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Adjunvantes na deriva de 2,4-D + glyphosate em condições de campo. Repositório Alice
COSTA, A. G. F.; VELINI, E. D.; ROSSI, C. V. S.; CORRÊA, M. R.; NEGRISOLI, E.; FIORINI, M. V.; SIONO, L. M..
O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar o efeito de adjuvantes sobre a deriva em aplicações da mistura de 2,4-D + glyphosate. O experimento foi conduzido em condições de campo em delineamento inteiramente casualizado. Os tratamentos orresponderam às soluções com a mistura dos herbicidas 2,4-D + glyphosate (670 e 1068g ha-1, respectivamente) adicionando-se os adjuvantes (v v-1): óleo mineral (0,5%); agente antideriva (0,09%); espalhante adesivo A (0,1%); fertilizante líquido (0,05%); espalhante adesivo B (0,25%); e somente os herbicidas (testemunha). Foram utilizados para determinação de deriva fios de náilon externos à área de aplicação (1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 e 200m de distância) com quatro repetições e seis cilindros de espuma posicionados sobre a barra do...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Coletor de deriva; Pulverizador de barra; Drift collector; Boom sprayer; Herbicida; Aditivo; Herbicides; Additives.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1064966
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Alternatives to antibiotics in diets of weaned piglets Ciência Rural
Ferreira,Soraia Viana; Barbosa,Lívia Maria dos Reis; Soares,Marcos Henrique; Marcolla,Camila Schultz; Holanda,Débora Muratori; Saraiva,Alysson.
ABSTRACT: This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of growth promoter additives an alternative to antibiotics on performance, intestinal morphology and on microbiota of 21-to-35-day-old piglets. A total of 160 commercial crossbred piglets (males and females) with initial weight of 6.10±0.709kg were allotted in a completely randomized design with five treatments: Basal diet - Negative Control (NC); Basal diet + antibiotic (PC); Basal diet + mannanoligosaccharides (MOS); Basal diet + organic acids (OA), Basal diet + mannanoligosacharides + organic acids (MOS+OA), eight replicates and four piglets per experimental unit. The inclusion of additives in the diets had no effect (P>0.05) on the final average weight of piglets. Similarly, no effects...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Additives; Growth promoters; Organic acids; Prebiotics.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782017001200651
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Biogas production: litter from broilers receiving direct-fed microbials and an enzyme blend Scientia Agricola
Praes,Maria Fernanda Ferreira Menegucci; Lucas Junior,Jorge de; Orrico,Ana Carolina Amorim; Orrico Junior,Marco Antonio Previdelli; Hermes,Rafael Gustavo; Sorbara,José Otávio Berti; Duarte,Karina Ferreira; Schwingel,Alice Watte; Sgavioli,Sarah; Domingues,Carla Heloisa de Faria; Sunada,Natália da Silva.
ABSTRACT The effect of additives used in the feed of broilers on anaerobic bio-digestion of poultry litter was evaluated. Four diets were used: NC: negative control; DFM: NC + 500 ppm direct-fed microbials (DFM) containing Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis; ENZ: diet formulated with an enzyme blend (20 ppm phytase, 200 ppm protease and 200 ppm xylanase); DFM+E: ENZ + DFM. Substrates for the anaerobic bio-digestion were prepared with litter from each treatment, containing 4 % total solids (TS). These were used in 16 continuous bio-digesters with a 2 kg d−1 load, to determine the production and potential biogas production and composition during an 85-day period. Influent and effluent samples were collected for the amounts of TS and volatile solids...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Additives; Bio-digestion; Bio-digester; Methane; Livestock residues.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162016000500406
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Blood parameters and enzymatic and oxidative activity in the liver of chickens fed with calcium anacardate Rev. Ciênc. Agron.
Cruz,Carlos Eduardo Braga; Freitas,Ednardo Rodrigues; Braz,Nádia de Melo; Salles,Rosa Patrícia Ramos; Silva,Isaac Neto Gomes da.
