adapted ecosystems, but there are barriers to its use, including a shortage of personnel with adequate ecological knowledge and operational expertise to implement prescribed fire across multijurisdictional landscapes. In the United States, recognized needs for both professional development and increased use of fire are not being met, often because of institutional limitations. The Fire Learning Network has been characterized as a multiscalar, collaborative network that works to enhance the adaptive capacity of fire management institutions, and this network developed the Prescribed Fire Training Exchanges (TREXs) to address persistent challenges in increasing the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Ecological restoration; Fire Learning Network; Fire management; Prescribed fire; Resilience; Workforce capacity.
Ano: 2015
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Enhancing Adaptive Capacity in Food Systems: Learning at Farmers' Markets in Sweden Ecology and Society
Milestad, Rebecka; Department of Urban and Rural Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences; Division of Environmental Strategies Research, Royal Institute of Technology; rebecka.milestad@sol.slu.se; Westberg, Lotten; Department of Urban and Rural Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences;; Geber, Ulrika; County Administrative Board of Stockholm;.
This article examines how local food systems in the form of farmers' markets can enhance adaptive capacity and build social-ecological resilience. It does this by exploring the learning potential among farmers and customers. Learning can enable actors to adapt successfully and thus build adaptive capacity. Three forms of learning are investigated: instrumental, communicative, and emancipatory. These forms of learning constitute the foundation for lasting changes of behaviors. Local food systems are characterized by close links and opportunities for face-to-face interactions between consumers and producers of food, and are also institutions where farmers and customers can express and act upon their ethical values concerning food. However, local food systems...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Learning; Local food systems; Farmers' markets; Short food chains; Social-ecological resilience.
Ano: 2010
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Exploring institutional adaptive capacity in practice: examining water governance adaptation in Australia Ecology and Society
Bettini, Yvette; University of Queensland, Institute for Social Science Research; Monash Water for Liveability Centre, Cooperative Research Centre for Water Sensitive Cities, Monash University; y.bettini@uq.edu.au; Brown, Rebekah R; School of Social Sciences, Monash Water for Liveability Centre, Cooperative Research Centre for Water Sensitive Cities, Monash University; Rebekah.Brown@monash.edu; de Haan, Fjalar J; School of Social Sciences, Monash Water for Liveability Centre, Cooperative Research Centre for Water Sensitive Cities, Monash University; Fjalar.dehaan@monash.edu.
Adaptive capacity is widely held as a key property of resilient and transformative social-ecological systems. However, current knowledge of the term does not yet address key questions of how to operationalize this system condition to address sustainability challenges through research and policy. This paper explores temporal and agency dimensions of adaptive capacity in practice to better understand how system conditions and attributes enable adaptation. An institutional dynamics lens is employed to systemically examine empirical cases of change in urban water management. Comparative analysis of two Australian cities' drought response is conducted using institutional analysis and qualitative system dynamics mapping techniques. The study finds that three...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Institutions; Resilience; Transformation; Water governance.
Ano: 2015
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From Premise to Practice: a Critical Assessment of Integrated Water Resources Management and Adaptive Management Approaches in the Water Sector Ecology and Society
Medema, Wietske; ;; McIntosh, Brian S; ;; Jeffrey, Paul J; ; p.j.jeffrey@cranfield.ac.uk.
The complexity of natural resource use processes and dynamics is now well accepted and described in theories ranging across the sciences from ecology to economics. Based upon these theories, management frameworks have been developed within the research community to cope with complexity and improve natural resource management outcomes. Two notable frameworks, Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) and Adaptive Management (AM) have been developed within the domain of water resource management over the past thirty or so years. Such frameworks provide testable statements about how best to organise knowledge production and use to facilitate the realisation of desirable outcomes including sustainable resource use. However evidence for the success of IWRM...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Adaptive management; Integrated water resources management; Sustainable water management; Uncertainty.
Ano: 2008
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Governance and the Capacity to Manage Resilience in Regional Social-Ecological Systems Ecology and Society
Lebel, Louis; Chiang Mai University; llebel@loxinfo.co.th; Anderies, John M; Arizona State University; m.anderies@asu.edu; Campbell, Bruce; Northern Territory University; b_campbell@site.ntu.edu.au; Folke, Carl; Stockholm University; calle@system.ecology.su.se; Hatfield-Dodds, Steve; CSIRO; Steve.Hatfield.Dodds@csiro.au; Hughes, Terry P; James Cook University; terry.hughes@jcu.edu.au; Wilson, James; University of Maine; jwilson@maine.edu.
The sustainability of regional development can be usefully explored through several different lenses. In situations in which uncertainties and change are key features of the ecological landscape and social organization, critical factors for sustainability are resilience, the capacity to cope and adapt, and the conservation of sources of innovation and renewal. However, interventions in social-ecological systems with the aim of altering resilience immediately confront issues of governance. Who decides what should be made resilient to what? For whom is resilience to be managed, and for what purpose? In this paper we draw on the insights from a diverse set of case studies from around the world in which members of the Resilience Alliance have observed or...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Governance; Resilience; Adaptive capacity; Institutions; Accountability; Deliberation; Participation; Social justice; Polycentric institutions; Multilayered institutions.
Ano: 2006
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Influencing adaptation processes on the Australian rangelands for social and ecological resilience Ecology and Society
Marshall, Nadine A.; CSIRO, Ecosystem Sciences and Climate Adaptation Flagship; School of Earth and Environment Sciences, James Cook University; nadine.marshall@csiro.au; Stokes, Chris J.; CSIRO, Ecosystem Sciences and Climate Adaptation Flagship; chris.stokes@csiro.au.
Resource users require the capacity to cope and adapt to climate changes affecting resource condition if they, and their industries, are to remain viable. Understanding individual-scale responses to a changing climate will be an important component of designing well-targeted, broad-scale strategies and policies. Because of the interdependencies between people and ecosystems, understanding and supporting resilience of resource-dependent people may be as important an aspect of effective resource management as managing the resilience of ecological components. We refer to the northern Australian rangelands as an example of a system that is particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and look for ways to enhance the resilience of the system....
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Livestock industry; Networks; Primary resource industry; Resource dependency; Social resilience; Vulnerability.
Ano: 2014
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Integrated and Adaptive Management of Water Resources: Tensions, Legacies, and the Next Best Thing Ecology and Society
Engle, Nathan L; School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan; Joint Global Change Research Institute, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory/University of Maryland; nathan.engle@pnl.gov; Johns, Owen R; School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan; orjohns@umich.edu; Lemos, Maria Carmen; School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan; lemos@umich.edu; Nelson, Donald R; University of Georgia; dnelson@uga.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Adaptive management; Institutional inertia; Integrated water resources management; Resilience; Trade-offs; Water governance.
Ano: 2011
Registros recuperados: 45
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