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Registros recuperados: 9
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AGRI-ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES IN A TRANSITIONAL ECONOMY: THE VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL BIODIVERSITY IN HUNGARIAN HOME GARDENS AgEcon
Birol, Ekin; Smale, Melinda; Gyovai, Agnes.
Agricultural biodiversity is an environmental resource. Much of the agricultural biodiversity remaining in situ today is found on the semi-subsistence farms of poorer countries and the small-scale farms or home gardens of more industrialized nations. The traditional small farms of Hungary are labelled "home gardens" as a reflection of their institutional identity during the collectivisation period. Homesteads managed with family labor, they continue to serve essential food security and diet quality functions during economic transition. Home gardens contribute to the preservation of rural settlements and cultural heritage, and they contain relatively high levels of several components of agricultural biodiversity. The role of home gardens in the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural biodiversity; In situ conservation; Choice experiment method; Hungary; Home garden; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60331
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Collective Action for Small-Scale Producers of Agricultural Biodiversity Products AgEcon
Kruijssen, Froukje; Keizer, Menno; Giuliani, Alessandra.
The role of well-functioning markets for development is now widely recognized, however the challenge remains to make these markets benefit the poor and the environment. Increasing attention is being given to the potential role markets can play for agrobiodiversity conservation through product diversification and increasing competitiveness in niche and novelty markets. Bioversity International has undertaken several studies that explore the use of market-based approaches to on-farm agrobiodiversity management and livelihood improvement. Case studies have been developed on a range of species, varieties and derived products, including underutilized species and commodities in several regions of the world. This paper explores how the theory of collective action...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural biodiversity; Market chain; Market access; Livelihoods; Collective action; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50002
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Darwin Core for agricultural biodiversity: a metadata extension proposal. Repositório Alice
SOARES, F. M.; MACULAN, B. C. M. S.; DRUCKER, D. P..
Agricultural Biodiversity has been defined by the Convention on Biological Diversity as the set of elements of biodiversity that are relevant to agriculture and food production. These elements are arranged into an agro-ecosystem that compasses "the variability among living organisms from all sources including terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part: this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems" (UNEP 1992). As with any other field in Biology, Agricultural Biodiversity work produces data. In order to publish data in a way it can be efficiently retrieved on web, one must describe it with proper metadata. A metadata element set is a group of statements made about...
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Metadados; Biodiversidade agrícola; Metadata; Darwin Core; Agricultural biodiversity.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1125491
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First collection of landrace vegetable crops cultivated in Valle Fértil, Argentina Agriscientia (Córdoba)
Asprelli,P.D.; Lorello,I.M.; Occhiuto,P.N.; Togno,L.S.; Makuch,M.A.; García Lampasona,S.C.; Peralta,I.E..
The richness of the cultural values found in the Argentinean Andean communities is integrated by a varied diversity of genetic resources, the development of a sustainable agriculture, and the conservation of the producer's own seeds. Local agriculture is a family economic activity, in which traditional varieties of vegetable landraces are highly appreciated for their flavour, colour and aromas. However; social, economic and environmental factors have an effect on crop diversity conservation. The main aim of this work was to retrieve and maintain a representative collection of traditional crop genetic resources still cultivated in the District of Valle Fértil, San Juan Province, Argentina, and to document the farmers' crop experiences and uses. Fifty...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Vegetable landraces; Agricultural biodiversity; Genetic erosion; Germplasm conservation.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1668-298X2012000100005
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International agricultural research for food security, poverty reduction, and the environment: What to expect from scaling up CGIAR investments and “Best Bet” programs. AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Fan, Shenggen; Meinzen-Dick, Ruth Suseela; Rosegrant, Mark W.; Nin Pratt, Alejandro.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Developing countries; CGIAR; Food prices; Poverty reduction; Hunger; Agricultural research food security; Environment; Agricultural innovation; Agricultural development; Climate change; Agricultural biodiversity; Food Security and Poverty; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46015
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International agricultural research for food security, poverty reduction, and the environment: What to expect from scaling up CGIAR investments and “Best Bet” programs. AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Fan, Shenggen; Meinzen-Dick, Ruth Suseela; Rosegrant, Mark W.; Nin Pratt, Alejandro.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Developing countries; CGIAR; Food prices; Poverty reduction; Hunger; Agricultural research food security; Environment Agricultural innovation; Agricultural development; Climate change; Agricultural biodiversity; Food Security and Poverty; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46016
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Linking agrobiodiversity data through metadata standards. Repositório Alice
SOARES, F. M.; SARAIVA, A. M.; DRUCKER, D. P..
bitstream/item/216645/1/AP-Linking-agrobiodiversity-2020.pdf
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Metadados; Agrobiodiversidade; Biodiversidade agrícola; Biodiversidade em alimentos; Biodiversidade na agricultura; Modelagem de metadados; Agricultural biodiversity; Darwin Core; Biodiversity of food and agriculture; Metadata modeling.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1125492
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Marketing underutilized plant species for the benefit of the poor: a conceptual framework AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P.; Giuliani, Alessandra; Smale, Melinda.
Modern crop production is based on only a few plant species. Particularly in marginal environments of developing agricultural economies, many less well-known agricultural or non-timber forest species, continue to be grown, managed or collected, thus contributing to the livelihood of the poor and to agricultural biodiversity. Some of these species, called underutilized plant species, are characterized by the fact that they are locally in developing countries but globally rare, that scientific information and knowledge about them is scant, and that their current use is limited relative to their economic potential. In this paper, we first identify the economic factors that cause these plants to be ‘underutilized’. Based on this analysis, we propose a...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Underutilized species; Agricultural biodiversity; Agricultural marketing; Agricultural development; Niche markets; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55418
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Marketing Underutilized Plant Species for the Poor AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P.; Smale, Melinda; Giuliani, Alessandra.
Underutilized plant species are defined as agricultural or non-timber forest species that are locally abundant in developing countries but globally rare. Scientific information about them is scant and their use is currently limited relative to their economic potential. Some are potentially high-value crops and they all contribute to agricultural biodiversity and the livelihood of the poor. Despite a growing body of scientific literature on underutilized species, to our knowledge, agricultural economics literature has contributed little to the understanding of how to commercialize these crops of plant products successfully. In this paper we first define what economic factors characterize underutilized plant species. Our classification of species is based...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural marketing; Agricultural biodiversity; Economic development; Crop Production/Industries; Q13; O13; Q56.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25742
Registros recuperados: 9
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