ABSTRACT The aim of this research was to evaluate the inclusion of calcium anacardate (CAC) as a source of anacardic acid in the diet of broiler chickens on blood parameters, and enzymatic and oxidative activity in the liver. A total of 840 male chicks, one day old, were kept in a completely randomised experimental design, with six treatments and seven replications of 20 birds, totalling 140 birds per treatment. The treatments consisted of feed without the addition of growth promoter (GP), feed with GP, and feed with no GP and the addition of CAC at levels of 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1%. The biochemical blood variables to be analysed were uric acid, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, creatinine, AST, ALT, triglycerides, total erythrocytes, haemoglobin, haematocrit,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Additives; Anacardic acid; Haemogram; Leukogram.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1806-66902018000200343
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Capacity of ensilage of Jatropha curcas L. cake to degrade forbol esters R. Bras. Zootec.
Oliveira,André Soares de; Schwambach,Thiago Ivan; Sinhorin,Adilson Paulo; Oliveira,Márcia Rodrigues Carvalho; Alessi,Karine Claudia; Oliveira Filho,Francisco Antônio de; Pina,Douglas dos Santos.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the capacity of the ensilage of Jatropha curcas L. expeller cake to reduce the phorbol esters and its effect on fermentative losses, by adding soluble carbohydrates or microbial inoculants. The design was completely randomized with four replications in a 3 × 2 factorial arrangement, with three sources of soluble carbohydrates (SC, control, 50 g sucrose/kg or 50 g crude glycerin/kg as fed) and two doses of microbial inoculants (MI, 0 or 5 × 10(5) ufc Lactobacillus plantarum + 3.33 × 10(5) ufc Propionibacterium per g as fed). Twenty-four mini-silos (982 cm³) of polyvinyl chloride were created and opened after 60 days of fermentation at room temperature. The pre-hydrated Jatropha curcas L. cake (282 g of water/kg)...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Additives; Biodestoxification; Biodiesel; Co-products; Glycerin.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000600032
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Chemical characteristics, aerobic stability, and microbiological counts in corn silage re-ensiled with bacterial inoculant PAB
Coelho,Mateus Merlo; Gonçalves,Lúcio Carlos; Rodrigues,José Avelino Santos; Keller,Kelly Moura; Anjos,Gustavo Vinícius de Souza dos; Ottoni,Daniel; Michel,Pedro Henrique Fulgêncio; Jayme,Diogo Gonzaga.
Abstract: The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of re-ensiling and bacterial inoculation on the quality of corn silage. The experiment was carried out in a 2x2 factorial design with or without inoculant (association of Lactobacillus plantarum and Propionibacterium acidipropionici), and with re-ensiling after 36 hours of aerobic exposure or only ensiling of the whole plant of 'BRS 1055' corn. The fermentative quality, nutritional parameters, dry matter losses, aerobic stability, and microbiological counts of silages were evaluated. Re-ensiling caused an increase of pH and in acetic acid and propionic acid concentrations, as well as in the dry matter (DM), crude protein, neutral detergent fiber, and neutral detergent fiber crude protein...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Additives; Aerobic deterioration; Dry matter losses; Re-ensiling.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2018000901045
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Colistina e zinco bacitracina como aditivos para suínos. Infoteca-e
GOMES, P. C.; SOBESTIANSKY, J.; BRITO, J. R. F.; BELLAVER, C.; PACHECO, C. R. V. M..
1981
Tipo: Comunicado Técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Suíno; Ração; Aditivos; Swine; Ration; Additives.
Ano: 1981 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/434340
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Dietary supplementation with glutamine or glutamic acid for weanling piglets PAB
Amorim,Alessandro Borges; Saleh,Mayra Anton Dib; Miassi,Gabriela de Mello; Berto,Dirlei Antonio.
Abstract: The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of dietary glutamine and glutamic acid supplementation on carbon turnover (δ13C) in the muscles of piglets, on animal performance, and on feed economic feasibility. The diets consisted of: control (C), 1% glutamine (G), and 1% glutamic acid (GA). In experiment I, 111 piglets were used to assess carbon turnover in the Masseter, Psoas major, and Abdominal internal oblique muscles in terms of their isotopic composition and 13C substitution over time. In experiment II, 72 piglets were assigned randomly to blocks (eight replicates per treatment and three animals per experimental unit), in order to evaluate animal performance and feed economic feasibility. The GA diet promoted the best 13C...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Sus scrofa; Additives; Anabolic effect; Carbon turnover; Economic feasibility; Stable isotopes.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2018000200229
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Drying and characterization of myrtle pulp AGRIAMBI
Feitosa,Regilane M.; Figueirêdo,Rossana M. F. de; Queiroz,Alexandre J. de M.; Lima,Flávia C. dos S.; Oliveira,Emanuel N. A. de.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to develop formulations of myrtle pulp with emulsifier/stabilizer (Emustab® and Super Liga Neutra®) in different proportions; characterize the best foam, based on density and over-run; and determine drying kinetics at temperatures of 50, 60, 70, 80 and 90 oC and thicknesses of 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 cm. Incorporation of 1.5% Emustab® and 0.5% Super Liga Neutra® to the myrtle pulp (F1) proved to be effective for foam-mat drying. The addition of additives influenced the physicochemical parameters of the whole myrtle pulp. The Midilli et al. model showed the best fit to the experimental data.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Eugenia gracillima; Additives; Mathematical models; Foam mat.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662017001200858
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Effect of carrageenan addition on the yield and functional properties of charqui (Jerked Beef) BABT
Garcia,Carlos Eduardo Rocha; Yamashita,Fabio; Youssef,Elza Youssef; Prudencio,Sandra Helena; Shimokomaki,Massami.
The objective of this work was to evaluate the application of carrageenan (CAR) to improve the functional properties of the jerked beef (JF) and to increase its processing yield. JB produced from Vastus lateralis with CAR (1.0%) at 25ºC and NaCl (15.0%) had approximately 15.0% higher moisture and a 32.0% higher processing yield in comparison to the control samples.JB-CAR presented shear force approximately 5.0 and 20% lower in the samples uncooked salted and desalted cooked, respectively, and sensorial acceptance above 80%. The results demonstrated the possibility of applying carrageenan to jerked beef in order to obtain an increase in the processing yield and a tender product while maintaining the sensorial quality and its intermediate-moisture meat...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Additives; Hydrocolloids; Meat products; Texture.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132013000200017
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Effect of dietary betaine supplementation on the performance, carcass yield, and intestinal morphometrics of broilers submitted to heat stress Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Sakomura,NK; Barbosa,NAA; Longo,FA; Silva,EP da; Bonato,MA; Fernandes,JBK.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of betaine in methionine- and choline-reduced diets fed to broilers submitted to heat stress. In total, 1,408 male broilers were randomly distributed into eight treatments, according to 2 x 4 (environment x diet) factorial arrangement, with eight replicates of 2 birds each. Birds were reared environmental chambers under controlled temperature (25-26 °C) or cyclic heat-stressing temperature (25-31 °C). The following diets were tested: positive control (PC), formulated to meet broiler nutritional requirements; negative control (NC), with reduced DL-methionine and choline chloride levels; and with two supplementation levels of natural betaine to the negative control diet (NC+NB1 and NC+NB2). Live...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Additives; Environment; Methionine; Temperature.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2013000200005
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Effect of tannins-extract supplementation on performance of grazing cattle during dry season. Repositório Alice
ARAÚJO, T. L. A. C.; NEVES, A. P.; FAVERO, R.; MENEZES, G. R. de O.; SILVA, A. M.; BONIN, M. N.; PEREIRA, E. S.; GOMES, R. da C..
bitstream/item/165116/1/Effect-of-tannins-extract-supplementation.pdf
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Aditivo; Bovino; Nutrição; Ruminante; Nutrition; Ruminants; Additives; Cattle.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1077429
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Effect of xanthan on the growth of sulphate-reduction bacteria in marine sediments. ArchiMer
Battersby, N; Stewart, D; Sharma, A.
Chemical additives are used extensively in the offshore oil industry. For secondary oil recovery, the biopolymer xanthan has been recommended as a viscosifying agent but its use may provoke microbial problems. The effect of adding xanthan to marine sediments on the growth and metabolic activity of sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB) was studied. In all instances, its addition resulted in an increasing in SRB numbers of up to 250-fold. This was accompanied by a marked increase in the electron transport activity of the sediments when these were incubated under either aerobic or anaerobic conditions. The products formed as a result of the biodegradation of the polymer by indigenous heterotrophic bacteria in these sediments appear to have acted as suitable...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bacteria; Growth; Additives; Pollution effects; Oil recovery; Biodegradation; Polymers; Sediment pollution; Sulfate reduction.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-1015.pdf
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Effects of nitrogen supplementation on Saccharomyces cerevisiae JP14 fermentation for mead production Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
ALMEIDA,Eduardo Luís Menezes de; MOREIRA E SILVA,Gustavo; VASSALLI,Igor de Albuquerque; SILVA,Mayara Salgado; Santana,Weyder Cristiano; SILVA,Paulo Henrique Alves da; ELLER,Monique Renon.
Abstract Honey must supplementation is necessary for mead production due to the deficiency in nitrogen materials in this feedstock, despite its high fermentative sugar content. The nitrogen limitation can halt or slow fermentation and lead to the production of unpleasant sensorial compounds, such as sulfur derivatives. The yeast JP14, a Saccharomyces cerevisiae isolated from Jataí bee’s pollen, was inoculated in 25 °Brix honey must with – 0 (control); 0,3; 0,7 and 1,0 g∙L-1 – of di-ammonium phosphate (DAP) and ammonium sulfate (AS). The addition of both supplements resulted in increased cell viability in the first 5 days of fermentation at 20 °C, but did not affect the final acidity of the produced meads. Supplementation also leads to increased sugar...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Yeasts; Beverages; Ammonium; Additives.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612020005007201
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Effects of prebiotics and probiotics on the colonization and immune response of broiler chickens challenged with Salmonella Enteritidis Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Ribeiro,AML; Vogt,LK; Canal,CW; Cardoso,MRI; Labres,RV; Streck,AF; Bessa,MC.
The present study aimed at evaluating the effect of the prebiotic Bio Mos™ (2 kg/ton up to 10 days; 1 kg/ton from 10 to 21 days; and 0.5 kg/ton from 21 days to slaughter), of the probiotic Lac XCL 5x™ (by spray-mixing), of a combination of the two supplements (prebiotic + probiotic), and of one growth promoter antimicrobial agent (Avilamycin at 15 ppm). Birds were orally challenged with inoculated Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) 10(6) CFU at 3 days of age. Four hundred and eighty male Ross chicks were used. The experiment lasted 28 days, and the analyses were conducted at 15 and 28 days of age. Cecum and liver bacterial colonization of production of anti-SE antibiodies, intestinal micrometry and bird performance were assessed. Neither the prebiotic, nor the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Additives; Birds; Immunity; Salmonellosis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2007000300009
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Ensilagem de capim elefante acrescida de casca de soja ou farelo de arroz. Repositório Alice
MONTEIRO, I. J. G.; ABREU, J. G. de; CABRAL, L. da S.; ALMEIDA, R. G. de; REIS, R. H. P. dos; BEHLING NETO, A.; CABRAL, C. E. A.; BARROS, L. V. de; AVELINO, A. C. D.; PENSO, S..
Objetivou-se avaliar a composição bromatológica e o padrão de fermentação da silagem de capim-elefante (Pennisetum purpureum Schum. cv. Roxo) aditivada com níveis de casca de soja e de farelo de arroz. Foram realizados dois experimentos para avaliar o uso de aditivos na ensilagem de capim elefante. Utilizou-se delineamento experimental inteiramente casualizado, com quatro repetições. Os tratamentos consistiram na adição de 0, 5, 10 e 15% do aditivo na massa verde de forragem de capim-elefante picada e sem emurchecimento. Foi utilizado silos de PVC, adotando densidade de 600 kg de massa verde m-3, com abertura do silo 40 dias após a ensilagem. A inclusão de 10% de casca de soja aumentou o teor de matéria seca (MS) da forragem de capim-elefante para 31%,...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Ammonia nitrogen; Water soluble carbohydrates; Pennisetum purpureum; Additives; Pennisetum purpureum; Silage.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1061022
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Enzyme Complex Added to Broiler Diets: Effects on Performance, Metabolizable Energy Content, and Nitrogen and Phosphorus Balance Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Pessôa,GBS; Ribeiro Junior,V; Albino,LFT; Araújo,WAG; Silva,DL; Hannas,MI; Rostagno,HS.
ABSTRACT Two trials were performed to evaluate the effects of an enzyme complex (EC) on broiler performance, metabolizable energy, and phosphorus and nitrogen balance. In the first trial, 960 one-day-old male Cobb broilers were randomly distributed in a 3 x 2 factorial arrangement (three nutritional levels and the inclusion or not of EC), totaling six treatments with eight replicates of 20 birds per pen, and reared until 42 days of age. The control diet was formulated to meet the broilers' nutritional requirements. The other diets contained reduced available phosphorus (P), metabolizable energy, and amino acid levels, considering 100% and 150% of the EC nutritional matrix. The inclusion of the EC (200 g/ton) resulted in better broiler performance,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Additives; Broiler; Enzyme.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2016000300467
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Enzyme Supplementation of Broiler Feeds with Reduced Mineral and Energy Levels Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Nunes,JO; Abreu,RD; Brito,JAG; Silva,RF da; Oliveira,LS; Jesus,NA.
ABSTRACT An experiment was conducted with the purpose of evaluating enzyme blends on the performance, carcass traits, and bone mineralization of broilers. In total, 928 one-day-old Cobb 500 male chicks of were used. A completely randomized design with four treatments with eight replicates of 29 birds each was adopted. The evaluated treatments were: 1- Positive Control (PC), feed containing the nutritional recommendations of the genetic company's manual; 2- Negative Control (NC), feed with reductions of 75 kcal/kg AME and 0.10 and 0.12 percent points of phosphorus and calcium, respectively; 3 - NC + enzyme blend (amylase + b-glucanase, xylanase, and phytase; 250 g/t of feed) and 4 - NC + enzyme complex (phytase, amylase, xylanase, glucanase, pectinase,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Additives; Bone mineralization; Broilers; Carcass; Performance..
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2015001000015
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Essais preliminaires d'utilisation des cryoprotecteurs dans les pulpes de poisson. ArchiMer
Tran, Van Dan; Han-ching, Luçay.
The various ways of protein denaturation during frozen storage of fish and the theoretical chemical means of cryoprotection are described. Then the effects on protein solution and fish mince of several additives and binders are tested especially with low sweetness chemical agents produced by sugar industry.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Food fish; Literature reviews; Saccharides; Adhesives; Additives; Minced products; Protein denaturation; Freezing storage.
Ano: 1981 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1981/publication-1896.pdf
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Eucalyptus oil to mitigate heat stress in broilers. Repositório Alice
PETROLLI, T. G.; SUTILLE, M. A.; PETROLLI, O. J.; STEFANI, L. M.; SIMIONATTO, A. T.; TAVERNARI, F. de C.; ZOTTI, C. A.; GIRARDINI, L. K..
bitstream/item/203994/1/final9104.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Nutrição Animal; Ave Domestica; Frango; Ração; Aditivo; Additives; Environment; Essential oils; Poultry.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1113695
Registros recuperados: 54
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